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Sökning: swepub > (2000-2011) > Groop Leif > Ling Charlotte > Eriksson Karl Fredrik

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  • Lyssenko, Valeriya, et al. (författare)
  • Mechanisms by which common variants in the TCF7L2 gene increase risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Investigation. - The Journal of Clinical Investigation. - 0021-9738. ; 117:8, s. 2155-2163
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genetic variants in the gene encoding for transcription factor-7-like 2 (TCF7L2) have been associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and impaired beta cell function, but the mechanisms have remained unknown. We therefore studied prospectively the ability of common variants in TCF7L2 to predict future T2D and explored the mechanisms by which they would do this. Scandinavian subjects followed for up to 22 years were genotyped for 3 SNPs (rs7903146, rs12255372, and rs10885406) in TCF7L2, and a subset of them underwent extensive metabolic studies. Expression of TCF7L2 was related to genotype and metabolic parameters in human islets. The CT/TT genotypes of SNP rs7903146 strongly predicted future T2D in 2 independent cohorts (Swedish and Finnish). The risk T allele was associated with impaired insulin secretion, incretin effects, and enhanced rate of hepatic glucose production. TCF7L2 expression in human islets was increased 5-fold in T2D, particularly in carriers of the TT genotype. Overexpression of TCF7L2 in human islets reduced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. In conclusion, the increased risk of T2D conferred by variants in TCF7L2 involves the enteroinsular axis, enhanced expression of the gene in islets, and impaired insulin secretion.
  • Olsson, Anders H, et al. (författare)
  • The expression of myosin heavy chain (MHC) genes in human skeletal muscle is related to metabolic characteristics involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. - Elsevier. - 1096-7192. ; 103, s. 275-281
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Type 2 diabetes patients exhibit a reduction in oxidative muscle fibres and an increase in glycolytic muscle fibres. In this study, we investigated whether both genetic and non-genetic factors influence the mRNA expression levels of three myosin heavy chain (MHC) genes represented in different fibre types. Specifically, we examined the MHC7 (slow-twitch oxidative fibre), MHCIIa (fast-twitch oxidative fibre) and MHCIIx/d (fast-twitch glycolytic fibre) genes in human skeletal muscle. We further investigated the use of MHC mRNA expression as a proxy to determine fibre-type composition, as measured by traditional ATP staining. Two cohorts of age-matched Swedish men were studied to determine the relationship of muscle mRNA expression of MHC7, MHCIIa, and MHCIIx/d with muscle fibre composition. A classical twin approach, including young and elderly Danish twin pairs, was utilised to examine if differences in expression levels were due to genetic or environmental factors. Although MHCIIx/d mRNA expression correlated positively with the level of type IIx/d muscle fibres in the two cohorts (P<0.05), a relatively low magnitude of correlation suggests that mRNA does not fully correlate with fibre-type composition. Heritability estimates and genetic analysis suggest that the levels of MHC7, MHCIIa and MHCIIx/d expression are primarily under non-genetic influence, and MHCIIa indicated an age-related decline. PGC-1α exhibited a positive relationship with the expression of all three MHC genes (P<0.05); meanwhile, PGC-1β related positively with MHCIIa expression and negatively with MHCIIx/d expression (P<0.05). While MHCIIa expression related positively with insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (P<0.01), MHCIIx/d expression related negatively with insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (P<0.05). Our findings suggest that the expression levels of the MHC genes are associated with age and both PGC-1α and PGC-1β and indicate that the MHC genes may to some extent be used to determine fibre-type composition in human skeletal muscle.
  • Parikh, Hemang, et al. (författare)
  • Molecular correlates for maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and type 1 fibers.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism. - American Physiological Society. - 1522-1555. ; Apr 29, s. 1152-1159
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and the amount of type 1 fibers are interrelated but the underlying unifying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. To explore these mechanisms we related gene expression profiles in skeletal muscle biopsies of 43 age-matched men from published datasets with VO2max and amount of type 1 fibers and replicated some of the findings in muscle biopsies from 154 young and elderly individuals using real-time PCR. We identified 66 probesets (genes or ESTs) positively and 83 probesets inversely correlated with VO2max and 171 probesets positively and 217 probesets inversely correlated with percentage of type 1 fibers in human skeletal muscle. Genes involved in oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) showed high expression in individuals with high VO2max whereas the opposite was not the case in individuals with low VO2max. Instead, genes like AHNAK and BCL6 were associated with low VO2max. Also, expression of the OXPHOS genes NDUFB5 and ATP5C1 increased with exercise training and decreased with aging. In contrast, expression of AHNAK in skeletal muscle decreased with exercise training and increased with aging. Eleven genes (NDUFB4, COX5A, UQCRB, ATP5C1, ATP5G3, ETHE1, FABP3, ISCA1, MYST4, C9orf3 and PKIA) were positively correlated with both VO2max and percentage of type 1 fibers. VO2max closely reflects expression of OXPHOS genes, particularly of NDUFB5 and ATP5C1 in skeletal muscle suggesting good muscle fitness. In contrast, a high expression of AHNAK was associated with a low VO2max and poor muscle fitness. Key words: VO2max, Type 1 fibers, Aging.
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