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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Högskolan i Jönköping

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  • Adamsson, Mathias, et al. (författare)
  • Seasonal variation in bright daylight exposure, mood and behavior among a group of office workers in Sweden
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Circadian Rhythms. - Ubiquity Press. - 1740-3391. ; 16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of the study was to investigate seasonal variation in mood and behavior among a group of office workers in Sweden (56°N). Thirty subjects participated in this longitudinal study. The subjects kept a weekly log that included questionnaires for ratings of psychological wellbeing and daily sleep-activity diaries where they also noted time spent outdoors. The lighting conditions in the offices were subjectively evaluated during one day, five times over the year. There was a seasonal variation in positive affect and in sleep-activity behavior. Across the year, there was a large variation in the total time spent outdoors in daylight. The subjects reported seasonal variation concerning the pleasantness, variation and strength of the light in the offices and regarding the visibility in the rooms. Finally, the subjects spent most of their time indoors, relying on artificial lighting, which demonstrates the importance of the lighting quality in indoor environments. 
  • Adanko, Carina, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • LED-belysning och brukaren
  • 2014
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Ljusforskning är om något diversifierad och omfattar teorier och metoder från skilda discipliner som teknik, medicin och samhällsvetenskap. Det finns också en förväntan att erhållna forskningsresultat skall kunna appliceras direkt i verkliga miljöer. I och med introduktionen av LED har många tidigare studier som behandlat glödlampor, lysrör och andra ljuskällor inaktualiserats. Ny kunskap - och ny forskning - krävs.En inventering av aktuell humanrelaterad LED-forskning genomfördes under 2013. Med utgångspunkt i detta material har föreliggande forskningsöversikt sammanställts. Totalt omfattar denna drygt 400 artiklar, som redovisas under följande rubriker: Den biologiska klockan; Flimmer och dimring av LED; Energibesparing: dagsljus och ljusstyrning; Färgåtergivning; Bländning och slutligen; Upplevda ljuskvaliteter.Såväl bakomliggande teoretiska resonemang som det aktuella kunskapsläget redovisas i de olika avsnitten. Efter varje avsnitt ges också referenser till relevanta forskningspublikationer. Samtliga publikationer har försetts med två eller flera svenska nyckelord, som anger publikationens innehåll. Publikationerna har sedan delars in i kategorier enligt avsnitten ovan. Efter varje avsnitt redovisas de publikationer på vilka texten baserar sig, med nyckelord. I ett slutavsnitt redovisas samtliga LED-publikationer i alfabetisk ordning efter författare och med nyckelord.
  • Agren, Susanna, et al. (författare)
  • The Unsteady Mainstay of the Family: Now Adult Children's Retrospective View on Social Support in Relation to Their Parent's Heart Transplantation.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nursing Research and Practice. - Hindawi Publishing Corporation. - 2090-1429. ; 2014
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The needs for support among children with a seriously ill parent, who is waiting for heart transplantation, are unknown today. The aim was to describe now adult children's experiences of social support in relation to a parent's heart transplant during childhood. Nine females and four males were interviewed. The median age for the children was 18 at the transplantation and their parents had been ill before for 18 months (median) and on waiting list for 161 days (mean). Three categories emerged: health care professionals' approaches, family and friends' approaches, and society approaches. Our results show that there was lack of support for children of heart transplantation patients. Support in the shape of information was in most cases provided by the sick or healthy parent. It is of great clinical importance to develop psychosocial support programs for children with a seriously ill parent waiting for heart transplantation (before, during, and after surgery).
  • Ahlgren, Jennie, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • Ethical considerations in relation to personalised nutrition : An overview of Work Package 5, with respect to ethics
  • 2015
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The objectives of Food4Me work package 5 included a baseline assessment of the ethical and legal aspects of personalised nutrition at the start of the project in 2011, as well as a final assessment at the end of the project (2015), taking into account results achieved in other work packages. The initial assessment made a number of ethical issues visible, most of them relating to the consumer of personalised nutrition service. The results depicted in this publication indicate that many of the questions raised in relation to these issues remain unsolved, and in some cases they seem to be neglected in relation to the services offered by internet companies.
  • Ahlström, Gerd, et al. (författare)
  • A comprehensive rehabilitation programme tailored to the needs of adults with muscular dystrophy
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical Rehabilitation. - 0269-2155. ; 20:2, s. 132-141
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To assess if activities of daily living (ADL), coping and quality of life could be improved in adults with muscular dystrophy through a comprehensive rehabilitation programme. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, controlled clinical study comparing patients with similar age and disease aspects. SETTING: Two different counties in Sweden, being either study or control setting. SUBJECTS: The study group comprised 37 adults (21 women, 16 men; mean age 50 years), while the control group comprised 39 people (25 women, 14 men; mean age 46 years). INTERVENTIONS: Four rehabilitation sessions tailored to different medical, physical and psychosocial needs of the patients, comprising a total of 10 days over a period of 18 months. MAIN MEASURES: ADL, the Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale measuring coping strategies, the Sickness Impact Profile measuring health-related quality of life, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Psychosocial Well-being Questionnaire. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between groups with regard to the outcome measures. There was increased dependence on others in ADL after 18 months in both groups, but it was more pronounced in the control group. Furthermore, a clear trend was observed in the data with regard to coping patterns, the control group using more coping strategies such as 'Helplessness/hopelessness' (P= 0.057), 'Anxious preoccupation' (P = 0.085) and 'Fatalistic' (P= 0.073) when being compared to the study group. CONCLUSIONS: No apparent effects on ADL were found from the rehabilitation programme, although there was a tendency of reduction of maladaptive coping patterns in the study group. This initial study may provide the rationale and basis for a randomized controlled trial.
  • Ahlström, Gerd, et al. (författare)
  • Assessment of coping with muscular dystrophy a methodological evaluation.
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing. - 0309-2402. ; 20:2, s. 314-323
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is no published research on coping with muscular dystrophy among adults. In the present study, two questionnaires, the Reaction to the Diagnosis of Cancer Questionnaire (RDCQ) and the Mental Adjustment to Cancer scale (MAC), were modified in order to measure coping with muscular dystrophy (MD). A total of 60 people (16-64 years) with diagnosed MD answered the questionnaires in two interviews including semi-structured questions. The replies to these questions were analysed by two independent judges on the basis of the RDCQ and MAC categories for coping. The purpose was twofold: to investigate if cancer-coping categories could be used for the classification of interview answers concerning coping with MD, and to gain knowledge about specific coping with MD. Analysis indicated that 82% of replies to semi-structured questions concerned with emotion/appraisal-focused coping with MD can be described by means of RDCQ and MAC categories. Eight new categories were developed to classify the remaining 18%: Anticipation, Creation of new life values, Minimization, Establishment of control over everyday life, Secretiveness, Fear, Social comparison and Coping with heredity. In addition, 997 replies were classified to represent problem-focused coping. The judges reached good agreement with respect to the proportions of replies in the respective coping categories. However, kappa (kappa) values were within the range of fair to good agreement.
  • Ahlström, Gerd, et al. (författare)
  • Coping with illness-related problems and quality of life in adult individuals with muscular dystrophy.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Psychosomatic Research. - 0022-3999. ; 41:4, s. 365-376
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Illness-related problems and coping were examined in 60 individuals with muscular dystrophy (MD) identified in a population survey of the county of Orebro, Sweden. In addition, the extent to which coping is related to quality of life (QoL) was investigated as was the impact of impairment and disability on the relation between coping and QoL. Emotion/appraisal-focused coping was utilized by respondents more than twice as often as problem-focused coping. High QoL was significantly correlated to "Stoic acceptance" and "Tried alternative treatment." Low QoL was associated with "Helpless/hopeless," "Anxious preoccupation," "Minimization," "Social comparison," "Establishment of control over everyday life," "Performs the task with the aid of an appliance" and "Accepts help or leaves it to others." When measures of impairment and disability were included in the analysis, the impact of these measures explained the association between coping and physical QoL by 16% to 43%.
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