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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Linnéuniversitetet

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  • Acharya, B. S., et al. (författare)
  • Introducing the CTA concept
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Astroparticle Physics. - Elsevier. - 0927-6505 .- 1873-2852. ; 43, s. 3-18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is a new observatory for very high-energy (VHE) gamma rays. CTA has ambitions science goals, for which it is necessary to achieve full-sky coverage, to improve the sensitivity by about an order of magnitude, to span about four decades of energy, from a few tens of GeV to above 100 TeV with enhanced angular and energy resolutions over existing VHE gamma-ray observatories. An international collaboration has formed with more than 1000 members from 27 countries in Europe, Asia, Africa and North and South America. In 2010 the CTA Consortium completed a Design Study and started a three-year Preparatory Phase which leads to production readiness of CTA in 2014. In this paper we introduce the science goals and the concept of CTA, and provide an overview of the project. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Actis, M., et al. (författare)
  • Design concepts for the Cherenkov Telescope Array CTA an advanced facility for ground-based high-energy gamma-ray astronomy
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Experimental astronomy (Print). - Springer. - 0922-6435. ; 32:3, s. 193-316
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ground-based gamma-ray astronomy has had a major breakthrough with the impressive results obtained using systems of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. Ground-based gamma-ray astronomy has a huge potential in astrophysics, particle physics and cosmology. CTA is an international initiative to build the next generation instrument, with a factor of 5-10 improvement in sensitivity in the 100 GeV-10 TeV range and the extension to energies well below 100 GeV and above 100 TeV. CTA will consist of two arrays (one in the north, one in the south) for full sky coverage and will be operated as open observatory. The design of CTA is based on currently available technology. This document reports on the status and presents the major design concepts of CTA.
  • Adetorp, Johan (författare)
  • De guldglänsande ryttarna : C-brakteaternas ikonografi i ny belysning
  • 2008
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The gold-bracteates from the migration period are circular medallion like objects with a diameter of about 5 cm. The production began at approximately AD 450 and came to an end at about AD 550. Thus the bracteates were in use for a period of a hundred years. This dissertation focuses on the iconography of the so called C-bracteates. The motifs of the C-bracteates depicts a human head over four legged animals, both in profile. In addition there are often some kinds of ideograms. Instead of using Old Norse texts to interpret the motifs, I have analysed the imagery of the bracteates against a background of Celtic religion and worldview.<br /> <br /> One theoretical basis of the thesis is that the imagery of southern Scandinavia from the migration period may be analysed against the background of Celtic iconography. One of the reasons why Celtic imagery may be used is that Celts and Germans probably had so much in common that it would have been difficult to tell them apart. Lately the divergence of Celts and Germans has been questioned. I share the opinion of those researchers who believe that the differences between these cultures have most likely been exaggerated.<br /> <br /> My intention is to study bracteates’ iconography without using written mythology either Celtic or Old Norse. Hence it is not reasonable to expect a particular name for the bracteate-riders. On the other hand it is possible to examine some Celtic gods that may have resembled the beings on the C-bracteates, but I do not mean that the riders on the bracteates depict Celtic divinities. My conclusion is that if the meanings of ideograms, the fauna, and the riders are put together a reinforced sun symbolism with connotations of abundance and fertility will appear. However the pictorial motifs also express a symbolism of death and underworld. These may seem incompatible with each other, but in Celtic religion these themes are closely linked together and both may be seen on the iconography of the C-bractreates.
  • Agerström, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Etnicitet och övervikt: implicita arbetsrelaterade fördomar i Sverige
  • 2007
  • Rapport (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • Särbehandling i anställningsprocessen av specifika grupper, såsom personer med en bakgrund i Mellanöstern och överviktiga, har traditionellt ansetts bero på ett medvetet val från arbetsgivarens sida. Forskning inom social kognition tyder dock på att denna särbehandling skulle kunna ske omedvetet, påverkat av arbetsgivarens omedvetna (implicita) fördomar.<br /> I den här studien har studenter och arbetsgivare genomfört tre olika implicita associationstester i syfte att mäta deras implicita attityder och prestationsstereotyper gentemot arabmuslimska män relativt infödda svenska män och deras implicita prestationsstereotyper gentemot överviktiga relativt normalviktiga. Resultaten visar att studenter och arbetsgivare på implicit nivå associerar arabmuslimska män och överviktiga med lägre prestation jämfört med infödda svenska män och normalviktiga män, samt har en mer negativ implicit attityd gentemot arabmuslimska män jämfört med infödda svenska män.
  • Agerström, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Gender differences in implicit moral orientation associations The justice and care debate revisited
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Current Research in Social Psychology. - 1088-7423. ; 17, s. 10-18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Employing new measures (Implicit Association Test) to study the classic issue of moralorientations, we predicted and found gender differences in implicit associations to the conceptsof justice and care. Specifically, we found that men more strongly associate justice vs. care withimportance and with themselves than women. However, participants’ explicit ratings did notreveal any clear patterns of gender differences, which is consistent with previous studies.Implications for social psychological theory and research on morality are discussed.
  • Agerström, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Implicit prejudice and ethnic minorities: Arab-Muslims in Sweden
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Manpower. - Emerald. - 0143-7720. ; 30:1/2, s. 43-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose – The aim of this paper is to examine whether Swedish employers implicitly/automatically hold negative attitudes toward Arab-Muslims, an ethnic minority group subjected to substantial labor market discrimination in Sweden and, more specifically, associate members of this minority group with lower work productivity, as compared with native Swedes.<br /> <br /> Design/methodology/approach – Adapted versions of the Implicit Association Test (IAT; Greenwald et al., 1998) designed to measure implicit attitudes and productivity stereotypes toward Arab-Muslims were used. Corresponding explicit measures were administered.<br /> <br /> Findings – The results clearly show that employers have stronger negative implicit attitudes toward Arab-Muslims relative to native Swedes as well as implicitly perceiving Arab-Muslims to be less productive than native Swedes. Notably, the explicit measures reveal much weaker negative associations.<br /> <br /> Practical implications – Since Arab-Muslims are automatically perceived as being less productive, the present findings suggest that negative implicit productivity stereotypes could have significant effects on labor market outcomes, such as when employers make hiring decisions. Given that many hiring decisions are presumably based on “gut-feelings”, implicit attitudes and stereotypes, more so than their explicit counterparts, may exert a substantial impact on how employers contemplate and make decisions regarding human resources.<br /> <br /> Originality/value – Whereas traditional research has focused on self-conscious, explicit work-related attitudes toward various ethnic minority groups, the study offers a novel approach to understanding work-related prejudice.
  • Agerström, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Look at yourself!: Visual perspective influences moral judgment through level of mental construal
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Social Psychology. - Hogrefe & Huber Publishers. - 1864-9335 .- 2151-2590. ; 44:1, s. 42-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous research (Libby et al., 2009) has established that a third-person (outside) visual perspective elicits more abstract processing than a first-person (inside) perspective. Because many moral principles constitute abstract psychological constructs, we predicted that they should weigh more heavily when people adopt a third-person visual perspective. In two experiments we show that a third- (vs. first-) person visual perspective leads to harsher judgments of one’s own morally questionable actions. Moreover, we demonstrate that this effect can be partially explained by level of mental construal. The present research suggests that simple visual perspective techniques may be used to promote moral behavior.
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