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  • Actis, M., et al. (författare)
  • Design concepts for the Cherenkov Telescope Array CTA
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Experimental astronomy (Print). - 0922-6435. ; 32:3, s. 193-316
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ground-based gamma-ray astronomy has had a major breakthrough with the impressive results obtained using systems of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. Ground-based gamma-ray astronomy has a huge potential in astrophysics, particle physics and cosmology. CTA is an international initiative to build the next generation instrument, with a factor of 5-10 improvement in sensitivity in the 100 GeV-10 TeV range and the extension to energies well below 100 GeV and above 100 TeV. CTA will consist of two arrays (one in the north, one in the south) for full sky coverage and will be operated as open observatory. The design of CTA is based on currently available technology. This document reports on the status and presents the major design concepts of CTA.
  • Agerström, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Etnicitet och övervikt
  • 2007
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Särbehandling i anställningsprocessen av specifika grupper, såsom personer med en bakgrund i Mellanöstern och överviktiga, har traditionellt ansetts bero på ett medvetet val från arbetsgivarens sida. Forskning inom social kognition tyder dock på att denna särbehandling skulle kunna ske omedvetet, påverkat av arbetsgivarens omedvetna (implicita) fördomar. I den här studien har studenter och arbetsgivare genomfört tre olika implicita associationstester i syfte att mäta deras implicita attityder och prestationsstereotyper gentemot arabmuslimska män relativt infödda svenska män och deras implicita prestationsstereotyper gentemot överviktiga relativt normalviktiga. Resultaten visar att studenter och arbetsgivare på implicit nivå associerar arabmuslimska män och överviktiga med lägre prestation jämfört med infödda svenska män och normalviktiga män, samt har en mer negativ implicit attityd gentemot arabmuslimska män jämfört med infödda svenska män.
  • Agerström, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Look at yourself! : Visual perspective influences moral judgment by level of mental construal
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Social Psychology. - Hogrefe & Huber Publishers. - 1864-9335. ; :44, s. 42-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous research (Libby et al., 2009) has established that a third-person (outside) visual perspective elicits more abstract processing than a first-person (inside) perspective. Because many moral principles constitute abstract psychological constructs, we predicted that they should weigh more heavily when people adopt a third-person visual perspective. In two experiments we show that a third- (vs. first-) person visual perspective leads to harsher judgments of one’s own morally questionable actions. Moreover, we demonstrate that this effect can be partially explained by level of mental construal. The present research suggests that simple visual perspective techniques may be used to promote moral behavior.
  • Agerström, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Moral concerns are greater for temporally distant events and are moderated by value strength
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Social Cognition. - Guilford. ; 27:2, s. 261-282
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • he present research examines the impact of temporal distance on moral concerns in situations where selfish motives clash with altruistic considerations. Drawing upon Construal Level Theory (Trope & Liberman, 2003) which posits that abstract, high-level features of events and social values take on more weight with greater temporal distance, we hypothesized that moral concerns should be higher for temporally distant situations. The results from five experiments supported this conjecture. People indicated they would be more likely to choose altruistic over selfish behaviors, reported they would feel more guilty about engaging in selfish behavior, thought acting selfishly would be more immoral, and were more likely to commit to altruistic behavior when thinking about distant versus near future events. Moreover, as predicted, temporal distance primarily enhanced moral concerns among individuals with high moral value strength. Support was also obtained in favor of the assumption that value salience was responsible for the temporal distance effect on moral concerns. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed.
  • Agerström, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Moral reasoning: The influence of affective personality, dilemma content and gender
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY. - 0301-2212. ; 34:10, s. 1259-1276
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study examined the influence of affective personality, perfectionism, gender, arousal and dilemma content on moral reasoning. 264 participants were presented with moral dilemmas to which they had to provide a solution that reflected various degrees of justice and care. The results indicated that a) affective personality had an effect on moral reasoning, b) female participants reported higher levels of care morality than did male participants, c) gender interacted with perfectionism in the production of moral standpoints, d) dilemma content exerted a strong effect on the participants' use of moral strategy. It was concluded that although moral reasoning appears to be governed primarily by the dilemma content at hand, an individual's moral solutions are influenced by gender and affective state.
  • Agerström, Jens, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Temporal construal and moral motivation
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Handbook of moral motivation: Theories, models, applications. - Sense Publishers. - 9789462092754 - 978-94-6209-273-0 ; s. 181-196
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
  • Agerström, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Temporal distance and moral concerns: Future morally questionable behavior is seen as more wrong and evokes stronger prosocial intentions
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Basic and Applied Social Psychology. - Taylor & Francis. - 0197-3533. ; 31:1, s. 49-59
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Prior research on temporal construal has shown that core values become more salient when people think about distant- as compared to near-future events. The present research shows that greater temporal distance of an event also results in greater moral concern. More specifically, it was found that people make harsher moral judgments of others' distant-future morally questionable behavior than near-future morally questionable behavior. Moreover, it was shown that people increasingly attribute distant vs. near future behavior to abstract dispositional relative to concrete situational causes, and that this attribution bias is partially responsible for the temporal distance effect on moral judgments.
  • Agerström, Jens, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Warm and competent Hassan = cold and incompetent Eric: A harsh equation of real-life hiring discrimination
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Basic and Applied Social Psychology. - Taylor & Francis. - 0197-3533. ; 34:4, s. 359-366
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In a field experiment, we sent out 5,636 job applications varying how Swedish (in-group) and Arab (out-group) applicants presented themselves in terms of two fundamental dimensions of social judgment: warmth and competence. Results indicate substantial discrimination where Arab applicants receive fewer invitations to job interviews. Conveying a warmer or more competent personality increases invitations. However, appearing both warm and competent seems to be especially important for Arab applicants. Arab applicants need to appear warmer and more competent than Swedish applicants to be invited equally often. The practical importance of signaling warmth and competence in labor market contexts is discussed.
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