SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "swepub ;lar1:(umu);pers:(Stenlund Hans);srt2:(2000-2004);mspu:(article)"

Sökning: swepub > Umeå universitet > Stenlund Hans > (2000-2004) > Tidskriftsartikel

  • Resultat 1-10 av 21
  • [1]23Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Thøgersen, Anna M, et al. (författare)
  • Interactions between fibrinolysis, lipoproteins and leptin related to a first myocardial infarction.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation. - 1741-8267. ; 11:1, s. 33-40
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The summarized importance of haemostatic and metabolic variables (insulin, lipids including lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] and leptin) in predicting first myocardial infarction, as well as possible interactions among these variables, have not been reported. DESIGN: A prospective case-control study nested within the Northern Sweden Health and Disease Cohort. METHODS: Sixty-two men diagnosed with a first myocardial infarction were sex- and age-matched with 124 controls. Conditional logistic regression was conducted including established risk factors, plasma levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) mass concentration, von Willebrand factor, insulin, proinsulin, specific insulin, apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I), Lp(a), and leptin. Interaction analysis was also performed for tPA, apo A-I, Lp(a), leptin and proinsulin. RESULTS: Smoking, low plasma levels of apo A-I and high plasma levels of cholesterol, Lp(a), tPA, PAI-1, proinsulin and leptin were associated with myocardial infarction in univariate conditional logistic regression analysis. High tPA [odds ratio (OR), 21.3; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.04-222] and Lp(a) (OR, 7.21; 95% CI, 1.31-39.8) and low apo A-I (OR, 0.15; 95% CI, 0.02-0.93) remained significant risk determinants in multivariate analysis with smoking habits, body mass index, hypertension, cholesterol, and diabetes included as covariates. There were non-significant synergic interactions between high Lp(a) and leptin and tPA, respectively, and between high Lp(a) and low apo A-I. CONCLUSION: Plasma levels of tPA, Lp(a), and apo A-I are independently associated with subsequent development of a first myocardial infarction in men.
  •  
2.
  •  
3.
  • Lind, Torbjörn, et al. (författare)
  • A community-based randomized controlled trial of iron and zinc supplementation in Indonesian infants : effects on growth and development.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. - 0002-9165. ; 80:3, s. 729-736
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Deficiencies of iron and zinc are associated with delayed development, growth faltering, and increased infectious-disease morbidity during infancy and childhood. Combined iron and zinc supplementation may therefore be a logical preventive strategy.Objective: The objective of the study was to compare the effects of combined iron and zinc supplementation in infancy with the effects of iron and zinc as single micronutrients on growth, psychomotor development, and incidence of infectious disease.Design: Indonesian infants (n = 680) were randomly assigned to daily supplementation with 10 mg Fe (Fe group), 10 mg Zn (Zn group), 10 mg Fe and 10 mg Zn (Fe+Zn group), or placebo from 6 to 12 mo of age. Anthropometric indexes, developmental indexes (Bayley Scales of Infant Development; BSID), and morbidity were recorded.Results: At 12 mo, two-factor analysis of variance showed a significant interaction between iron and zinc for weight-for-age z score, knee-heel length, and BSID psychomotor development. Weight-for-age z score was higher in the Zn group than in the placebo and Fe+Zn groups, knee-heel length was higher in the Zn and Fe groups than in the placebo group, and the BSID psychomotor development index was higher in the Fe group than in the placebo group. No significant effect on morbidity was found.Conclusions: Single supplementation with zinc significantly improved growth, and single supplementation with iron significantly improved growth and psychomotor development, but combined supplementation with iron and zinc had no significant effect on growth or development. Combined, simultaneous supplementation with iron and zinc to infants cannot be routinely recommended at the iron-to-zinc ratio used in this study.
  •  
4.
  • Lind, Torbjörn, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of weaning cereals with different phytate content on growth, development and morbidity : a randomized intervention trial in infants from 6 to 12 months of age.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica. - 0803-5253. ; 93:12, s. 1575-1582
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Phytate decreases iron and zinc bioavailability and contributes to deficiencies of iron and zinc, potentially causing anaemia, poor psychomotor development, impaired growth and increased risk of diarrhoea and respiratory infections. AIM: To investigate whether a reduced dietary intake of phytate, either via extensively phytate-reduced infant cereals [milk cereal drinks (MCDs) and porridge] or a milk-based infant formula, would improve growth and development and reduce morbidity in infants. DESIGN: Infants (n = 300) were, in a double-blind design, randomized to three diet intervention groups from 6 to 12 mo of age-commercial MCD and porridge (CC group), phytate-reduced MCD and phytate-reduced porridge (PR group), or milkbased infant formula and porridge with regular phytate content (IF group)-then followed until 18 mo. Dietary intake, anthropometry, development (Bayley Scales of Infant Development) and episodes of infectious diseases were registered. Results: There were no significant differences between study groups in growth, development or morbidity until 12 mo of age. The IF group had a 77% higher risk (95% CI: 1.05-2.97) of diarrhoea compared to the PR group during the 12-17-mo period. Infants with haemoglobin concentration (Hb) < 110 g/l at 12 mo had lower attained weight at 18 mo (11.14 kg vs 11.73 kg, p = 0.012). Infants with serum zinc (S-Zn) <10.7 pmol/l at 12 mo had higher risk of respiratory infections (RR = 1.74, 95% CI: 1.19-2.56) compared to controls. CONCLUSION: Phytate reduction had no effect on growth, development or incidence of diarrhoeal or respiratory infections. Infants with low Hb or low S-Zn may be at higher risk of poor growth and respiratory infections, even in this high-income population.
  •  
5.
  • Lind, Torbjörn, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of weaning cereals with different phytate contents on hemoglobin, iron stores, and serum zinc : a randomized intervention in infants from 6 to 12 mo of age
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. - 0002-9165. ; 78:1, s. 168-175
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Weaning foods frequently contain phytate, an inhibitor of iron and zinc absorption, which may contribute to the high prevalence of iron and zinc deficiency seen in infancy.Objective: The objective was to investigate whether either an extensive reduction in the phytate content of infant cereals or the use of milk-based, iron-fortified infant formula would improve iron and zinc status in infants.Design: In a double-blind design, infants (n = 300) were randomly assigned to 3 cereal groups from 6 to 12 mo of age: commercial milk-based cereal drink (MCD) and porridge (CC group), phytate-reduced MCD and phytate-reduced porridge (PR group), or milk-based infant formula and porridge with the usual phytate content (IF group). Venous blood samples were collected at 6 and 12 mo. Dietary intake was recorded monthly. After the intervention, 267 infants remained in the analysis.Results: Hemoglobin concentrations of < 110 g/L, serum ferritin concentrations of < 12 µg/L, and serum zinc concentrations of < 10.7 µmol/L had overall prevalences at baseline and 12 mo of 28% and 15%, 9% and 18%, and 22% and 27%, respectively. After the intervention, there were no significant differences in any measure of iron or zinc status between the CC and the PR groups. However, hemoglobin was significantly higher (120 g/L compared with 117 g/L; P = 0.012) and the prevalence of anemia was lower (13% compared with 23%; P = 0.06) in the PR group than in the IF group, which could be explained by differences in daily iron intake between the 2 groups.Conclusion: Extensive reduction in the phytate content of weaning cereals had little long-term effect on the iron and zinc status of Swedish infants.
  •  
6.
  • Mejàre, I, et al. (författare)
  • Caries incidence and lesion progression from adolescence to young adulthood : a prospective 15-year cohort study in Sweden.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Caries Res. - 0008-6568. ; 38:2, s. 130-41
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objectives were (1) to assess caries development, including the incidence and rate of lesion progression, in a Swedish cohort from adolescence to young adulthood and (2) to compare the caries incidence rates in adolescents with those of young adults. The original material consisted of 536 children aged 11-13 years at baseline. This cohort had been followed through annual bitewing radiographs to 21-22 years of age. In 1998-1999, 250 of these individuals were re-examined at the age of 26-27, and the new caries data were added to the original data. The results showed that fewer new enamel lesions developed on approximal surfaces during young adulthood than during adolescence; the caries incidence rates for enamel lesions decreased from 4.3 in the age group 12-15 years to 2.7 new caries lesions/100 surface-years in the age group 20-27 years. The same applied to the rate of lesion progression, where the corresponding values from the enamel-dentin border to the outer dentin were 32.5 for the youngest and 10.9 new lesions/100 surface-years for the oldest age group. The caries incidence of outer dentin lesions on approximal surfaces was low but increased from 0.2 in the age group 12-15 years to 0.9 new outer dentin lesions/100 surface-years in the age group 20-27 years. The incidence rates varied considerably between different tooth surfaces. Also for occlusal surfaces, fewer new dentin lesions developed during young adulthood than during adolescence; the incidence was 2.0 new dentin lesions/100 surface-years in the youngest age group and 0.7 during young adulthood. At the age of 13, the proportion of DFS of occlusal surfaces predominated over DFS of approximal surfaces but at the age of 26-27 the proportions of occlusal and approximal DFS were almost equal.
  •  
7.
  •  
8.
  • Emmelin, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Self-rated ill-health strengthens the effect of biomedical risk factors in predicting stroke especially for men : An incident case referent study
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hypertension. - 0263-6352. ; 21:5, s. 887-896
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To examine how self-rated ill-health interacts with biomedical stroke risk factors in predicting stroke and to explore differences between men and women and educational groups. DESIGN: An incident case-referent study where the study subjects had participated in a prior health survey. SETTING: Nested within the Västerbotten Intervention Program (VIP) and the Northern Sweden MONICA cohorts. SUBJECTS: The 473 stroke cases had two referents per case, matched for age, sex and residence, from the same study cohorts. RESULTS: Self-rated ill-health independently increased the risk of stroke, specifically for men. The interaction effect between self-rated health and biomedical risk factor load was greater for men than for women. The attributable proportion due to interaction between having a risk factor load of 2+ and self-rated ill-health was 42% for men and 15% for women. Better-educated individuals with self-rated ill-health and two or more of the biomedical risk factors had a higher risk of stroke than the less educated. Calculations of the respective contribution to the stroke cases of self-rated health, hypertension and smoking showed that self-rated ill-health had a role in 20% of the cases and could alone explain more than one-third of the cases among those who rated their health as bad, more so for men than for women. CONCLUSIONS: The results underscore the importance of including both a gender and a social perspective in discussing the role of self-rated health as a predictor of disease outcome. Physicians must be more gender sensitive when discussing their patient's own evaluation of health in relation to biomedical risk factors.
  •  
9.
  •  
10.
  • Hartini, TNS, et al. (författare)
  • Energy intake during economic crisis depends on initial wealth and access to rice fields : the case of pregnant Indonesian women
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Health Policy. - 0168-8510. ; 61:1, s. 57-71
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Starting in August 1997, Indonesia experienced a radical and rapid deterioration in its economy. Between 1996 and 1998, dietary intake during the second trimester was measured in 450 pregnant women in Purworejo, Central Java, Indonesia. Using six 24 h recalls we describe the consequences of the economic crisis on the energy intake of pregnant Indonesian women. Depending on the date of data collection, women were grouped into 'before crisis', 'transition' and 'during crisis'. Mean energy intake among groups was compared using ANOVA and Student's t-test. All groups of pregnant women already had a mean energy intake before the emerging crisis that was lower than the Indonesian recommended dietary allowances (RDA). Nevertheless, energy intake differed significantly among women with different education levels (P = 0.00) and from different socio-economic groups (P = 0.00). 'During transition', a significant decrease in energy intake was experienced by urban poor women (P = 0.01). Poor women with access to rice fields had a higher rice consumption than other groups throughout the period. Our results most likely reflect the effect of higher rice price on income and welfare. 'During crisis', energy intake improved among vulnerable groups, perhaps reflecting government intervention.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 21
  • [1]23Nästa
Typ av publikation
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (21)
Författare/redaktör
Lind, Torbjörn, (5)
Persson, Lars-Åke, (4)
Hernell, Olle (4)
Lönnerdal, Bo, (4)
Hallmans, Göran (3)
visa fler...
Söderberg, Stefan, (3)
Weinehall, Lars (3)
Dahlgren, Lars, (2)
Stegmayr, Birgitta (2)
Rantapää-Dahlqvist, ... (2)
Lindholm, L (2)
Berglin, Ewa, (2)
Sundin, Ulf (2)
Van Venrooij, Walthe ... (2)
Winkvist, A (2)
Hartini, TNS, (2)
Surjono, A (2)
Ismail, Djauhar (2)
Seswandhana, Rosadi (2)
Thøgersen, Anna M, (2)
Hörnell, Agneta, (1)
Ahrén, Bo (1)
Hakimi, M. (1)
Nilsson, Torbjörn K (1)
Wall, Stig, (1)
Emmelin, Maria (1)
Boman, Kurt (1)
Domellöf, Magnus, (1)
Wadell, Göran, (1)
Johansson, L. (1)
Ekström, Eva-Charlot ... (1)
Persson, L A (1)
Högberg, Ulf, (1)
Stenberg, Berndt (1)
Franklin, Karl, (1)
Olsson, Tommy, (1)
Jansson, Jan-Håkan, (1)
Lindahl, Bernt, (1)
Wulff, Marianne, (1)
Padyukov, Leonid (1)
Ågren, Åsa, (1)
Ivarsson, Anneli, (1)
Klareskog, Lars (1)
Mejare, I (1)
Marklund, Marie (1)
Lönnerdal, B (1)
Persson, Lars Ake (1)
Levin, Jan-Olof, (1)
Alberti, K G M M (1)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Uppsala universitet (3)
Linköpings universitet (1)
Malmö högskola (1)
Göteborgs universitet (1)
Språk
Engelska (21)
Ämne (HSV)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (10)
Samhällsvetenskap (1)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy