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Sökning: WFRF:(Albin Maria) > Ahlgren T

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1.
  • Albin, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Acute myeloid leukemia and clonal chromosome aberrations in relation to past exposure to organic solvents
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. - Finnish Institute of Occupational Health. - 0355-3140. ; 26:6, s. 482-491
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: The effects of occupational and leisure-time exposures on the risk of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were investigated with emphasis on clonal chromosome aberrations (CCA) and morphological subtypes. METHODS: Consecutively diagnosed cases of AML (N=333) and 1 population referent per case were retrospectively included in the study. Information on worktasks, companies, and leisure-time activities was obtained with telephone interviews. Exposure probability and intensity were assessed by occupational hygienists. Associations were evaluated with logistic regression. RESULTS: Exposure to organic solvents was associated with an increased risk of AML [low exposure: OR 1.5 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.0-2.3, moderate-high exposure: OR 2.3 (95% CI 1.0-5.0)]. For exposure to solvents, but not to benzene, the OR was 1.2 (95% CI 0.69-2.0) for "low" and 2.7 (95% CI 1.0-7.3) for "moderate-high" exposure. The observed effects increased with intensity and duration of exposure. The estimated effects were higher for patients >60 years of age at the time of diagnosis. The effect of exposure to organic solvents was not differential with regard to morphology [except possibly erythroleukemia: OR 4.2, 95% CI 1.0-17 or the presence of CCA in general]. No increased risk for AML with complex CCA or with total or partial losses of chromosomes 5 or 7 were observed, but a higher risk was found for AML with trisomy 8 (OR 11, 95% CI 2.7-42) as the sole aberration. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to organic solvents was associated with an increased risk of AML. This association was not due to benzene exposure alone and may be modified by age. Furthermore, specific associations with trisomy 8, and possibly also erythroleukemia, were suggested.
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2.
  • Björk, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • Are occupational, hobby, or lifestyle exposures associated with Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukaemia?
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Occupational and Environmental Medicine1994-01-01+01:00. - BMJ Publishing Group. - 1470-7926. ; 58:11, s. 722-727
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To investigate a broad range of occupational, hobby, and lifestyle exposures, suggested as risk factors for Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). METHODS: A case-control study, comprising 255 Ph+CML patients from southern Sweden and matched controls, was conducted. Individual data on work tasks, hobbies, and lifestyle exposures were obtained by telephone interviews. Occupational hygienists assessed occupational and hobby exposures for each subject individually. Also, occupational titles were obtained from national registries, and group level exposure-that is, the exposure proportion for each occupational title-was assessed with a job exposure matrix. The effects of 11 exposures using individual data and two exposures using group data (organic solvents and animal dust) were estimated. RESULTS: For the individual data on organic solvents, an effect was found for moderate or high intensity of exposure (odds ratio (OR) 3.4, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.1 to 11) and for long duration (15-20 years) of exposure (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.1 to 4.0). By contrast, the group data showed no association (OR 0.69, 95% CI 0.27 to 1.8; moderate or high intensity versus no exposure). For extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs), only individual data were available. An association with long occupational exposure to EMFs was found (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.2 to 4.5). However, no effect of EMF intensity was indicated. No significant effects of benzene, gasoline or diesel, or tobacco smoking were found. OR estimates below unity were suggested for personal use of hair dye and for agricultural exposures. CONCLUSIONS: Associations between exposure to organic solvents and EMFs, and Ph+CML were indicated but were not entirely consistent.
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3.
  • Mauritzson, Nils, et al. (författare)
  • A single-center population-based consecutive series of 1500 cytogenetically investigated adult hematological malignancies: karyotypic features in relation to morphology, age and gender
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Haematology1987-01-01+01:00. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1600-0609. ; 62:2, s. 95-102
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • During the 18-yr period 1976-93, a population-based series of 1586 adults with suspected or confirmed hematological malignancies were successfully cytogenetically investigated at a single center. Eighty-six cases were excluded due to unretrievable medical records or if analyzed only in remission or at relapse. The remaining 1500 medical records were reviewed regarding morphology and clinical parameters in order to investigate possible associations between karyotypic pattern (normal, 1, 2 or complex anomalies; specific abnormalities) and gender, age and morphological subgroups. The impact of time-period, i.e. 1976-87 vs. 1988-93, and referring center on cytogenetic findings was also studied. A total of 372 acute myeloid leukemias (AML), 389 myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), 64 acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL) and 262 chronic myeloid leukemias (CML) were identified, altogether 1087 cases. Patients with other (n=261) or no hematological malignancies (n = 152) were excluded from the present analysis. Cytogenetic abnormalities were detected in 52% AML, 51 % MDS, 68% ALL and 97% CML, frequencies that did not differ significantly between the 2 time periods or referring centers. No significant age- or gender-related differences in karyotypic patterns were discerned in AML, MDS, ALL or CML, whereas the karyotypic patterns varied among the FAB groups in both AML (p= 0.001) and MDS (p < 0.001). The specific abnormalities t(8;21), t(15;17) and inv(16) were more common (p < 0.001) in younger AML patients and 5q- was more frequent in females with MDS (p<0.001). These findings indicate, in contrast to previous series, that neoplasia-associated karyotypic aberrations are not more common among older patients or in males.
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5.
  • Mauritzson, Nils, et al. (författare)
  • Survival time in a population-based consecutive series of adult acute myeloid leukemia--the prognostic impact of karyotype during the time period 1976-1993
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Leukemia. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1476-5551. ; 14:6, s. 1039-1043
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A consecutive population-based series of 372 adult acute myeloid leukemias, successfully cytogenetically investigated at a single center between 1976 and 1993, is reported. All medical records were reviewed in order to ascertain the prognostic impact of karyotype, divided into three groups; favorable (t(8;21), t(15;17), and inv(16) irrespective of karyotypic complexity; n = 40), poor (der(1;7), inv(3), -5, del(5q), -7, t(9;22), and complex karyotypes including whole or partial losses of chromosomes 5 and/or 7; n = 56), and intermediate (other abnormalities or normal karyotype; n = 276). The possible modification by age, gender, time period, morphologic subtype, and bone marrow transplantation (BMT) on this prognostic impact was also determined. The chemotherapy regimens used were heterogeneous over time but principally the same at any given point in time. The majority of the patients were treated with combinations including an anthracycline and cytarabine with curative intent. Gender, morphology, and BMT did not significantly modify the effect of cytogenetic patterns on survival time, whereas age and time period did. The hazard ratios for the subgroups favorable, intermediate, and poor were 1.0, 1.2 and 1.9 at age 20-49; 1.0, 2.5 and 4.5 at age 50-64; 1.0, 4.1 and 11.4 at age 65-74; 1.0, 1.4 and 2.2 for the time period 1976-1987 and 1.0, 2.0 and 6.7 for 1988-1993. The salient feature of the Kaplan-Meier curves was the improved survival during the later time period for patients with favorable and intermediate cytogenetic abnormalities. The present findings thus suggest that it is mainly these patient groups that have benefited from advances in therapy, including supportive care.
6.
  • Mauritzson, Nils, et al. (författare)
  • The prognostic impact of karyotypic subgroups in myelodysplastic syndromes is strongly modified by sex
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Haematology. - Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 0007-1048. ; 113:2, s. 347-356
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The prognostic impact of karyotypic patterns in a consecutive series of 389 adult myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) was investigated. Time period did not significantly influence the survival times. In the analyses, the MDS cases were subdivided into the cytogenetic subgroups used in the International Prognostic Scoring System, i.e. favourable [-Y, del(5q) or del(20q) as single aberrations or normal karyotype, n = 241], poor [-7, del(7q), der(1;7) or complex karyotypes, i.e. > or = three abnormalities, n = 89] and intermediate (other aberrations, n = 59). The survival times correlated well with the prognostic subgroups, confirming that the cytogenetic classification was valid. Expressed as hazard ratios (HRs), with the favourable subgroup as the reference, the intermediate and poor subgroup HRs increased to 1.5 (95% confidence interval, 1.1-2.1) and 3.2 (2.4-4.1) respectively. Sex, age, morphological subtype and smoking habits significantly modified this prognostic impact. Shorter survival was detected for men in the favourable and the intermediate subgroups, but not in the poor prognosis subgroup. Using women in the favourable subgroup as the reference and adjusting for age, the HR for men was 1.6 (1.2-2.1) in the favourable subgroup. Adjusting for smoking habits as well decreased the HR to 1.4 (1.1-2.0) and, when also excluding cases with del(5q) as the sole anomaly, no significant difference could be discerned [HR 1.2 (0.9-1.6], suggesting that the better outcome for women in the favourable subgroup was mainly as a result of the '5q-syndrome' and to smoking habits. In the intermediate subgroup, the corresponding HRs were 3.0 (1.5-6.0) when adjusted for age and 2.7 (1.3-5.5) when also adjusted for smoking habits. Different survival times between men and women have never previously been reported for this MDS group. Although it remains to be elucidated whether environmental and/or constitutional factors cause the observed sex-related difference, these observations have obvious clinical ramifications, not least in designing and evaluating therapy protocols.
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