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Träfflista för sökning "LAR1:gu ;pers:(Dahlöf Björn 1953);pers:(Gerdts E.)"

Sökning: LAR1:gu > Dahlöf Björn 1953 > Gerdts E.

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1.
  • Bella, J. N., et al. (författare)
  • Sex-related difference in regression of left ventricular hypertrophy with antihypertensive treatment: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240 (Print). ; 18:6, s. 411-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • While left ventricular (LV) structure and function differ between hypertensive women and men, it remains unclear whether sex affects regression of LV hypertrophy with antihypertensive treatment. We analysed paired echocardiograms in 500 men and 347 women enrolled in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study at baseline and after 12 months of antihypertensive treatment with either losartan or atenolol. At enrollment, 177 women and 242 men were randomized to losartan-based treatment and 161 women and 247 men were randomized to atenolol-based treatment (sex difference=NS). After 12 months of antihypertensive treatment, blood pressure was lowered similarly in women (152/83 from 174/97 mmHg) and men (149/85 from 173/99 mmHg; both P<0.001, sex difference=NS), without significant change in body weight in either sex. Cardiac output and pulse pressure/stroke volume were equivalently reduced in both sexes (-0.2 vs -0.1 l/min and both -0.20 mmHg/ml/m(2), respectively; both P=NS). Absolute LV mass change after 12 months of antihypertensive treatment was greater in men than in women (-30 vs -24 g, P=0.01). However, after adjusting for baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment, LV mass reduction was greater in women than in men (-33 vs -23 g, P=0.001). LV mass regression was greater in women, by 8.0+/-2.8 g, after adjusting for baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment. After consideration of baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment, antihypertensive treatment regressed LV hypertrophy more in women. Further studies are needed to identify the mechanisms and prognostic implications of this sex-related difference.
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2.
  • Boman, K., et al. (författare)
  • Exercise and cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients in relation to structure and function of left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. - 1741-8275. ; 16:2, s. 242-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Exercise lowers blood pressure and improves cardiovascular function, but little is known about whether exercise impacts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality independent of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and LV geometry. DESIGN: Observational analysis of prospectively obtained echocardiographic data within the context of a randomized trial of antihypertensive treatment. METHODS: A total of 937 hypertensive patients with ECG LVH were studied by echocardiography in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension study. Baseline exercise status was categorized as sedentary (never exercise), intermediate (<or=30 min twice/week), or physically active (>30 min twice/week). During 4.8-year follow-up, 105 patients suffered the primary composite endpoint of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, or cardiovascular death. MI occurred in 39, stroke in 60, and cardiovascular death in 33 patients. RESULTS: Sedentary individuals (n = 212) had, compared with those physically active (n = 511), higher heart rate (P<0.001), weight (P<0.001), body surface area (P = 0.02), body mass index (P<0.001), LV mass (LVM, P = 0.04), LVM indexed for height or body surface area (P = 0.004); thicker ventricular septum (P = 0.012) and posterior wall (P = 0.016); and larger left atrium (P = 0.006). Systolic variables did not differ. In Cox regression analysis, physically active compared with sedentary patients had lower risk of primary composite endpoint [odds ratio (OR): 0.42, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.26-0.68, P < 0.001], cardiovascular death (OR: 0.50, 95% CI: 0.22-0.1.10, NS), and stroke (OR: 0.26, 95% CI: 0.13-0.49, P < 0.001) without significant difference for MI (OR: 0.79, 95% CI: 0.35-1.75, NS) independent of systolic blood pressure, LVM index, or treatment. CONCLUSION: In hypertensive patients with LVH, physically active patients had improved prognosis for cardiovascular endpoints, mortality, and stroke that was independent of LVM.
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3.
  • Gerdts, E., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of age on left ventricular hypertrophy regression during antihypertensive treatment with losartan or atenolol (the LIFE study)
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240 (Print). ; 18:6, s. 417-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To assess the influence of age on changes in left ventricular (LV) mass and geometry during antihypertensive treatment, we related age to clinical and echocardiographic findings before and after 4 years of antihypertensive treatment in a subset of 560 hypertensive patients without known concurrent disease in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, which randomized patients to blinded losartan- or atenolol-based treatment. Patients >/=65 years (older group) included more women and patients with isolated systolic hypertension or albuminuria (all P<0.05). Compared to patients <65 years, older patients had higher pulse pressure, LV mass, and prevalence of concentric hypertrophy at baseline (78 vs 69 mmHg, 234 vs 224 g, and 28 vs 16%, respectively, all P<0.01), while the mean blood pressure did not differ. Over 4 years, reductions in LV mass and the mean blood pressure were similar in both groups, but older patients more often had residual hypertrophy (31 vs 15%, P<0.001) with a preponderance of eccentric geometry. In multivariate analysis of 4-year change in LV mass controlling for baseline mass, larger hypertrophy reduction was associated with losartan treatment, while age, gender, body mass index, and 4-year change in pulse pressure and albuminuria did not enter (Multiple R (2)=0.40, P<0.001). Thus, in up-to-80-year-old hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, age did not significantly attenuate hypertrophy reduction during antihypertensive treatment, although residual hypertrophy was more prevalent in older patients as a consequence of higher initial LV mass.
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4.
  • Gerdts, E., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of overweight and obesity on cardiac benefit of antihypertensive treatment
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD. - 1590-3729. ; Epub aheas of print
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increased body mass index (BMI) has been associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertension. Less is known about the impact of BMI on improvement in left ventricular (LV) structure and function during antihypertensive treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Annual BMI, echocardiograms and cardiovascular events were recorded in 875 hypertensive patients with LV hypertrophy during 4.8 years randomized treatment in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) echocardiography substudy. Patients were grouped by baseline BMI into normal (n = 282), overweight (n = 405), obese (n = 150) and severely obese groups (n = 38) (BMI </=24.9, 25.0-29.9, 30.0-34.9, and >/=35.0 kg/m(2), respectively). At study end, residual LV hypertrophy was present in 54% of obese and 79% of severely obese patients compared to 31% of normal weight patients (both p < 0.01). In regression analyses, adjusting for initial LV mass/height(2.7), higher BMI predicted less LV hypertrophy reduction and more reduction in LV ejection fraction (both p < 0.05), independent of blood pressure reduction, diabetes and in-study weight change. During follow-up, 91 patients suffered cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction or stroke. In Cox regression analysis 1 kg/m(2) higher baseline BMI predicted a 5% higher rate of cardiovascular events and 10% higher cardiovascular mortality over 4.8 years (both p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In hypertensive patients in the LIFE study, increased BMI was associated with less reduction of LV hypertrophy and less improvement in LV systolic function which may contribute to the observed higher cardiovascular event rate of treated hypertensive patients.
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5.
  • Gerdts, E., et al. (författare)
  • Pulse pressure, left ventricular function and cardiovascular events during antihypertensive treatment (the LIFE study)
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Blood Press. - 1651-1999. ; 18:4, s. 180-186
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Pulse pressure (PP) has been related to risk of cardiovascular events in hypertension. However, less is known about modification of this risk marker during antihypertensive treatment in patients with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. Methods. Associations of in-treatment PP with LV systolic function and cardiovascular events was assessed in 883 patients with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy during 4.8 years of randomized losartan- or atenolol-based treatment within the echocardiographic substudy of the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study. Results. PP was similarly reduced by both treatments. In different multiple regression models, lower in-treatment PP was independently associated with lower in-treatment LV ejection fraction (beta = 0.16), stress-corrected midwall shortening (beta = 0.20), stroke volume (beta = 0.11) and cardiac index (beta = 0.07, all p<0.05). In time-varying Cox regression models, 10mmHg lower in-treatment PP was associated with a 28% higher rate of cardiovascular events [hazard ratio, HR = 1.28 (1.09 - 1.52), p <0.01] independent of in-treatment LV mass and ejection fraction, history of ischemic heart disease, Framingham risk score and study treatment allocation. Conclusion. During systematic antihypertensive treatment in hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy, lower in-treatment PP was associated with lower in-treatment LV function and cardiac output as well as higher rate of cardiovascular events.
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6.
  • Hildebrandt, P., et al. (författare)
  • Impairment of cardiac function in hypertensive patients with Type 2 diabetes: a LIFE study
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Diabet Med. - 0742-3071 (Print). ; 22:8, s. 1005-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: Type 2 diabetic patients with hypertension have an increased left ventricular (LV) mass and impaired cardiac function compared to hypertensive patients without diabetes. However, it is unknown if the impaired cardiac function can be explained solely by LV hypertrophy, or is independently related to diabetes. The aim of the present study was to compare LV function between diabetic and non-diabetic hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy. METHODS: In 937 patients participating in the LIFE echocardiographic substudy, all echocardiograms were centrally evaluated by a core reading centre measuring LV mass, systolic and diastolic LV function. Known diabetes was present in 105 patients. RESULTS: Left ventricular mass was similar in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Endocardial systolic LV function, estimated by LV ejection fraction, was reduced and indices of midwall systolic LV function were impaired in the diabetic patients. Diastolic LV filling pattern was impaired and arterial stiffness, measured by pulse pressure/stroke index, was increased in diabetic patients. CONCLUSIONS: Systolic and diastolic LV function in hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy and diabetes are impaired independent of LV mass, most likely reflecting the adverse effects of diabetes per se.
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7.
  • Li, Z. B., et al. (författare)
  • Association of left bundle branch block with left ventricular structure and function in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240 (Print). ; 18:6, s. 397-402
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Electrocardiographic (ECG) left bundle branch block (LBBB) is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), but its relation to left ventricular (LV) geometry and function in hypertensive patients with ECG LVH is unknown. Echocardiograms were performed in 933 patients (548 women, mean age 66+/-7 years) with essential hypertension and LVH by baseline ECG in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study. LBBB, defined by Minnesota code 7.1, was present in 47 patients and absent in 886 patients. Patients with and without LBBB were similar in age, gender, body mass index, blood pressure, prevalence of diabetes, and history of myocardial infarction. Despite similarly elevated mean LV mass (126+/-25 vs 124+/-26 g/m(2)) and relative wall thickness (0.41+/-0.07 vs 0.41+/-0.07, P=NS), patients with LBBB had lower LV fractional shortening (30+/-6 vs 34+/-6%), ejection fraction (56+/-10 vs 61+/-8%), midwall shortening (14+/-2 vs 16+/-2%), stress-corrected midwall shortening (90+/-13 vs 97+/-13%) (all P<0.001), and lower LV stroke index (38+/-7 vs 42+/-9 ml/m(2)) (P<0.05). Patients with LBBB also had reduced LV inferior wall and lower mitral E/A ratio (0.75+/-0.18 vs 0.87+/-0.38) (all P<0.05). The above univariate results were confirmed by multivariate analyses adjusted for gender, age, blood pressures, height, weight, body mass index, heart rate, and LV mass index. Among hypertensive patients at high risk because of ECG LVH, the presence of LBBB identifies individuals with worse global and regional LV systolic function and impaired LV relaxation without more severe LVH by echocardiography.
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8.
  • Olsen, M. H., et al. (författare)
  • Albuminuria predicts cardiovascular events independently of left ventricular mass in hypertension: a LIFE substudy
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240 (Print). ; 18:6, s. 453-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We wanted to investigate whether urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) and left ventricular (LV) mass, both being associated with diabetes and increased blood pressure, predicted cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension independently. After 2 weeks of placebo treatment, clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic variables were assessed in 960 hypertensive patients from the LIFE Echo substudy with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy. Morning urine albumin and creatinine were measured to calculate UACR. The patients were followed for 60+/-4 months and the composite end point (CEP) of cardiovascular (CV) death, nonfatal stroke or nonfatal myocardial infarction was recorded. The incidence of CEP increased with increasing LV mass (below the lower quartile of 194 g to above the upper quartile of 263 g) in patients with UACR below (6.7, 5.0, 9.1%) and above the median value of 1.406 mg/mmol (9.7, 17.0, 19.0%(***)). Also the incidence of CV death increased with LV mass in patients with UACR below (0, 1.4, 1.3%) and above 1.406 mg/mmol (2.2, 6.4, 8.0%(**)). The incidence of CEP was predicted by logUACR (hazard ratio (HR)=1.44(**) for every 10-fold increase in UACR) after adjustment for Framingham risk score (HR=1.05(***)), history of peripheral vascular disease (HR=2.3(*)) and cerebrovascular disease (HR=2.1(*)). LV mass did not enter the model. LogUACR predicted CV death (HR=2.4(**)) independently of LV mass (HR=1.01(*) per gram) after adjustment for Framingham risk score (HR=1.05(*)), history of diabetes mellitus (HR=2.4(*)) and cerebrovascular disease (HR=3.2(*)). (*)P<0.05, (**)P<0.01, (***)P<0.001. In conclusion, UACR predicted CEP and CV death independently of LV mass. CV death was predicted by UACR and LV mass in an additive manner after adjustment for Framingham risk score and history of CV disease.
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9.
  • Olsen, M. H., et al. (författare)
  • Aortic valve sclerosis and albuminuria predict cardiovascular events independently in hypertension: a losartan intervention for endpoint-reduction in hypertension (LIFE) substudy
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Am J Hypertens. - 0895-7061 (Print). ; 18:11, s. 1430-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Aortic valve (AV) sclerosis and urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) are both markers of atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate whether they predicted cardiovascular (CV) events independently in patients with hypertension and electrocardiographic left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. METHODS: After 2 weeks of placebo treatment, clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic variables were assessed in 960 hypertensive patients from the LIFE Echo substudy who had electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy. Morning urine albumin and creatinine were measured calculating UACR. The presence of AV sclerosis was defined as valve thickening or calcification. Fifteen patients with mild AV stenosis were excluded. The patients were followed for 60 +/- 4 months and the composite endpoint (CEP) of CV death, nonfatal stroke, or nonfatal myocardial infarction was recorded. RESULTS: A value of UACR above the median value of 1.406 was associated with higher incidence of CEP and CV death in patients with AV sclerosis (CEP: 18.8% v 9.0% P < 0.05, CV death: 7.1% v 0.7% P < 0.01) and in patients without AV sclerosis (CEP: 14.0% v 4.9% P < 0.001, CV death: 5.1% v 1.1% P < 0.01). In Cox regression analysis, AV sclerosis predicted CEP (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.52, P < .05), but not CV death (HR = 1.30 [0.62 to 2.70], NS) independently of logUACR (HR = 1.70 and HR = 3.25, both P < .001). After adjusting for the Framingham Risk Score, CV disease, diabetes, smoking, and treatment allocation, AV sclerosis predicted CEP (HR = 1.5, P < .05) but not CV death (HR = 1.4, NS) independently of logUACR (HR = 1.2, P = .09 and HR = 1.94, P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: In hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy, AV sclerosis predicted CEP but not CV death independently of UACR after adjusting for CV risk factors and treatment allocation, indicating that AV sclerosis and UACR might be markers of different aspects of the atherosclerotic process.
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10.
  • Palmieri, V., et al. (författare)
  • Usefulness of the assessment of the appropriateness of left ventricular mass to detect left ventricular systolic and diastolic abnormalities in absence of echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240 (Print). ; 18:6, s. 423-30
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Conventional definitions of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy do not account for interindividual differences in loading conditions. We may define LV mass as inappropriately high when exceeding 128% of theoretical values predicted by gender, height(2.7), and stroke work, which explain up to 82% of the variability of LV mass in normal reference subjects. In 652 participants in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension study without clinically overt cardiovascular disease or diabetes, we investigated whether inappropriately high LV mass is associated with relevant LV abnormalities independent of traditional definition of LV hypertrophy (ie, LV mass index >116 g/m(2) in men and >104 g/m(2) in women). The study sample was divided into three groups: patients with inappropriately high LV mass but without LV hypertrophy were compared to patients with LV hypertrophy and to patients with appropriate LV mass and without LV hypertrophy. Patients with inappropriately high but nonhypertrophic LV mass had higher body mass index and relative wall thickness, and lower LV myocardial systolic function, than patients with appropriate LV mass or patients with LV hypertrophy. In multivariate analyses, inappropriately high LV mass was independently associated with lower myocardial systolic function independent of LV hypertrophy and other covariates. Inappropriately high LV mass was also associated with prolonged isovolumic relaxation time and lower mitral E/A ratio independent of covariates. In conclusion, inappropriately high LV mass was associated with relevant, often preclinical, manifestations of cardiac disease in the absence of traditionally defined echocardiographic LV hypertrophy and concentric geometry.
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