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Sökning: WFRF:(Holmér Ingvar) > Gao Chuansi

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  • Gao, Chuansi, et al. (författare)
  • Cooling vests with phase change material packs: the effects of temperature gradient, mass, and covering area
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Ergonomics. - Taylor & Francis. - 1366-5847. ; 53:5, s. 716-723
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Phase change material (PCM) absorbs or releases latent heat when it changes phases, making thermal-regulated clothing possible. The objective of this study was to quantify the relationships between PCM cooling rate and temperature gradient, mass, and covering area on a thermal manikin in a climatic chamber. Three melting temperatures (24, 28, 32 °C) of the PCMs, different mass, covering areas, and two manikin temperatures (34 and 38 °C) were used. The results showed that the cooling rate of the PCM vests tested is positively correlated with the temperature gradient between the thermal manikin and the melting temperature of the PCMs. The required temperature gradient is suggested to be greater than 6 °C when PCM vests are used in hot climates. With the same temperature gradient, the cooling rate is mainly determined by the covering area. The duration of the cooling effect is dependent on PCM mass and the latent heat
  • Gao, Chuansi, et al. (författare)
  • Cooling vests with phase change materials: the effects of melting temperature on heat strain alleviation in an extremely hot environment
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology. - Springer-Verlag. - 1439-6327. ; 111:6, s. 1207-1216
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A previous study by the authors using a heated thermal manikin showed that the cooling rates of phase change material (PCM) are dependent on temperature gradient, mass, and covering area. The objective of this study was to investigate if the cooling effects of the temperature gradient observed on a thermal manikin could be validated on human subjects in extreme heat. The subjects wore cooling vests with PCMs at two melting temperatures (24 and 28°C) and fire-fighting clothing and equipment, thus forming three test groups (vest24, vest28 and control group without the vest). They walked on a treadmill at a speed of 5 km/h in a climatic chamber (air temperature = 55°C, relative humidity = 30%, vapour pressure = 4,725 Pa, and air velocity = 0.4 m/s). The results showed that the PCM vest with a lower melting temperature (24°C) has a stronger cooling effect on the torso and mean skin temperatures than that with a higher melting temperature (28°C). Both PCM vests mitigate peak core temperature increase during the resting recovery period. The two PCM vests tested, however, had no significant effect on the alleviation of core temperature increase during exercise in the heat. To study the possibility of effective cooling of core temperature, cooling garments with PCMs at even lower melting temperatures (e.g. 15°C) and a larger covering area should be investigated.
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