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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) ;srt2:(2010-2011);lar1:(liu)"

Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > (2010-2011) > Linköpings universitet

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  • Aronsson, Håkan, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Managing health care decisions and improvement through simulation modeling
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Quality Management in Health Care. - 1063-8628. ; 20:1, s. 15-29
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Simulation modeling is a way to test changes in a computerized environment to give ideas for improvements before implementation. This article reviews research literature on simulation modeling as support for health care decision making. The aim is to investigate the experience and potential value of such decision support and quality of articles retrieved. A literature search was conducted, and the selection criteria yielded 59 articles derived from diverse applications and methods. Most met the stated research-quality criteria. This review identified how simulation can facilitate decision making and that it may induce learning. Furthermore, simulation offers immediate feedback about proposed changes, allows analysis of scenarios, and promotes communication on building a shared system view and understanding of how a complex system works. However, only 14 of the 59 articles reported on implementation experiences, including how decision making was supported. On the basis of these articles, we proposed steps essential for the success of simulation projects, not just in the computer, but also in clinical reality. We also presented a novel concept combining simulation modeling with the established plan-do-study-act cycle for improvement. Future scientific inquiries concerning implementation, impact, and the value for health care management are needed to realize the full potential of simulation modeling.
  • Bienkowska, Dzamila, et al. (författare)
  • Brain circulation and flexible adjustment:
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B. Human Geography. - 0435-3684. ; 93:1, s. 21-39
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article explores the role of labour mobility as a potential cluster advantage. We review the theoretical arguments as for how and why labour mobility could enhance the dynamism and performance of clusters of similar and related firms. A combination of quantitative and qualitative data from two information and communication technology (ICT) clusters is used to answer two research questions: (1) What is the role of mobility enhancing (or restricting) institutions in clusters? and (2) In what ways does labour mobility contribute to knowledge transfer within clusters? The two ICT clusters studied in the article generally seem to have higher levels of mobility, compared to the labour market at large. Although it is regarded as beneficial in theory, most cluster firms try to restrict mobility of workers since they fear the risk and costs of losing staff. Labour mobility is also rarely viewed as a viable way to increase the knowledge bases or contact networks of firms. However, when firms need to recruit the clustered labour markets seem to benefit them by facilitating the use of informal recruitment processes. By way of conclusion it is suggested that cluster firms might be under-investing in mobility and that innovative institutional solutions could help realize clusters mobility potential.
  • Parment, Anders, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • Controlling for Competitiveness : Strategy Formulation and Implementation through Management Control
  • 2011
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Strategies are important in today's highly competitive environments. Businesses as well as public sector organisations need a unifying logic, which emerges out of dialogues among its members and guides their actions. The organisation's Control System has potential to become a key to this, and itself a source of competitiveness. "Controlling for Competitiveness" describes how management control is crucial in mobilizing, using and communicating the knowledge and skills of managers and employees. Controllers should design situation-specific control systems, assuring that actions will be based on appropriate information and incentives. Enterprise Systems facilitate coordination and information exchange, thus enabling the development of a consistent and congruent strategy throughout the organisation. The involvement of all levels of management as well as most employees in this process creates motivation and commitment to the organisation's strategy. It also prepares for executing strategy through a creative use of metrics, decision tools and clarified responsibilities. The authors underline the need to understand management control as part of the organisation's control mix (control package). They provide numerous examples of how systems and people interact in shaping a strategic focus in private as well as publicly owned organisations. In addition to the authors' experiences from research and consultancy, the book is based on recent interviews with 16 leading, complex organisations in the private and public sector. Numerous examples from these and other organisations are provided.
  • Axelsson, Karin, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Kundval – dilemman i gränssnittet mellan privata och offentliga organisationer
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Samtal pågår… från forskare till politiker och tjänstemän i kommuner. - Linköping : Linköpings universitet. - 978-91-7393-417-6 ; s. 9-19
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Är det bättre med stora än med små kommuner? Kommer folkrörelsepartierna att bli mer kampanj- och väljarorienterade i framtiden? Hur formas en boendepolitik för det goda åldrandet? Lokala transportstrategier – hur och för vem? Hur påverkas kommunledningars samverkan om gymnasieskolan av att det finns friskolor? Är kulturekonomi framtidens lokala tillväxtmotor?</p><p>Dessa och andra frågor behandlas i denna bok. Den är ett led i Centrum för kommunstrategiska studiers, CKS, arbete med att bygga en dialog – utveckla goda samtal – mellan Linköpings universitet och medlemskommunerna i CKS. Den innehåller fjorton olika artiklar, inlägg, som forskare författat för att förmedla sina resultat, men också för att stärka en dialog med politiker och tjänstemän i kommunerna. Inläggen spänner över många olika ämnen och frågeställningar. De är i vissa fall konkreta och koncisa i andra fall beskrivande och reflekterande. Alla är de av kommunstrategisk karaktär.</p><p>I en kommun fattas en mängd olika politiska beslut kring de mest skiftande ämnen. Det kräver kunskap, reflektion och gedigna beslutsunderlag. Då kan forskares analyser och kunskapsproduktion vara till nytta. För att en fördjupad och samhällsrelevant forskning ska komma till stånd behövs emellertid reaktioner från politiker och tjänstemän. Det finns alltså ett ömsesidigt beroende. Det kan hanteras genom samtal i vilka forskare, politiker och tjänstemän kan utbyta erfarenheter, tankar och kunskaper. Inläggen i denna bok visar att samtal pågår
  • Cöster, Mathias, et al. (författare)
  • The hen or the egg?
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the Nordic Academy of Management conference 2011. - Gotland University. ; s. 1-18
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The literature on business strategy and management control often underscores the necessity that companies, in their strategic processes, strive to first set goals and strategies and thereafter conduct investments in organization and technologies. However, some scholars argue that IT enables and induces strategic change and that these changes are necessary in order to gain value from the investment. Based on extensive empirical studies of the Swedish graphic industry this paper elaborates on the connection between strategy development and IT utilization. The conclusions are based on a longitudinal study of the graphic industry (1980-2010), a complete study of all annual reports from the two market leaders in the industry (1984-2010) and a complete study of all board meeting protocols in a newspaper and printing company (1971-1989). One conclusion is that there is greater awareness about the implications of IT on the business and the industry than the companies manage to translate in to action. Another conclusion is that the strategic orientation of the owners affects the execution of the IT strategy in the operating units. 
  • Hedner, Thomas, 1949-, et al. (författare)
  • Open innovation in the biomedical sector - An alternative approach to organizational value extraction"
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: World Sustainable Development Outlook. - 978-1-907106-12-5
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The concept of Open innovation is a phenomenon gaining momentum amung pharmaceutical companies, university research consortia and other for-profit and non-profit organizations in order to address increasingly complex, uncertain and changing R&D projects. In medicine, open innovation projects may provide incentives for creativity, adaptability and easier access to knowledge as well as to generate quicker and cheaper innovation cycles for defined products and services. Also, projects and products may be better adjusted to the markets and provide flexible cost structures in developed as well as developing countries. There are today growing efforts for nonprofit foundations to participate and establish co-operation in complex research and development efforts such as bringing new medical drugs or new technology to public use. Interestingly, such incentives might open up for new and creative open innovation models. In this paper, we discuss how the open innovation model differs from the classical closed innovation model in respect tOj type of project, organizing aspects and value creation and value extraction aspects. We also illustrate 3 different value extraction concepts relating to open innovation in the pharmaceutical sector, representing different strategies and degrees of openness; the Medicine for Malaria Venture (MMV); InnovationXchange; and InnoCentive. Further, we discuss how the term "openness" can be understood in levels; in terms of the extent of control a collective upholds for ownership as well as the access and utilization of platform content that is jointly aggregated, created and developed. Collective innovation can be described as; open for all (openness with little, or no, limitations); open IP groups (openness within R&D groups); open IP projects (openness within R&D collaboration projects); open IP communities (openness within certain communities); and open IP platforms (structural arenas for openness). Our case examples illustrate how open innovation networks may provide new possibilities to generate value from academic - industrial networks. However, the open innovation model builds on involvement from a variety of external sources, such as independent researchers and experts, R&D institutes, universities and contract research organizations, customers, partner companies or even competitors. In the transition from a closed to an open innovation model, the pharmaceutical industry needs to develop flexible boundaries to allow a creative exchange of knowledge and experience from the outside to the inside of their organisation.
  • Gremyr, Ida, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • Service Innovation in Manufacturing Firms
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Managing Service Quality. - 0960-4529. ; 20:2, s. 161-175
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to identify and describe certain critical dimensions related to service innovation in manufacturing firms. The paper focuses on dimensions related to the service transition, the offering and the development project. Design/methodology/approach - A multiple case study was conducted in order to trace specific service innovations and to explore critical dimensions and events throughout their development. A total of 16 interviews were held, covering service innovations in SKF, Volvo Buses, and Volvo Trucks. Findings - Each of the three service innovations studied are examples of recombinative innovations. While there are some differences in terms of what is innovative, a common theme is the bundling of technology and services. Recombinative innovation opens up the possibility to combine standardization and customization, which has been identified as a success factor for services in manufacturing companies. Originality/value - Although a large number of manufacturing firms are introducing services to utilize the entire life-cycle of the installed base, there is a shortage of literature that includes elaborate empirical accounts of service innovations in manufacturing firms. The study expands the scope for viewing service innovation by not only focusing on the offering but also taking into account service transition and the development project.
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