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A review of species role concepts in food webs

Cirtwill, Alyssa (författare)
Linköpings universitet,Teoretisk Biologi,Tekniska fakulteten
Dalla Riva, Giulio V. (författare)
Department of Statistics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Gaiarsa, Marilia P. (författare)
Departamento de Ecologia Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, California, USA
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Bimler, Malyon D. (författare)
School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Cagua, E. Fernando (författare)
Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Coux, Camille (författare)
UMR 1065 Santé et Agroécologie du Vignoble, INRA Bordeaux-Aquitaine, France; Centre d’Etudes Biologiques de Chizé UMR 7372, CNRS, Université de La Rochelle, France
Dehling, D. Matthias (författare)
Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
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 (creator_code:org_t)
2018
2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Food Webs. - 2352-2496. ; 16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • Many different concepts have been used to describe species' roles in food webs (i.e., the ways in which species participate in their communities as consumers and resources). As each concept focuses on a different aspect of food-web structure, it can be difficult to relate these concepts to each other and to other aspects of ecology. Here we use the Eltonian niche as an overarching framework, within which we summarize several commonly-used role concepts (degree, trophic level, motif roles, and centrality). We focus mainly on the topological versions of these concepts but, where dynamical versions of a role concept exist, we acknowledge these as well. Our aim is to highlight areas of overlap and ambiguity between different role concepts and to describe how these roles can be used to group species according to different strategies (i.e., equivalence and functional roles). The existence of “gray areas” between role concepts make it essential for authors to carefully consider both which role concept(s) are most appropriate for the analyses they wish to conduct and what aspect of species' niches (if any) they wish to address. The ecological meaning of differences between species' roles can change dramatically depending on which role concept(s) are used.

Ämnesord

NATURAL SCIENCES  -- Biological Sciences -- Ecology (hsv//eng)
NATURVETENSKAP  -- Biologiska vetenskaper -- Ekologi (hsv//swe)
NATURVETENSKAP  -- Biologi (hsv//swe)
NATURAL SCIENCES  -- Biological Sciences (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Eltonian niche; network structure

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  • Food Webs (Sök värdpublikationen i LIBRIS)

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