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Biosynthesis of hep...
Biosynthesis of heparin : Modulation of polysaccharide chain length in a cell-free system
- Lidholt, Kerstin (författare)
- Uppsala universitet,Institutionen för medicinsk biokemi och mikrobiologi
Riesenfeld, J (författare)
Jacobsson, K G (författare)
Feingold, D S (författare)
Lindahl, U (författare)
Ingår i: Biochemical Journal. - 0264-6021 .- 1470-8728. ; 254:2, s. 571-578
- The formation of heparin-precursor polysaccharide (N-acetylheparosan) was studied with a mouse mastocytoma microsomal fraction. Incubation of this fraction with UDP-[3H]GlcA and UDP-GlcNAc yielded labelled macromolecules that could be depolymerized, apparently to single polysaccharide chains, by alkali treatment, and thus were assumed to be proteoglycans. Label from UDP-[3H]GlcA (approx. 3 microM) is transiently incorporated into microsomal polysaccharide even in the absence of added UDP-GlcNAc, probably owing to the presence of endogenous sugar nucleotide. When the concentration of exogenous UDP-GlcNAc was increased to 25 microM the rate of incorporation of 3H increased and proteoglycans carrying polysaccharide chains with an Mr of approx. 110,000 were produced. Increasing the UDP-GlcNAc concentration to 5 mM led to an approx. 4-fold decrease in the rate of 3H incorporation and a decrease in the Mr of the resulting polysaccharide chains to approx. 6000 (predominant component). When both UDP-GlcA and UDP-GlcNAc were present at high concentrations (5 mM) the rate of polymerization and the polysaccharide chain size were again increased. The results suggest that the inhibition of polymerization observed at grossly different concentrations of the two sugar nucleotides, UDP-GlcA and UDP-GlcNAc, may be due either to interference with the transport of one of these precursors across the Golgi membrane or to competitive inhibition of one of the glycosyltransferases. The maximal rate of chain elongation obtained, under the conditions employed, was about 40 disaccharide units/min. The final length of the polysaccharide chains was directly related to the rate of the polymerization reaction.
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