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Community, system and policy level drivers of bovine tuberculosis in smallholder periurban dairy farms in India : a qualitative enquiry

Chauhan, Abhimanyu Singh (författare)
Publ Hlth Fdn India, Plot 47,Sect 44, Gurgaon 122002, Haryana, India;Univ Liege, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Fac Med, Hosp Dist, Hippocrates Ave 13,Bldg 23, B-4000 Liege, Belgium
George, Mathew Sunil (författare)
Indian Inst Publ Hlth, Gurgaon 122002, Haryana, India;Univ Canberra, Ctr Res & Act Publ Hlth CeRAPH, Bldg 22,Floor B,Univ Dr, Bruce, ACT 261, Australia
Lindahl, Johanna (författare)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences,Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet,Uppsala universitet,Institutionen för medicinsk biokemi och mikrobiologi,Int Livestock Res Inst, Nairobi 3070900100, Kenya,Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper (KV),Department of Clinical Sciences
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Grace, Delia (författare)
Int Livestock Res Inst, Nairobi 3070900100, Kenya
Kakkar, Manish (författare)
Publ Hlth Fdn India, Plot 47,Sect 44, Gurgaon 122002, Haryana, India
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 (creator_code:org_t)
 
BioMed Central, 2019
2019
Engelska.
Ingår i: BMC Public Health. - : BioMed Central. - 1471-2458 .- 1471-2458. ; 19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
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  • BackgroundRapid urbanization has led to expansion of peri-urban fringes, where intensive, industry-style livestock rearing has led to emerging vulnerabilities at the human-animal-environment interface. This study was undertaken to understand the health system and farm-level factors that influenced the risk of transmission of bovine Tuberculosis (bTB) in animals and humans in peri-urban smallholder dairy farms of India.MethodsThematic guides were developing through literature review and expert consultation. In-depth interviews were conducted till attainment of saturation. Identification of core themes was followed by etiological enquiry and generation of a conceptual model.ResultsVeterinarians were consulted as a last resort after home-remedies and quacks had failed. Damage control measures, especially with respect to- selling or abandoning sick animals, added to the risk of disease transmission. Although civic authorities believed in the adequacy of a functioning laboratory network, end users were aggrieved at the lack of services. Despite the presence of extension services, knowledge and awareness was limited, promoting risky behaviour. The absence of cogent policies in dealing with bTB was a significant barrier. Stakeholders did not consider bTB to be a major concern. It is possible that they underestimate the problem.ConclusionThe current study helps to identify gaps which need to be addressed through collaborative research, and OneHealth interventions to build community awareness.

Ämnesord

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences -- Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper -- Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences (hsv//eng)
LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER  -- Veterinärmedicin (hsv//swe)
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES  -- Veterinary Science (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Bovine tuberculosis
Dairy farm
Dairy farmers
Qualitative
Zoonoses
India

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