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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Adolfsson Lars 1955 ) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Adolfsson Lars 1955 )

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1.
  • Danielsson, Pär, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Different effect on axonal outgrowth of application of nonabsorbable or absorbable tubes around a nerve repair
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1651-2073 .- 0284-4311. ; 35:4, s. 347-353
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We studied regeneration distance of rat sciatic nerve, with the sensory pinch reflex test and immunocytochemical staining for neurofilaments, four to 21 days after transsection, repair, and enclosure of the repair site in either a non-absorbable silicone tube or an absorbable polyglycolic acid (PGA) tube. The size of both tube-types was carefully selected so that they did not compress the repaired nerve. The opposite nerve was repaired and not inserted in a tube (control). The regeneration distances in repaired nerves enclosed in silicone tube were significantly longer than the control side at all time points, a result not seen when PGA tube was used. The number of proliferating non-neuronal cells (incorporation of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)) was studied just proximal to the site of nerve repair after six days. Numerous stained cells were seen, but there where no significant differences between the groups. We conclude that outgrowth of sensory axons after transsection and repair of rat sciatic nerve with sutures can be increased by enclosing the site of repair in a silicone tube but not in a PGA tube. The effect is probably not related to the number of proliferative non-neuronal cells.
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2.
  • Husdal, Rebecka, et al. (författare)
  • Associations between quality of work features in primary health care and glycaemic control in people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus: A nationwide survey.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Primary care diabetes. - : Elsevier. - 1878-0210 .- 1751-9918. ; 13:2, s. 176-186
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To describe and analyse the associations between primary health care centres' (PHCCs') quality of work (QOW) and individual HbA1c levels in people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).This cross-sectional study invited all 1152 Swedish PHCCs to answer a questionnaire addressing QOW conditions. Clinical, socio-economic and comorbidity data for 230,958 people with T2DM were linked to data on QOW conditions for 846 (73.4%) PHCCs.Of the participants, 56% had controlled (≤52mmol/mol), 31.9% intermediate (53-69mmol/mol), and 12.1% uncontrolled (≥70mmol/mol) HbA1c. An explanatory factor analysis identified seven QOW features. The features having a call-recall system, having individualized treatment plans, PHCCs' results always on the agenda, and having a follow-up strategy combined with taking responsibility of outcomes/results were associated with lower HbA1c levels in the controlled group (all p<0.05). For people with intermediate or uncontrolled HbA1c, having individualized treatment plans was the only QOW feature that was significantly associated with a lower HbA1c level (p<0.05).This nationwide study adds important knowledge regarding associations between QOW in real life clinical practice and HbA1c levels. PHCCs' QOW may mainly only benefit people with controlled HbA1c and more effective QOW strategies are needed to support people with uncontrolled HbA1c.
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3.
  • Husdal, Rebecka, et al. (författare)
  • Resource allocation and organisational features in Swedish primary diabetes care : Changes from 2006 to 2013
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Primary Care Diabetes. - : Elsevier. - 1751-9918 .- 1878-0210. ; 11:1, s. 20-28
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: To compare the resource allocation and organisational features in Swedish primary diabetes care for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) between 2006 and 2013.Methods: Using a repeated cross-sectional study design, questionnaires covering personnel resources and organisational features for patients with T2DM in 2006 and 2013 were sent to all Swedish primary health care centres (PHCCs) during the following year. In total, 684 (74.3%) PHCCs responded in 2006 and 880 (76.4%) in 2013.Results: Compared with 2006, the median list size had decreased in 2013 (p<0.001), whereas the median number of listed patients with T2DM had increased (p<0.001). Time devoted to patients with T2DM and diabetes-specific education levels for registered nurses (RNs) had increased, and more PHCCs had in-house psychologists (all p<0.001). The use of follow-up systems and medical check-ups had increased (all p<0.05). Individual counselling was more often based on patients' needs, while arrangement of group-based education remained low. Patient participation in setting treatment targets mainly remained low.Conclusions: Even though the diabetes-specific educational level among RNs increased, the arrangement of group-based education and patient participation in setting treatment targets remained low. These results are of concern and should be prioritised as key features in the care of patients with T2DM. (C) 2016 Primary Care Diabetes Europe. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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4.
  • Husdal, Rebecka, et al. (författare)
  • Resources and organisation in primary health care are associated with HbA(1c) level : A nationwide study of 230 958 people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Primary Care Diabetes. - : Elsevier. - 1751-9918 .- 1878-0210. ; 12:1, s. 23-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: To examine the association between personnel resources and organisational features of primary health care centres (PHCCs) and individual HbAic level in people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods: People with T2DM attending 846 PHCCs (n =230 958) were included in this crosssectional study based on PHCC-level data from a questionnaire sent to PHCCs in 2013 and individual-level clinical data from 2013 for people with T2DM reported in the Swedish National Diabetes Register, linked to individual-level data on socio-economic status and comorbidities. Data were analysed using a generalized estimating equations linear regression models.Results: After adjusting for PHCC- and individual-level confounding factors, personnel resources associated with lower individual HbAi, level were mean credits of diabetes specific education among registered nurses (RNs) (-0.02 mmol/mol for each additional credit; P < 0.001) and length of regular visits to RNs (-0.19 mmol/mol for each additional 15 min; P < 0.001). Organisational features associated with HbAie level were having a diabetes team (-0.18 mmol/mol; P <0.01) and providing group education (-0.20 mmol/mol; P < 0.01).Conclusions: In this large sample, PHCC personnel resources and organisational features were associated with lower HbA(1c), level in people with T2DM.
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5.
  • Adolfsson, J, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical characteristics and primary treatment of prostate cancer in Sweden between 1996 and 2005
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Scand J Urol Nephrol. ; 41, s. 456-477
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. The incidence of prostate cancer is rising rapidly in Sweden and there is a need to better understand the pattern of diagnosis, tumor characteristics and treatment. Material and methods. Between 1996 and 2005, all new cases of adenocarcinoma of the prostate gland were intended to be registered in the National Prostate Cancer Register (NPCR). This register contains information on diagnosing unit, date of diagnosis, cause of diagnosis, tumor grade, tumor stage according to the TNM classification in force, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels at diagnosis and primary treatment given within the first 6 months after diagnosis. Results. In total, 72 028 patients were registered, comprising >97% of all pertinent incident cases of prostate cancer in the Swedish Cancer Register (SCR). During the study period there was a considerable decrease in median age at the time of diagnosis, a stage migration towards smaller tumors, a decrease in median serum PSA values at diagnosis, a decrease in the age-standardized incidence rate of men diagnosed with distant metastases or with a PSA level of >100 ng/ml at diagnosis and an increase in the proportion of tumors with Gleason score 6. Relatively large geographical differences in the median age at diagnosis and the age-standardized incidence of cases with category T1c tumors were observed. Treatment with curative intent increased dramatically and treatment patterns varied according to geographical region. In men with localized tumors and a PSA level of <20 ng/ml at diagnosis, expectant treatment was more commonly used in those aged 75 years than in those aged <75 years. Also, the pattern of endocrine treatment varied in different parts of Sweden. Conclusions. All changes in the register seen over time are consistent with increased diagnostic activity, especially PSA testing, resulting in an increased number of cases with early disease, predominantly tumors in category T1c. The patterns of diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer vary considerably in different parts of Sweden. The NPCR continues to be an important source for research, epidemiological surveillance of the incidence, diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer
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7.
  • Adolfsson, Lars, 1955-, et al. (författare)
  • Arthroscopic findings in wrists with severe post-traumatic pain despite normal standard radiographs
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hand Surgery - British and European Volume. - 0266-7681 .- 1532-2211. ; 29 B:3, s. 208-213
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study assessed the role of diagnostic arthroscopy following a wrist injury in patients with normal standard radiographs, an unclear clinical diagnosis and persistent severe pain at 4 to 12 weeks. Forty-three patients were included after conservative management had failed to improve their wrist pain so that a stability test could be performed satisfactorily and underwent arthroscopy within 12 weeks. Arthroscopy revealed recent pathology in 41 wrists, of which 17 had significant ligament lesions that might have benefited from acute repair. We conclude that patients with marked persistent post-traumatic symptoms despite conservative management are likely to have sustained ligament injuries despite normal radiographs. We therefore recommend that under these circumstances an arthroscopy is carried out within 4 weeks if the patient and surgeon wish to acutely repair significant ligament injuries.
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8.
  • Adolfsson, Lars, 1955- (författare)
  • Arthroscopic removal of os centrale carpi causing wrist pain.
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Arthroscopy. - 0749-8063 .- 1526-3231. ; 16, s. 537-539
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Os centrale carpi is a relatively rare accessory carpal bone of the wrist that infrequently has been reported to cause symptoms. This report describes 2 cases where an apparently mobile Os centrale carpi caused painful clicking and crepitus and where the symptoms disappeared after arthroscopic removal of the ossicles.
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9.
  • Adolfsson, Lars, 1955- (författare)
  • Arthroscopy in the upper extremity
  • 1992
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This stndy comprising six separate papers, is concerned with the techniques of, and bevaluation of arthroscopy as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in different pathologic conditions in the upper extremity.Arthroscopy proved to increase diagnostic accuracy in 177 examined patients with anterior shoulder instability or shoulder pain. Previously not well described patterns of pathological morphology in the ventral joint capsule after anterior shoulder dislocations were disclosed. A new classification system of rotator cuff pathology to be used for arthroscopy in the subacromial impingement syndrome is suggested. Different stages of rotator cuff pathology were found to influence the clinical results after arthroscopic acromioplasty in 79 patients.An anatomical stndy on 16 cadaver elbows revealed the close proximity between commonly used arthroscopic portals and important neurovascular structures. The usefulness and potential risks of each portal were demonstrated and a preferred procedure for diagnostic elbow arthroscopy was suggested.Wrist arthroscopy was performed in 30 patients with long-standing post-traumatic pain and resulted in increased diagnostic accuracy. In patients where clinical examination and radiography had shown no abnormality, arthroscopy demonstrated serious carpal ligament injuries and related instability.A technique for arthroscopic wrist synovectomy was described in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. In 18 wrists of 16 patients, a reasonably radical synovectomy could be achieved with this atraumatic method. Primary results showed decreased pain and increased grip-strength in all patients and an increased range of motion in some.
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10.
  • Adolfsson, Lars, 1955- (författare)
  • Post-traumatic stiff elbow
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: EFORT open reviews. - : British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery. - 2058-5241. ; 3:5, s. 210-216
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Post-traumatic and post-operative stiffness of the elbow joint is relatively common and may in pronounced cases markedly interfere with normal upper extremity function.Soft-tissue contractures and heterotopic bone formation are two major causes of limited movement.Extensive recent research has elucidated many of the pathways contributing to these conditions, but the exact mechanisms are still unknown.In the early phase of soft-tissue contractures conservative treatment may be valuable, but in longstanding cases operative treatment is often necessary.Several different options are available depending on the severity of the condition and the underlying offending structures. Surgical treatment may allow significant gains in movement but rarely complete restoration, and complications are not uncommon.The following presentation reviews the recent literature on pathomechanisms and treatment alternatives. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2018;3 DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.3.170062.
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