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Sökning: WFRF:(Horvath Lisa)

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  • Conti, David, V, et al. (författare)
  • Trans-ancestry genome-wide association meta-analysis of prostate cancer identifies new susceptibility loci and informs genetic risk prediction
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : NATURE RESEARCH. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 53:1, s. 65-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Prostate cancer is a highly heritable disease with large disparities in incidence rates across ancestry populations. We conducted a multiancestry meta-analysis of prostate cancer genome-wide association studies (107,247 cases and 127,006 controls) and identified 86 new genetic risk variants independently associated with prostate cancer risk, bringing the total to 269 known risk variants. The top genetic risk score (GRS) decile was associated with odds ratios that ranged from 5.06 (95% confidence interval (CI), 4.84-5.29) for men of European ancestry to 3.74 (95% CI, 3.36-4.17) for men of African ancestry. Men of African ancestry were estimated to have a mean GRS that was 2.18-times higher (95% CI, 2.14-2.22), and men of East Asian ancestry 0.73-times lower (95% CI, 0.71-0.76), than men of European ancestry. These findings support the role of germline variation contributing to population differences in prostate cancer risk, with the GRS offering an approach for personalized risk prediction. A meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies across different populations highlights new risk loci and provides a genetic risk score that can stratify prostate cancer risk across ancestries.
  • Dadaev, Tokhir, et al. (författare)
  • Fine-mapping of prostate cancer susceptibility loci in a large meta-analysis identifies candidate causal variants.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 9:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Prostate cancer is a polygenic disease with a large heritable component. A number of common, low-penetrance prostate cancer risk loci have been identified through GWAS. Here we apply the Bayesian multivariate variable selection algorithm JAM to fine-map 84 prostate cancer susceptibility loci, using summary data from a large European ancestry meta-analysis. We observe evidence for multiple independent signals at 12 regions and 99 risk signals overall. Only 15 original GWAS tag SNPs remain among the catalogue of candidate variants identified; the remainder are replaced by more likely candidates. Biological annotation of our credible set of variants indicates significant enrichment within promoter and enhancer elements, and transcription factor-binding sites, including AR, ERG and FOXA1. In 40 regions at least one variant is colocalised with an eQTL in prostate cancer tissue. The refined set of candidate variants substantially increase the proportion of familial relative risk explained by these known susceptibility regions, which highlights the importance of fine-mapping studies and has implications for clinical risk profiling.
  • Sorbe, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • A phase II study of docetaxel weekly in combination with carboplatin every three weeks as first line chemotherapy in stage IIB-IV epithelial ovarian cancer: Neurological toxicity and quality-of-life evaluation
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Oncology. - Athens : Spandidos Publications. - 1019-6439 .- 1791-2423. ; 40:3, s. 773-781
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to assess the response rate, toxicity, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in a series of advanced stage ovarian carcinoma patients treated with a first-line weekly docetaxel and three weekly carboplatin regimens. All eligible patients were treated with intravenous docetaxel (30 mg/m(2)) on Days 1, 8 and 15, and carboplatin (area under the curve, 5) on Day 1; Q21 days for at least 6 cycles. Neurological tests, questionnaires, and the EORTC QLQ-C30 and OV28 were used for quality-of-life assessments. One hundred and six patients received at least one cycle of primary chemotherapy (median 6.0; range, 1-9) and they were evaluable for toxicity assessment. Eighty-five patients had evaluable disease and received at least 3 courses of chemotherapy and were evaluable for clinical response rate. The overall response rate was 78.8% (95% CI 70.1-87.5%) and the biochemical response was 92.8% (95% CI 87.2-98.4%). The median PFS was 12.0 months and the median OS was 35.3 months. Thirty-six patients (34.0%) experienced grades 3 and 4 neutropenia, which resulted in the removal of 3 patients. Six patients (5.7%) experienced grades 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia. No patients experienced grade 3-4 sensory neuropathy. Epiphora, nail changes and fatigue were frequently recorded non-hematological side effects. The tolerable hematological toxicity (no need for colony-stimulating factors) and the low rate of severe neurotoxicity (only grade 1-2) and response rates in line with the standard 3-week paclitaxel-carboplatin regimen for advanced primary ovarian carcinoma after suboptimal cytoreductive surgery make this regimen an interesting alternative in selected patients.
  • Sorbe, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • A study of docetaxel weekly or every three weeks in combination with carboplatin as first line chemotherapy in epithelial ovarian cancer : Hematological and non-hematological toxicity profiles
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Oncology Letters. - 1792-1074 .- 1792-1082. ; 5:4, s. 1140-1148
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to compare the toxicity profiles of docetaxel administered on a weekly schedule and the standard three-week schedule in the treatment of advanced primary ovarian carcinoma. Eligible patients were treated with intravenous docetaxel (30 mg/m(2)) on days 1, 8 and 15, and carboplatin (AUC 5) on day 1 or with docetaxel (75 mg/m(2)) and carboplatin (AUC 5) on day 1; Q21 days for 6 cycles. This study was a pooled study of two primary phase II studies. A total of 108 patients received the weekly schedule and 59 patients received the three-week schedule. All patients were evaluated for toxicity. The overall response rate was 79% and the biochemical response 93% for the weekly schedule. The median overall survival rate was 35.3 months. Neutropenia was significantly more common (ANOVA; p<0.0001) in the three-week group than in the weekly group during all six courses of chemotherapy. Fever and infections were also more common in this group. Thrombocytopenia and anemia were slightly more common in the weekly group. Fatigue, epiphora, nail changes and taste disturbances were specific side-effects following weekly docetaxel. Peripheral sensory neuropathy (grade 1-2) increased with every cycle of treatment, but in a similar manner in the two groups. Grade 3-4 neuropathy was not recorded. Oral mucositis and myalgia were two side-effects associated with the three-week schedule. Nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and dyspnea were a limited problem in both groups. Cardiac toxicity was rare and did not differ between the two docetaxel schedules. The weekly administration was favored due to the lower rates of neutropenia, fever, infections, oral mucositis and myalgia. However, epiphora and nail changes were specific side-effects of the weekly treatment. Both regimens appeared to be rather well tolerated with similar compliance (66 and 70%) with regard to completion of the planned six courses of chemotherapy.
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  • Resultat 1-8 av 8

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