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Sökning: WFRF:(Khan Wasim)

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  • khan, Imran, et al. (författare)
  • Remotely Controlled Laboratory Setup for Active Noise Control and Acoustic Experiments
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: 2012 9th International Conference on Remote Engineering and Virtual. - Bilbao : IEEE. - 9781467325424 - 9781467325400
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents a remotely controlled educational experiments setup for Active Noise Control (ANC) and acoustic experiments. The experiments setup is based on the Virtual Instruments Systems in Reality (VISIR) open source platform, National Instruments LabVIEW software and a Digital Signal Processor TMS320C6713 from Texas Instruments. The software development and equipment are controlled remotely form a client PC using a standard web browser. The proposed laboratory setup focuses on ANC experiments applied to noise in a ventilation duct. The laboratory setup will enable students to test and investigate properties and behaviour of adaptive algorithms in reality as compared to more confined simulations usually carried out in Matlab etc. The general steps in ANC, such as the feasibility of active control, designing, testing and debugging ANC algorithms, configuration and implementation of an active control system, are all covered. In addition students will be able to study the effect of analog to digital converters (ADC), anti-aliasing filters, digital to analog converters (DAC) and reconstruction filters using digital signal processing in reality, etc. The laboratory setup is suitable for a wide range of courses such as sound related experiments in upper secondary school physics, digital signal processing, adaptive signal processing, and acoustics at university level.
  • Basavoju, Srinivas, et al. (författare)
  • Pharmaceutical Co-crystallization of Norfloxacin
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: 2006 AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition. - : American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Description: Aim: The objective of the study was to prepare co-crystal and salts of norfloxacin and to investigate their structural and pharmaceutical properties. Methods: Norfloxacin was crystallized in a series of solvents in an effort to investigate the polymorphism. Norfloxacin was also co-crystallized with isonicotinamide and succinic acid in different solvents. We have characterised these materials using DSC, IR, Raman and PXRD. The single crystal X-ray diffraction data was obtained and crystal structures were solved. The solubility and moisture sorption behaviour (0-90%RH) of these materials were determined. Results: Norfloxacin Anhydrate, 1 crystallizes in the triclinic P-1 space group with one neutral molecule in the asymmetric unit. The carboxylic acid group participates in the intramolecular O­­-HO (D=2.525 Å) hydrogen bonding with carbonyl group of the quinolone moiety. NorfloxacinIsonicotinamideCHCl3, 2 crystallizes in the centrosymmetric C2/c space group with one molecule of norfloxacin, one molecule of isonicotinamide and one molecule of CHCl3.in the asymmetric unit. Four molecules of norfloxacin generate a rectangular host type network with N-HO (D=2.668 Å) and N-HO (D=2.657 Å) interactions. Two isonicotinamide molecules form robust amideamide (N-HO, D=2.889 Å) homodimer synthon and fits into the rectangular grid (N-HO, D=2.929 Å). The CHCl3 molecules lie in the channels of the host frame work. Norfloxacin (Succinate)0.5 Hydrate, 3 crystallizes in the triclinic P-1 space group with one norfloxacin cation, half molecule of succinate dianion and one H2O molecule in the asymmetric unit. The two succinate anions and two norfloxacin cations form a cyclic tetramer synthon (N-HO, D=2.726 Å) and extends with H2O molecules through the hydrophilic channel generated by quinolone stacked layers (ππ, 4.041 Å) along the a-axis via O-HO (D=2.928 Å) interactions. The rank order of the solubility of these materials was 1<2
  • Khan, Wasim, et al. (författare)
  • A Multi-Cohort Study of ApoE epsilon 4 and Amyloid-beta Effects on the Hippocampus in Alzheimer's Disease
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. - 1387-2877 .- 1875-8908. ; 56:3, s. 1159-1174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene has been consistently shown to modulate the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, using an AD and normal aging dataset primarily consisting of three AD multi-center studies (n = 1,781), we compared the effect of APOE and amyloid-beta (A beta) on baseline hippocampal volumes in AD patients, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subjects, and healthy controls. A large sample of healthy adolescents (n = 1,387) was also used to compare hippocampal volumes between APOE groups. Subjects had undergone a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and APOE genotyping. Hippocampal volumes were processed using FreeSurfer. In the AD and normal aging dataset, hippocampal comparisons were performed in each APOE group and in epsilon 4 carriers with positron emission tomography (PET) A beta who were dichotomized (A beta+/A beta-) using previous cut-offs. We found a linear reduction in hippocampal volumes with epsilon 4 carriers possessing the smallest volumes, epsilon 3 carriers possessing intermediate volumes, and epsilon 2 carriers possessing the largest volumes. Moreover, AD and MCI epsilon 4 carriers possessed the smallest hippocampal volumes and control epsilon 2 carriers possessed the largest hippocampal volumes. Subjects with both APOE epsilon 4 and A beta positivity had the lowest hippocampal volumes when compared to A beta-epsilon 4 carriers, suggesting a synergistic relationship between APOE epsilon 4 and A beta. However, we found no hippocampal volume differences between APOE groups in healthy 14-year-old adolescents. Our findings suggest that the strongest neuroanatomic effect of APOE epsilon 4 on the hippocampus is observed in AD and groups most at risk of developing the disease, whereas hippocampi of old and young healthy individuals remain unaffected.
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