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Träfflista för sökning "L773:0009 9147 OR L773:1530 8561 ;srt2:(2020-2023)"

Sökning: L773:0009 9147 OR L773:1530 8561 > (2020-2023)

  • Resultat 11-20 av 22
  • Föregående 1[2]3Nästa
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11.
  • Mattila, O. S., et al. (författare)
  • Ultra-Early Differential Diagnosis of Acute Cerebral Ischemia and Hemorrhagic Stroke by Measuring the Prehospital Release Rate of GFAP
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 67:10, s. 1361-1372
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Plasma glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and tau are promising markers for differentiating acute cerebral ischemia (ACI) and hemorrhagic stroke (HS), but their prehospital dynamics and usefulness are unknown. METHODS: We performed ultra-sensitivite single-molecule array (Simoa((R))) measurements of plasma GFAP and total tau in a stroke code patient cohort with cardinal stroke symptoms [National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) >= 3]. Sequential sampling included 2 ultra-early samples, and a follow-up sample on the next morning. RESULTS: We included 272 cases (203 ACI, 60 HS, and 9 stroke mimics). Median (IQR) last-known-well to sampling time was 53 (35-90) minutes for initial prehospital samples, 90 (67-130) minutes for secondary acute samples, and 21 (16-24) hours for next morning samples. Plasma GFAP was significantly higher in patients with HS than ACI (P<0.001 for <1hour and <3hour prehospital samples, and <3hour secondary samples), while total tau showed no intergroup difference. The prehospital GFAP release rate (pg/mL/minute) occurring between the 2 very early samples was significantly higher in patients with HS than ACI [2.4 (0.6-14.1)] versus 0.3 (-0.3-0.9)pg/mL/minute, P<0.001. For cases with <3hour prehospital sampling (ACI n=178, HS n=59), a combined rule (prehospital GFAP >410pg/mL, or prehospital GFAP 90-410pg/mL together with GFAP release >0.6pg/mL/minute) enabled ruling out HS with high certainty (NPV 98.4%) in 68% of patients with ACI (sensitivity for HS 96.6%, specificity 68%, PPV 50%). CONCLUSIONS: In comparison to single-point measurement, monitoring the prehospital GFAP release rate improves ultra-early differentiation of stroke subtypes. With serial measurement GFAP has potential to improve future prehospital stroke diagnostics.
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12.
  • Ognissanti, Damiano, et al. (författare)
  • Estimating Analytical Errors of Glomerular Filtration Rate Measurement
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 68:9, s. 1211-1218
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Few studies are available on how to optimize time points for sampling and how to estimate effects of analytical uncertainty when glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is calculated. Methods We explored the underlying regression mathematics of how analytical variation of a kidney filtration marker affects 1-compartment, slope-and-intercept GFR calculations, using 2 or 3 time points following a bolus injection, and used this to examine the results from 731 routine 3-point iohexol plasma clearance measurements. Results GFR calculations inflated analytical uncertainty if the time points were taken too late after the bolus injection and too close after each other. The uncertainty in GFR calculation was, however, the same as the analytical uncertainty if optimal time points were used. The middle of the 3 samples was of little value. The first sample should be taken as early as possible after the distribution phase. Sampling before the patient specific half-life of the kidney filtration marker resulted in an exponential error inflation whereas no error inflation was seen when sampling occurred later than 2 half-lives. Theoretical GFR uncertainty could be lowered 2.6-fold if individually optimized time points for sampling had been used in our 731 clearance measurements. Using Taylor expansions to approximate the moments of transformed random variables, the uncertainty of an individual GFR measurement could be calculated in a simple enough way to be applicable by laboratory software. Conclusions We provide a theoretical foundation to select patient-optimal time points that may both limit errors and allow calculation of GFR uncertainty.
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13.
  • Pruner, I, et al. (författare)
  • The Silence Speaks, but We Do Not Listen: Synonymous c.1824C>T Gene Variant in the Last Exon of the Prothrombin Gene as a New Prothrombotic Risk Factor
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Clinical chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 1530-8561 .- 0009-9147. ; 66:2, s. 379-389
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundThrombosis is a major global disease burden with almost 60% of cases related to underlying heredity and most cases still idiopathic. Synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (sSNPs) are considered silent and phenotypically neutral. Our previous study revealed a novel synonymous FII c.1824C&gt;T variant as a potential risk factor for pregnancy loss, but it has not yet been associated with thrombotic diseases.MethodsTo determine the frequency of the FII c.1824C&gt;T variant we have sequenced patients’ DNA. Prothrombin RNA expression was measured by quantitative PCR. Functional analyses included routine hemostasis tests, western blotting and ELISA to determine prothrombin levels in plasma, and global hemostasis assays for thrombin and fibrin generation in carriers of the FII c.1824C&gt;T variant. Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the structure of fibrin clots.ResultsFrequency of the FII c.1824C&gt;T variant was significantly increased in patients with venous thromboembolism and cerebrovascular insult. Examination in vitro demonstrated increased expression of prothrombin mRNA in FII c.1824T transfected cells. Our ex vivo study of FII c.1824C&gt;T carriers showed that the presence of this variant was associated with hyperprothrombinemia, hypofibrinolysis, and formation of densely packed fibrin clots resistant to fibrinolysis.ConclusionOur data indicate that FII c.1824C&gt;T, although a synonymous variant, leads to the development of a prothrombotic phenotype and could represent a new prothrombotic risk factor. As a silent variant, FII c.1824C&gt;T would probably be overlooked during genetic screening, and our results show that it could not be detected in routine laboratory tests.
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14.
  • Roys, Eirik Åsen, et al. (författare)
  • Sex Hormones and Adrenal Steroids : Biological Variation Estimated Using Direct and Indirect Methods
  • 2023
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press. - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 69:1, s. 100-109
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Biological variation (BV) data may be used to develop analytical performance specifications (APS), reference change values (RCV), and support the applicability of population reference intervals. This study estimates within-subject BV (CVI) for several endocrine biomarkers using 3 different methodological approaches. Methods For the direct method, 30 healthy volunteers were sampled weekly for 10 consecutive weeks. Samples were analyzed in duplicate for 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), androstenedione, cortisol, cortisone, estradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and testosterone. A CV-ANOVA with outlier removal and a Bayesian model were applied to derive the CVI. For estradiol, FSH and LH, only the male subgroup was included. In the indirect method, using the same analytes and groups, pairs of sequential results were extracted from the laboratory information system. The total result variation for individual pairs was determined by identifying a central gaussian distribution in the ratios of the result pairs. The CVI was then estimated by removing the effect of analytical variation. Results The estimated CVI from the Bayesian model (mu CVP(i)) in the total cohort was: 17-OHP, 23%; androstenedione, 20%; cortisol, 18%; cortisone, 11%; SHBG, 7.4%; testosterone, 16%; and for the sex hormones in men: estradiol, 14%; FSH, 8%; and LH, 26%. CVI-heterogeneity was present for most endocrine markers. Similar CVI data were estimated using the CV-ANOVA and the indirect method. Conclusions Similar CVI data were obtained using 2 different direct and one indirect method. The indirect approach is a low-cost alternative ensuring implementation of CVI data applicable for local conditions.
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16.
  • Starnberg, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • A Possible Mechanism behind Faster Clearance and Higher Peak Concentrations of Cardiac Troponin I Compared with Troponin T in Acute Myocardial Infarction
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 66:2, s. 333-341
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Although cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and troponin T (cTnT) form a complex in the human myocardium and bind to thin filaments in the sarcomere, cTnI often reaches higher concentrations and returns to normal concentrations faster than cTnT in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: We compared the overall clearance of cTnT and cTnI in rats and in patients with heart failure and examined the release of cTnT and cTnI from damaged human cardiac tissue in vitro. RESULTS: Ground rat heart tissue was injected into the quadriceps muscle in rats to simulate myocardial damage with a defined onset. cTnT and cTnI peaked at the same time after injection. cTnI returned to baseline concentrations after 54 h, compared with 168 h for cTnT. There was no difference in the rate of clearance of solubilized cTnT or cTnI after intravenous or intramuscular injection. Renal clearance of cTnT and cTnI was similar in 7 heart failure patients. cTnI was degraded and released faster and reached higher concentrations than cTnT when human cardiac tissue was incubated in 37 degrees C plasma. CONCLUSION: Once cTnI and cTnT are released to the circulation, there seems to be no difference in clearance. However, cTnI is degraded and released faster than cTnT from necrotic cardiac tissue. Faster degradation and release may be the main reason why cTnI reaches higher peak concentrations and returns to normal concentrations faster in patients with MI.
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20.
  • Österlund, Tobias, 1984, et al. (författare)
  • UMIErrorCorrect and UMIAnalyzer: Software for Consensus Read Generation, Error Correction, and Visualization Using Unique Molecular Identifiers
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 68:11, s. 1425-1435
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Targeted sequencing using unique molecular identifiers (UMIs) enables detection of rare variant alleles in challenging applications, such as cell-free DNA analysis from liquid biopsies. Standard bioinformatics pipelines for data processing and variant calling are not adapted for deep-sequencing data containing UMIs, are inflexible, and require multistep workflows or dedicated computing resources. Methods We developed a bioinformatics pipeline using Python and an R package for data analysis and visualization. To validate our pipeline, we analyzed cell-free DNA reference material with known mutant allele frequencies (0%, 0.125%, 0.25%, and 1%) and public data sets. Results We developed UMIErrorCorrect, a bioinformatics pipeline for analyzing sequencing data containing UMIs. UMIErrorCorrect only requires fastq files as inputs and performs alignment, UMI clustering, error correction, and variant calling. We also provide UMIAnalyzer, a graphical user interface, for data mining, visualization, variant interpretation, and report generation. UMIAnalyzer allows the user to adjust analysis parameters and study their effect on variant calling. We demonstrated the flexibility of UMIErrorCorrect by analyzing data from 4 different targeted sequencing protocols. We also show its ability to detect different mutant allele frequencies in standardized cell-free DNA reference material. UMIErrorCorrect outperformed existing pipelines for targeted UMI sequencing data in terms of variant detection sensitivity. Conclusions UMIErrorCorrect and UMIAnalyzer are comprehensive and customizable bioinformatics tools that can be applied to any type of library preparation protocol and enrichment chemistry using UMIs. Access to simple, generic, and open-source bioinformatics tools will facilitate the implementation of UMI-based sequencing approaches in basic research and clinical applications.
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  • Resultat 11-20 av 22
  • Föregående 1[2]3Nästa

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