Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "L773:0036 8075 OR L773:1095 9203 "

Sökning: L773:0036 8075 OR L773:1095 9203

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Antonelli, Alexandre, 1978, et al. (författare)
  • Madagascar's extraordinary biodiversity : Evolution, distribution, and use
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Science. - : American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 0036-8075 .- 1095-9203. ; 378:6623, s. 962-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Madagascar's biota is hyperdiverse and includes exceptional levels of endemicity. We review the current state of knowledge on Madagascar's past and current terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity by compiling and presenting comprehensive data on species diversity, endemism, and rates of species description and human uses, in addition to presenting an updated and simplified map of vegetation types. We report a substantial increase of records and species new to science in recent years; however, the diversity and evolution of many groups remain practically unknown (e.g., fungi and most invertebrates). Digitization efforts are increasing the resolution of species richness patterns and we highlight the crucial role of field- and collections-based research for advancing biodiversity knowledge and identifying gaps in our understanding, particularly as species richness corresponds closely to collection effort. Phylogenetic diversity patterns mirror that of species richness and endemism in most of the analyzed groups. We highlight humid forests as centers of diversity and endemism because of their role as refugia and centers of recent and rapid radiations. However, the distinct endemism of other areas, such as the grassland-woodland mosaic of the Central Highlands and the spiny forest of the southwest, is also biologically important despite lower species richness. The documented uses of Malagasy biodiversity are manifold, with much potential for the uncovering of new useful traits for food, medicine, and climate mitigation. The data presented here showcase Madagascar as a unique " living laboratory" for our understanding of evolution and the complex interactions between people and nature. The gathering and analysis of biodiversity data must continue and accelerate if we are to fully understand and safeguard this unique subset of Earth's biodiversity.
  • Antonelli, Alexandre, 1978, et al. (författare)
  • The pitfalls of taking science to the public
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Science. - : American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 0036-8075 .- 1095-9203. ; 359
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Armstrong McKay, David I., et al. (författare)
  • Exceeding 1.5°C global warming could trigger multiple climate tipping points
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Science. - : American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 0036-8075 .- 1095-9203. ; 377:6611
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Climate tipping points occur when change in a part of the climate system becomes self-perpetuating beyond a warming threshold, leading to substantial Earth system impacts. Synthesizing paleoclimate, observational, and model-based studies, we provide a revised shortlist of global “core” tipping elements and regional “impact” tipping elements and their temperature thresholds. Current global warming of ~1.1°C above preindustrial temperatures already lies within the lower end of some tipping point uncertainty ranges. Several tipping points may be triggered in the Paris Agreement range of 1.5 to <2°C global warming, with many more likely at the 2 to 3°C of warming expected on current policy trajectories. This strengthens the evidence base for urgent action to mitigate climate change and to develop improved tipping point risk assessment, early warning capability, and adaptation strategies. 
  • Arner, E, et al. (författare)
  • Health and obesity: not just skin deep
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Science (New York, N.Y.). - : American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 1095-9203 .- 0036-8075. ; 342:6158, s. 558-559
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Arner, P (författare)
  • Medicine. Lipases in cachexia
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Science (New York, N.Y.). - : American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 1095-9203 .- 0036-8075. ; 333:6039, s. 163-164
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Enzymes expressed in adipose tissue are involved in the loss of fat mass that occurs in a cancer-associated wasting disorder.
  • Arneth, Almut, et al. (författare)
  • Clean the Air, Heat the Planet?
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Science. - : American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 1095-9203 .- 0036-8075. ; 326:5953, s. 672-673
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Measures to control emissions of air pollutants may have unintended climatic consequences.
  • Arnqvist, Göran (författare)
  • Comment on "Bateman in Nature: Predation on Offspring Reduces the Potential for Sexual Selection"
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Science. - : American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 0036-8075 .- 1095-9203. ; 340:6132, s. 549-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Byers and Dunn (Reports, 9 November 2012, p. 802) reported that sexual selection and natural selection are closely related in a wild population of pronghorns. Here, I argue that this conclusion is incorrect. Their main finding is due to the fact that, unsurprisingly, juvenile mortality and juvenile survival are negatively related across years.
  • Arpaia, Riccardo, 1985, et al. (författare)
  • Dynamical charge density fluctuations pervading the phase diagram of a Cu-based high-Tc superconductor
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Science. - : American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 0036-8075 .- 1095-9203. ; 365:6456, s. 906-910
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Charge density modulations have been observed in all families of high–critical temperature (Tc) superconducting cuprates. Although they are consistently found in the underdoped region of the phase diagram and at relatively low temperatures, it is still unclear to what extent they influence the unusual properties of these systems. Using resonant x-ray scattering, we carefully determined the temperature dependence of charge density modulations in YBa2Cu3O7–d and Nd1+xBa2–xCu3O7–d for several doping levels. We isolated short-range dynamical charge density fluctuations in addition to the previously known quasi-critical charge density waves. They persist up to well above the pseudogap temperature T*, are characterized by energies of a few milli–electron volts, and pervade a large area of the phase diagram.
  • Asai, Masato, et al. (författare)
  • Loss of Function of the Melanocortin 2 Receptor Accessory Protein 2 Is Associated with Mammalian Obesity
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Science. - : American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 1095-9203 .- 0036-8075. ; 341:6143, s. 275-278
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Melanocortin receptor accessory proteins (MRAPs) modulate signaling of melanocortin receptors in vitro. To investigate the physiological role of brain-expressed melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein 2 (MRAP2), we characterized mice with whole-body and brain-specific targeted deletion of Mrap2, both of which develop severe obesity at a young age. Mrap2 interacts directly with melanocortin 4 receptor (Mc4r), a protein previously implicated in mammalian obesity, and it enhances Mc4r-mediated generation of the second messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate, suggesting that alterations in Mc4r signaling may be one mechanism underlying the association between Mrap2 disruption and obesity. In a study of humans with severe, early-onset obesity, we found four rare, potentially pathogenic genetic variants in MRAP2, suggesting that the gene may also contribute to body weight regulation in humans.
  • Askebjer, P., et al. (författare)
  • Optical properties of the South Pole ice at depths between 0.8 and 1 kilometer
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Science. - 0036-8075 .- 1095-9203. ; 267:5201, s. 1147-1150
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The optical properties of the ice at the geographical South Pole have been investigated at depths between 0.8 and 1 kilometer. The absorption and scattering lengths of visible light (∼515 nanometers) have been measured in situ with the use of the laser calibration setup of the Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array (AMANDA) neutrino detector. The ice is intrinsically extremely transparent. The measured absorption length is 59 ± 3 meters, comparable with the quality of the ultrapure water used in the Irvine-Michigan-Brookhaven and Kamiokande proton-decay and neutrino experiments and more than twice as long as the best value reported for laboratory ice. Because of a residual density of air bubbles at these depths, the trajectories of photons in the medium are randomized. If the bubbles are assumed to be smooth and spherical, the average distance between collisions at a depth of 1 kilometer is about 25 centimeters. The measured inverse scattering length on bubbles decreases linearly with increasing depth in the volume of ice investigated.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (881)
forskningsöversikt (44)
annan publikation (13)
recension (2)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (804)
övrigt vetenskapligt (136)
Reimer, O. (23)
Ackermann, M. (22)
Longo, F. (22)
Reimer, A. (22)
Mizuno, T. (22)
Morselli, A. (22)
visa fler...
Bastieri, D. (22)
Paneque, D. (21)
de Palma, F. (21)
Barbiellini, G. (21)
Bellazzini, R. (21)
Bruel, P. (21)
Cameron, R. A. (21)
Caraveo, P. A. (21)
Ciprini, S. (21)
Gargano, F. (21)
Giglietto, N. (21)
Giordano, F. (21)
Guiriec, S. (21)
Loparco, F. (21)
Lubrano, P. (21)
Mazziotta, M. N. (21)
Michelson, P. F. (21)
Raino, S. (21)
Spinelli, P. (21)
Grenier, I. A. (21)
Kuss, M. (21)
Torres, D. F. (20)
Tibaldo, L. (20)
Ajello, M. (20)
Cohen-Tanugi, J. (20)
Fusco, P. (20)
Lovellette, M. N. (20)
Nuss, E. (20)
Piron, F. (20)
Razzano, M. (20)
Siskind, E. J. (20)
Fukazawa, Y. (20)
Rando, R. (20)
Omodei, N. (20)
Ballet, J. (20)
Baldini, L. (19)
Chiang, J. (19)
Favuzzi, C. (19)
Pesce-Rollins, M. (19)
Porter, T. A. (19)
Thayer, J. B. (19)
Cheung, C. C. (19)
Harding, A. K. (19)
Hays, E. (19)
visa färre...
Uppsala universitet (230)
Karolinska Institutet (147)
Lunds universitet (145)
Stockholms universitet (140)
Göteborgs universitet (81)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (70)
visa fler...
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet (70)
Umeå universitet (64)
Linköpings universitet (41)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (40)
Luleå tekniska universitet (20)
Linnéuniversitetet (17)
Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (10)
Örebro universitet (4)
Mittuniversitetet (4)
Södertörns högskola (4)
RISE (3)
Högskolan Kristianstad (2)
Mälardalens universitet (2)
Högskolan i Gävle (2)
Jönköping University (1)
Högskolan i Halmstad (1)
Högskolan i Borås (1)
Karlstads universitet (1)
visa färre...
Engelska (937)
Odefinierat språk (3)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Naturvetenskap (499)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (100)
Samhällsvetenskap (46)
Lantbruksvetenskap (37)
Teknik (35)
Humaniora (18)


Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy