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Sökning: WFRF:(Bezard Erwan)

  • Resultat 21-25 av 25
  • Föregående 12[3]
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  • Scholz, Birger, et al. (författare)
  • Striatal proteomic analysis suggests that first L-dopa dose equates to chronic exposure
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - 1932-6203. ; 3:2, s. e1589-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • L-3,4-dihydroxypheylalanine (L-dopa)-induced dyskinesia represent a debilitating complication of therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD) that result from a progressive sensitization through repeated L-dopa exposures. The MPTP macaque model was used to study the proteome in dopamine-depleted striatum with and without subsequent acute and chronic L-dopa treatment using two-dimensional difference in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) and mass spectrometry. The present data suggest that the dopamine-depleted striatum is so sensitive to de novo L-dopa treatment that the first ever administration alone would be able (i) to induce rapid post-translational modification-based proteomic changes that are specific to this first exposure and (ii), possibly, lead to irreversible protein level changes that would be not further modified by chronic L-dopa treatment. The apparent equivalence between first and chronic L-dopa administration suggests that priming would be the direct consequence of dopamine loss, the first L-dopa administrations only exacerbating the sensitization process but not inducing it.
  • Schuster, Stefan, et al. (författare)
  • Antagonizing L-type Ca2+ Channel Reduces Development of Abnormal Involuntary Movement in the Rat Model of L-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine-Induced Dyskinesia
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Biological Psychiatry. - : Elsevier. - 0006-3223. ; 65:6, s. 518-526
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Chronic L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) leads to debilitating involuntary movements, termed L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia. Striatofugal medium spiny neurons (MSN) lose their dendritic spines and cortico-striatal glutamatergic synapses in PD and in experimental models of DA depletion. This loss of connectivity is triggered by a dysregulation of intraspine Cav1.3 L-type Ca2+ channels. Here we address the possible implication of DA denervation-induced spine pruning in the development of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia. Methods: The L-type Ca2+ antagonist, isradipine was subcutaneously delivered to rats at the doses of .05, .1, or .2 mg/kg/day, for 4 weeks, starting the day after a unilateral nigrostriatal 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion. Fourteen days later, L-DOPA treatment was initiated. Results: Isradipine-treated animals displayed a dose-dependent reduction in L-DOPA-induced rotational behavior and abnormal involuntary movements. Dendritic spine counting at electron microscopy level showed that isradipine (.2 mg/kg/day) prevented the 6-OHDA-induced spine loss and normalized preproenkephalin-A messenger RNA expression. Involuntary movements were not reduced when isradipine treatment was started concomitantly with L-DOPA. Conclusions: These results indicate that isradipine, at a therapeutically relevant dose, might represent a treatment option for preventing L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in PD.
  • Shariatgorji, Mohammadreza, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive mapping of neurotransmitter networks by MALDI-MS imaging
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Nature Methods. - : NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 1548-7091 .- 1548-7105. ; 16:10, s. 1021-1028
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) approach for the comprehensive mapping of neurotransmitter networks in specific brain regions. Our fluoromethylpyridinium-based reactive matrices facilitate the covalent charge-tagging of molecules containing phenolic hydroxyl and/or primary or secondary amine groups, including dopaminergic and serotonergic neurotransmitters and their associated metabolites. These matrices improved the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI)-MSI detection limit toward low-abundance neurotransmitters and facilitated the simultaneous imaging of neurotransmitters in fine structures of the brain at a lateral resolution of 10 mu m. We demonstrate strategies for the identification of unknown molecular species using the innate chemoselectivity of the reactive matrices and the unique isotopic pattern of a brominated reactive matrix. We illustrate the capabilities of the developed method on Parkinsonian brain samples from human post-mortem tissue and animal models. The direct imaging of neurotransmitter systems provides a method for exploring how various neurological diseases affect specific brain regions through neurotransmitter modulation.
  • Shariatgorji, Mohammadreza, et al. (författare)
  • Direct targeted quantitative molecular imaging of neurotransmitters in brain tissue sections
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Neuron. - 0896-6273 .- 1097-4199. ; 84:4, s. 697-707
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Current neuroimaging techniques have very limited abilities to directly identify and quantify neurotransmitters from brain sections. We have developed a molecular-specific approach for the simultaneous imaging and quantitation of multiple neurotransmitters, precursors, and metabolites, such as tyrosine, tryptamine, tyramine, phenethylamine, dopamine, 3-methoxytyramine, serotonin, GABA, glutamate, acetylcholine, and L-alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine, in histological tissue sections at high spatial resolutions. The method is employed to directly measure changes in the absolute and relative levels ofneurotransmitters in specific brain structures in animal disease models and in response to drug treatments, demonstrating the power of mass spectrometry imaging in neuroscience.
  • Shen, Weixing, et al. (författare)
  • M4 Muscarinic Receptor Signaling Ameliorates Striatal Plasticity Deficits in Models of L-DOPA-Induced Dyskinesia.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Neuron. - : Cell Press. - 0896-6273. ; 88:4, s. 762-773
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A balanced interaction between dopaminergic and cholinergic signaling in the striatum is critical to goal-directed behavior. But how this interaction modulates corticostriatal synaptic plasticity underlying learned actions remains unclear-particularly in direct-pathway spiny projection neurons (dSPNs). Our studies show that in dSPNs, endogenous cholinergic signaling through M4 muscarinic receptors (M4Rs) promoted long-term depression of corticostriatal glutamatergic synapses, by suppressing regulator of G protein signaling type 4 (RGS4) activity, and blocked D1 dopamine receptor dependent long-term potentiation (LTP). Furthermore, in a mouse model of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA)-induced dyskinesia (LID) in Parkinson's disease (PD), boosting M4R signaling with positive allosteric modulator (PAM) blocked aberrant LTP in dSPNs, enabled LTP reversal, and attenuated dyskinetic behaviors. An M4R PAM also was effective in a primate LID model. Taken together, these studies identify an important signaling pathway controlling striatal synaptic plasticity and point to a novel pharmacological strategy for alleviating LID in PD patients.
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  • Resultat 21-25 av 25
  • Föregående 12[3]
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