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Sökning: WFRF:(Borghi Claudio)

  • Resultat 11-15 av 15
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  • Lin, Queran, et al. (författare)
  • Hypertension in stroke survivors and associations with national premature stroke mortality : data for 2·5 million participants from multinational screening campaigns
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: The Lancet Global Health. - : Lancet Publishing Group. - 2214-109X. ; 10:8, s. 1141-1149
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Blood pressure control has a pivotal role in reducing the incidence and recurrence of stroke. May Measurement Month (MMM), which was initiated in 2017 by the International Society of Hypertension, is the largest global blood pressure screening campaign. We aim to compare MMM participants with and without a previous history of stroke and to investigate associations between national-level estimates of blood pressure management from MMM and premature stroke mortality. Methods: In this annual, global, cross-sectional survey, more than 2·5 million volunteers (≥18 years) from 92 countries were screened in May, 2017, and May, 2018. Three seated blood pressure readings and demographic, lifestyle, and cardiovascular disease data were collected. Associations between risk factors and stroke history were analysed with mixed-effects logistic regression, and associations between national-level estimates of blood pressure management and premature stroke mortality based on Global Burden of Disease data were investigated with linear regression. Findings: 2 222 399 (88·4%) of 2 515 365 participants had recorded data on a history of stroke, of whom 62 639 (2·8%) reported a previous stroke. Participants with a history of stroke had higher rates of hypertension (77·0% vs 32·9%, p<0·0001) and of treated (90·2% vs 57·0%, p<0·0001) and controlled (55·9% vs 32·4%, p<0·0001) hypertension than those without a history of stroke. A third of participants with a history of stroke had either untreated hypertension or treated but uncontrolled hypertension (blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg). Strong positive associations were found between national premature stroke mortality and mean systolic blood pressure (84·3 [95% CI 38·8 to 129·9] years of life lost [YLL] per 100 000 people per mm Hg increase) and the percentage of participants with raised blood pressure (49·1 [22·6 to 75·6] YLL per 100 000 people per 1% increase). Strong negative associations were found between national premature stroke mortality and the percentage of participants with hypertension on treatment (−21·0 [−33·0 to −8·9] YLL per 100 000 people per 1% increase) and with controlled blood pressure (−31·6 [−43·8 to −19·4] YLL per 100 000 people per 1% increase). Interpretation: Blood pressure control remains suboptimal worldwide among people with a history of stroke. National estimates of blood pressure management reflect national premature stroke mortality sufficiently to prompt policy makers to promote blood pressure screening and management. Funding: International Society of Hypertension and Servier Pharmaceuticals.
  • Macchi, Chiara, et al. (författare)
  • Leptin, Resistin, and Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 9 - The Role of STAT3
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: The American journal of pathology. - : Elsevier BV. - 1525-2191 .- 0002-9440. ; 190:11, s. 2226-2236
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In a condition of dysfunctional visceral fat depots, as in the case of obesity, alterations in adipokines levels may be detrimental for the cardiovascular system. The proinflammatory leptin and resistin adipokines have been described as possible links between obesity and atherosclerosis. The present study was aimed at evaluating whether proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), a key regulator of low-density lipoprotein metabolism, is induced by leptin and resistin through the involvement of the inflammatory pathway of signal transducer and activator of transcript 3 (STAT3). In HepG2 cells, leptin and resistin upregulated PCSK9 gene and protein expression as well as the phosphorylation of STAT3. Upon STAT3 silencing, leptin and resistin lost their ability to activate PCSK9. The knock-down of STAT3 did not affect the expression of leptin and resistin receptors as well as that of PCSK9. The analysis of human PCSK9 promoter region showed that the two adipokines raise PCSK9 promoter activity via the involvement of sterol regulatory element motif. In healthy male, a positive association between circulating leptin and PCSK9 levels was found only when BMI was < 25 kg/m2. In conclusion, our study identified STAT3 as one of the molecular regulators of leptin- and resistin-mediated transcriptional induction of PCSK9.
  • Poulter, Neil R., et al. (författare)
  • May Measurement Month : results of 12 national blood pressure screening programmes between 2017 and 2019
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal, Supplement. - : Oxford University Press. - 1520-765X .- 1554-2815. ; 24:Sf, s. 1-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The frst May Measurement Month (MMM) campaign, a global blood pressure (BP) screening programme, began in 2017 as an initiative of the International Society of Hypertension.1 Two subsequent annual campaigns have also been completed in consecutive years2,3 and having had to defer activities due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 the fourth campaign was run in 2021, the results of which are currently in press. Since its initiation in 2017, volunteers from more than 100 countries have participated. The aims of MMM have remained consistent from the start-to raise awareness of the importance of the measurement of BP at the individual and population level and to provide a temporary pragmatic solution to the shortfall in BP screening programmes in countries around the world.
  • Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando, et al. (författare)
  • Rationale and methods of the European Study on Cardiovascular Risk Prevention and Management in Daily Practice (EURIKA)
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: BMC Public Health. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 1471-2458. ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The EURIKA study aims to assess the status of primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) acrossEurope. Specifically, it will determine the degree of control of cardiovascular risk factors in current clinical practice in relation to the European guidelines on cardiovascular prevention. It will also assess physicians' knowledge and attitudes about CVD prevention as well as the barriers impeding effective risk factor management in clinical practice.
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  • Resultat 11-15 av 15
  • Föregående 1[2]

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