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Sökning: WFRF:(Budaj Andrzej)

  • Resultat 41-50 av 57
  • Föregående 1234[5]6Nästa
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41.
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42.
  • Vedin, Ola, et al. (författare)
  • Tooth loss is highly prevalent and associated with cardiovascular risk factors in patients with chronic coronary heart disease in the global stability trial
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - 0735-1097 .- 1558-3597. ; 61:10, s. E1368-E1368
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • BackgroundSeveral reports have proposed a link between periodontal disease (PD) and coronary heart disease (CHD). However, knowledge regarding PD in patients with established CHD is scarce. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of self-reported PD and its relation to cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in high-risk patients with CHD participating in the ongoing STABILITY study, a global clinical trial evaluating the lipoprotein phospho-lipase A2 inhibitor darapladib.MethodsAt study baseline, 15,828 study participants from 39 countries reported their remaining number of teeth (none, 1-14, 15-19, 20-25 or 26-32) and frequency of gum bleeds (never/rarely, sometimes, often or always). Data on CV risk factors were also obtained. Statistical analyses were performed using linear and logistic regression, adjusting for age, smoking, diabetes and education.ResultsApproximately 40 % of participants had < 15 teeth and 16 % had no teeth; 25 % of subjects reported gum bleeds. For every decrease in number of teeth category we observed increasing levels of Lp-PLA2 activity (+1.98 mmol/L/min), hs-CRP (+0.07 g/L), LDL cholesterol (+0.015 mmol/L), fasting plasma glucose (+0.015 mmol/L), systolic blood pressure (+0.41 mmHg) and waist circumference (+0.52 cm) (p < 0.0001 for all), as well as a higher probability of having diabetes (odds increasing by 11% for every decrease in number of teeth category), being a current or former smoker vs. being a non-smoker (+39% and +21%, respectively), and having a lower education (p < 0.0001 for all). Gum bleeds were associated with increasing LDL cholesterol and systolic blood pressure, as well as a greater probability of being a non-smoker and having a higher education (p < 0.0001 for all).ConclusionTooth loss was highly prevalent in this global CHD population and was associated with several traditional CV risk factors and inflammatory markers, including the novel Lp-PLA2 activity. Gum bleeding was less common and associations to CV risk factors were less evident compared to tooth loss. These findings require confirmation in large independent populations to elucidate whether PD can be used as a clinically useful risk marker for CHD.
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47.
  • Wallentin, Lars, 1943-, et al. (författare)
  • Ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: New England Journal of Medicine. - 0028-4793 .- 1533-4406. ; 361:11, s. 1045-1057
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Ticagrelor is an oral, reversible, direct-acting inhibitor of the adenosine diphosphate receptor P2Y12 that has a more rapid onset and more pronounced platelet inhibition than clopidogrel. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial, we compared ticagrelor (180-mg loading dose, 90 mg twice daily thereafter) and clopidogrel (300-to-600-mg loading dose, 75 mg daily thereafter) for the prevention of cardiovascular events in 18,624 patients admitted to the hospital with an acute coronary syndrome, with or without ST-segment elevation. RESULTS: At 12 months, the primary end point--a composite of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke--had occurred in 9.8% of patients receiving ticagrelor as compared with 11.7% of those receiving clopidogrel (hazard ratio, 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77 to 0.92; P<0.001). Predefined hierarchical testing of secondary end points showed significant differences in the rates of other composite end points, as well as myocardial infarction alone (5.8% in the ticagrelor group vs. 6.9% in the clopidogrel group, P=0.005) and death from vascular causes (4.0% vs. 5.1%, P=0.001) but not stroke alone (1.5% vs. 1.3%, P=0.22). The rate of death from any cause was also reduced with ticagrelor (4.5%, vs. 5.9% with clopidogrel; P<0.001). No significant difference in the rates of major bleeding was found between the ticagrelor and clopidogrel groups (11.6% and 11.2%, respectively; P=0.43), but ticagrelor was associated with a higher rate of major bleeding not related to coronary-artery bypass grafting (4.5% vs. 3.8%, P=0.03), including more instances of fatal intracranial bleeding and fewer of fatal bleeding of other types. CONCLUSIONS: In patients who have an acute coronary syndrome with or without ST-segment elevation, treatment with ticagrelor as compared with clopidogrel significantly reduced the rate of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke without an increase in the rate of overall major bleeding but with an increase in the rate of non-procedure-related bleeding.
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48.
  • White, Harvey D, et al. (författare)
  • Darapladib for preventing ischemic events in stable coronary heart disease
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: New England Journal of Medicine. - 0028-4793 .- 1533-4406. ; 370:18, s. 1702-1711
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:Elevated lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 activity promotes the development of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques, and elevated plasma levels of this enzyme are associated with an increased risk of coronary events. Darapladib is a selective oral inhibitor of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2.METHODS:In a double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 15,828 patients with stable coronary heart disease to receive either once-daily darapladib (at a dose of 160 mg) or placebo. The primary end point was a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Secondary end points included the components of the primary end point as well as major coronary events (death from coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, or urgent coronary revascularization for myocardial ischemia) and total coronary events (death from coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, hospitalization for unstable angina, or any coronary revascularization).RESULTS:During a median follow-up period of 3.7 years, the primary end point occurred in 769 of 7924 patients (9.7%) in the darapladib group and 819 of 7904 patients (10.4%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio in the darapladib group, 0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 1.03; P=0.20). There were also no significant between-group differences in the rates of the individual components of the primary end point or in all-cause mortality. Darapladib, as compared with placebo, reduced the rate of major coronary events (9.3% vs. 10.3%; hazard ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.82 to 1.00; P=0.045) and total coronary events (14.6% vs. 16.1%; hazard ratio, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.84 to 0.98; P=0.02).CONCLUSIONS:In patients with stable coronary heart disease, darapladib did not significantly reduce the risk of the primary composite end point of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. (Funded by GlaxoSmithKline; STABILITY ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00799903.).
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49.
  • White, Harvey D., et al. (författare)
  • In patients with stable coronary heart disease, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels < 70 mg/dL and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c < 7% are associated with lower major cardiovascular events
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 225, s. 97-107
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundIn patients with stable coronary heart disease, it is not known whether achievement of standard of care (SOC) targets in addition to evidence-based medicine (EBM) is associated with lower major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE): cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke.MethodsEBM use was recommended in the STabilisation of Atherosclerotic plaque By Initiation of darapLadIb TherapY trial. SOC targets were blood pressure (BP) <140/90 mm Hg and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) <100 mg/dL and <70 mg/dL. In patients with diabetes, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) < 7% and BP of <130/80 mm Hg were recommended. Feedback to investigators about rates of EBM and SOC was provided regularly.ResultsIn 13,623 patients, 1-year landmark analysis assessed the association between EBM, SOC targets, and MACE during follow-up of 2.7 years (median) after adjustment in a Cox proportional hazards model.At 1 year, aspirin was prescribed in 92.5% of patients, statins in 97.2%, β-blockers in 79.0%, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin-II receptor blockers in 76.9%. MACE was lower with LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (70-99 mg/dL) compared with LDL-C ≥ 100 mg/dL (hazard ratio [HR] 0.694, 95% CI 0.594-0.811) and lower with LDL-C < 70 mg/dL compared with LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (70-99 mg/dL) (HR 0.834, 95% CI 0.708-0.983). MACE was lower with HbA1c < 7% compared with HbA1c ≥ 7% (HR 0.705, 95% CI 0.573-0.866). There was no effect of BP targets on MACE.ConclusionsMACE was lower with LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (70-99 mg/dL) and even lower with LDL-C < 70 mg/dL. MACE in patients with diabetes was lower with HbA1c < 7%. Achievement of targets is associated with improved patient outcomes.
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50.
  • White, Harvey D., et al. (författare)
  • Survival with Cardiac-Resynchronization Therapy in Mild Heart Failure
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: New England Journal of Medicine. - 0028-4793 .- 1533-4406. ; 370:18, s. 1702-1711
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Elevated lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) activity promotes the development of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques, and elevated plasma levels of this enzyme are associated with an increased risk of coronary events. Darapladib is a selective oral inhibitor of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2). Methods: In a double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 15,828 patients with stable coronary heart disease to receive either once-daily darapladib (at a dose of 160 mg) or placebo. The primary end point was a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Secondary end points included the components of the primary end point as well as major coronary events (death from coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, or urgent coronary revascularization for myocardial ischemia) and total coronary events (death from coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, hospitalization for unstable angina, or any coronary revascularization). Results: During a median follow-up period of 3.7 years, the primary end point occurred in 769 of 7924 patients (9.7%) in the darapladib group and 819 of 7904 patients (10.4%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio in the darapladib group, 0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 1.03; P=0.20). There were also no significant between-group differences in the rates of the individual components of the primary end point or in all-cause mortality. Darapladib, as compared with placebo, reduced the rate of major coronary events (9.3% vs. 10.3%; hazard ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.82 to 1.00; P=0.045) and total coronary events (14.6% vs. 16.1%; hazard ratio, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.84 to 0.98; P=0.02). ConclusionsIn patients with stable coronary heart disease, darapladib did not significantly reduce the risk of the primary composite end point of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. (Funded by GlaxoSmithKline; STABILITY ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00799903.)
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  • Föregående 1234[5]6Nästa

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