Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Burell Gunilla) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Burell Gunilla)

  • Resultat 21-30 av 72
  • Föregående 12[3]4567...8Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Gulliksson, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Psychosocial factors during the first year after a coronary heart disease event in cases and referents : Secondary Prevention in Uppsala Primary Health Care Project (SUPRIM)
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 1471-2261 .- 1471-2261. ; 7, s. 36-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: A large number of studies have reported on the psychosocial risk factor pattern prior to coronary heart disease events, but few have investigated the situation during the first year after an event, and none has been controlled. We therefore performed a case-referent study in which the prevalence of a number of psychosocial factors was evaluated. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-six coronary heart disease male and female cases no more than 75 years of age, discharged from hospital within the past 12 months, and 1038 referents from the general population, matched to the cases by age, sex and place of living, received a postal questionnaire in which information on lifestyle, psychosocial and quality of life measures were sought. RESULTS: The cases were, as expected, on sick leave to a larger extent than the referents, reported poorer fitness, poorer perceived health, fewer leisure time activities, but unexpectedly reported better social support, and more optimistic views of the future than the referents. There were no significant case-referent differences in everyday life stress, stressful life events, vital exhaustion, depressive mood, coping or life orientation test. However, women reported less favourable situations than men regarding stressful life events affecting others, vital exhaustion, depressive mood, coping, self-esteem, sleep, and symptom reporting, and female cases reported the most unfavourable situation of all groups. CONCLUSION: In this first controlled study of the situation during the first year after a CHD event disease and gender status both appeared to be determinants of psychological well-being, with gender status apparently the strongest. This may have implications for cardiac rehabilitation programmes.
  • Gulliksson, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Standard Treatment to Prevent Recurrent Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease Secondary Prevention in Uppsala Primary Health Care Project (SUPRIM)
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Archives of Internal Medicine. - : American Medical Association (AMA). - 0003-9926 .- 1538-3679. ; 171:2, s. 134-140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Psychosocial factors are independently associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease(CVD) morbidity and mortality, but the effects of psychosocial factor intervention on CVD are uncertain. We performed a randomized controlled clinical trial of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to measure its effects on CVD recurrence. Methods: The study included 362 women and men 75 years or younger who were discharged from the hospital after a coronary heart disease event within the past 12 months. Patients were randomized to receive traditional care (reference group, 170 patients) or traditional care plus a CBT program (intervention group, 192 patients), focused on stress management, with 20 two-hour sessions during 1 year. Median attendance at each CBT session was 85%. Outcome variables were all-cause mortality, hospital admission for recurrent CVD, and recurrent acute myocardial infarction. Results: During a mean 94 months of follow-up, the intervention group had a 41% lower rate of fatal and non-fatal first recurrent CVD events (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval], 0.59 [0.42-0.83]; P=.002), 45% fewer recurrent acute myocardial infarctions (0.55 [0.36-0.85]; P=.007), and a nonsignificant 28% lower all-cause mortality (0.72 [0.40-1.30]; P=.28) than the reference group after adjustment for other outcome-affecting variables. In the CBT group there was a strong dose-response effect between intervention group attendance and outcome. During the first 2 years of follow-up, there were no significant group differences in traditional risk factors. Conclusions: A CBT intervention program decreases the risk of recurrent CVD and recurrent acute myocardial infarction. This may have implications for secondary preventive programs in patients with coronary heart disease.
  • Gulliksson, Mats, 1954- (författare)
  • Studies of Secondary Prevention after Coronary Heart Disease with Special Reference to Determinants of Recurrent Event Rate
  • 2009
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Objectives. The first aim was to examine the effects of secondary prevention with a focus on determinants in the risk of recurrent coronary heart disease (CHD). The second aim was to analyse the effects of a cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) intervention on the risk of recurrent cardiovascular disease (CVD) and to investigate the psychosocial situation of CHD patients. Material and methods. Papers I and II were based on the Swedish Acute Myocardial Infarction Statistics Register, 1969 to 2001: 775,901 events in 589,341 subjects. Papers III and IV were based on The Secondary Prevention in Uppsala Primary Care project (SUPRIM), a randomized controlled clinical trial in 362 CHD patients. Results. The risk of a recurrent acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event was highly dependent on time from the previous event, with the greatest risk immediately after an AMI event. In addition, sex, age, and AMI number influenced the general risk level. Furthermore, there has been a major decline in recurrence risk over 30 years, and there were considerable geographical differences in risk, best explained by residential area population density, with a high recurrent AMI risk in areas with the lowest and the highest population densities, and the lowest risk in areas with moderate population density. Disease status and sex were determinants of psychological well-being the first year after a CHD event. Sex seemed to be the stronger determinant. The CBT intervention focused on stress management during one year in patients with CHD.  There was significantly improved outcome in the intervention group on recurrent CVD and recurrent AMI during a 9 year follow up. A dose-response relationship was demonstrated between attendance rate at intervention group meetings and outcome, the higher the attendance rate the better the outcome. Conclusions. The risk of a recurrent AMI event was dependent on time from the previous event, with major improvement seen in recent decades. Regional differences were best explained by population density. Female CHD patients were at high risk concerning well-being after a coronary event, which deserves special attention. The CBT intervention for CHD patients improved outcomes concerning the risk of recurrent CVD and AMI events.
  • Hallman, Tina, et al. (författare)
  • Perspectives on Differences in Perceived External Stress : A Study of Women and Men with Coronary Heart Disease
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Stress and health. - : Wiley. - 1532-3005 .- 1532-2998. ; 18, s. 105-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Focuses on diiversities among women and men rare, and few studies have focused on gender differences in psychosocial factors and coronary heart disease. The present study is one of a series in which a wide range of psychosocial factors will be analysed with a focus on women. We compared women with men as regards the impact of educational level and occupational position on differences in perceived external stress. A questionnaire (The Stress Profile) was answered by 538 rehabilitation paricipants (97 women, 441 men), and a reference group (5308 women, 5177 men), aged 40-65 years. Generally, women reported a higher value of perceived external stress than men. Most interesting, however, are the patterns of differences that emerged when women and men were compared in different subgroups. Women with upper secondary school education and women in white-collar positions reported significantly higher levels of perceived external stress than men in the respective groups. When using common multivariate methods and adjusting for gender a great deal of information can be lost, and adjusting for gender makes it more difficult to find the true effect of exposures. It is only by regarding women and men separately that it is possible to link their very different working conditions and experience of stress to different health effects and vice versa.
  • Hallman, Tina, et al. (författare)
  • Stress, Burnout and Coping : Differences between Women with Coronary Heart Disease and Healthy Matched Women
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Health Psychology. - : SAGE Publications. - 1359-1053 .- 1461-7277. ; 8:4, s. 433-446
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Stress is becoming more significant for women, along with the increasing number of women in the workforce. The present study compared women with respect to burnout and coping abilities, and related to the impact of educational level on differences in coping strategies. Women with coronary heart disease reported a higher level of burnout and had the highest scores demonstrating lack of coping, which indicates lesser coping abilities. Differences concerning strain reduction, self-control and emotional distancing are discussed in terms of living conditions. We also discuss that in order to optimize the outcome of rehabilitation and prevention we need more research on women, of women and especially from women’s point of view.
  • Humphries, Sophia, et al. (författare)
  • Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Patients Reporting Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression After Myocardial Infarction : U-CARE Heart Randomized Controlled Trial Twelve-Month Follow-up
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Medical Internet Research. - : JMIR PUBLICATIONS, INC. - 1438-8871 .- 1438-8871. ; 23:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The U-CARE Heart trial was one of the first randomized controlled trials to evaluate the effect of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy on self-reported symptoms of anxiety or depression for patients with a recent myocardial infarction. While the effects of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy on Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) scores at 14 weeks postbaseline were not significant, in this study, we investigated possible long-term effects of treatment.Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy on self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients 12 months after a myocardial infarction and to explore subsequent occurrences of cardiovascular disease events.Methods: Shortly after acute myocardial infarction, 239 patients (33% female, mean age 59.6 years) reporting mild-to-moderate symptoms of anxiety or depression were randomized to 14 weeks of therapist-guided internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (n=117) or treatment as usual (n=122). Data from national registries were used to explore group differences in clinical outcomes such as cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular-related mortality for a follow-up period of up to 5 years: group differences in HADS total score 1 year post-myocardial infarction, the primary outcome, was analyzed using multiple linear regression. Secondary outcomes, such as HADS anxiety and depression subscales and the Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire total score (CAQ), which measures heart-focused anxiety, were analyzed in the same way. Multiple imputation was used to account for missing data, and a pooled treatment effect was estimated. Adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for data pertaining to registry outcomes.Results: Both groups reported lower HADS total scores 1 year after myocardial infarction than those at baseline. HADS total scores were not significantly different between the treatment and control groups 1 year after myocardial infarction (beta=-1.14, 95% CI -2.73 to 0.45, P=.16). CAQ was the only measure improved significantly by internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy when compared with treatment as usual ( beta=-2.58, 95% CI -4.75 to -0.42, P=.02) before adjusting for multiple comparisons. The composite outcome of nonfatal cardiovascular events and cardiovascular-related mortality did not differ between groups but was numerically higher in the internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy group, who were at slightly greater risk (HR 1.8, 95% CI 0.96 to 3.4, P=.07). Adjusting for previous myocardial infarction and diabetes attenuated this estimate (HR 1.5, 95% CI 0.8 to 2.8, P=.25).Conclusions: Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy was not superior in reducing self-reported symptoms of depression or anxiety compared to treatment as usual at the 1-year follow-up after myocardial infarction. A reduction in cardiac-related anxiety was observed but was not significant after adjusting for multiple comparisons. There was no difference in risk of cardiovascular events between the treatment groups. Low treatment adherence, which might have affected treatment engagement and outcomes, should be considered when interpreting these results.
  • Jerdén, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Gender Differences and Predictors of Self-Rated Health Development Among Swedish Adolescents
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Adolescent Health. - : Elsevier BV. - 1054-139X .- 1879-1972. ; 48:2, s. 143-150
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the development of self-rated health among boys and girls during adolescence. Methods: Longitudinal cohort study, involving 1,046 Swedish adolescents from the seventh (12-13 years old) to the ninth grade. Self-rated health (well-being) and health-related empowerment were measured using a questionnaire. Results: In the seventh as well as in the ninth grade, the proportion of adolescents reporting a good health was lower in girls than in boys. In general, girls showed lower health-related empowerment as compared with boys and this difference remained between both the grades. In boys and girls belonging to both grades, a high empowerment score was related to a high self-rated health. For both boys and girls, self-rated health declined between the seventh and ninth grade. In girls, the proportion rating their health as "very good" declined from 47 % to 30%, and in boys the same proportion declined from 56% to 46%, indicating an increasing gender difference. Only a minor proportion of adolescents (16% of the boys and 13% of the girls) reported an improvement. A high self-rated health in grade nine was, in girls, predicted by positive school experiences in seventh grade and, in boys, by a good mood in the family. Conclusion: During adolescence, girls reported lower self-rated health than boys and this gender difference increased over the years. High empowerment is related to high self-rated health, and positive school experiences and a good mood in the family seem to be important predictors of a positive development of self-rated health.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 21-30 av 72
  • Föregående 12[3]4567...8Nästa
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (51)
konferensbidrag (11)
doktorsavhandling (5)
annan publikation (3)
bokkapitel (2)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (50)
övrigt vetenskapligt (22)
Norlund, Fredrika (13)
Westerling, Ragnar (8)
Olsson, Erik, 1967- (8)
Held, Claes, 1956- (7)
Perk, Joep (7)
Svärdsudd, Kurt (7)
visa fler...
Lisspers, Jan (7)
Lindahl, Bernt (6)
Held, Claes (5)
Wallin, Emma (5)
Zamorano, Jose Luis (4)
Lytsy, Per (4)
Carlsson, Roland (4)
Johansson, P. (3)
Sundin, Örjan, 1952- (3)
Kristiansson, Per (3)
Svärdsudd, Kurt, 194 ... (3)
Björkegren, Karin (3)
Stenlund, Hans (3)
Mattsson, Cecilia (3)
Grönqvist, Helena (3)
von Essen, Louise (3)
Anderberg, Ulla Mari ... (3)
Lytsy, Per, 1968- (3)
Weinehall, Lars (3)
Toss, Henrik (3)
Ryden, Lars (2)
Atar, Dan (2)
Tendera, Michal (2)
Widimsky, Petr (2)
Dean, Veronica (2)
Filippatos, Gerasimo ... (2)
Vessby, Bengt (2)
Nyberg, Fred (2)
Stenlund, Therese (2)
Ahlgren, Christina (2)
Stegmayr, Birgitta (2)
Pingel, Ronnie, 1978 ... (2)
Johansson, Birgitta (2)
Olsson, Erik (2)
Hemingway, Harry (2)
De Caterina, Raffael ... (2)
Alfonsson, Sven (2)
Knutsson, Anders (2)
Karlsson, R (2)
von Essen, Louise, 1 ... (2)
Ander, Malin (2)
Lindahl Norberg, Ann ... (2)
Toft, Teolinda (2)
Dickstein, Kenneth (2)
visa färre...
Uppsala universitet (53)
Umeå universitet (14)
Mittuniversitetet (11)
Linnéuniversitetet (3)
Högskolan Dalarna (3)
Göteborgs universitet (2)
visa fler...
Karolinska Institutet (2)
Linköpings universitet (1)
Lunds universitet (1)
visa färre...
Engelska (64)
Svenska (6)
Odefinierat språk (2)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (39)
Samhällsvetenskap (18)


Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy