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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Englund Elisabet) ;srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Englund Elisabet) > (2005-2009)

  • Resultat 31-37 av 37
  • Föregående 123[4]
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31.
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32.
  • Sjöbeck, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • White matter mapping in Alzheimer's disease: A neuropathological study.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 1558-1497. ; 27:5, s. 673-680
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • White matter disease (WMD) with pervasive non-focal subtotal tissue loss is frequently seen in Alzheimer's disease (AD) upon neuropatholooical examination. Although WMD has varying effects on AD symptoms, accurate clinical detection is difficult due partly to scarcity of correlative structural imaging and histopathological studies. Neuropathological Studies of WMD severity and distribution have been conducted earlier using semi-quantitative methods. A technique for quantifying WMD objectively in large white matter areas, based on optical density (OD) measurements oil images of scanned whole-brain sections, was developed and was validated using conventional microscopic assessment. Altogether, 16 AD cases with concomitant WMD (AD-WMD) and 9 cases of AD without WMD (AD-only) were analysed. The OD values correlated significantly with the neuropathological severity of WMD and were significantly lower in AD-WMD than ill AD-only in frontal, frontoparietal, temporal and parietal white matter but not ill the occipital white matter, the frontal OD difference being greatest. Useful baseline information oil WMD distribution in AD to relate to in vivo imaging results was obtained. (c) 2005 Published by Elsevier Inc.
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33.
  • Smith, Ruben, et al. (författare)
  • Cholinergic neuronal defect without cell loss in Huntington's disease.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - : Oxford University Press. - 0964-6906. ; 15:21, s. 3119-3131
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by a CAG-repeat expansion in the huntingtin (IT15) gene. The striatum is one of the regions most affected by neurodegeneration, resulting in the loss of the medium-sized spiny neurons. Traditionally, the large cholinergic striatal interneurons are believed to be spared. Recent studies demonstrate that neuronal dysfunction without cell death also plays an important role in early and mid-stages of the disease. Here, we report that cholinergic transmission is affected in a HD transgenic mouse model (R6/1) and in tissues from HD patients. Stereological analysis shows no loss of cholinergic neurons in the striatum or septum in R6/1 mice. In contrast, the levels of mRNA and protein for vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) are decreased in the striatum and cortex, and acetylcholine esterase activity is lowered in the striatum of R6/1 mice already at young ages. Accordingly, VAChT is also reduced in striatal tissue from patients with HD. The decrease of VAChT in the patient samples studied is restricted to the striatum and does not occur in the hippocampus or the spinal cord. The expression and localization of REST/NRSF, a transcriptional regulator for the VAChT and ChAT genes, are not altered in cholinergic neurons. We show that the R6/1 mice exhibit severe deficits in learning and reference memory. Taken together, our data show that the cholinergic system is dysfunctional in R6/1 and HD patients. Consequently, they provide a rationale for testing of pro-cholinergic drugs in this disease.
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34.
  • Stenberg, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast-Enhanced Perfusion Magnetic Resonance (MR) Imaging Combined with Contrast-Enhanced MR Imaging in the Follow-up of Immunogene-Treated Glioblastoma Multiforme.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Acta Radiologica. - : SAGE Publications. - 1600-0455. ; 47:8, s. 852-861
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: To assess the value of the combined use of dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and conventional contrast-enhanced MRI for the follow-up of treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Material and Methods: 79 examinations were performed in six surgically and immunogene-treated patients and two surgically treated patients. Ratios of the relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) in lesions and in the contralateral normal-appearing white matter were calculated. The regions with elevated rCBV were compared with those with contrast enhancement. Tissue specimens from surgical biopsies and autopsies were studied histopathologically. Results: The lesion-to-normal rCBV ratios were high in the tumors prior to operation (7.3 to 18.2) as well as in the recurrent tumors (1.6 to 13.2). The volumes of the regions with elevated rCBV were similar to those with contrast enhancement in 63 of the 79 examinations. However, in 11 of 79 examinations, the regions with high rCBV were smaller than the regions with contrast enhancement ("mismatch"). In two samples from the immunogene-treated patients this was correlated with the histopathological finding of malignant tumor with numerous proliferating GBM vessels with multiple minimal lumina, sometimes thrombotized or ruptured. These vessels may have increased permeability with contrast enhancement not accompanied by increased microvascular volume. Conclusion: 1) Elevated rCBV on perfusion MRI corresponding to the contrast-enhancing lesion supports the diagnosis of recurrent malignant tumor. 2) A mismatch showing a volume of rCBV elevation smaller than that of contrast enhancement can be seen in particularly aggressive tumor growth and is thus not always a sign of reactive non-tumor changes. 3) The combination of perfusion MRI and conventional contrast MRI provides useful information in the follow-up of glioblastoma multiforme treatment.
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35.
  • Svedberg, Lena, 1958, et al. (författare)
  • Parental perception of cold extremities and other accompanying symptoms in children with cerebral palsy.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European journal of paediatric neurology : EJPN : official journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society. - 1090-3798. ; 12:2, s. 89-96
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cold extremities have been noted in non-walking children with cerebral damage compared with healthy controls. Whether this is a general problem in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and associated with other symptoms is unknown. This study describes accompanying symptoms such as cold extremities, constipation, pain, sleeping disorders and impaired well-being in children with CP as well as treatment the children have undergone. Associations between cold extremities and other symptoms borne by the children were analysed and discussed. From information in postal surveys received from parents of children with CP, 107 children (60 boys and 47 girls) aged 5-13 years, mean 11 years 8 months (SD 2 years 11 months), were described and analysed. Besides neurological impairments, many children had cold extremities and pain, sleeping disorders, constipation, and impaired well-being. Most children had had one or more of these symptoms for over 1 year but the symptoms were largely untreated. Non-walkers generally had more symptoms than walkers. Although pain, constipation, and sleeping disorders may have different underlying causes in children with CP, these symptoms might also be mediated or aggravated by dysfunction in the autonomic nervous system. To improve the child's well-being, early recognition and treatment of accompanying symptoms is important.
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36.
  • Thomsen, Niels, et al. (författare)
  • Intraepidermal nerve fibre density at wrist level in diabetic and non-diabetic patients.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Diabetic Medicine: A journal of the British Diabetic Association. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1464-5491. ; 26:11, s. 1120-1126
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract Aims Myelinated nerve fibre pathology has been demonstrated at wrist level in diabetic patients. We examined if quantification of intra-epidermal nerve fibre density (IENFD) in hairy and glabrous skin at wrist level could detect signs of subclinical small nerve fibre neuropathy. Methods In 35 diabetic patients who were age and gender matched with 31 non-diabetic patients, punch biopsies were obtained in conjunction with surgical carpal tunnel release. Biopsies were immunostained with anti-protein gene product (PGP) 9.5. The IENFD was quantified using manual counting by light microscopy. Results We could not demonstrate significant differences in IENFD between diabetic or non-diabetic patients. Additionally, no differences were found between patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes or in diabetic patients with and without neurophysiologic signs of mild peripheral neuropathy. However, the IENFD was significantly higher in hairy skin compared with glabrous skin. Furthermore, the IENFD was significantly higher in females than in males and correlated with age, but not with duration of diabetes or glycated haemoglobin (HbA(1c)). Conclusions In mild neuropathy no difference in IENFD at the wrist level could be detected between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Independent of diabetes, we found IENFD to be higher in hairy skin compared with glabrous skin and higher in females than in males. These results must be taken into consideration when assessing small nerve fibre pathology in the upper extremity. Diabet. Med. 26, 1120-1126 (2009).
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37.
  • van Westen, Danielle, et al. (författare)
  • Tumor extension in high-grade gliomas assessed with diffusion magnetic resonance imaging: values and lesion-to-brain ratios of apparent diffusion coefficient and fractional anisotropy.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Acta Radiologica. - : SAGE Publications. - 1600-0455. ; 47:3, s. 311-319
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: To determine whether the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) can distinguish tumor-infiltrated edema in gliomas from pure edema in meningiomas and metastases. Material and Methods: Thirty patients were studied: 18 WHO grade III or IV gliomas, 7 meningiomas, and 5 metastatic lesions. ADC and FA were determined from ROIs placed in peritumoral areas with T2-signal changes, adjacent normal appearing white matter (NAWM), and corresponding areas in the contralateral healthy brain. Values and lesion-to-brain ratios from gliomas were compared to those from meningiomas and metastases. Results: Values and lesion-to-brain ratios of ADC and FA in peritumoral areas with T2-signal changes did not differ between gliomas, meningiomas, and metastases (P = 0.40, P = 0.40, P = 0.61, P = 0.34). Values of ADC and FA and the lesion-to-brain ratio of FA in the adjacent NAWM did not differ between tumor types (P = 0.74, P = 0.25, and P = 0.31). The lesion-to-brain ratio of ADC in the adjacent NAWM was higher in gliomas than in meningiomas and metastases (P = 0.004), but overlapped between tumor types. Conclusion: Values and lesion-to-brain ratios of ADC and FA in areas with T2-signal changes surrounding intracranial tumors and adjacent NAWM were not helpful for distinguishing pure edema from tumor-infiltrated edema when data from gliomas, meningiomas, and metastases were compared.
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  • Resultat 31-37 av 37
  • Föregående 123[4]

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