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Sökning: WFRF:(Ewers Michael)

  • Resultat 31-36 av 36
  • Föregående 123[4]
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31.
  • Muscarella, Robert, et al. (författare)
  • The global abundance of tree palms
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Global Ecology and Biogeography. - : Wiley. - 1466-822X .- 1466-8238. ; 29:9, s. 1495-1514
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AimPalms are an iconic, diverse and often abundant component of tropical ecosystems that provide many ecosystem services. Being monocots, tree palms are evolutionarily, morphologically and physiologically distinct from other trees, and these differences have important consequences for ecosystem services (e.g., carbon sequestration and storage) and in terms of responses to climate change. We quantified global patterns of tree palm relative abundance to help improve understanding of tropical forests and reduce uncertainty about these ecosystems under climate change.LocationTropical and subtropical moist forests.Time periodCurrent.Major taxa studiedPalms (Arecaceae).MethodsWe assembled a pantropical dataset of 2,548 forest plots (covering 1,191 ha) and quantified tree palm (i.e., ≥10 cm diameter at breast height) abundance relative to co‐occurring non‐palm trees. We compared the relative abundance of tree palms across biogeographical realms and tested for associations with palaeoclimate stability, current climate, edaphic conditions and metrics of forest structure.ResultsOn average, the relative abundance of tree palms was more than five times larger between Neotropical locations and other biogeographical realms. Tree palms were absent in most locations outside the Neotropics but present in >80% of Neotropical locations. The relative abundance of tree palms was more strongly associated with local conditions (e.g., higher mean annual precipitation, lower soil fertility, shallower water table and lower plot mean wood density) than metrics of long‐term climate stability. Life‐form diversity also influenced the patterns; palm assemblages outside the Neotropics comprise many non‐tree (e.g., climbing) palms. Finally, we show that tree palms can influence estimates of above‐ground biomass, but the magnitude and direction of the effect require additional work.ConclusionsTree palms are not only quintessentially tropical, but they are also overwhelmingly Neotropical. Future work to understand the contributions of tree palms to biomass estimates and carbon cycling will be particularly crucial in Neotropical forests.
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32.
  • Santos, Alexander Navarrete, et al. (författare)
  • Amyloid-beta Oligomers in Cerebrospinal Fluid are Associated with Cognitive Decline in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. - : IOS Press. - 1387-2877. ; 29:1, s. 171-176
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Oligomers of the amyloid-beta peptide (A beta) are thought to be the most toxic form of A beta and are linked to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we used a flow cytometric approach for the detection and assessment of oligomers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from AD patients and other neurological disorders. 30 CSF samples from patients suffering from AD (n=14), non-demented controls (n=12), and other neurological disorders (dementia with Lewy bodies, n=2; vascular dementia, n=1; primary progressive aphasia, n = 1) were analyzed for the presence of A beta-oligomers by flow cytometry. The CSF levels of total tau (t-tau), phosphorylated tau (p-tau), and amyloid-beta (A beta)(42) were determined using ELISA. CSF A beta-oligomer levels in AD patients were elevated in comparison to the non-AD group (p = 0.073). The ratio A beta-oligomers/A beta(42) was significantly elevated in AD subjects compared to non-AD subjects (p=0.001). Most important, there was a negative correlation between the amount of A beta-oligomers and the Mini-Mental Status Exam score (r=-0.65; p=0.013) in AD patients. The detection of A beta-oligomers using flow cytometry analysis seems to be useful in assessing the stage of AD. This is a novel and important finding as none of the currently used CSF biomarkers are clearly associated with dementia severity.
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33.
  • Santos, Alexander Navarrete, et al. (författare)
  • Amyloid-β oligomers in cerebrospinal fluid are associated with cognitive decline in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD. - 1875-8908. ; 29:1, s. 171-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Oligomers of the amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) are thought to be the most toxic form of Aβ and are linked to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we used a flow cytometric approach for the detection and assessment of oligomers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from AD patients and other neurological disorders. 30 CSF samples from patients suffering from AD (n = 14), non-demented controls (n = 12), and other neurological disorders (dementia with Lewy bodies, n = 2; vascular dementia, n = 1; primary progressive aphasia, n = 1) were analyzed for the presence of Aβ-oligomers by flow cytometry. The CSF levels of total tau (t-tau), phosphorylated tau (p-tau), and amyloid-β (Aβ)42 were determined using ELISA. CSF Aβ-oligomer levels in AD patients were elevated in comparison to the non-AD group (p = 0.073). The ratio Aβ-oligomers/Aβ42 was significantly elevated in AD subjects compared to non-AD subjects (p = 0.001). Most important, there was a negative correlation between the amount of Aβ-oligomers and the Mini-Mental Status Exam score (r = -0.65; p = 0.013) in AD patients. The detection of Aβ-oligomers using flow cytometry analysis seems to be useful in assessing the stage of AD. This is a novel and important finding as none of the currently used CSF biomarkers are clearly associated with dementia severity.
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34.
  • Vermeiren, Angelique P. A., et al. (författare)
  • The Association Between APOE epsilon 4 and Alzheimer-type Dementia Among Memory Clinic Patients is Confined to those with a Higher Education. The DESCRIPA Study
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. - : IOS Press. - 1387-2877. ; 35:2, s. 241-246
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We assessed the interaction between the APOE epsilon 4 allele and education level in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) among memory clinic patients from the multicenter DESCRIPA study. Subjects (n = 544) were followed for 1 to 5 years. We used Cox's stratified survival modeling, adjusted for age, gender, and center. APOE epsilon 4 predicted the onset of AD-type dementia in middle (HR 3.45 95% CI 1.79-6.65, n = 222) and high (HR 3.67 95% CI 1.36-9.89, n = 139) but not in low educated subjects (HR 0.81, 95% CI 0.38-1.72, n = 183). This suggests that mechanisms in developing Alzheimer-type dementia may differ between educational groups that raises questions related to Alzheimer-type dementia prevention.
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35.
  • Yamamori, Hidenaga, et al. (författare)
  • Tau in cerebrospinal fluid: a sensitive sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using tyramide signal amplification.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Neuroscience letters. - 0304-3940. ; 418:2, s. 186-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Tau in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been proposed as a diagnostic marker for Alzheimer's disease (AD). This paper presents a new sensitive sandwich ELISA allowing quantitation of tau from 8 microl CSF/well. A human specific monoclonal tau antibody HT7 was used as a capture antibody and a mixture of polyclonal tau antibodies, 92e and R134d was used as reporter antibodies. Tyramide signal amplification (TSA) technology was used in the last step to increase the sensitivity. With this TSA-ELISA, the lowest detection limit for tau was 14.3 pg/ml. Tau levels in CSF were found to be increased in AD patients (807+/-304 pg/ml, p<0.001) compared with controls (252+/-94 pg/ml). Thirty-five of 38 AD cases (92% sensitivity) yielded signals greater than cutoff, while only 1 of 38 control cases (97% specificity) was greater. A highly significant correlation was found between this assay and a commonly used kit, INNOTEST hTAU Antigen.
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36.
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  • Föregående 123[4]
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