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Sökning: WFRF:(Galaz Victor)

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21.
  • Galafassi, Diego (författare)
  • Transformational knowledge practices in social-ecological systems
  • 2016
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Climate change and poverty alleviation are examples of interconnected challenges propelling changes across environmental, social, cultural and political spheres. Interconnected challenges are characterized by multiple causality, feedback loops, non-linear dynamics. Transformations, as fundamental reconfigurations of social-ecological relations, are increasingly proposed as a strategy for tackling interconnected challenges. Transformations seem to require a move towards diverse, integrated, imaginative, anticipatory, dynamic forms of knowledge making. Although new forms of knowledge creation are indeed emerging in sustainability science and practice, this area of studies is yet to yield a coherent research framework for analyzing the contribution of these practices to transformations in social-ecological systems. The central aim of this thesis is to a) provide a theoretical framework and b) to explore and assess feasibility and effectiveness of concrete knowledge practices that could help governance actors to move towards forms of deliberate transformations in the face of interconnected challenges. Two empirical research papers based on a case-study in Coastal Kenya are presented. In these papers we approached the interconnected challenges of social-ecological trade-offs by engaging multiple knowledge practices (ranging from dialogue, to narrative scenarios, participatory modelling and ecological modelling) to create a space for imagination and deliberation amongst governance actors and scientists. Assessment of this process was performed with a mixed methods research design, including interviews, surveys, and participant observation. Results suggest that overall, these knowledge practices supported: a) development of systemic and collaborative mindsets (Paper 1); b) revision of core assumptions (Paper 1); c) the identification of key cross-scale tradeoffs that were previously not considered by governance actors (Paper 2). These results highlight the potential of these knowledge practices in fostering knowledge relevant for re-imagination and reconfiguration of social-ecological systems. I conclude by proposing that transformational knowledge practices present at least four key elements in that they are: plural and coproduced, affect change across scales, involve multiple ways of knowing and foster imagination. 
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22.
  • Galaz, Victor, et al. (författare)
  • AI i klimatets tjänst : en kartläggning av svensk kompetens i ett internationellt perspektiv
  • 2021
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Klimatutmaningen ställer mycket stora krav på samhället. I takt med att klimatförändringarnas effekter blir allt tydligare genom bland annat omfattande skogsbränder, smältande havsisar, och extremoväder, så får klimatfrågan också allt större uppmärksamhet i det offentliga samtalet, hos beslutsfattare, och inom näringsliv och civilsamhälle. Teknikutvecklingen har alltid varit viktig i diskussionen om klimatfrågans orsaker och lösningar, liksom för forskning om hållbar utveckling i stort. I takt med att artificiell intelligens (AI) sett en språngvis utveckling och dess tillämpningar tycks öka på flera samhällsområden, så ökar också intresset för hur AI kan bidra till att tackla klimatutmaningen i alla dess dimensioner - från grundläggande klimatforskning, till klimatanpassning och klimatinnovation. Följande rapport, AI i klimatets tjänst, ger en överblick av potentialen hos AI för klimatutmaningen. Rapporten presenterar också en kartläggning av potentialen för Sverige att bli internationellt ledande inom detta område. Analysen bygger på en litteraturöversikt, intervjuer, en enkätundersökning och en systematisk genomgång av klimatrelaterad AI-forskning i Sverige och utomlands. Resultaten är på intet sätt slutgiltiga, utan ger en överblicksbild av ett snabbt växande område. Vi hoppas att rapporten ska kunna fungera som ett första diskussionsunderlag för de myndigheter, företag, forskare och andra som är intresserade av att vidareutveckla potentialen hos AI-tekniker och deras användning för klimatutmaningen.
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23.
  • Galaz, Victor, et al. (författare)
  • Can web crawlers revolutionize ecological monitoring?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. - 1540-9295. ; 8:2, s. 99-104
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Despite recent advances, ecosystem service monitoring is limited by insufficient data, the complexity of social-ecological systems, and poor integration of information that tracks changes in ecosystems and economic activities. However, new information and communication technologies are revolutionizing the generation of, and access to, such data. Can researchers who are interested in ecological monitoring tap into these increased flows of information by "mining" the internet to detect "early-warning" signs that may signal abrupt ecological changes? Here, we explore the possibility of using web crawlers and internet-based information to complement conventional ecological monitoring, with a special emphasis on the prospects for avoiding "late warnings"-that is, when ecosystems have already shifted to less desirable states. Using examples from coral reef ecosystems, we explore the untapped potential, as well as the limitations, of relying on web-based information to monitor ecosystem services and forewarn us of negative ecological shifts.
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24.
  • Galaz, Victor (författare)
  • Den planetära ingenjörskonsten
  • 2010
  • Annan publikation (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • Man kan tala om nio processer som tillsammans kontrollerar jorden som naturligt system – och som reglerar de resurser som våra liv är så beroende av. En viktig diskussion bland naturvetare gäller om det behövs mätbara planetära gränsvärden för dessa processer, kritiska nivåer som hjälper oss att vrida utvecklingen åt rätt håll.
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27.
  • Galaz, Victor, et al. (författare)
  • Finance and the Earth system – Exploring the links between financial actors and non-linear changes in the climate system
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Global Environmental Change. - 0959-3780 .- 1872-9495. ; 53, s. 296-302
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Financial actors and capital play a key role in extractive economic activities around the world, as well as in current efforts to avoid dangerous climate change. Here, in contrast to standard approaches in finance, sustainability and climate change, we elaborate in what ways financial actors affect key biomes around the world, and through this known “tipping elements” in the Earth system. We combine Earth system and sustainability sciences with corporate finance to develop a methodology that allows us to link financial actors to economic activities modifying biomes of key importance for stabilizing Earth's climate system. Our analysis of key owners of companies operating in the Amazon rainforest (Brazil) and boreal forests (Russia and Canada) identifies a small set of international financial actors with considerable, but as of yet unrealized, globally spanning influence. We denote these “Financial Giants” and elaborate how incentives and disincentives currently influence their potential to bolster or undermine the stability of the Earth's climate system.
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28.
  • Galaz, Victor, et al. (författare)
  • Global Governance Dimensions of Globally Networked Risks : The State of the Art in Social Science Research
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy. - 1944-4079 .- 1944-4079. ; 8:1, s. 4-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Global risks are now increasingly being perceived as networked, and likely to result in large-scale, propagating failures and crises that transgress national boundaries and societal sectors. These so called globally networked risks pose fundamental challenges to global governance institutions. A growing literature explores the nature of these globally networked or systemic risks. While this research has taught us much about the anatomy of these risks, it has consistently failed to integrate insights from the wider social sciences. This is problematic since the prescriptions that result from these efforts flow from naive assumptions about the way real-world state and non-state actors behave in the international arena. This leaves serious gaps in our understanding of whether networked environmental risks at all can be governed. The following essay brings together decades of research by different disciplines in the social sciences, and identifies five multi-disciplinary key insights that can inform global approaches to governing these. These insights include the influence of international institutions; the dynamics and effect of international norms and legal mechanisms; the need for international institutions to cope with transboundary and cross-sectoral crises; the role of innovation as a strategy to handle unpredictable global risks; and the necessity to address legitimacy issues.
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29.
  • Galaz, Victor, et al. (författare)
  • Global networks and global change-induced tipping points
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Environmental Agreements. - 1567-9764 .- 1573-1553. ; 16:2, s. 189-221
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The existence of tipping points in human-environmental systems at multiple scales-such as abrupt negative changes in coral reef ecosystems, runaway climate change, and interacting nonlinear planetary boundariesaEurois often viewed as a substantial challenge for governance due to their inherent uncertainty, potential for rapid and large system change, and possible cascading effects on human well-being. Despite an increased scholarly and policy interest in the dynamics of these perceived tipping points, institutional and governance scholars have yet to make progress on how to analyze in which ways state and non-state actors attempt to anticipate, respond, and prevent the transgression of tipping points at large scales. In this article, we use three cases of global network responses to what we denote as global change-induced tipping pointsaEuroocean acidification, fisheries collapse, and infectious disease outbreaks. Based on the commonalities in several research streams, we develop four working propositions: information processing and early warning, multilevel and multinetwork responses, diversity in response capacity, and the balance between efficiency and legitimacy. We conclude by proposing a simple framework for the analysis of the interplay between perceived global change-induced tipping points, global networks, and international institutions.
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30.
  • Galaz, Victor (författare)
  • Ingenjörerna som försöker rädda Jorden
  • 2011
  • Annan publikation (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • KLIMATHOTET. Rymdspeglar och konstgjorda träd är ett par av de sätt att rädda jorden från klimatförändringar som geoingenjörerna sätter sitt hopp till. En rad nya böcker reder ut tekniska, politiska och filosofiska frågeställningar.
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