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Sökning: WFRF:(Hirschhorn JN)

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  • Mootha, VK, et al. (författare)
  • PGC-1alpha-responsive genes involved in oxidative phosphorylation are coordinately downregulated in human diabetes.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718. ; 34:3, s. 267-273
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • DNA microarrays can be used to identify gene expression changes characteristic of human disease. This is challenging, however, when relevant differences are subtle at the level of individual genes. We introduce an analytical strategy, Gene Set Enrichment Analysis, designed to detect modest but coordinate changes in the expression of groups of functionally related genes. Using this approach, we identify a set of genes involved in oxidative phosphorylation whose expression is coordinately decreased in human diabetic muscle. Expression of these genes is high at sites of insulin-mediated glucose disposal, activated by PGC-1alpha and correlated with total-body aerobic capacity. Our results associate this gene set with clinically important variation in human metabolism and illustrate the value of pathway relationships in the analysis of genomic profiling experiments.
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  • Saxena, R, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive association testing of common mitochondrial DNA variation in metabolic disease
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Human Genetics. - : Cell Press. - 0002-9297. ; 79:1, s. 54-61
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Many lines of evidence implicate mitochondria in phenotypic variation: ( a) rare mutations in mitochondrial proteins cause metabolic, neurological, and muscular disorders; ( b) alterations in oxidative phosphorylation are characteristic of type 2 diabetes, Parkinson disease, Huntington disease, and other diseases; and ( c) common missense variants in the mitochondrial genome ( mtDNA) have been implicated as having been subject to natural selection for adaptation to cold climates and contributing to "energy deficiency" diseases today. To test the hypothesis that common mtDNA variation influences human physiology and disease, we identified all 144 variants with frequency > 1% in Europeans from > 900 publicly available European mtDNA sequences and selected 64 tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms that efficiently capture all common variation ( except the hypervariable D-loop). Next, we evaluated the complete set of common mtDNA variants for association with type 2 diabetes in a sample of 3,304 diabetics and 3,304 matched nondiabetic individuals. Association of mtDNA variants with other metabolic traits ( body mass index, measures of insulin secretion and action, blood pressure, and cholesterol) was also tested in subsets of this sample. We did not find a significant association of common mtDNA variants with these metabolic phenotypes. Moreover, we failed to identify any physiological effect of alleles that were previously proposed to have been adaptive for energy metabolism in human evolution. More generally, this comprehensive association-testing framework can readily be applied to other diseases for which mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated.
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20.
  • Sun, MW, et al. (författare)
  • Haplotype structures and large-scale association testing of the 5 ' AMP-activated protein kinase genes PRK4A2, PRKAB1, and PRK4B1 with type 2 diabetes
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - : American Diabetes Association Inc.. - 1939-327X. ; 55:3, s. 849-855
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key molecular regulator of cellular metabolism, and its activity is induced by both metformin and thiazolidinedione antidiabetic medications. It has therefore been proposed both as a putative agent in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes and as a valid target for therapeutic intervention. Thus, the genes that encode the various AMPK subunits are intriguing candidates for the inherited basis of type 2 diabetes. We therefore set out to test for the association of common variants in the genes that encode three selected AMPK subunits with type 2 diabetes and related phenotypes. Of the seven genes that encode AMPK isoforms, we initially chose PRKAA2, PRKAB1, and PRKAB2 because of their higher prior probability of association with type 2 diabetes, based on previous reports of genetic linkage, functional molecular studies, expression patterns, and pharmacological evidence. We determined their haplotype structure, selected a subset of tag single nucleotide polymorphisms that comprehensively capture the extent of common genetic variation in these genes, and genotyped them in family-based and case/control samples comprising 4,206 individuals. Analysis of single-marker and multi-marker tests revealed no association with type 2 diabetes, fasting plasma glucose, or insulin sensitivity. Several nominal associations of variants in PRKAA2 and PRKAB1 with BMI appear to be consistent with statistical noise.
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  • Resultat 11-20 av 23
  • Föregående 1[2]3Nästa

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