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Sökning: WFRF:(Jakob Robert) > (2020-2022)

  • Resultat 31-34 av 34
  • Föregående 123[4]
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  • Wallgren, Jakob, 1987-, et al. (författare)
  • Structure elucidation of urinary metabolites of fentanyl and five fentanyl analogues using LC-QTOF-MS, hepatocyte incubations and synthesized reference standards
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Analytical Toxicology. - : Oxford University Press. - 0146-4760 .- 1945-2403. ; 44:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fentanyl analogues constitute a particularly dangerous group of new psychoactive compounds responsible for many deaths around the world. Little is known about their metabolism and studies utilizing LC-QTOF-MS analysis of hepatocyte incubations and/or authentic urine samples does not allow for determination of the exact metabolite structures, especially when it comes to hydroxylated metabolites. In this study seven motifs (2-, 3-, 4- and β-OH as well as 3,4-diOH, 4-OH-3-OMe and 3-OH-4-OMe) of fentanyl and five fentanyl analogues, acetylfentanyl, acrylfentanyl, cyclopropylfentanyl, isobutyrylfentanyl and 4F-isobutyrylfentanyl were synthesized. The reference standards were analyzed by LC-QTOF-MS, which enabled identification of the major metabolites formed in hepatocyte incubations of the studied fentanyls. By comparison with our previous data sets, major urinary metabolites could tentatively be identified. For all analogues, β-OH, 4-OH and 4-OH-3-OMe were identified after hepatocyte incubation. β-OH was the major hydroxylated metabolite for all studied fentanyls, except for acetylfentanyl where 4-OH was more abundant. However, the ratio 4-OH/β-OH was higher in urine samples than in hepatocyte incubations for all studied fentanyls. Also, 3-OH-4-OMe was not detected in any hepatocyte samples, indicating a clear preference for the 4-OH-3-OMe, which was also found to be more abundant in urine compared to hepatocytes. The patterns appear to be consistent across all studied fentanyls and could serve as a starting point in the development of methods and synthesis of reference standards of novel fentanyl analogues where nothing is known about the metabolism.
  • Wang, Shih-Hao, et al. (författare)
  • TAROGE-M : radio antenna array on antarctic high mountain for detecting near-horizontal ultra-high energy air showers
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. - : IOP Publishing Ltd. - 1475-7516. ; :11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The TAROGE-M radio observatory is a self-triggered antenna array on top of the similar to 2700m high Mt. Melbourne in Antarctica, designed to detect impulsive geomagnetic emission from extensive air showers induced by ultra-high energy (UHE) particles beyond 1017 eV, including cosmic rays, Earth-skimming tau neutrinos, and particularly, the "ANITA anomalous events" (AAE) from near and below the horizon. The six AAE discovered by the ANITA experiment have signal features similar to tau neutrinos but that hypothesis is in tension either with the interaction length predicted by Standard Model or with the flux limits set by other experiments. Their origin remains uncertain, requiring more experimental inputs for clarification. The detection concept of TAROGE-M takes advantage of a high altitude with synoptic view toward the horizon as an efficient signal collector, and the radio quietness as well as strong and near vertical geomagnetic field in Antarctica, enhancing the relative radio signal strength. This approach has a low energy threshold, high duty cycle, and is easy to extend for quickly enlarging statistics. Here we report experimental results from the first TAROGEM station deployed in January 2020, corresponding to approximately one month of livetime. The station consists of six receiving antennas operating at 180-450 MHz, and can reconstruct source directions of impulsive events with an angular resolution of similar to 0.3 ffi, calibrated in situ with a drone-borne pulser system. To demonstrate TAROGE-M's ability to detect UHE air showers, a search for cosmic ray signals in 25.3-days of data together with the detection simulation were conducted, resulting in seven identified candidates. The detected events have a mean reconstructed energy of 0.95+0.46 -0.31 EeV and zenith angles ranging from 25 ffi to 82 ffi, with both distributions agreeing with the simulations, indicating an energy threshold at about 0.3 EeV. The estimated cosmic ray flux at that energy is 1.2+0.7 -0.9x10(-16) eV(-1) km(-2) yr(-1) sr(-1), also consistent with results of other experiments. The TAROGE-M sensitivity to AAEs is approximated by the tau neutrino exposure with simulations, which suggests comparable sensitivity as ANITA's at around 1 EeV energy with a few station-years of operation. These first results verified the station design and performance in a polar and high-altitude environment, and are promising for further discovery of tau neutrinos and AAEs after an extension in the near future.
  • Wikström, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Sediment Remediation with New Composite Sorbent Amendments to Sequester Phosphorus, Organic Contaminants, and Metals
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Environmental Science and Technology. - : American Chemical Society (ACS). - 0013-936X .- 1520-5851. ; 55:17, s. 11937-11947
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study tested two sediment amendments with active sorbents: injection of aluminum (Al) into sediments and thin-layer capping with Polonite (calcium-silicate), with and without the addition of activated carbon (AC), for their simultaneous sequestration of sediment phosphorus (P), hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs), and metals. Sediment cores were collected from a eutrophic and polluted brackish water bay in Sweden and incubated in the laboratory to measure sediment-to-water contaminant release and effects on biogeochemical processes. We used diffusive gradients in thin-film passive samplers for metals and semi-permeable membrane devices for the HOC polychlorinated biphenyls and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Al injection into anoxic sediments completely stopped the release of P and reduced the release of cadmium (Cd, -97%) and zinc (Zn, -95%) but increased the sediment fluxes of PAH (+49%), compared to the untreated sediment. Polonite mixed with AC reduced the release of P (-70%), Cd (-67%), and Zn (-89%) but increased methane (CH4) release. Adding AC to the Al or Polonite reduced the release of HOCs by 40% in both treatments. These results not only demonstrate the potential of innovative remediation techniques using composite sorbent amendments but also highlight the need to assess possible ecological side effects on, for example, sedimentary microbial processes.
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  • Föregående 123[4]
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