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541.
  • Wibom, Carl, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Vandetanib alters the protein pattern in malignant glioma and normal brain in the BT4C rat glioma model
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 37:4, s. 879-890
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The treatment of glioblastoma is unsatisfactory. Improved understanding of the biological effects of treatment, together with development of new tools to predict outcome of the initiated treatment are therefore of great need. Vandetanib (ZD6474) is mainly a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. This study investigated the pattern of protein expression in brain tumor and normal brain tissue, following treatment with vandetanib in a rat glioma model. BT4C-cells were stereotactically implanted into the brain of BD IX rats. The rats were divided into three different experiments. The treatment schedule for experiments one and two consisted of daily, oral doses of vandetanib from day 6 until day 12 or 20 after implantation, respectively. In the third experiment, each animal received a single dose of vandetanib on day 19 after implantation and was then sacrificed 2, 8 or 24 h thereafter. The protein expression profiles were analyzed by SELDI-TOF-MS and evaluated with multivariate statistical methods. Following treatment with vandetanib, we found significantly altered protein expression pattern in malignant glioma and normal brain. Analyzing protein spectra is an interesting option to assess biological effects induced in brain tissue by signal transduction inhibitors such as vandetanib.
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542.
  • Woltmann, Andrea, et al. (författare)
  • Systematic pathway enrichment analysis of a genome-wide association study on breast cancer survival reveals an influence of genes involved in cell adhesion and calcium signaling on the patients' clinical outcome.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 9:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) may help to understand the effects of genetic polymorphisms on breast cancer (BC) progression and survival. However, they give only a focused view, which cannot capture the tremendous complexity of this disease. Therefore, we investigated data from a previously conducted GWAS on BC survival for enriched pathways by different enrichment analysis tools using the two main annotation databases Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). The goal was to identify the functional categories (GO terms and KEGG pathways) that are consistently overrepresented in a statistically significant way in the list of genes generated from the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data. The SNPs with allelic p-value cut-offs 0.005 and 0.01 were annotated to the genes by excluding or including a 20 kb up-and down-stream sequence of the genes and analyzed by six different tools. We identified eleven consistently enriched categories, the most significant ones relating to cell adhesion and calcium ion binding. Moreover, we investigated the similarity between our GWAS and the enrichment analyses of twelve published gene expression signatures for breast cancer prognosis. Five of them were commonly used and commercially available, five were based on different aspects of metastasis formation and two were developed from meta-analyses of published prognostic signatures. This comparison revealed similarities between our GWAS data and the general and the specific brain metastasis gene signatures as well as the Oncotype DX signature. As metastasis formation is a strong indicator of a patient's prognosis, this result reflects the survival aspect of the conducted GWAS and supports cell adhesion and calcium signaling as important pathways in cancer progression.
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543.
  • Wu, Wendy Yi-Ying, et al. (författare)
  • The Genetic Architecture of Gliomagenesis-Genetic Risk Variants Linked to Specific Molecular Subtypes
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Cancers. - : MDPI. - 2072-6694. ; 11:12
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies have identified 25 germline genetic loci that increase the risk of glioma. The somatic tumor molecular alterations, including IDH-mutation status and 1p/19q co-deletion, have been included into the WHO 2016 classification system for glioma. To investigate how the germline genetic risk variants correlate with the somatic molecular subtypes put forward by WHO, we performed a meta-analysis that combined findings from 330 Swedish cases and 876 controls with two other recent studies. In total, 5,103 cases and 10,915 controls were included. Three categories of associations were found. First, variants in TERT and TP53 were associated with increased risk of all glioma subtypes. Second, variants in CDKN2B-AS1, EGFR, and RTEL1 were associated with IDH-wildtype glioma. Third, variants in CCDC26 (the 8q24 locus), C2orf80 (close to IDH), LRIG1, PHLDB1, ETFA, MAML2 and ZBTB16 were associated with IDH-mutant glioma. We therefore propose three etiopathological pathways in gliomagenesis based on germline variants for future guidance of diagnosis and potential functional targets for therapies. Future prospective clinical trials of patients with suspicion of glioma diagnoses, using the genetic variants as biomarkers, are necessary to disentangle how strongly they can predict glioma diagnosis.
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544.
  • Wuttge, Dirk, et al. (författare)
  • CD81 and CD48 show different expression on blood eosinophils in systemic sclerosis: new markers for disease and pulmonary inflammation?
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1502-7732. ; 45:2, s. 107-113
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In systemic sclerosis (SSc)-related interstitial lung disease (ILD), elevated eosinophil counts in bronchoalveolar lavage are associated with a worse outcome. We hypothesized that eosinophils may be activated in the peripheral circulation, thereby increasing their recruitment to affected tissues and contributing to inflammation and fibrosis. The aim of this study was to characterize the blood eosinophils in SSc patients.
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545.
  • Zamora-Ros, Raul, et al. (författare)
  • Dietary flavonoid and lignan intake and gastric adenocarcinoma risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. - : Oxford University Press. - 1938-3207 .- 0002-9165. ; 96:6, s. 1398-1408
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Several experimental studies have suggested potential anticarcinogenic effects of flavonoids, although epidemiologic evidence for the impact of dietary flavonoids on risk of gastric cancer (GC) is limited. Objective: We investigated the association between intake of dietary flavonoids and lignans and incident GC. Design: The study followed 477,312 subjects (29.8% men) aged 35-70 y from 10 European countries who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Validated dietary questionnaires and lifestyle information were collected at baseline. A food-composition database on flavonoids and lignans was compiled by using data from USDA and Phenol-Explorer databases. Results: During an average follow-up of 11 y, 683 incident GC cases (57.8% men) were mostly validated by a panel of pathologists and used in this analysis. We observed a significant inverse association between total flavonoid intake and GC risk in women (HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.70, 0.94; for the continuous variable after log2 transformation) but not in men (HR: 0.97; 95% CI: 0.85, 1.09). in women, significant inverse associations with GC risk were also observed for intakes of some flavonoid subgroups (anthocyanidins, flavonols, flavones, and flavanols), particularly with intestinal type tumors for total flavonoid and flavanol intakes (P-heterogeneity < 0.1). After stratification by smoking status and sex, there was no significant heterogeneity in these associations between ever- and never-smokers. Conclusion: Total dietary flavonoid intake is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of GC in women. Am J Clin Nutr 2012;96:1398-408.
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546.
  • Åhlund, Christer, et al. (författare)
  • Project: Sense Smart City
  • 2010
  • Annan publikation (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • Sense Smart City is a Swedish project designed to conduct research, create new business opportunities and sustainably increase ICT research and innovation capability with specific objective to make urban cities/areas "smarter". The project will generate new and better ICT solutions, that instrument urban areas to gather and combine information (energy, traffic, weather, events, activities, needs and oppinions) continously as well as "on-demand". This will enable city environments to become "smarter", as more adaptive and supportive environment, for its inhabitants and visitors - people as well as organisations.
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547.
  • Åklint, Thorbjörn, et al. (författare)
  • Magnetic Properties of deposited iron clusters produced in a high yield laser vaporization source
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Applied Organometallic Chemistry. ; 12, s. 479-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Clusters of iron produced in a laser vaporization source have been characterized with time-of-flight spectra and deposited on different substrates for production of films of varying thickness. The magnetic properties of these films with thicknesses of 60 and 120 nm were investigated using an alternating gradient magnetometer. The films exhibit mono-domain behavior from a broad size distribution which has been confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Films were also investigated by Mössbauer spectroscopy, which showed fast relaxation in the particles at room temperature.
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548.
  • Öhrman, Olov G. W., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of trace compounds generated by pressurized oxygen blown entrained flow biomass gasification
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy. ; , s. 699-705
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Trace compounds were measured in synthesis gas and waste water from a pilot scale pressurized entrained flow oxygen blown biomass gasifier. The feedstock used was milled soft stem wood powder. Gaseous trace compounds were analyzed by gas chromatography. Up to 20 ppm of hydrogen sulfide was observed in the cold synthesis gas and the concentration seemed to be independent of the oxygen equivalence ratio (ER). Benzene varied from 30 to 1100 ppm, strongly depended on the ER and correlated well with the methane concentration. The concentrations of acetylene and ethylene increased as the ER was reduced and could have acted as precursors for the observed soot particles which were characterized using thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy. Common polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from high temperature biomass gasification such as pyrene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, and naphthalene were observed in low concentrations in the soot, in the cold synthesis gas and also in the waste water from the quench. Inorganic elements from the feedstock were observed in the waste water. Comparisons were also made with previous results from a black liquor gasifier.
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