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Sökning: WFRF:(Kassem L.)

  • Resultat 21-23 av 23
  • Föregående 12[3]
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  • Tobias, Joshua, 1969, et al. (författare)
  • Involvement of main diarrheagenic Escherichia coli, with emphasis on enteroaggregative E. coli, in severe non-epidemic pediatric diarrhea in a high-income country
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Bmc Infectious Diseases. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 1471-2334. ; 15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Bacterial and viral enteric pathogens are the leading cause of diarrhea in infants and children. We aimed to identify and characterize the main human diarrheagenic E. coli (DEC) in stool samples obtained from children less than 5 years of age, hospitalized for acute gastroenteritis in Israel, and to examine the hypothesis that co-infection with DEC and other enteropathogens is associated with the severity of symptoms. Methods: Stool specimens obtained from 307 patients were tested by multiplex PCR (mPCR) to identify enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), enterohemorrhagic (EHEC), enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) and enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC). Specimens were also examined for the presence of rotavirus by immunochromatography, and of Shigella, Salmonella and Campylobacter by stool culture; clinical information was also obtained. Results: Fifty nine (19%) children tested positive for DEC; EAEC and atypical EPEC were most common, each detected in 27 (46%), followed by ETEC (n = 3; 5%), EHEC and typical EPEC (each in 1 child; 1.5%). Most EAEC isolates were resistant to cephalexin, cefixime, cephalothin and ampicillin, and genotypic characterization of EAEC isolates by O-typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis showed possible clonal relatedness among some. The likelihood of having > 10 loose/watery stools on the most severe day of illness was significantly increased among patients with EAEC and rotavirus co-infection compared to children who tested negative for both pathogens: adjusted odds ratio 7.0 (95% CI 1.45-33.71, P = 0.015). Conclusion: DEC was common in this pediatric population, in a high-income country, and mixed EAEC and rotavirus infection was characterized by especially severe diarrhea.
  • Villablanca, A, et al. (författare)
  • Involvement of the MEN1 gene locus in familial isolated hyperparathyroidism
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0804-4643 .- 1479-683X. ; 147:3, s. 313-322
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Familial isolated hyperparathyroidism (FIHP) is a hereditary disorder characterised by uni- or multiglandular parathyroid disease. A subset of families are likely to be genetic variants of other familial tumour syndromes in which PHPT is the main feature, for example multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) and the hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumour syndrome (HPT-JT). OBJECTIVE: To investigate seven families diagnosed with FIHP, each with two to eight affected family members, to clarify the underlying genetic mechanism. METHODS: The entire MEN1 gene was sequenced for germline mutations and, in addition, tumour specimens were analysed in comparative genomic hybridisation and loss of heterozygosity studies. RESULTS: Two families exhibited MEN1 mutations, L112V and 1658delG, which were associated with loss of the wild-type 11q13 alleles in all tumours analysed. In the remaining five families, no MEN1 mutation was identified. CONCLUSION: These results support the involvement of the MEN1 tumour suppressor gene in the pathogenesis of some of the FIHP kindreds. However, loss on chromosome 11 was seen in all tumours exhibiting somatic deletions, although in two families the tumour deletions involved 11q distal to MEN1. We conclude that the altered MEN1 gene function is of importance in the development of FIHP.
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  • Resultat 21-23 av 23
  • Föregående 12[3]

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