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Sökning: WFRF:(Lindholm Daniel P)

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  • Fukaya, Eri, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical and Genetic Determinants of Varicose Veins Prospective, Community-Based Study of approximate to 500 000 Individuals
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Circulation. - 0009-7322 .- 1524-4539. ; 138:25, s. 2869-2880
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Varicose veins are a common problem with no approved medical therapies. Although it is believed that varicose vein pathogenesis is multifactorial, there is limited understanding of the genetic and environmental factors that contribute to their formation. Large-scale studies of risk factors for varicose veins may highlight important aspects of pathophysiology and identify groups at increased risk for disease. METHODS: We applied machine learning to agnostically search for risk factors of varicose veins in 493 519 individuals in the UK Biobank. Predictors were further studied with univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses (2441 incident events). A genome-wide association study of varicose veins was also performed among 337 536 unrelated individuals (9577 cases) of white British descent, followed by expression quantitative loci and pathway analyses. Because height emerged as a new candidate risk factor, we performed mendelian randomization analyses to assess a potential causal role for height in varicose vein development. RESULTS: Machine learning confirmed several known (age, sex, obesity, pregnancy, history of deep vein thrombosis) and identified several new risk factors for varicose vein disease, including height. After adjustment for traditional risk factors in Cox regression, greater height remained independently associated with varicose veins (hazard ratio for upper versus lower quartile, 1.74; 95% Cl, 1.51-2.01; P<0.0001). A genomewide association study identified 30 new genome-wide significant loci, identifying pathways involved in vascular development and skeletal/ limb biology. Mendelian randomization analysis provided evidence that increased height is causally related to varicose veins (inverse -variance weighted: odds ratio, 1.26; P=2.07x10(-16)). CONCLUSIONS: Using data from nearly a half -million individuals, we present a comprehensive genetic and epidemiological study of varicose veins. We identified novel clinical and genetic risk factors that provide pathophysiological insights and could help future improvements of treatment of varicose vein disease.
  • Hansen, Tomas, et al. (författare)
  • Normal radiological lymph node appearance in the thorax
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Diseases of the esophagus. - : OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC. - 1120-8694 .- 1442-2050. ; 32:10, s. 1-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Modern treatment of esophageal cancer is multimodal and highly dependent on a detailed diagnostic assessment of clinical stage, which includes nodal stage. Clinical appraisal of nodal stage is highly dependent on knowledge of normal radiological appearance, information of which is scarce. We aimed to describe lymph node appearance on computed tomography (CT) investigations in a randomly selected cohort of healthy subjects. In a sample of the Swedish Cardiopulmonary bioimage study, which investigates a sample of the Swedish population aged 50-64 years, the CT scans of 426 subjects were studied in detail concerning intrathoracic node stations relevant in clinical staging of esophageal cancer. With stratification for sex, the short axis of visible lymph nodes was measured and the distribution of lymph node sizes was calculated as well as proportion of patients with visible nodes above 5 and 10 millimeters for each station. Probability of having any lymph node station above 5 and 10 millimeters was calculated with a logistic regression model adjusted for age and sex. In the 214 men (aged: 57.3 +/- 4.1 years) and 212 women (aged: 57.8 +/- 4.4 years) included in this study, a total of 309 (72.5%) had a lymph node with a short axis of 5 mm or above was seen in at least one of the node stations investigated. When using 10 mm as a cutoff, nodes were visible in 29 (6.81%) of the subjects. Men had higher odds of having any lymph node with short axis 5 mm or above (OR 3.03 95% CI 1.89-4.85, P < 0.001) as well as 10 mm or above (OR 2.31 95% CI 1.02-5.23, P = 0.044) compared to women. Higher age was not associated with propensity for lymph nodes above 5 or 10 millimeters in this sample. We conclude that, in a randomly selected cohort of patients between 50 and 64 years, almost 10% of the men and 4% of the women had lymph nodes above 10 millimeters, most frequently in the subcarinal station (station 107). More than half of the patients had nodes above 5 millimeters on CT and men were much more prone to have this finding. The probability of finding lymph nodes in specific stations relevant of esophageal cancer is now described.
  • Jernberg, Tomas, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of ischaemic heart disease severity and age on risk of cardiovascular outcome in diabetes patients in Sweden : A nationwide observational study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: BMJ Open. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 2044-6055. ; 9:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives To compare short-term cardiovascular (CV) outcome in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients without ischaemic heart disease (IHD), with IHD but no prior myocardial infarction (MI), and those with prior MI; and assess the impact on risk of age when initiating first-time glucose-lowering drug (GLD). Design Cohort study linking morbidity, mortality and medication data from Swedish national registries. Participants First-time users of GLD during 2007-2016. Outcomes Predicted cumulative incidence for the CV outcome (MI, stroke and CV mortality) was estimated. A Cox model was developed where age at GLD start and CV risk was modelled. Results 260 070 first-time GLD users were included, 221 226 (85%) had no IHD, 16 294 (6%) had stable IHD-prior MI and 22 550 (9%) had IHD+MI. T2D patients without IHD had a lower risk of CV outcome compared with the IHD populations (±prior MI), (3-year incidence 4.78% vs 5.85% and 8.04%). The difference in CV outcome was primarily driven by a relative greater MI risk among the IHD patients. For T2D patients without IHD, an almost linear association between age at start of GLD and relative risk was observed, whereas in IHD patients, the younger (<60 years) patients had a relative greater risk compared with older patients. Conclusions T2D patients without IHD had a lower risk of the CV outcome compared with the T2D populations with IHD, primarily driven by a greater risk of MI. For T2D patients without IHD, an almost linear association between age at start of GLD and relative risk was observed, whereas in IHD patients, the younger patients had a relative greater risk compared with older patients. Our findings suggest that intense risk prevention should be the key strategy in the management of T2D patients, especially for younger patients.
  • Lindholm, Daniel, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Biomarker-Based Risk Model to Predict Cardiovascular Mortality in Patients With Stable Coronary Disease
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - : Elsevier. - 0735-1097 .- 1558-3597. ; 70:7, s. 813-826
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Currently, there is no generally accepted model to predict outcomes in stable coronary heart disease (CHD).Objectives This study evaluated and compared the prognostic value of biomarkers and clinical variables to develop a biomarker-based prediction model in patients with stable CHD.Methods In a prospective, randomized trial cohort of 13,164 patients with stable CHD, we analyzed several candidate biomarkers and clinical variables and used multivariable Cox regression to develop a clinical prediction model based on the most important markers. The primary outcome was cardiovascular (CV) death, but model performance was also explored for other key outcomes. It was internally bootstrap validated, and externally validated in 1,547 patients in another study.Results During a median follow-up of 3.7 years, there were 591 cases of CV death. The 3 most important biomarkers were N-terminal pro–B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, where NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT had greater prognostic value than any other biomarker or clinical variable. The final prediction model included age (A), biomarkers (B) (NT-proBNP, hs-cTnT, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), and clinical variables (C) (smoking, diabetes mellitus, and peripheral arterial disease). This “ABC-CHD” model had high discriminatory ability for CV death (c-index 0.81 in derivation cohort, 0.78 in validation cohort), with adequate calibration in both cohorts.Conclusions This model provided a robust tool for the prediction of CV death in patients with stable CHD. As it is based on a small number of readily available biomarkers and clinical factors, it can be widely employed to complement clinical assessment and guide management based on CV risk. (The Stabilization of Atherosclerotic Plaque by Initiation of Darapladib Therapy Trial [STABILITY]; NCT00799903)
  • Lindholm, Daniel P, et al. (författare)
  • Biomarkers and molecular imaging in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Hormone and Metabolic Research. - : Georg Thieme Verlag KG. - 0018-5043 .- 1439-4286. ; 43:12, s. 832-837
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuroendocrine gastrointestinal and pancreatic tumors (GEP-NETs) are a heterogenous group of cancers with various clinical expressions. All tumors produce and secret various amines and peptides, which can be used as tissue and circulating markers. Chromogranin A (CgA) is a general tumor marker stored in secretory granules within the tumor cell and released upon stimulation. CgA is the best general tumor marker at the moment, expressed in 80-90% in all patients with GEP-NETs. CgA and NSE are used as tissue markers for the delineation of the neuroendocrine features of the tumors, but recently also the proliferation marker Ki-67 has been included in the standard procedure for evaluation of the proliferation. GEP-NETs are classified into well differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (Ki-67<2%), well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (Ki-67 2-20%), poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (Ki-67>20%). The molecular imaging of NETs is based on the ability of these tumor cells to express somatostatin receptors as well as the APUD features. Octreoscan has been applied for imaging and staging of the disease for more than 2 decades and will nowadays be replaced by 68Ga-DOTA-Octreotate, with higher specificity and sensitivity. 18Fluoro-DOPA and 11C-5HTP are specific tracers for NETs with high specificity and selectivity. A new potential biomarker is auto-antibodies to paraneoplastic antigen MA2, which might indicate early recurrence of carcinoids after surgery with a curative intent. Circulating tumor cells (CTC) have been applied in GEP-NETs quite recently. There is still an unmet need for new markers.
  • Lindholm, Daniel P, et al. (författare)
  • Response to temozolomide and bevacizumab in a patient with poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Medical Oncology. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 1357-0560 .- 1559-131X. ; 29:1, s. 301-303
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Poorly differentiated endocrine carcinomas (PDEC) are usually treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy regimens. We here present a case with a dramatic response (both radiologically and biochemically) to the combination of temozolomide and bevacizumab, after failure of cisplatin and etoposide, with continued tumor shrinkage at 5 months. Temozolomide combined with bevacizumab might be a good treatment option in PDEC, perhaps even in a first-line setting. Prospective studies to answer this are warranted.
  • Lindholm, Daniel, et al. (författare)
  • Ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome with or without revascularization : results from the PLATO trial
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 35:31, s. 2083-2093
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims The optimal platelet inhibition strategy for ACS patients managed without revascularization is unknown. We aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel in the non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) subgroup of the PLATO trial, in the total cohort, and in the subgroups managed with and without revascularization within 10 days of randomization. Methods and results We performed a retrospective analysis of the primary endpoint of cardiovascular death/myocardial infarction/stroke. Among 18 624 PLATO patients, 11 080 (59%) were categorized as NSTE-ACS at randomization. During the initial 10 days, 74% had angiography, 46% PCI, and 5% CABG. In NSTE-ACS patients, the primary endpoint was reduced with ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel [10.0 vs. 12.3%; hazard ratio (HR) 0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.74-0.93], as was myocardial infarction (6.6 vs. 7.7%; HR 0.86; 95% CI = 0.74-0.99), cardiovascular death (3.7 vs. 4.9%; HR 0.77; 95% CI = 0.64-0.93), and all-cause death (4.3 vs. 5.8%; HR 0.76; 95% CI = 0.64-0.90). Major bleeding rate was similar between treatment groups (13.4 vs. 12.6%; HR 1.07; 95% CI = 0.95-1.19), but ticagrelor was associated with an increase in non-CABG major bleeding (4.8 vs. 3.8%; HR 1.28; 95% CI = 1.05-1.56). Within the first 10 days, 5366 (48.4%) patients were managed without revascularization. Regardless of revascularization or not, ticagrelor consistently reduced the primary outcome (HR 0.86 vs. 0.85, interaction P = 0.93), and all-cause death (HR 0.75 vs. 0.73, interaction P = 0.89) with no significant increase in overall major bleeding. Conclusion In patients with NSTE-ACS, benefit of ticagrelor over clopidogrel in reducing ischaemic events and total mortality was consistent with the overall PLATO trial, independent of actually performed revascularization during the initial 10 days.
  • Novak, Daniel P, et al. (författare)
  • A Swedish cost-effectiveness analysis of community-based Chlamydia trachomatis PCR testing of postal urine specimens obtained at home.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. - : SAGE Publications. - 1403-4948 .- 1651-1905. ; 32:5, s. 324-332
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: A study was undertaken to assess the cost-effectiveness of identifying and treating asymptomatic carriers of Chlamydia trachomatis when using community-based testing of urine specimens obtained at home and mailed to a central laboratory. Methods: A total of 100 males and 100 females aged 20 - 24 living in Umeå were randomly sampled from the population registry. A societal cost-effective analysis was carried out, based on screening and medical care costs in Sweden. Results: With a participation rate of 55% (45% males and 65% females), the female screening became cost-saving as the C. trachomatis prevalence exceeded 5.1%, and the male screening became cost-saving with over 12.3% prevalence. Conclusion: Postal screening for C. trachomatis in an asymptomatic young population can be cost-effective only at prevalences higher than at present.
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  • Resultat 11-20 av 22
  • Föregående 1[2]3Nästa

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