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Sökning: WFRF:(Malmstrom Per Uno)

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11.
  • Jahnson, Staffan, et al. (författare)
  • Urinary diversion after cystectomy for bladder cancer: A population-based study in Sweden
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0036-5599 .- 1651-2065. ; 44:2, s. 69-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. To investigate the type of urinary diversion performed after cystectomy in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer in Sweden, using data from a population-based national register. Material and methods. Since 1997, the Swedish Bladder Cancer Register has included more than 90% of all patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer. The different types of urinary diversion performed in 1997-2003 were analysed, comparing non-continent diversion (ileal conduit) with continent reconstruction (bladder substitution or continent cutaneous diversion). Results. During the study period, 3463 patients were registered with clinical T2-T4 non-metastatic bladder cancer. Cystectomy was performed in 1141 patients with ileal conduit in 732 (64%) and continent reconstruction in 409 (36%). Ileal conduit was used more frequently in females than males (p = 0.019), in patients older than 75 years (p < 0.00001), and in those with less favourable TNM classification. Continent reconstruction was done more often at university hospitals than at county hospitals (p < 0.00001), but rarely in the northern and western healthcare regions compared with other regions (p < 0.00001). Nationwide, the proportion of registered continent reconstructions decreased, although the absolute number was relatively stable (50-60 per year). Conclusions. Continent reconstruction after cystectomy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer is performed more often in some healthcare regions and in patients at university hospitals than in county hospitals, indicating a substantial provider influence on the choice of urinary diversion. Over time, the proportion of these procedures has decreased, while the absolute number has remained low and stable; therefore, concentration in high-volume hospitals specialized in bladder cancer and continent reconstruction seems appropriate.
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12.
  • Jerlstrom, Tomas, et al. (författare)
  • Urinary bladder cancer treated with radical cystectomy: Perioperative parameters and early complications prospectively registered in a national population-based database
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology. - London : Taylor & Francis. - 2168-1813 .- 2168-1805. ; 48:4, s. 334-340
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. Cystectomy combined with pelvic lymph-node dissection and urinary diversion entails high morbidity and mortality. Improvements are needed, and a first step is to collect information on the current situation. In 2011, this group took the initiative to start a population-based database in Sweden (population 9.5 million in 2011) with prospective registration of patients and complications until 90 days after cystectomy. This article reports findings from the first year of registration. Material and methods. Participation was voluntary, and data were reported by local urologists or research nurses. Perioperative parameters and early complications classified according to the modified Clavien system were registered, and selected variables of possible importance for complications were analysed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Results. During 2011, 285 (65%) of 435 cystectomies performed in Sweden were registered in the database, the majority reported by the seven academic centres. Median blood loss was 1000 ml, operating time 318 min, and length of hospital stay 15 days. Any complications were registered for 103 patients (36%). Clavien grades 1-2 and 3-5 were noted in 19% and 15%, respectively. Thirty-seven patients (13%) were reoperated on at least once. In logistic regression analysis elevated risk of complications was significantly associated with operating time exceeding 318 min in both univariate and multivariate analysis, and with age 76-89 years only in multivariate analysis. Conclusions. It was feasible to start a national population-based registry of radical cystectomies for bladder cancer. The evaluation of the first year shows an increased risk of complications in patients with longer operating time and higher age. The results agree with some previously published series but should be interpreted with caution considering the relatively low coverage, which is expected to be higher in the future.
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13.
  • Kaasinen, Eero, et al. (författare)
  • Seventeen-year follow-up of the prospective randomized Nordic CIS study: BCG monotherapy versus alternating therapy with mitomycin C and BCG in patients with carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian journal of urology. - : TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. - 2168-1805 .- 2168-1813. ; 50:5, s. 360-368
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the long-term efficacy of BCG monotherapy to alternating therapy of mitomycin C (MMC) and BCG in patients with carcinoma in situ (CIS). Materials and methods: Between 1992 and 1997, 321 patients with CIS were randomized from Finland, Norway and Sweden in a prospective multicenter trial into two treatment groups. The alternating therapy comprised six weekly instillations of MMC 40 mg followed by 10 instillations of BCG (Connaught 120 mg) or MMC alternating monthly for 1 year. BCG monotherapy followed the same 6 + 10 schedule. Stratification was done by nationality and CIS category. Primary endpoints were time to first recurrence and time to progression. Secondary endpoints were disease-specific mortality and overall survival. The main statistical methods were the proportional subdistribution hazards model and Cox proportional hazards model with the cumulative incidence and Kaplan-Meier analyses. Results: The median follow-up time was 9.9 years (maximum 19.9 years) in the BCG group and 8.9 years (maximum 20.3 years) in the alternating group. The risk of recurrence was significantly lower in the BCG group than in the alternating group (49 vs 59% at 15 years, respectively; hazard ratio 0.74, 95% confidence interval 0.54-1.00, p = 0.048). There were no significant differences in the other endpoints. Patients who progressed after 2 years were particularly prone to dying from bladder carcinoma. Younger patients performed worse than older ones. Conclusions: BCG monotherapy including monthly maintenance was effective and better than the alternating therapy. The risk of dying from bladder carcinoma after progression was high.
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14.
  • Kerzeli, Iliana Kyriaki, et al. (författare)
  • The immunological landscape in bladder cancer: a single cell RNA seq analysis of tumor bearing mouse bladders with a focus on sex differences
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In urothelial bladder cancer differences in clinical outcomes and responses to immunotherapy associate with tumor stage and sex. However, the tumor microenvironment landscape in urothelial cancer and its contexture in different stages and sexes is not fully deciphered. We utilized an autochthonous urothelial cancer model sampled at the non-muscle and muscle invasive stage from both sexes. Single cell RNA sequencing was applied to analyze intercellular interactions and sex differences in the two stages with focus on immune cell subsets. We discerned the Cd6-Alcam interaction to occur between lymphoid, tumor and myeloid cells and that female tumor bearing bladders were enriched in cells of lymphoid lineage compared to males, although male lymphoid cells were metabolically more active. Furthermore, we identified two subsets of Macrophages, Ccl8+ and Spp1+ that were characteristic for NMIBC and MIBC respectively, however both were found to be more active in immune cell recruitment, activation and cytokine signaling in females than males. Analysis of intercellular interactions of immune cells subsets revealed the role of Lyc6c2+ and Ace+ Monocytes as antigen presenting cells equipped with co-stimulatory receptors, and the Anxa1-Fpr2 immune suppressive axis to be active among tumor cells and subsets of granulocytes, macrophages and monocytes. Collectively our results demonstrate the complexity and sex specific differences of the tumor microenvironment in urothelial cancer using a clinically relevant murine model of progressive disease, and distinguish the Cd6-Alcam and Anxa1-Fpr2 interaction pathways of lymphoid, myeloid and tumor cells as potential targets of immune modulation for cancer therapy.
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15.
  • Liedberg, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term follow-up after radical cystectomy with emphasis on complications and reoperations: A Swedish population-based survey
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. - : Informa Healthcare. - 0036-5599 .- 1651-2065. ; 46:1, s. 14-18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. To evaluate outcome after radical cystectomy for primary bladder cancer in a large population-based material. Material and methods. Between 1997 and 2002 all patients treated with radical cystectomy within 3 months after diagnosis of primary bladder cancer without distant metastasis were retrieved through the Swedish Bladder Cancer Registry. A follow-up questionnaire was distributed to all units where the primary registration of patients was performed. Follow-up data on recurrence date were retrieved from the patient charts and causes of death were obtained from the Swedish Cause of Death Registry until 2003. Results. During the study period radical cystectomy was performed in 39 units in Sweden, of which only five units were considered high-volume hospitals performing 10 or more procedures annually. Mean blood loss was 2300 ml (median 2000 ml) and the 90-day mortality rate was 5.7%. Blood loss was higher in high-volume units than in hospitals with lower hospital volumes, but the 90-day mortality rates were similar. During a median follow-up of 3.5 years, 24% of the patients were submitted to a reoperation. Reoperation rates were significantly higher in patients who received a continent urinary diversion (29%) compared with an ileal conduit (22%, p andlt; 0.015). Conclusions. Radical cystectomy was associated with a reoperation rate of 24% in Sweden during the study period. The reoperation rates were higher in patients receiving a continent cutaneous diversion or bladder substitution. Blood loss was higher in high-volume units; otherwise, surgical volume did not affect mortality rates, cancer-specific survival or reoperation rates.
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16.
  • Lundholm, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • A randomized prospective study comparing long-term intravesical instillations of mitomycin-c and BCG in patients with superficial bladder carcinoma
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Urology. - 0022-5347 .- 1527-3792. ; 156:2, s. 372-376
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: We compared the efficacy and toxicity of long-term mitomycin C versus bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) instillation in patients at high risk for recurrence and progression of superficial bladder carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our randomized comparison study included 261 patients with primary dysplasia, or stage Tis, stage T1, grade 3 and multiple recurrent stage Ta/T1, grade 1 or 2 disease. Mitomycin C (40 mg.) or Pasteur strain BCG (120 mg.) was instilled weekly for 6 weeks, then monthly for up to 1 year and every 3 months during year 2. RESULTS: After a median followup of 39 months 49% of the patients given BCG and 34% given mitomycin C were disease-free (p < 0.03), compared to 48 and 35%, respectively, of those with stage Ta or T1 disease, and 54 and 33%, respectively, of those with dysplasia or stage Tis tumor. Tumor progressed in 13% of patients, with no statistically significant difference observed regarding progression between the mitomycin C and BCG groups. Side effects were more common after BCG instillation, with 5 cases of severe side effects compared to 1 in the mitomycin C group. Treatment was stopped due to toxicity in 10% of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients tolerated long-term intravesical therapy well. BCG instillation was hampered by more frequent side effects. BCG was superior regarding recurrence prophylaxis, since patients given BCG had fewer recurrences and a significantly longer time to treatment failure compared to those treated with mitomycin C. No statistically significant difference was observed regarding progression.
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18.
  • Malmstrom, Per-Uno, et al. (författare)
  • Role of hexaminolevulinate-guided fluorescence cystoscopy in bladder cancer: critical analysis of the latest data and European guidance
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0036-5599 .- 1651-2065. ; 46:2, s. 108-116
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. Hexaminolevulinate (HAL) is an optical imaging agent used with fluorescence cystoscopy (FC) for the detection of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Guidelines from the European Association of Urology (EAU) and a recent, more detailed European expert consensus statement agree that HAL-FC has a role in improving detection of NMIBC and provide recommendations on situations for its use. Since the publication of the EAU guidelines and the European consensus statement, new evidence on the efficacy of HAL-FC in reducing recurrence of NMIBC, compared with white light cystoscopy (WLC), have been published. Material and methods. To consider whether these new trials have an impact on the expert guidelines and on clinical practice (e. g. supporting existing recommendations or providing evidence for a change or expansion of practice), a group of bladder cancer experts from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden met to address the following questions: What is the relevance of the new data on HAL-FC for clinical practice in managing NMIBC? What impact do the new data have on European guidelines? How could HAL-FC be used in clinical practice? and What further information on HAL-FC is required to optimize the management of NMIBC? Results and conclusions. This article reports the outcomes of the discussion at the Nordic expert panel meeting, concluding that, in line with European guidance, HAL-FC has an important role in the initial detection of NMIBC and for follow-up of patients to assess tumour recurrence after WLC. It provides practical advice, with an algorithm on the use of this diagnostic procedure for urologists managing NMIBC.
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  • Resultat 11-20 av 23
  • Föregående 1[2]3Nästa

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