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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Mannervik Bengt) srt2:(1990-1999)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Mannervik Bengt) > (1990-1999)

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11.
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  • Johansson, Ann-Sofie, et al. (författare)
  • Structure-activity relationships and thermal stability of human glutathione transferase P1-1 governed by the H-site residue 105
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology. - 1674-2788 .- 1759-4685. ; 278:3, s. 687-698
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human glutathione transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) is polymorphic in amino acid residue 105, positioned in the substrate binding H-site. To elucidate the role of this residue an extensive characterization of GSTP1-1/Ile105 and GSTP1-1/Val105 was performed. Mutant enzymes with altered volume and hydrophobicity of residue 105, GSTP1-1/Ala105 and GSTP1-1/Trp105, were constructed and included in the study. Steady-state kinetic parameters and specific activities were determined using a panel of electrophilic substrates, with the aim of covering different types of reaction mechanisms. Analysis of the steady-state kinetic parameters indicates that the effect of the substitution of the amino acid in position 105 is highly dependent on substrate used. When 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene was used as substrate a change in the side-chain of residue 105 seemed primarily to cause changes in the KM value, while the kcat value was not distinctively affected. With other substrates, such as 7-chloro-4-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole and ethacrynic acid both kcat and KM values were altered by the substitution of amino acid 105. The constant for formation of the sigma-complex between 1,3, 5-trinitrobenzene and glutathione was shown to be dependent upon the volume of the amino acid in position 105. The nature of the amino acid in position 105 was also shown to affect the thermal stability of the enzyme at 50 degrees C, indicating an important role for this residue in the stabilization of the enzyme. The GSTP1-1/Ile105 variant was approximately two to three times more stable than the Val105 variant as judged by their half-lives. The presence of glutathione in the incubation buffer afforded a threefold increase in the half-lives of the enzymes. Thus, the thermal stability of the enzyme and depending on substrate, both KM values and turnover numbers are influenced by substitutions in position 105 of GSTP1-1.
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16.
  • Kolm, Rüdiger H., et al. (författare)
  • Isothiocyanates as substrates for human glutathione transferases : structure-activity studies
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Biochemical Journal. - 0264-6021 .- 1470-8728. ; 311, s. 453-459
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The catalytic properties of four human glutathione transferases (GSTs), A1-1, M1-1, M4-4 and P1-1, were examined with 14 isothiocyanate (R-NCS) substrates. The compounds include aliphatic and aromatic homologues, some of which are natural constituents of human food, namely sulphoraphane [1-isothiocyanato-4-(methylsulphinyl)butane], erucin [1-isothiocyanato-4-(methylthio)butane], erysolin [1-isothiocyanato-4-(methylsulphonyl)butane], benzyl-NCS, phenethyl-NCS and allyl-NCS. All isothiocyanates investigated were substrates for the four GSTs. The enzymes promote addition of the thiol group of GSH to the electrophilic central carbon of the isothiocyanate group to form dithiocarbamates [R-NH-C(=S)-SG] which have high UV absorption at 274 nm. Molar absorption coefficients and non-enzymic rate constants as well as standardized enzyme assay conditions for all compounds were established. Of the four isoenzymes investigated, GSTs M1-1 and P1-1 were generally the most efficient catalysts, whereas GST M4-4 was the least efficient. Isothiocyanates are among the GST substrates that are most rapidly conjugated. On the basis of rate-enhancement data and binding energies, the isothiocyanates were compared with 4-hydroxyalkenals, another class of natural GST substrates previously subjected to systematic kinetic analysis. The incremental transition-state stabilization attributable to an increased number of methylene groups in homologous alkyl isothiocyanates is similar to that previously noted for homologous 4-hydroxyalkenals.
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  • Segura-Aguilar, Juan, et al. (författare)
  • Human class Mu glutathione transferases, in particular isoenzyme M2-2,catalyze detoxication of the dopamine metabolite aminochrome
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Journal of Biological Chemistry. - 0021-9258 .- 1083-351X. ; 272:9, s. 5727-5731
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human glutathione transferases (GSTs) were shown to catalyze the reductive glutathione conjugation of aminochrome (2, 3-dihydroindole-5,6-dione). The class Mu enzyme GST M2-2 displayed the highest specific activity (148 micromol/min/mg), whereas GSTs A1-1, A2-2, M1-1, M3-3, and P1-1 had markedly lower activities (<1 micromol/min/mg). The product of the conjugation, with a UV spectrum exhibiting absorption peaks at 277 and 295 nm, was 4-S-glutathionyl-5,6-dihydroxyindoline as determined by NMR spectroscopy. In contrast to reduced forms of aminochrome (leucoaminochrome and o-semiquinone), 4-S-glutathionyl-5, 6-dihydroxyindoline was stable in the presence of molecular oxygen, superoxide radicals, and hydrogen peroxide. However, the strongly oxidizing complex of Mn3+ and pyrophosphate oxidizes 4-S-glutathionyl-5,6-dihydroxyindoline to 4-S-glutathionylaminochrome, a new quinone derivative with an absorption peak at 620 nm. GST M2-2 (and to a lower degree, GST M1-1) prevents the formation of reactive oxygen species linked to one-electron reduction of aminochrome catalyzed by NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase. The results suggest that the reductive conjugation of aminochrome catalyzed by GSTs, in particular GST M2-2, is an important cellular antioxidant activity preventing the formation of o-semiquinone and thereby the generation of reactive oxygen species.
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20.
  • Staffas, Louise, et al. (författare)
  • Further characterization of hormonal regulation of glutathione transferase in rat liver and adrenal glands. Sex differences and demonstration that growth hormone regulates the hepatic levels
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: Biochemical Journal. - : Portland Press. - 0264-6021 .- 1470-8728. ; 286 ( Pt 1), s. 65-72
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Immunoblot experiments and reverse-phase h.p.l.c. were used to study the levels of glutathione transferase subunits 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8 in the liver and adrenal of intact and hypophysectomized male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. A sexual dimorphism in the levels of several of these isoenzymes and in their responses to hypophysectomy was demonstrated. In the liver of sham-operated females and males there are differences in glutathione transferase activities and isoenzyme pattern. H.p.l.c. analysis showed higher levels of subunits 1, 3 and 4 in male rats compared with females. In contrast with the pronounced sex differences in sham-operated rats, the isoenzyme patterns of hypophysectomized males and females were very similar. In the adrenal glands, however, a sexual dimorphism became apparent only after hypophysectomy, when the level of subunit 4 was increased 14-fold in the female, whereas the corresponding increase in the male rat was only 2.7-fold. The hepatic pattern of glutathione transferase subunits could be altered by continuous infusion of growth hormone to both sham-operated and hypophysectomized rats of both sexes. This treatment feminized the isoenzyme pattern in sham-operated males and a similar effect was obtained upon treating hypophysectomized rats with thyroxine, cortisone acetate and a continuous infusion of growth hormone.
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  • Resultat 11-20 av 32
  • Föregående 1[2]34Nästa

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