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  • Schmid, C, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term results and GvHD after prophylactic and preemptive donor lymphocyte infusion after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for acute leukemia
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Bone marrow transplantation. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 1476-5365 .- 0268-3369. ; 57:2, s. 215-223
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on 318 patients with acute leukemia, receiving donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) in complete hematologic remission (CHR) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). DLI were applied preemptively (preDLI) for minimal residual disease (MRD, n = 23) or mixed chimerism (MC, n = 169), or as prophylaxis in high-risk patients with complete chimerism and molecular remission (proDLI, n = 126). Median interval from alloSCT to DLI1 was 176 days, median follow-up was 7.0 years. Five-year cumulative relapse incidence (CRI), non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free and overall survival (LFS/OS) of the entire cohort were 29.1%, 12.7%, 58.2%, and 64.3%. Cumulative incidences of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) grade II–IV°/chronic GvHD were 11.9%/31%. Nineteen patients (6%) died from DLI-induced GvHD. Age ≥60 years (p = 0.046), advanced stage at transplantation (p = 0.003), shorter interval from transplantation (p = 0.018), and prior aGvHD ≥II° (p = 0.036) were risk factors for DLI-induced GvHD. GvHD did not influence CRI, but was associated with NRM and lower LFS/OS. Efficacy of preDLI was demonstrated by decreasing MRD/increasing blood counts in 71%, and increasing chimerism in 70%. Five-year OS after preDLI for MRD/MC was 51%/68% among responders, and 37% among non-responders. The study describes response and outcome of DLI in CHR and helps to identify candidates without increased risk of severe GvHD.
  • Baron, F, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of graft-versus-host disease after reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic stem cell transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia: a report from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European group for blood and marrow transplantation
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Leukemia. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0887-6924 .- 1476-5551. ; 26:12, s. 2462-2468
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This report investigated the impact of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) on transplantation outcomes in 1859 acute myeloid leukemia patients given allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells after reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC allo-SCT). Grade I acute GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (hazards ratio (HR) 0.7, P = 0.02) translating into a trend for better overall survival (OS; HR 1.3; P = 0.07). Grade II acute GVHD had no net impact on OS, while grade III-IV acute GVHD was associated with a worse OS (HR 0.4, P andlt; 0.0.001) owing to high risk of nonrelapse mortality (NRM; HR 5.2, P andlt; 0.0001). In time-dependent multivariate Cox analyses, limited chronic GVHD tended to be associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR 0.72; P = 0.07) translating into a better OS (HR 1.8; P andlt; 0.001), while extensive chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR 0.65; P = 0.02) but also with higher NRM (HR 3.5; P andlt; 0.001) and thus had no net impact on OS. In-vivo T-cell depletion with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) or alemtuzumab was successful at preventing extensive chronic GVHD (P andlt; 0.001), but without improving OS for ATG and even with worsening OS for alemtuzumab (HR 0.65; P = 0.001). These results highlight the role of the immune-mediated graft-versus-leukemia effect in the RIC allo-SCT setting, but also the need for improving the prevention and treatment of severe GVHD. Leukemia (2012) 26, 2462-2468; doi: 10.1038/leu.2012.135
  • Baron, F., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of in vivo T-cell depletion on outcome of AML patients in first CR given peripheral blood stem cells and reduced-intensity conditioning allo-SCT from a HLA-identical sibling donor : a report from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Bone Marrow Transplantation. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0268-3369 .- 1476-5365. ; 49:3, s. 389-396
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The impact of in vivo T-cell depletion on transplantation outcomes in patients transplanted with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) remains controversial. This study assessed the outcome of 1250 adult patients with de novo AML in first CR (CR1) given PBSC from HLA-identical siblings after chemotherapy-based RIC. A total of 554 patients did not receive any form of in vivo T-cell depletion (control group), whereas antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and alemtuzumab were given in 444 and 252 patients, respectively. The incidences of grade II-IV acute GVHD were 21.4, 17.6 and 10.2% in control, ATG and alemtuzumab patients, respectively (P less than 0.001). In multivariate analysis, the use of ATG and the use of alemtuzumab were each associated with a lower risk of chronic GVHD (P less than 0.001 each), but a similar risk of relapse, and of nonrelapse mortality, and similar leukemia-free survival and OS. Further, among patients given BU-based RIC, the use of less than 6 mg/kg ATG did not increase the risk of relapse (hazard ratio, HR=1.1), whereas there was a suggestion for higher relapse risk in patients given greater than= 6 mg/kg ATG (HR=1.4, P=0.08). In summary, these data suggest that a certain amount of in vivo T-Cell depletion can be safely used in the conditioning of AML patients in CR1 given PBSC after chemotherapy-based RIC.
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