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  • Baron, F, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of graft-versus-host disease after reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic stem cell transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia: a report from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European group for blood and marrow transplantation
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Leukemia. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0887-6924 .- 1476-5551. ; 26:12, s. 2462-2468
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This report investigated the impact of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) on transplantation outcomes in 1859 acute myeloid leukemia patients given allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells after reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC allo-SCT). Grade I acute GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (hazards ratio (HR) 0.7, P = 0.02) translating into a trend for better overall survival (OS; HR 1.3; P = 0.07). Grade II acute GVHD had no net impact on OS, while grade III-IV acute GVHD was associated with a worse OS (HR 0.4, P andlt; 0.0.001) owing to high risk of nonrelapse mortality (NRM; HR 5.2, P andlt; 0.0001). In time-dependent multivariate Cox analyses, limited chronic GVHD tended to be associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR 0.72; P = 0.07) translating into a better OS (HR 1.8; P andlt; 0.001), while extensive chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR 0.65; P = 0.02) but also with higher NRM (HR 3.5; P andlt; 0.001) and thus had no net impact on OS. In-vivo T-cell depletion with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) or alemtuzumab was successful at preventing extensive chronic GVHD (P andlt; 0.001), but without improving OS for ATG and even with worsening OS for alemtuzumab (HR 0.65; P = 0.001). These results highlight the role of the immune-mediated graft-versus-leukemia effect in the RIC allo-SCT setting, but also the need for improving the prevention and treatment of severe GVHD. Leukemia (2012) 26, 2462-2468; doi: 10.1038/leu.2012.135
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  • Baron, F., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of in vivo T-cell depletion on outcome of AML patients in first CR given peripheral blood stem cells and reduced-intensity conditioning allo-SCT from a HLA-identical sibling donor : a report from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Bone Marrow Transplantation. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0268-3369 .- 1476-5365. ; 49:3, s. 389-396
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The impact of in vivo T-cell depletion on transplantation outcomes in patients transplanted with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) remains controversial. This study assessed the outcome of 1250 adult patients with de novo AML in first CR (CR1) given PBSC from HLA-identical siblings after chemotherapy-based RIC. A total of 554 patients did not receive any form of in vivo T-cell depletion (control group), whereas antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and alemtuzumab were given in 444 and 252 patients, respectively. The incidences of grade II-IV acute GVHD were 21.4, 17.6 and 10.2% in control, ATG and alemtuzumab patients, respectively (P less than 0.001). In multivariate analysis, the use of ATG and the use of alemtuzumab were each associated with a lower risk of chronic GVHD (P less than 0.001 each), but a similar risk of relapse, and of nonrelapse mortality, and similar leukemia-free survival and OS. Further, among patients given BU-based RIC, the use of less than 6 mg/kg ATG did not increase the risk of relapse (hazard ratio, HR=1.1), whereas there was a suggestion for higher relapse risk in patients given greater than= 6 mg/kg ATG (HR=1.4, P=0.08). In summary, these data suggest that a certain amount of in vivo T-Cell depletion can be safely used in the conditioning of AML patients in CR1 given PBSC after chemotherapy-based RIC.
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  • Resultat 21-30 av 79
  • Föregående 12[3]4567...8Nästa

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