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  • Ueda, Kiyoshi, et al. (författare)
  • Roadmap on photonic, electronic and atomic collision physics : I. Light-matter interaction
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics B. - : IOP PUBLISHING LTD. - 0953-4075 .- 1361-6455. ; 52:17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We publish three Roadmaps on photonic, electronic and atomic collision physics in order to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the ICPEAC conference. In Roadmap I, we focus on the light-matter interaction. In this area, studies of ultrafast electronic and molecular dynamics have been rapidly growing, with the advent of new light sources such as attosecond lasers and x-ray free electron lasers. In parallel, experiments with established synchrotron radiation sources and femtosecond lasers using cutting-edge detection schemes are revealing new scientific insights that have never been exploited. Relevant theories are also being rapidly developed. Target samples for photon-impact experiments are expanding from atoms and small molecules to complex systems such as biomolecules, fullerene, clusters and solids. This Roadmap aims to look back along the road, explaining the development of these fields, and look forward, collecting contributions from twenty leading groups from the field.
  • Vajta, Zs., et al. (författare)
  • Excited states in the neutron-rich nucleus F-25
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C. Nuclear Physics. - 0556-2813 .- 1089-490X. ; 89:5, s. 054323-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The structure of the nucleus F-25(9) was investigated through in-beam. gamma-ray spectroscopy of the fragmentation of Ne-26 and Na-27,Na-28 ion beams. Based on the particle-gamma and particle-gamma gamma coincidence data, a level scheme was constructed and compared with shell model and coupled-cluster calculations. Some of the observed states were interpreted as quasi-single-particle states built on top of the closed-shell nucleus O-24, while the others were described as states arising from coupling of a single proton to the 2(broken vertical bar) core excitation of O-24.
  • van Slagmaat, Marc, et al. (författare)
  • Suitability of enhanced head injury criteria for vehicle rating
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Traffic Injury Prevention. - 1538-957X .- 1538-9588. ; 20:sup2, s. S189-S192
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Euro NCAP is considering the implementation of a new head injury assessment with the introduction of THOR in the mobile progressive deformable barrier frontal impact crash test. The objective of this study is to assess the suitability of enhanced head injury criteria for practical application in consumer rating programs. Method: AIS2+ risk predictions from nine selected head injury criteria where calculated for 27 pairs of crash test results representing small and moderate overlap frontal crashes. The capability of each injury criteria to predict the real-world injury rates of these crash modes was evaluated. Next, the correlation coefficients between the head injury candidates were calculated and individual predictions were compared for all tests in scatter plots. Results: The results show that none of the crash tests head injury assessment predicted the four-times higher head injury rates observed in the accident data for small overlap crashes compared to moderate overlap crashes. Poor correlation was demonstrated between many leading brain injury metrics, and the risk predictions for individual vehicles differ quite substantially depending on the criterion considered. Conclusions: While preliminary, the results of this study demonstrate that more evaluation of the most suitable brain injury criteria is necessary before consideration into a consumer evaluation program. Convergence of the head injury criteria risks for individual cases should be part of the validation process for enhanced head injury criteria, since identical head signals should yield similar injury risks.
  • Wahlund, Jan Erik, et al. (författare)
  • On the amount of heavy molecular ions in Titan's ionosphere
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Planetary and Space Science. - 0032-0633 .- 1873-5088. ; 57:14-15, s. 1857-1865
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present observational evidence that the ionosphere of Titan below an altitude of 1150 km is a significant source of heavy (> 100 amu) molecular organic species. This study is based on measurements by five instruments (RPWS/LP, RPWS/E, INMS, CAPS/ELS, CAPS/IBS) onboard the Cassini spacecraft during three flybys (T17, T18, T32) of Titan. The ionospheric peaks encountered at altitudes of 950-1300 km had densities in the range 900-3000 cm(-3). Below these peaks the number densities of heavy positively charged ions reached 100-2000 cm(-3) and approached 50-70% of the total ionospheric density with an increasing trend toward lowest measured altitudes. Simultaneously measured negatively charged ion densities were in the range 50-150 cm(-3). These results imply that similar to 10(5)similar to 10(6) heavy positively charged ions/m(3)/s are continuously recombining into heavy neutrals and supply the atmosphere of Titan. The ionosphere may in this way produce 0.1-1 Mt/yr of heavy organic compounds and is therefore a sizable source for aerosol formation. We also predict that Titan's ionosphere is dominated by heavy (> 100 amu) molecular ions below 950 km.
  • Wielgus, Maciek, et al. (författare)
  • Monitoring the Morphology of M87* in 2009-2017 with the Event Horizon Telescope
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 1538-4357 .- 0004-637X. ; 901:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) has recently delivered the first resolved images of M87*, the supermassive black hole in the center of the M87 galaxy. These images were produced using 230 GHz observations performed in 2017 April. Additional observations are required to investigate the persistence of the primary image feature-a ring with azimuthal brightness asymmetry-and to quantify the image variability on event horizon scales. To address this need, we analyze M87* data collected with prototype EHT arrays in 2009, 2011, 2012, and 2013. While these observations do not contain enough information to produce images, they are sufficient to constrain simple geometric models. We develop a modeling approach based on the framework utilized for the 2017 EHT data analysis and validate our procedures using synthetic data. Applying the same approach to the observational data sets, we find the M87* morphology in 2009-2017 to be consistent with a persistent asymmetric ring of similar to 40 mu as diameter. The position angle of the peak intensity varies in time. In particular, we find a significant difference between the position angle measured in 2013 and 2017. These variations are in broad agreement with predictions of a subset of general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations. We show that quantifying the variability across multiple observational epochs has the potential to constrain the physical properties of the source, such as the accretion state or the black hole spin.
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