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Sökning: WFRF:(Omerovic E)

  • Resultat 21-30 av 42
  • Föregående 12[3]45Nästa
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21.
  • Jernberg, T., et al. (författare)
  • Long-Term Effects of Oxygen Therapy on Death or Hospitalization for Heart Failure in Patients With Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Circulation. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0009-7322. ; 138:24, s. 2754-2762
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: In the DETO2X-AMI trial (Determination of the Role of Oxygen in Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction), we compared supplemental oxygen with ambient air in normoxemic patients presenting with suspected myocardial infarction and found no significant survival benefit at 1 year. However, important secondary end points were not yet available. We now report the prespecified secondary end points cardiovascular death and the composite of all-cause death and hospitalization for heart failure. METHODS: In this pragmatic, registry-based randomized clinical trial, we used a nationwide quality registry for coronary care for trial procedures and evaluated end points through the Swedish population registry (mortality), the Swedish inpatient registry (heart failure), and cause of death registry (cardiovascular death). Patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction and oxygen saturation of >= 90% were randomly assigned to receive either supplemental oxygen at 6 L/min for 6 to 12 hours delivered by open face mask or ambient air. RESULTS: A total of 6629 patients were enrolled. Acute heart failure treatment, left ventricular systolic function assessed by echocardiography, and infarct size measured by high-sensitive cardiac troponin T were similar in the 2 groups during the hospitalization period. All-cause death or hospitalization for heart failure within 1 year after randomization occurred in 8.0% of patients assigned to oxygen and in 7.9% of patients assigned to ambient air (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.84-1.18; P=0.92). During long-term follow-up (median [range], 2.1 [1.0-3.7] years), the composite end point occurred in 11.2% of patients assigned to oxygen and in 10.8% of patients assigned to ambient air (hazard ratio, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.88-1.17; P=0.84), and cardiovascular death occurred in 5.2% of patients assigned to oxygen and in 4.8% assigned to ambient air (hazard ratio, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.87-1.33; P=0.52). The results were consistent across all predefined subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Routine use of supplemental oxygen in normoxemic patients with suspected myocardial infarction was not found to reduce the composite of all-cause mortality and hospitalization for heart failure, or cardiovascular death within 1 year or during long-term follow-up.
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22.
  • Kedhi, Elvin, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical Impact of Second-Generation Everolimus-Eluting Stent Compared With First-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents in Diabetes Mellitus Patients Insights From a Nationwide Coronary Intervention Register
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. - : Elsevier. - 1876-7605. ; 5:11, s. 1141-1149
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives This study sought to study the second-generation everolimus-eluting stent (EES) as compared with first-generation sirolimus-eluting (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Background There are limited data available comparing clinical outcomes in this setting with EES and SES, whereas studies comparing EES with PES are not powered for low-frequency endpoints. Methods All DM patients treated with EES, PES, or SES from January 18, 2007, to July 29, 2011, from the SCAAR (Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registery) were included. The EES was compared with SES or PES for the primary composite endpoint of clinically driven detected restenosis, definite stent thrombosis (ST), and all-cause mortality. Results In 4,751 percutaneous coronary intervention-treated DM patients, 8,134 stents were implanted (EES = 3,928, PES = 2,836, SES = 1,370). The EES was associated with significantly lower event rates compared with SES (SES vs. EES hazard ratio [HR]: 1.99; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.19 to 3.08). The same was observed when compared with PES (PES vs. EES HR: 1.33; 95% CI: 0.93 to 1.91) but did not reach statistical significance. These results were mainly driven by lower incidence of ST (SES vs. EES HR: 2.87; 95% CI: 1.08 to 7.61; PES vs. EES HR: 1.74, 95% CI: 0.82 to 3.71) and mortality (SES vs. EES HR: 2.02; 95% CI: 1.03 to 3.98; PES vs. EES HR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.06 to 2.72). No significant differences in restenosis rates were observed between EES and SES or PES (SES vs. EES HR: 1.26; 95% CI: 0.77 to 2.08; PES vs. EES HR: 1.05; 95% CI: 0.71 to 1.55). Conclusions In all-comer DM patients the use of EES was associated with improved outcomes compared with SES and PES mainly driven by lower rates of ST and mortality. These results suggest better safety rather than efficacy with EES when compared with SES or PES. (J Am Coll Cardiol Intv 2012;5:1141-9) (C) 2012 by the American College of DM
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23.
  • Lindahl, B., et al. (författare)
  • Poor long-term prognosis in patients admitted with strong suspicion of acute myocardial infarction but discharged with another diagnosis
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Internal Medicine. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0954-6820 .- 1365-2796. ; 290:2, s. 359-372
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Characteristics and prognosis of patients admitted with strong suspicion of myocardial infarction (MI) but discharged without an MI diagnosis are not well-described. Objectives: To compare background characteristics and cardiovascular outcomes in patients discharged with or without MI diagnosis. Methods: The DETermination of the role of Oxygen in suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction (DETO2X-AMI) trial compared 6629 patients with strong suspicion of MI randomized to oxygen or ambient air. The main composite end-point of this subgroup analysis was the incidence of all-cause death, rehospitalization with MI, heart failure (HF) or stroke during a follow-up of 2.1 years (median; range: 1–3.7 years) irrespective of randomized treatment. Results: 1619 (24%) received a non-MI discharge diagnosis, and 5010 patients (76%) were diagnosed with MI. Groups were similar in age, but non-MI patients were more commonly female and had more comorbidities. At thirty days, the incidence of the composite end-point was 2.8% (45 of 1619) in non-MI patients, compared to 5.0% (250 of 5010) in MI patients with lower incidences in all individual end-points. However, for the long-term follow-up, the incidence of the composite end-point increased in the non-MI patients to 17.7% (286 of 1619) as compared to 16.0% (804 of 5010) in MI patients, mainly driven by a higher incidence of all-cause death, stroke and HF. Conclusions: Patients admitted with a strong suspicion of MI but discharged with another diagnosis had more favourable outcomes in the short-term perspective, but from one year onwards, cardiovascular outcomes and death deteriorated to a worse long-term prognosis.
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24.
  • Mohammad, M. A., et al. (författare)
  • The association of mode of location activity and mobility with acute coronary syndrome : a nationwide ecological study
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Internal Medicine. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0954-6820 .- 1365-2796. ; 289:2, s. 247-254
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: We aimed to study the effect of social containment mandates on ACS presentation during COVID-19 pandemic using location activity and mobility data from mobile phone map services. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using data from the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR) including all ACS presentations during the pandemic until 7 May 2020. Using a count regression model, we adjusted for day of the week, daily weather and incidence of COVID-19. Results: A 10% increase in activity around areas of residence was associated with 38% lower rates of ACS hospitalizations, whereas increased activity relating to retail and recreation, grocery stores and pharmacies, workplaces and mode of mobility was associated with 10-20% higher rates of ACS hospitalizations. Conclusion: Government policy regarding social containment mandates has important public health implications for medical emergencies such as ACS and may explain the decline in ACS presentations observed during COVID-19 pandemic.
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28.
  • Redfors, B. Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Incidence and prognosis of the takotsubo syndrome compared to acute myocardial infarction
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Heart Failure. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 1388-9842 .- 1879-0844. ; 21, s. 267-267
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: Takotsubo syndrome (TS) is a potentially life-threatening acute cardiac syndrome with a clinical presentation very similar to myocardial infarction (MI) and for which the natural history, management and outcome remain incompletely understood.Purpose: The aims of this study were to assess the relative short- and long-term mortality risk of TS , ST-elevation MI (STEMI) and non STEMI (NSTEMI) and to identify predictors of in-hospital complications and poor prognosis in patients with TS.Methods: Using the nationwide Swedish Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR) we identified almost all (n=117,720) patients who underwent coronary angiography due to TS (N=2,898 [2.5%]), STEMI (N=48,493 [41.2%]) or NSTEMI (N=66,329 [56.3%]) in Sweden between January 2009 and February 2018.Results: Patients with TS were more often women as compared with patients with STEMI or NSTEMI. TS was associated with unadjusted and adjusted 30-day mortality risks lower than STEMI (adjusted hazard ratio [adjHR] 0.60, 95% confidence interval [CI]0.48-0.76, p<0.001), but higher than NSTEMI (adjHR 2.70, 95% CI 2.14-3.41, p<0.001). Compared to STEMI, TS was associated with similar risk of acute heart failure (adjHR 1.26, 95% CI 0.91–1.76, p=0.16) but lower risk of cardio-genic shock (adjHR 0.55, 95% CI 0.34–0.89, p=0.02). The relative 30-day mortality risk for TS versus STEMI and NSTEMI was higher for smokers than non-smokers (adjusted pinteractionSTEMI=0.01 and pinteractionNSTEMI=0.01).Conclusion: Thirty-day mortality in TS was higher than in NSTEMI but lower than STEMI, despite a similar risk of acute heart failure in TS and STEMI. Among patients with TS, smoking was an independent predictor of mortality
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  • Resultat 21-30 av 42
  • Föregående 12[3]45Nästa

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