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Sökning: WFRF:(Pantoni L)

  • Resultat 51-60 av 61
  • Föregående 12345[6]7Nästa
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51.
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52.
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54.
  • Simoni, M, et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence of CT-detected cerebral abnormalities in an elderly Swedish population sample.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Acta neurologica Scandinavica. - 1600-0404. ; 118:4, s. 260-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of computed tomography (CT)-detected cerebral lesions in a population-based sample of elderly persons living in Göteborg, Sweden. METHODS: Cerebral CT-scans were performed in the case of 466 women (mean age 74.3 +/- 5.1 years) and 191 70-year-old men. A single rater assessed white matter lesions (WML) using four different scales, lacunar lesions, large infarcts, cortical atrophy, and basal ganglia calcifications. RESULTS: White matter lesions frequency assessed by different scales ranged between 54.5% and 68.5%. Lacunar lesions were detected in 46.7% (30.1% had lacunes >5 mm) and cerebral infarcts in 3.0% of participants. Overall, 72.8% of participants evidenced cerebral vascular abnormalities. Severe cortical atrophy was more common in temporal (6.4%) and frontal (6.7%) lobes, than in parietal (1.7%) and occipital (1.1%) lobes. Basal ganglia calcifications were found in 38.7% of participants. WML, lacunar lesions, large infarcts, and degree of cortical atrophy correlated positively with age. More lacunes, basal ganglia calcifications, and occipital lobe atrophy were associated with male gender. CONCLUSIONS: Vascular and other brain lesions are very common on CT-scan in an elderly population, but large vascular lesions are rare. This study provides the first reference for the prevalence of CT-detected abnormalities in an elderly Swedish population.
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55.
  • Teodorczuk, A., et al. (författare)
  • Relationship between baseline white-matter changes and development of late-life depressive symptoms: 3-year results from the LADIS study.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Psychological medicine. - 1469-8978. ; 40:4, s. 603-610
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that cerebral white-matter changes and depressive symptoms are linked directly along the causal pathway. We investigated whether baseline severity of cerebral white-matter changes predict longer-term future depressive outcomes in a community sample of non-disabled older adults.MethodIn the Leukoaraiosis and Disability in the Elderly (LADIS) study, a longitudinal multi-centre pan-European study, 639 older subjects underwent baseline structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical assessments. Baseline severity of white-matter changes was quantified volumetrically. Depressive outcomes were assessed in terms of depressive episodes and depressive symptoms, as measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Subjects were clinically reassessed annually for up to 3 years. Regression models were constructed to determine whether baseline severity of white-matter changes predicted future depressive outcomes, after controlling for confounding factors. RESULTS: Baseline severity of white-matter changes independently predicted depressive symptoms at both 2 (p<0.001) and 3 years (p=0.015). Similarly, white-matter changes predicted incident depression (p=0.02). Over the study period the population became significantly more disabled (p<0.001). When regression models were adjusted to account for the influence of the prospective variable transition to disability, baseline severity of white-matter changes no longer predicted depressive symptoms at 3 years (p=0.09) or incident depression (p=0.08). CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the vascular depression hypothesis and strongly implicate white-matter changes in the pathogenesis of late-life depression. Furthermore, the findings indicate that, over time, part of the relationship between white-matter changes and depression may be mediated by loss of functional activity.
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59.
  • Verdelho, A., et al. (författare)
  • Depressive symptoms predict cognitive decline and dementia in older people independently of cerebral white matter changes: the LADIS study
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. - 0022-3050. ; 84:11, s. 1250-1254
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Depressive symptoms (DS) have been associated with increased risk of cognitive decline. Our aim was to evaluate the longitudinal influence of DS on cognition in independent older people, accounting for the severity of white matter changes (WMC). Methods The LADIS (Leukoaraiosis And DISability in the elderly) prospective study evaluated the impact of WMC on the transition of independent older subjects into disability. Subjects were evaluated annually over a 3 year period with a comprehensive clinical and neuropsychological evaluation. Previous episodes of depression and current DS were assessed during each interview. Severity of DS was assessed using the self-rated 15 item Geriatric Depression Scale. A neuropsychological battery and clinical criteria for cognitive impairments were applied in all clinical visits, and cognitive compound measures were made based on neuropsychological results. MRI was performed at baseline and at year 3. Results 639 subjects were included (74.1 +/- 5 years old, 55% women, 9.6 +/- 3.8 years of schooling). Dementia was diagnosed in 90 patients and cognitive impairment not dementia in 147 patients at the last clinical evaluation. DS were an independent predictor of cognitive impairment (dementia and not dementia) during follow-up, independent of the effect of the severity of WMC, medial temporal lobe atrophy, age, education or global cognitive function at baseline. Conclusions DS are associated with an increase risk of cognitive decline, independent of the effect of WMC, probably due to an additive or synergistic effect. In this context, DS probably represent a subtle ongoing organic dysfunction
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60.
  • Verdelho, A., et al. (författare)
  • Physical Activity Prevents Progression for Cognitive Impairment and Vascular Dementia Results From the LADIS (Leukoaraiosis and Disability) Study
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Stroke. - 0039-2499. ; 43:12, s. 3331-3335
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and Purpose-We aimed to study if physical activity could interfere with progression for cognitive impairment and dementia in older people with white matter changes living independently. Methods-The LADIS (Leukoaraiosis and Disability) prospective multinational European study evaluates the impact of white matter changes on the transition of independent elderly subjects into disability. Subjects were evaluated yearly during 3 years with a comprehensive clinical protocol and cognitive assessment with classification of cognitive impairment and dementia according to usual clinical criteria. Physical activity was recorded during the clinical interview. MRI was performed at entry and at the end of the study. Results-Six hundred thirty-nine subjects were included (74.1 +/- 5 years old, 55% women, 9.6 +/- 3.8 years of schooling, 64% physically active). At the end of follow-up, 90 patients had dementia (vascular dementia, 54; Alzheimer disease with vascular component, 34; frontotemporal dementia, 2), and 147 had cognitive impairment not dementia. Using Cox regression analysis, physical activity reduced the risk of cognitive impairment (dementia and not dementia: beta=-0.45, P=0.002; hazard ratio, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.48-0.85), dementia (beta=-0.49, P=0.043; hazard ratio, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.38-0.98), and vascular dementia (beta=-0.86, P=0.008; hazard ratio, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.22-0.80), independent of age, education, white matter change severity, medial temporal atrophy, previous and incident stroke, and diabetes. Conclusions-Physical activity reduces the risk of cognitive impairment, mainly vascular dementia, in older people living independently. (Stroke. 2012; 43: 3331-3335.)
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  • Resultat 51-60 av 61
  • Föregående 12345[6]7Nästa

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