Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Puschmann Andreas) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Puschmann Andreas)

  • Resultat 51-60 av 90
  • Föregående 1...345[6]789Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Puschmann, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Genotype-Phenotype Correlations in Parkinson Disease
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Movement Disorders: Genetics and Models, 2nd Edition. - : Elsevier. - 9780124051959 - 9780124055162 ; , s. 259-285
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mutations in four autosomal dominant (SNCA, LRRK2, VPS35, EIF4G1) and three recessive genes (PARK2, PINK1, PARK7/DJ1) are known to cause Parkinson disease (PD). This chapter describes the clinical and pathological phenotypes associated with mutations in these genes. We systematically reviewed the phenotypes associated with all known pathogenic mutations in the dominant genes. SNCA point mutations and genomic multiplications cause a disorder with akinetic-rigid Parkinsonism, dysautonomia, cognitive decline, myoclonus, and pronounced alpha-synuclein pathology. LRRK2 mutations cause tremor-dominant or akinetic-rigid Parkinsonism with variable pathology. Our knowledge about the newly described genes VPS35 and EIF4G1 is still limited. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the recessive PD genes cause Parkinsonism with an early or very-early onset, but many different mutations are found in these genes and genotype-phenotype correlations are based on low numbers of patients per mutation. Homozygous mutations in GBA may cause Parkinsonism, usually in patients who have Gaucher disease, whereas heterozygous GBA mutations are genetic risk factors for PD. The monogenic forms of PD represent distinct subtypes of this heterogeneous disorder.
  • Puschmann, Andreas (författare)
  • Heredity in Parkinson's disease. From rare mutations to common genetic risk factors.
  • 2011
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This study investigated genetic causes of Parkinson's disease (PD) and parkinsonism in southern Sweden. The extensive Lister Family with parkinsonism caused by duplications and triplications of the gene for alpha-synuclein (SNCA) was studied. Clinical, genetic and genealogical data were compiled and evaluated. Thirty-five family members with parkinsonism were identified. They share a characteristic clinical subtype of parkinsonism with marked dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, behavioral changes and cognitive decline. The clinical phenotype, heredity and genetic background of 132 probands from Southern Sweden with PD or parkinsonism was examined. The SNCA, LRRK2, EIF4G1, VPS35, PINK1, ATXN2 and ATXN3 genes were analyzed in all probands; the PARKIN, PINK1 and DJ1 genes were tested in a subgroup of 23 patients with young onset or marked heredity. DNA from the brain tissue of 7 patients with parkinsonism was also analyzed. Common genetic risk factors in DNA samples collected within this study were analyzed in collaboration with other research groups. Gene screening identified two rare causative mutations, SNCA A53T and LRRK2 N1437H. An additional patient was compound heterozygous for PARKIN R275W and R275Q mutations. Detailed information on their clinical picture is presented. We present the first neuropathological description of a patient with PD and LRRK2 N1437H mutation, showing pronounced ubiquitin and moderate alpha-synuclein pathology. A heterozygous PINK1 G411S mutation was present in two PD patients but showed no clear co-segregation with the disease in their families. Screening of 1,107 patients and controls as well as meta-analysis of published reports from 7,800 individuals revealed that the PINK1 G411S mutation is a rare risk variant with a relatively large effect size (odds ratios 4.06-8.42). One multicenter study confirmed that common variants in the SNCA and MAPT genes modify PD risk, and was large enough to refute gene-gene interaction between the MAPT and SNCA variants. These results suggest that specific mutations in PD-genes cause characteristic disease subtypes. Despite extensive screening and a high proportion of familial cases, known pathogenic mutations could only explain a small proportion of parkinsonism in this cohort. This may indicate that mutations causing parkinsonism in the Scandinavian population remain to be discovered. Alternatively, familial clustering and sporadic occurrence of PD may be explained by combinations of rare variants with relatively large effect size, such as PINK1 G411S.
  • Puschmann, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S increases risk of Parkinson's disease via a dominant-negative mechanism
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Brain. - : Oxford University Press. - 1460-2156 .- 0006-8950. ; 140:1, s. 98-117
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • SEE GANDHI AND PLUN-FAVREAU DOI101093/AWW320 FOR A SCIENTIFIC COMMENTARY ON THIS ARTICLE: It has been postulated that heterozygous mutations in recessive Parkinson's genes may increase the risk of developing the disease. In particular, the PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) p.G411S (c.1231G>A, rs45478900) mutation has been reported in families with dominant inheritance patterns of Parkinson's disease, suggesting that it might confer a sizeable disease risk when present on only one allele. We examined families with PINK1 p.G411S and conducted a genetic association study with 2560 patients with Parkinson's disease and 2145 control subjects. Heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S mutations markedly increased Parkinson's disease risk (odds ratio = 2.92, P = 0.032); significance remained when supplementing with results from previous studies on 4437 additional subjects (odds ratio = 2.89, P = 0.027). We analysed primary human skin fibroblasts and induced neurons from heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S carriers compared to PINK1 p.Q456X heterozygotes and PINK1 wild-type controls under endogenous conditions. While cells from PINK1 p.Q456X heterozygotes showed reduced levels of PINK1 protein and decreased initial kinase activity upon mitochondrial damage, stress-response was largely unaffected over time, as expected for a recessive loss-of-function mutation. By contrast, PINK1 p.G411S heterozygotes showed no decrease of PINK1 protein levels but a sustained, significant reduction in kinase activity. Molecular modelling and dynamics simulations as well as multiple functional assays revealed that the p.G411S mutation interferes with ubiquitin phosphorylation by wild-type PINK1 in a heterodimeric complex. This impairs the protective functions of the PINK1/parkin-mediated mitochondrial quality control. Based on genetic and clinical evaluation as well as functional and structural characterization, we established p.G411S as a rare genetic risk factor with a relatively large effect size conferred by a partial dominant-negative function phenotype.
  • Puschmann, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Human leukocyte antigen variation and Parkinson's disease.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism & Related Disorders. - : Elsevier. - 1873-5126 .- 1353-8020. ; 17, s. 376-378
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A role for the immune system in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's Disease (PD) has previously been suggested. A recent genome-wide association (GWA) study identified an association between one single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the human leucocyte antigen (HLA) region (HLA-DRA rs3129882) and PD in a population of American patients with European ancestry. In that study, the minor rs3129882 allele (G) was associated with an increased risk of PD under an additive model. Due to the increased likelihood of obtaining false positive results in GWA studies compared to studies conducted based on a hypothesis-driven approach, repeated validation of findings from GWA studies are necessary. Herein, we evaluated the association between rs3129882 and PD in three different Caucasian patient-control series (combined 1313 patients and 1305 controls) from the US, Ireland, and Poland. We observed no association (OR: 0.96, P = 0.50) between rs3129882 and PD when analyzing our data under an additive or dominant model. In contrast, when examined under a recessive model, the GG genotype was observed to be protective in the Irish (OR: 0.55, P = 0.008), Polish (OR: 0.67, P = 0.040) and combined (OR: 0.75, P = 0.006) patient-control series. In view of these diverging results, the exact role of genetic variation at the HLA region and susceptibility to PD remains to be resolved.
  • Puschmann, Andreas J., et al. (författare)
  • Familial late-onset focal dystonia in an African American family
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Annals of Neurology. - : John Wiley & Sons Inc.. - 1531-8249 .- 0364-5134. ; 68:Suppl. S14, s. 69-69
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent studies of THAP1 (DYT6) have pointed out that late-onset focal dystonia can have a genetic basis. Familial late-onset primary dystonia has not been described in African- Americans. Six members of an African American family were affected by focal or segmental dystonia with a mean age at onset of 47 years (range, 45-50). Two additional individuals with milder clinical signs were classified as probably affected. Clinical phenotypes included cervical, laryngeal and handforearm (writer's cramp) dystonia, following an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. TOR1A (DYT1) and THAP1 (DYT6) were screened for sequence variants. There were no abnormalities in TOR1A. A novel THAP1 sequence variant (c.-237-3G>T) was found in both affected and unaffected family members and did not co-segregate with dystonia. This variant was also found in 1/212 African American control alleles. Another variant at the same site (c.-237-3G>A) was found in 2/212 African American control alleles and one African American subject with laryngeal dystonia (1/84 alleles). Therefore, these variants are unlikely to be pathogenic. Familial late-onset primary dystonia does occur in non-Caucasian populations. Future studies of THAP1 and other dystonia genes must take genetic background into consideration.
  • Puschmann, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Low prevalence of known pathogenic mutations in dominant PD genes: A Swedish multicenter study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. - : Elsevier BV. - 1353-8020 .- 1873-5126. ; 66, s. 158-165
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2019 The Authors Objective: To determine the frequency of mutations known to cause autosomal dominant Parkinson disease (PD) in a series with more than 10% of Sweden's estimated number of PD patients. Methods: The Swedish Parkinson Disease Genetics Network was formed as a national multicenter consortium of clinical researchers who together have access to DNA from a total of 2,206 PD patients; 85.4% were from population-based studies. Samples were analyzed centrally for known pathogenic mutations in SNCA (duplications/triplications, p.Ala30Pro, p.Ala53Thr) and LRRK2 (p.Asn1437His, p.Arg1441His, p.Tyr1699Cys, p.Gly2019Ser, p.Ile2020Thr). We compared the frequency of these mutations in Swedish patients with published PD series and the gnomAD database. Results: A family history of PD in first- and/or second-degree relatives was reported by 21.6% of participants. Twelve patients (0.54%) carried LRRK2 p.(Gly2019Ser) mutations, one patient (0.045%) an SNCA duplication. The frequency of LRRK2 p.(Gly2019Ser) carriers was 0.11% in a matched Swedish control cohort and a similar 0.098% in total gnomAD, but there was a marked difference between ethnicities in gnomAD, with 42-fold higher frequency among Ashkenazi Jews than all others combined. Conclusions: In relative terms, the LRRK2 p.(Gly2019Ser) variant is the most frequent mutation among Swedish or international PD patients, and in gnomAD. SNCA duplications were the second most common of the mutations examined. In absolute terms, however, these known pathogenic variants in dominant PD genes are generally very rare and can only explain a minute fraction of familial aggregation of PD. Additional genetic and environmental mechanisms may explain the frequent co-occurrence of PD in close relatives.
  • Puschmann, Andreas (författare)
  • Monogenic Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism: Clinical phenotypes and frequencies of known mutations.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism & Related Disorders. - : Elsevier. - 1873-5126 .- 1353-8020. ; 19:4, s. 407-415
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mutations in seven genes are robustly associated with autosomal dominant (SNCA, LRRK2, EIF4G1, VPS35) or recessive (parkin/PARK2, PINK1, DJ1/PARK7) Parkinson's disease (PD) or parkinsonism. Changes in a long list of additional genes have been suggested as causes for parkinsonism or PD, including genes for hereditary ataxias (ATXN2, ATXN3, FMR1), frontotemporal dementia (C9ORF72, GRN, MAPT, TARDBP), DYT5 (GCH1, TH, SPR), and others (ATP13A2, CSF1R, DNAJC6, FBXO, GIGYF2, HTRA2, PLA2G6, POLG, SPG11, UCHL1). This review summarizes the clinical features of diseases caused by mutations in these genes, and their frequencies. Point mutations and multiplications in SNCA cause cognitive or psychiatric symptoms, parkinsonism, dysautonomia and myoclonus with widespread alpha-synuclein pathology in the central and peripheral nervous system. LRRK2 mutations may lead to a clinical phenotype closely resembling idiopathic PD with a puzzling variety in neuropathology. Mutations in parkin/PARK2, PINK1 or DJ1/PARK7 may cause early-onset parkinsonism with a low risk for cognitive decline and a pathological process usually restricted to the brainstem. Carriers of mutations in the other genes may develop parkinsonism with or without additional symptoms, but rarely a disease resembling PD. The pathogenicity of several mutations remains unconfirmed. Although some mutations occur with high frequency in specific populations, worldwide all are very rare. The genetic cause of the majority of patients with sporadic or hereditary PD remains unknown in most populations. Clinical genetic testing is useful for selected patients. Testing strategies need to be adapted individually based on clinical phenotype and estimated frequency of the mutation in the patient's population.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 51-60 av 90
  • Föregående 1...345[6]789Nästa
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (72)
konferensbidrag (11)
forskningsöversikt (3)
bokkapitel (3)
doktorsavhandling (1)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (83)
övrigt vetenskapligt (5)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (2)
Puschmann, Andreas (89)
Wszolek, Zbigniew K. (31)
Ross, Owen A. (19)
Nilsson, Christer (12)
Opala, Grzegorz (11)
Uitti, Ryan J (10)
visa fler...
Lynch, Timothy (10)
Hansson, Oskar (8)
Englund, Elisabet (8)
Widner, Håkan (8)
Silburn, Peter A. (8)
Mellick, George D. (8)
Wirdefeldt, Karin (8)
Aasly, Jan O. (8)
Annesi, Grazia (8)
Jasinska-Myga, Barba ... (8)
Maraganore, Demetriu ... (8)
Ilinca, Andreea (7)
Dickson, Dennis W (7)
Brighina, Laura (7)
Brice, Alexis (7)
Soto-Ortolaza, Alexa ... (7)
Sharma, Manu (7)
Van Broeckhoven, Chr ... (6)
Lesage, Suzanne (6)
Elbaz, Alexis (6)
Hadjigeorgiou, Georg ... (6)
Quattrone, Aldo (6)
Nilsson, Karin (5)
Swanberg, Maria (5)
Soller, Maria (5)
Hattori, Nobutaka (5)
Theuns, Jessie (5)
Klein, Christine (5)
Wszolek, Z K (5)
Aasly, Jan (5)
Bozi, Maria (5)
Ferrarese, Carlo (5)
van Westen, Danielle (4)
Kruger, R (4)
Fiesel, Fabienne C. (4)
Springer, Wolfdieter (4)
Chartier-Harlin, Mar ... (4)
Markopoulou, Katerin ... (4)
Tan, Eng-King (4)
Ygland Rödström, Emi ... (4)
Rudzinska, Monika (4)
Gibson, J. Mark (4)
Stefanis, Leonidas (4)
visa färre...
Lunds universitet (89)
Karolinska Institutet (11)
Göteborgs universitet (5)
Linköpings universitet (2)
Umeå universitet (1)
Uppsala universitet (1)
visa fler...
Örebro universitet (1)
visa färre...
Engelska (89)
Svenska (1)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (88)
Naturvetenskap (2)


Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy