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Sökning: WFRF:(Rönnblom Lars) > (2000-2004)

  • Resultat 11-18 av 18
  • Föregående 1[2]
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  • Lindroos, Katarina, et al. (författare)
  • Multiplex SNP genotyping in pooled DNA samples by a four-colour microarray system
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Nucleic Acids Research. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0305-1048 .- 1362-4962. ; 30:14, s. e70-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We selected 125 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes belonging to the human type 1 interferon (IFN) gene family and the genes coding for proteins in the main type 1 IFN signalling pathway by screening databases and by in silico comparison of DNA sequences. Using quantitative analysis of pooled DNA samples by solid-phase mini-sequencing, we found that only 20% of the candidate SNPs were polymorphic in the Finnish and Swedish populations. To allow more effective validation of candidate SNPs, we developed a four-colour microarray-based mini-sequencing assay for multiplex, quantitative allele frequency determination in pooled DNA samples. We used cyclic mini-sequencing reactions with primers carrying 5'-tag sequences, followed by capture of the products on microarrays by hybridisation to complementary tag oligonucleotides. Standard curves prepared from mixtures of known amounts of SNP alleles demonstrate the applicability of the system to quantitative analysis, and showed that for about half of the tested SNPs the limit of detection for the minority allele was below 5%. The microarray-based genotyping system established here is universally applicable for genotyping and quantification of any SNP, and the validated system for SNPs in type 1 IFN-related genes should find many applications in genetic studies of this important immunoregulatory pathway.
  • Lövgren, Tanja, et al. (författare)
  • Induction of interferon-α production in plasmacytoid dendritic cells by immune complexes containing nucleic acid released by necrotic or late apoptotic cells and lupus IgG
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism. - : Wiley. - 0004-3591 .- 1529-0131. ; 50:6, s. 1861-1872
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the release of interferon-alpha (IFN alpha)-inducing material by necrotic or apoptotic cells, its properties, and the necessity of autoantibodies from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients for the interferogenic activity. METHODS: U937 monocytic leukemia cells or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were rendered necrotic by freeze-thawing or apoptotic by treatment with ultraviolet light. Cell culture supernatants from these cells and IgG from SLE patients (SLE IgG) were added to cultures of normal PBMCs or purified plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs). The importance of nucleic acids for IFN alpha induction was investigated by RNase and DNase treatment. The IFN alpha levels were measured by immunoassay. RESULTS: Both necrotic and apoptotic U937 cells released material that, combined with SLE IgG, induced IFN alpha production in PDCs. The release from apoptotic cells occurred with a 16-hour delay, in late apoptosis. Also, normal PBMCs released IFN alpha-inducing material, but only during necrosis. The interferogenic activity of the necrotic material required the presence of RNA, while both RNA and DNA were important in the apoptotic material. In both cases, the presence of SLE IgG was necessary, and its activity correlated with the presence of antibodies to RNA-binding proteins, but not anti-DNA antibodies. CONCLUSION: Necrotic and late apoptotic cells release material that, combined with SLE IgG, induces production of IFN alpha in PDCs. The IFN alpha inducers probably consist of immune complexes (ICs) containing RNA and possibly DNA as essential interferogenic components. The presence of such interferogenic ICs could explain the ongoing production of IFN alpha in SLE and could be of etiopathogenic importance.
  • Rönnblom, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Role of natural interferon-alpha producing cells (plasmacytoid dendritic cells) in autoimmunity
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Autoimmunity. - : Informa UK Limited. - 0891-6934 .- 1607-842X. ; 36:8, s. 463-72
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The type I interferons (IFNs) have antiviral, cytostatic and prominent immunomodulatory effects, which all are of great importance during viral infections. However, prolonged exposure of the immune system to type I IFN can break tolerance and initiate an autoimmune reaction, eventually leading to autoimmune disease. Recent observations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have revealed that such individuals have endogenous IFN-alpha inducers, causing an ongoing IFN-alpha production and consequently a continuous stimulation of the immune system. These IFN-alpha inducers consist of small immune complexes (IC) containing DNA or RNA and act on the principal IFN-alpha producing cell, the natural IFN-alpha producing cell (NIPC), also termed the plasmacytoid dendritic cell (PDC). The NIPC/PDC is a key cell in both the innate and adaptive immune response but can also, either directly or via produced IFN-alpha, have a pivotal role in autoimmunity. In this review we summarize recent data concerning NIPC/PDC, including their activation, regulation, function and possible role in autoimmune diseases, especially SLE.
  • Sköldberg, Filip, et al. (författare)
  • Histidine decarboxylase, a pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme, is an autoantigen of gastric enterochromaffin-like cells
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - : The Endocrine Society. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 88:4, s. 1445-1452
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 often have autoantibodies against neurotransmitter synthesizing enzymes, including the pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzymes glutamic acid decarboxylase and aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase. Using a candidate approach, we have identified the histamine-synthesizing enzyme histidine decarboxylase, also pyridoxal phosphate dependent, as an autoantigen in this disorder. Anti-histidine decarboxylase antibodies reacting with in vitro translated antigen were found in 36/97 (37%) of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 patients studied. The antibodies also reacted with the native enzyme in HMC-1 cell lysates and did not cross-react with the highly homologous aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase. Anti-histidine decarboxylase antibodies were associated with a history of intestinal dysfunction (P = 0.017). Gastric and duodenal biopsies from a patient with anti-histidine decarboxylase antibodies were studied by immunohistochemistry. The oxyntic mucosa was found to lack the histamine producing enterochromaffin-like cells, suggestive of an autoimmune destruction. To our knowledge, this is the first report of autoantibodies against histidine decarboxylase and absence of gastric enterochromaffin-like cells.
  • Sköldberg, Filip, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of AHNAK as a novel autoantigen in systemic lupus erythematosus.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Biochemical and biophysical research communications. - : Elsevier BV. - 0006-291X .- 1090-2104. ; 291:4, s. 951-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To identify candidate autoantigens associated with arthritis, a rat chondrocyte cDNA library was immunoscreened with serum from a patient with rheumatoid arthritis. One isolated cDNA encoded part of AHNAK, a 700-kDa phosphoprotein with DNA binding properties, that appears to be involved in several signal transduction pathways. Immunoreactivity against an in vitro translated human AHNAK fragment was detected in 4.6% (5/109) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 29.5% (18/61) of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and 1.2% (2/172) of blood donors. Anti-AHNAK antibodies reacted with a recombinant human AHNAK fragment and with native AHNAK from C32 cell lysates. In vitro translated AHNAK fragment could be cleaved by granzyme B and caspase-3. Anti-AHNAK positive SLE patients had a higher frequency of homogeneous antinuclear antibody staining patterns and a lower frequency of recent mucosal ulcerations. This is the first report that AHNAK can be targeted by the immune system in autoimmune disease.
  • Sköldberg, Filip (författare)
  • Studies of Autoantibodies in Systemic and Organ-Specific Autoimmune Disease
  • 2003
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the prototypic systemic autoimmune disease, whereas autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) is a rare autosomal disorder characterized by combinations of organ-specific autoimmune manifestations including hypoparathyroidism and intestinal dysfunction, and may serve as a model for organ-specific autoimmunity. Autoantibodies directed against proteins expressed in the affected tissues are found in both diseases. From a chondrocyte cDNA expression library, we identified the protein AHNAK as an autoantigen in SLE. Anti-AHNAK antibodies were found in 29.5% (18/61) of patients with SLE, 4.6% (5/109) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and 1.2% (2/172) of blood donors. Using a candidate approach, we analyzed the prevalence in APS1 and other organ-specific autoimmune diseases, of autoantibodies against the pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzymes histidine decarboxylase (HDC) and cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase (CSAD), which are structurally closely related to known autoantigens. Anti-HDC and anti-CSAD reactivity was detected exclusively in APS1 patient sera. Anti-HDC antibodies were detected in 37.1% (36/97) of the APS1 sera, did not cross-react with aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, and were associated with intestinal dysfunction and loss of histamine-producing gastric enterochromaffin-like cells. In contrast, anti-CSAD reactivity was detected in 3.6% (3/83) of APS1 sera and cross-reacted with recombinant glutamic acid decarboxylase. From a parathyroid cDNA expression library, novel spliced transcripts of the CLLD4 gene on human chromosome 13q14, encoding 26 and 31 kDa isoforms recognized by autoantibodies in 3.4% (3/87) of APS1 patients, were identified and found to be preferentially expressed in lung and ovary. Both isoforms contain an N-terminal BTB/POZ domain, similarly to the TNF-alpha-regulated protein B12, localize both to the cytoplasm and nucleus in transfected COS cells, and form oligomers in vitro. The CLLD4 gene is located in a region frequently deleted in several forms of cancer, including lung and ovarian tumors. In conclusion, we have identified and partially characterized AHNAK and HDC as two common targets of autoantibodies in SLE and APS1, respectively. We have also identified CSAD and CLLD4 as two minor autoantigens in APS1, one of which is a novel protein with unknown function.
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  • Resultat 11-18 av 18
  • Föregående 1[2]
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Rönnblom, Lars (16)
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