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Sökning: WFRF:(Redfors Petra)

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  • Föregående 12[3]4Nästa
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21.
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22.
  • Persson, Josefine, 1981, et al. (författare)
  • Stroke survivors’ long-term QALY-weights in relation to their spouses’ QALY-weights and informal support: a cross-sectional study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. - : BIOMED CENTRAL LTD. - 1477-7525. ; 15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Healthcare interventions that have positive effects on the stroke survivors’ health-related quality of Life (HRQoL) and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) might also have positive effects for their spouses in terms of improved HRQoL and/or reduced spousal informal support. However, knowle dge about stroke survivors ’ HRQoL and QALY and the consequences for their spouses’ HRQoL and QALY is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the HRQoL and QALY-weights in dyads of stroke survivors in comparison with dyads of healthy controls, and to study the relationship between the stroke survivors’ QALY-weights and consequences for spouses in terms of QALY-weight and annual cost of informal support, using a long-term perspective. Methods: Data on stroke survivors, controls, and spouses were collected from the seven-year follow-up of the Sahlgrenska Academy Study on Ischemic Stroke (SAHLSIS). HRQoL was assessed by the SF-36, and the preference-based health state values were assessed with the SF-6D. The magnitude of the support was assessed with a study specific time-diary. An ordinary least squares (OLS) regression was used to estimate the association between stroke survivors’ and spouses’ QALY-weights. A two-part econometri c model was used to estimate the association between stroke survivors’ QALY-weights and the time spent and cost of spouses’ informal support. Results: Cohabitant dyads of 248 stroke survivors’ aged <70 at stroke onset and 245 controls were included in the study. Stroke survivors had lower HRQoL in the SF-36 domains physical functioning, physical role, general health, vitality (P <0.001), and social functioning (P = 0.005) in comparison with their cohabitant spouses. There was no significant difference in HRQoL for the dyads of controls. The results from the regression analyses showed that lo wer QALY-weights of the stroke survivors were associated with lower QALY-weights of their spouses and increased annual cost of spousal informal support. Conclusion: Our results show that the QALY-weight s for stroke surv ivors had consequences for their spouses in terms of annual cost of spousal informal support and QALY-weights. Hence, economic evalu ation of interventions that improve the HRQoL of the stroke survivors but ignore the consequences for their spouses may underestimate the value of the intervention.
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23.
  • Pulit, SL, et al. (författare)
  • Loci associated with ischaemic stroke and its subtypes (SiGN): a genome-wide association study.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. Neurology. - : Lancet Ltd. - 1474-4465. ; 15:2, s. 174-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The discovery of disease-associated loci through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) is the leading genetic approach to the identification of novel biological pathways underlying diseases in humans. Until recently, GWAS in ischaemic stroke have been limited by small sample sizes and have yielded few loci associated with ischaemic stroke. We did a large-scale GWAS to identify additional susceptibility genes for stroke and its subtypes.To identify genetic loci associated with ischaemic stroke, we did a two-stage GWAS. In the first stage, we included 16 851 cases with state-of-the-art phenotyping data and 32 473 stroke-free controls. Cases were aged 16 to 104 years, recruited between 1989 and 2012, and subtypes of ischaemic stroke were recorded by centrally trained and certified investigators who used the web-based protocol, Causative Classification of Stroke (CCS). We constructed case-control strata by identifying samples that were genotyped on nearly identical arrays and were of similar genetic ancestral background. We cleaned and imputed data by use of dense imputation reference panels generated from whole-genome sequence data. We did genome-wide testing to identify stroke-associated loci within each stratum for each available phenotype, and we combined summary-level results using inverse variance-weighted fixed-effects meta-analysis. In the second stage, we did in-silico lookups of 1372 single nucleotide polymorphisms identified from the first stage GWAS in 20 941 cases and 364 736 unique stroke-free controls. The ischaemic stroke subtypes of these cases had previously been established with the Trial of Org 10 172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) classification system, in accordance with local standards. Results from the two stages were then jointly analysed in a final meta-analysis.We identified a novel locus (G allele at rs12122341) at 1p13.2 near TSPAN2 that was associated with large artery atherosclerosis-related stroke (first stage odds ratio [OR] 1·21, 95% CI 1·13-1·30, p=4·50 × 10(-8); joint OR 1·19, 1·12-1·26, p=1·30 × 10(-9)). Our results also supported robust associations with ischaemic stroke for four other loci that have been reported in previous studies, including PITX2 (first stage OR 1·39, 1·29-1·49, p=3·26 × 10(-19); joint OR 1·37, 1·30-1·45, p=2·79 × 10(-32)) and ZFHX3 (first stage OR 1·19, 1·11-1·27, p=2·93 × 10(-7); joint OR 1·17, 1·11-1·23, p=2·29 × 10(-10)) for cardioembolic stroke, and HDAC9 (first stage OR 1·29, 1·18-1·42, p=3·50 × 10(-8); joint OR 1·24, 1·15-1·33, p=4·52 × 10(-9)) for large artery atherosclerosis stroke. The 12q24 locus near ALDH2, which has previously been associated with all ischaemic stroke but not with any specific subtype, exceeded genome-wide significance in the meta-analysis of small artery stroke (first stage OR 1·20, 1·12-1·28, p=6·82 × 10(-8); joint OR 1·17, 1·11-1·23, p=2·92 × 10(-9)). Other loci associated with stroke in previous studies, including NINJ2, were not confirmed.Our results suggest that all ischaemic stroke-related loci previously implicated by GWAS are subtype specific. We identified a novel gene associated with large artery atherosclerosis stroke susceptibility. Follow-up studies will be necessary to establish whether the locus near TSPAN2 can be a target for a novel therapeutic approach to stroke prevention. In view of the subtype-specificity of the associations detected, the rich phenotyping data available in the Stroke Genetics Network (SiGN) are likely to be crucial for further genetic discoveries related to ischaemic stroke.US National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health.
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24.
  • Putaala, Jukka, et al. (författare)
  • Searching for Explanations for Cryptogenic Stroke in the Young: Revealing the Triggers, Causes, and Outcome (SECRETO): Rationale and design
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Stroke Journal. - : SAGE Publications. - 2396-9873. ; 2:2, s. 116-125
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Worldwide, about 1.3 million annual ischaemic strokes (IS) occur in adults aged <50 years. Of theseearly-onset strokes, up to 50% can be regarded as cryptogenic or associated with conditions with poorly documented causality like patent foramen ovale and coagulopathies. Key hypotheses/aims: (1) Investigate transient triggers and clinical/sub-clinical chronic risk factors associated with cryptogenic IS in the young; (2) use cardiac imaging methods exceeding state-of-the-art to reveal novel sources for embolism; (3) search for covert thrombosis and haemostasis abnormalities; (4) discover new disease pathways using next-generation sequencing and RNA gene expression studies; (5) determine patient prognosis by use of phenotypic and genetic data; and (6) adapt systems medicine approach to investigate complex risk-factor interactions. Design: Searching for Explanations for Cryptogenic Stroke in the Young: Revealing the Etiology, Triggers, and Outcome (SECRETO; NCT01934725) is a prospective multi-centre case–control study enrolling patients aged 18–49 years hospitalised due to first-ever imaging-proven IS of undetermined etiology. Patients are examined according to a standardised protocol and followed up for 10 years. Patients are 1:1 age- and sex-matched to stroke-free controls. Key study elements include centralised reading of echocardiography, electrocardiography, and neurovascular imaging, as well as blood samples for genetic, gene-expression, thrombosis and haemostasis and biomarker analysis. We aim to have 600 patient–control pairs enrolled by the end of 2018. Summary: SECRETO is aiming to establish novel mechanisms and prognosis of cryptogenic IS in the young and will provide new directions for therapy development for these patients. First results are anticipated in 2019.
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25.
  • Redfors, Petra, et al. (författare)
  • Living alone predicts mortality in patients with ischemic stroke before 70 years of age: a long-term prospective follow-up study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: BMC neurology. - 1471-2377 .- 1471-2377. ; 16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Living alone is associated with increased mortality after myocardial infarction but little data is available about whether this applies to prognosis after stroke. We aimed to examine the association between living situation and long-term mortality in patients with ischemic stroke and a control group, and to explore whether this association is modified by patient gender. METHODS: This is a prospective case-control study of 600 patients with ischemic stroke before 70 years of age and 600 age- and sex-matched controls who have been included in the Sahlgrenska Study on Ischemic Stroke. Mortality data were collected through national registers and medical records. We used Cox regression models for identifying predictors of mortality. RESULTS: In the entire sample, mean age was 57 years, proportion of males 64 %, proportion living alone 28 %, and median follow-up 8.6 years. Mortality rates were 36 % among patients living alone, 17 % among cohabitant patients, 15 % among controls living alone, and 9 % among cohabitant controls. Living alone was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in cases after adjustment for stroke severity, stroke subtype, and vascular risk factors including physical activity, alcohol consumption, and socioeconomic status. A significant interaction was found between gender and living situation; the adjusted hazard ratio for mortality was 3.47 (95 % Confidence Interval 2.13-5.65) in male patients living alone, whereas no significant association was observed in women. Living alone was also a predictor of vascular mortality among cases and of all-cause mortality among controls. CONCLUSIONS: Living alone is associated with increased long-term mortality after ischemic stroke in men. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm the observed gender difference and to identify modifiable factors underlying this increased risk.
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26.
  • Redfors, Petra, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term follow-up of post-stroke epilepsy after ischemic stroke: Room for improved epilepsy treatment.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Seizure. - 1532-2688. ; 76, s. 50-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To assess long-term incidence and predictors of post-stroke epilepsy (PSE) and to evaluate the antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment in a well characterized cohort of middle-aged patients.The study is based on the Sahlgrenska Study on Ischemic stroke, and included 1066 adult patients with first-ever or recurrent acute ischemic stroke (AIS) before the age of 70. Early seizures (ES) were defined as seizures within one week and PSE as unprovoked seizures occurring more than one week from index stroke. Cardiovascular risk factors, subtype of AIS, and stroke severity were determined at baseline. ES, PSE, treatment with AEDs, recurrent stroke and mortality were assessed through national registers and medical records. Cox regression models were used for identifying predictors of PSE.Twenty-six patients (2.4 %) developed ES. After a median follow-up of 8.0 (IQR 4.1-10.9) years, 84 (7.9 %) had PSE, and 160 (15.0 %) had experienced a non-fatal recurrent stroke. Stroke location (total anterior and partial anterior circulation infarct, both P < 0.001), ES (P < 0.001), stroke recurrence (P < 0.001), artery dissection (P < 0.002), and previous coronary heart disease (P < 0.006) were independent predictors of PSE. Only 10 (11.9 %) had the first seizure more than four years after index stroke. In 24 (30 %) PSE patients, seizure control was not achieved.In addition to well-known risk factors for PSE development, our data also identified stroke recurrence, artery dissection and established coronary disease. Seizure control was less common than expected and in a significant proportion of patients AEDs had not been adjusted despite continuing seizures.
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27.
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28.
  • Redfors, Petra, et al. (författare)
  • Stroke subtype predicts outcome in young and middle-aged stroke sufferers
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Acta neurologica Scandinavica. - 1600-0404. ; 126:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: There are few studies on long-term outcome after ischemic stroke (IS) for young and middle-aged stroke sufferers in relation to etiologic subtypes. Here, we report 2-year outcome in the Sahlgrenska Academy Study on Ischemic Stroke (SAHLSIS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: SAHLSIS comprises 600 patients with IS before the age of 70 years. Etiologic subtype of IS was classified according to Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST). Recurrent vascular events and death were registered using several overlapping methods. Functional outcome was assessed according to the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). RESULTS: After 2 years, 55 (9.2%) patients had suffered a recurrent stroke, 15 (2.5%) had a transient ischemic attack (TIA), 4 (0.7%) had a coronary event, and 24 (4.0%) had died. The number of recurrent stroke, TIA, and death differed significantly between etiologic stroke subtypes. The highest rates were observed in large-vessel disease (LVD), whereas small-vessel disease and cryptogenic stroke showed the lowest recurrence and mortality rates. LVD was a significant predictor of the composite outcome (recurrent stroke, TIA, coronary event and/or death) independently of cardiovascular risk factors and stroke severity. Stroke subtype also predicted functional outcome 2 years after index stroke, but this association was not retained after adjustment for stroke severity. CONCLUSIONS: In young and middle-aged stroke patients, stroke subtype predicts recurrent vascular events and/or death 2 years after index stroke independently of cardiovascular risk factors and stroke severity. Thus, it is important to take the etiologic subtype of IS in account when assessing the risk of recurrence both in the clinical setting and in future studies.
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29.
  • Redfors, Petra, et al. (författare)
  • The Barrow Neurological Institute Screen for Higher Cerebral Functions in Cognitive Screening after Stroke
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases. - 1052-3057. ; 23:2, s. 349-355
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective of this study was to evaluate the Barrow Neurological Institute Screen for Higher Cerebral Functions (BNIS) in screening for cognitive dysfunction at longterm follow-up after stroke in young and middle-aged patients. Within the Sahlgrenska Academy Study on Ischemic Stroke Outcome, the BNIS and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were administered to 295 consecutive surviving patients seven years after ischemic stroke. All participants were less than 70 years at index stroke. BNIS score less than 47 and an MMSE score less than 29 were chosen to indicate cognitive dysfunction. Two hundred eighty-one (95%) patients completed both tests. The 2 test scores were moderately correlated, and both tests correlated to disability as measured by the modified Rankin Scale. The distribution of the MMSE score was skewed toward the top scores, with a marked ceiling effect, whereas the BNIS score was more normally distributed. Most BNIS subscales showed mean performance around the mid of the scale without ceiling effects. Both tests identified a large proportion of the subjects as cognitive impaired, however, with a substantially larger proportion for the BNIS (89%) compared with the MMSE (65%). We conclude that the BNIS may be a useful screening instrument for cognitive dysfunction after ischemic stroke and that a large proportion of young and middle-aged ischemic stroke survivors showed signs of cognitive dysfunction long after index stroke. Further validations of BNIS against formal neuropsychological testing and studies of the determinants and consequences of long-term cognitive outcome in this patient group are warranted.
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30.
  • Rossi, R., et al. (författare)
  • The administration of rtPA before mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke patients is associated with a significant reduction of the retrieved clot area but it does not influence revascularization outcome
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis. - 0929-5305. ; 51:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Both intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and mechanical thrombectomy (MT) are evidence-based treatments for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in selected cases. Recanalization may occur following IVT without the necessity of further interventions or requiring a subsequent MT procedure. IVT prior to MT (bridging-therapy) may be associated with benefits or hazards. We studied the retrieved clot area and degree of recanalization in patients undergoing MT or bridging-therapy for whom it was possible to collect thrombus material. We collected mechanically extracted thrombi from 550 AIS patients from four International stroke centers. Patients were grouped according to the administration (or not) of IVT before thrombectomy and the mechanical thrombectomy approach used. We assessed the number of passes for clot removal and the mTICI (modified Treatment In Cerebral Ischemia) score to define revascularization outcome. Gross photos of each clot were taken and the clot area was measured with ImageJ software. The non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test was used for statistical analysis. 255 patients (46.4%) were treated with bridging-therapy while 295 (53.6%) underwent MT alone. By analysing retrieved clot area, we found that clots from patients treated with bridging-therapy were significantly smaller compared to those from patients that underwent MT alone (H-1 = 10.155 p = 0.001*). There was no difference between bridging-therapy and MT alone in terms of number of passes or final mTICI score. Bridging-therapy was associated with significantly smaller retrieved clot area compared to MT alone but it did not influence revascularization outcome.
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  • Föregående 12[3]4Nästa

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