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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Ribel Madsen Rasmus) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Ribel Madsen Rasmus)

  • Resultat 11-17 av 17
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11.
  • Jacobsen, Stine C., et al. (författare)
  • Young men with low birthweight exhibit decreased plasticity of genome-wide muscle DNA methylation by high-fat overfeeding
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Diabetologia. - : Springer. - 1432-0428. ; 57:6, s. 1154-1158
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims/hypothesis The association between low birthweight (LBW) and risk of developing type 2 diabetes may involve epigenetic mechanisms, with skeletal muscle being a prime target tissue. Differential DNA methylation patterns have been observed in single genes in muscle tissue from type 2 diabetic and LBW individuals, and we recently showed multiple DNA methylation changes during short-term high-fat overfeeding in muscle of healthy people. In a randomised crossover study, we analysed genome-wide DNA promoter methylation in skeletal muscle of 17 young LBW men and 23 matched normal birthweight (NBW) men after a control and a 5 day high-fat overfeeding diet. Methods DNA methylation was measured using Illumina's Infinium BeadArray covering 27,578 CpG sites representing 14,475 different genes. Results After correction for multiple comparisons, DNA methylation levels were found to be similar in the LBW and NBW groups during the control diet. Whereas widespread DNA methylation changes were observed in the NBW group in response to high-fat overfeeding, only a few methylation changes were seen in the LBW group (chi(2), p < 0.001). Conclusions/interpretation Our results indicate lower DNA methylation plasticity in skeletal muscle from LBW vs NBW men, potentially contributing to understanding the link between LBW and increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
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12.
  • Main, Ailsa Maria, et al. (författare)
  • DNA methylation and gene expression of HIF3A : cross-tissue validation and associations with BMI and insulin resistance
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Clinical Epigenetics. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1868-7075. ; 8:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Associations between BMI and DNA methylation of hypoxia-inducible factor 3-alpha (HIF3A) in both blood cells and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) have been reported. In this study, we investigated associations between BMI and HIF3A DNA methylation in the blood and SAT from the same individuals, and whether HIF3A gene expression in SAT and skeletal muscle biopsies showed associations with BMI and insulin resistance. Furthermore, we aimed to investigate gender specificity and heritability of these traits. Methods: We studied 137 first-degree relatives of type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients from 48 families, from whom we had SAT and muscle biopsies. DNA methylation of four CpG sites in the HIF3A promoter was analyzed in the blood and SAT by pyrosequencing, and HIF3A gene expression was analyzed in SAT and muscle by qPCR. An index of whole-body insulin sensitivity was estimated from oral glucose tolerance tests. Results: BMI was associated with HIF3A methylation at one CpG site in the blood, and there was a positive association between the blood and SAT methylation levels at a different CpG site within the individuals. The SAT methylation level did not correlate with HIF3A gene expression. Interestingly, HIF3A expression in SAT, but not in muscle, associated negatively with BMI and whole-body insulin resistance. We found a significant effect of familiality on HIF3A methylation levels in the blood and HIF3A expression levels in skeletal muscle. Conclusions: Our findings are in line with the previously reported link between BMI and DNA methylation of HIF3A in the blood. The tissue-specific results of HIF3A gene expression indicate that SAT is the more functional tissue in which a low expression may adversely affect whole-body insulin sensitivity.
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13.
  • Ribel-Madsen, Rasmus, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of rs361072 in the Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase p110 beta Gene on Whole-Body Glucose Metabolism and Subunit Protein Expression in Skeletal Muscle
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - : American Diabetes Association Inc.. - 1939-327X. ; 59:4, s. 1108-1112
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE-Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is a major effector in insulin signaling. rs361072, located in the promoter of the gene (PIK3CB) for the p110 beta subunit, has previously been found to be associated with homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in obese subjects. The aim was to investigate the influence of rs361072 on in vivo glucose metabolism, skeletal muscle PI3K subunit protein levels, and type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-The functional role of rs361072 was studied in 196 Danish healthy adult twins. Peripheral and hepatic insulin sensitivity was assessed by a euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp. Basal and insulin-stimulated biopsies were taken from the vastus lateralis muscle, and tissue p110 beta and p85 alpha proteins were measured by Western blotting. The genetic association with type 2 diabetes and quantitative metabolic traits was investigated in 9,316 Danes with glucose tolerance ranging from normal to overt type 2 diabetes. RESULTS-While hepatic insulin resistance was similar in the fasting state, carriers of the minor G allele had lower hepatic glucose output (per-allele effect: 16%, P-add = 0.004) during high physiological insulin infusion. rs361072 did not associate with insulin-stimulated peripheral glucose disposal despite a decreased muscle p85 alpha:p110 beta protein ratio (P-add = 0.03) in G allele carriers. No association with HOMA-IR or type 2 diabetes (odds ratio 1.07, P = 0.5) was identified, and obesity did not interact with rs361072 on these traits. CONCLUSIONS-Our study suggests that the minor G allele of PIK3CB rs361072 associates with decreased muscle p85 alpha:p110 beta ratio and lower hepatic glucose production at high plasma insulin levels. However, no impact on type 2 diabetes prevalence was found. Diabetes 59:1108-1112, 2010
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14.
  • Ribel-Madsen, Rasmus, et al. (författare)
  • Retinol-Binding Protein 4 in Twins Regulatory Mechanisms and Impact of Circulating and Tissue Expression Levels on Insulin Secretion and Action
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - : American Diabetes Association Inc.. - 1939-327X. ; 58:1, s. 54-60
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE-Retinol-binding protein (RBP) 4 is an adipokine of which plasma levels are elevated in obesity and type 2 diabetes. The aims of the study were to identify determinants of plasma RBP4 and RBP4 mRNA expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and skeletal muscle and to investigate the association between RBP4 and in vivo measures of glucose metabolism. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-The study population included 298 elderly twins (aged 62-83 years), with glucose tolerance ranging from normal to overt type 2 diabetes, and 178 young (aged 25-32 years) and elderly (aged 58-66 years) nondiabetic twins. Peripheral and hepatic insulin sensitivity was assessed by a euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp, and beta-cell function was estimated from an intravenous glucose tolerance test. RESULTS-The influence of environmental versus genetic factors in the regulation of plasma RBP4 increased with age. Plasma RBP4 was elevated in type 2 diabetes and increased with duration of disease. Plasma RBP4 correlated inversely with peripheral, but not hepatic, insulin sensitivity. However, the association disappeared after correction for covariates, including plasma. adiponectin. Plasma retinol, and not RBP4, was inversely associated with insulin secretion. SAT RBP4 expression correlated positively with GLUT4 expression and inversely with glucose tolerance. Skeletal muscle RBP4 expression reflected intramuscular fat, and although it was suppressed by insulin, no association with insulin sensitivity was evident. RBP4 expression was not associated with circulatory RBP4. CONCLUSIONS-In conclusion, our data indicate that, RBP4 levels in plasma, skeletal muscle, and fat may be linked to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in a secondary and noncausal manner. Diabetes 58:54-60, 2009
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15.
  • Ribel-Madsen, Rasmus, et al. (författare)
  • Retinol-Binding Protein 4 in Young Men With Low Versus Normal Birth Weight: Physiological Response to Short-Term Overfeeding
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Obesity. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1930-739X. ; 19:6, s. 1304-1306
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a plasma protein which is elevated in obesity and type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate whether RBP4 represents a mechanism underlying the associations between low birth weight (LBW), high-fat diet, and insulin resistance. Forty-six young, lean men with low (n = 20) or normal (n = 26) birth weight underwent a 5-day high-fat high-calorie (HFHC) dietary intervention. In vivo glucose metabolism was assessed by euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp, glucose tracer and intravenous glucose tolerance test techniques. Body composition was measured by a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan, and plasma RBP4 by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RBP4 was not associated with birth weight, but with BMI (beta = 0.9 mu g/ml (0.08;1.8) (95% confidence interval), P = 0.03) and plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (beta = 5.3 mu g/ml (1.9;8.7), P = 0.03) and triglycerides (beta = 15.4 mu g/ml (9.5;21.3), P < 0.001). Under baseline diet conditions, RBP4 was associated with decreased disposition index (D-i) (beta = -2.4% (-4.5%;-0.2%), P = 0.04) and increased basal hepatic glucose production rate (HGP) (beta = 0.02 mg kg(-1) min(-1) (0.002;0.04), P = 0.03), but not associated with peripheral glucose disposal rate or hepatic insulin resistance index. RBP4 levels were not influenced by overfeeding or related to peripheral and hepatic insulin resistance provoked by the dietary intervention. In conclusion, plasma RBP4 in young men associates with components of the metabolic syndrome, but is not determined by birth weight and seems not to be involved in short-term high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance.
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16.
  • Rung, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variant near IRS1 is associated with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718. ; 41:10, s. 89-1110
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies have identified common variants that only partially explain the genetic risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Using genome-wide association data from 1,376 French individuals, we identified 16,360 SNPs nominally associated with T2D and studied these SNPs in an independent sample of 4,977 French individuals. We then selected the 28 best hits for replication in 7,698 Danish subjects and identified 4 SNPs showing strong association with T2D, one of which (rs2943641, P = 9.3 x 10(-12), OR = 1.19) was located adjacent to the insulin receptor substrate 1 gene (IRS1). Unlike previously reported T2D risk loci, which predominantly associate with impaired beta cell function, the C allele of rs2943641 was associated with insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia in 14,358 French, Danish and Finnish participants from population-based cohorts; this allele was also associated with reduced basal levels of IRS1 protein and decreased insulin induction of IRS1-associated phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase activity in human skeletal muscle biopsies.
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17.
  • Vaag, Allan, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic, non-genetic and epigenetic risk determinants in developmental programming of type 2 diabetes.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1600-0412. ; 93:11, s. 1099-1108
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Low birthweight (LBW) individuals and offspring of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) exhibit increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and associated cardiometabolic traits in adulthood, which for both groups may be mediated by adverse events and developmental changes in fetal life. T2D is a multifactorial disease occurring as a result of complicated interplay between genetic and both pre- as well as postnatal non-genetic factors, and it remains unknown to which extent the increased risk of T2D associated with LBW or GDM in the mother may be due to, or confounded by, genetic factors. Indeed, it has been shown that genetic changes influencing risk of diabetes may also be associated with reduced fetal growth as a result of reduced insulin secretion and/or action. Similarly, increased risk of T2D among offspring could be explained by T2D susceptibility genes shared between the mother and her offspring. Epigenetic mechanisms may explain the link between factors operating in fetal life and later risk of developing T2D, but so far convincing evidence is lacking for epigenetic changes as a prime and direct cause of T2D. This review addresses recent literature on the early origins of adult disease hypothesis, with a special emphasis on the role of genetic compared to non-genetic and epigenetic risk determinants and disease mechanisms. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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