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Sökning: WFRF:(Sorbye H)

  • Resultat 21-30 av 49
  • Föregående 12[3]45Nästa
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  • Elvebakken, Hege, et al. (författare)
  • A Consensus-Developed Morphological Re-Evaluation of 196 High-Grade Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms and Its Clinical Correlations
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - : KARGER. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 111:9, s. 883-894
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) are classified according to morphology as well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) G3 or poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs). Little data exist concerning which morphological criteria this subdivision should be based on. Uncertainty exists if the NEC group should be further subdivided according to proliferation rate. Clinical data on NET G3 and NEC with a lower Ki-67 range are limited. A total of 213 patients with high-grade GEP-NEN (Ki-67 >20%) were included from the Nordic NEC Registries. Four experienced NET pathologists re-evaluated the cases to develop the best morphological criteria to separate NET G3 from NEC, assuming longer survival in NET G3. Organoid growth pattern, capillary network in direct contact to tumour cells, and absence of desmoplastic stroma were found to best separate NET G3 from NEC. Of 196 patients with metastatic disease, NET G3 was found in 12.3%, NEC with a Ki-67 <55% (NEC < 55) in 29.6%, and NEC with a Ki-67 >= 55% (NEC >= 55) in 56.6%. Only in 1.5%, the morphology was ambiguous. Of 164 patients receiving first-line chemotherapy, 88% received platinum/etoposide treatment. Response rate was higher for NEC >= 55 (44%) than that of NEC < 55 (25%) and NET G3 (24%) (p = 0.025 and p = 0.026). Median progression-free survival was 5 months for all groups. Median overall survival was 33 months for NET G3 compared to 11 months for both NEC < 55 and NEC >= 55 (p = 0.004 and 0.003). Specific morphological criteria can separate NET G3 from NECs and show prognostic significance. High-grade GEP-NEN patients stratified by morphology and proliferation rate demonstrate significant differences in response to chemotherapy and survival.
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  • Guren, Tormod Kyrre, et al. (författare)
  • Cetuximab in treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer : final survival analyses and extended RAS data from the NORDIC-VII study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - : NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 116:10, s. 1271-1278
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The NORDIC-VII study is a randomised phase III trial of cetuximab plus continuous or intermittent fluorouracil, folinic acid, and oxaliplatin (Nordic FLOX) vs FLOX alone in first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. The present report presents an updated and final survival analysis with BRAF and extended RAS mutational status, 5 years after the primary analysis.Methods: A total of 566 patients were included in the intention-to-treat (ITT) population of the NORDIC-VII study. Updated survival status was obtained from 176 patients who were alive in the primary survival analyses. Samples from 223 tumours previously found to be KRAS (exon 2) and BRAF (V600E) wild-type, were re-analysed for KRAS (exons 3 and 4) and NRAS (exons 2-4) mutations.Results: Including the extended RAS analyses, RAS and BRAF mutational status was available from 457 patients (81% of the ITT population). RAS was mutated in 46% and BRAF in 12% of the tumours. RAS and BRAF, if mutated, were negative prognostic factors. The updated analyses confirmed the finding of the primary report that cetuximab did not provide any additional benefit when added to FLOX in patients with RAS/BRAF wild-type tumours, neither on progression-free nor overall survival. However, the outcomes in a subset of patients, which, after the first eight treatment cycles, received cetuximab alone, suggested a beneficial effect of cetuximab monotherapy.Conclusions: Adding cetuximab to Nordic FLOX did not provide any clinical benefit, but the data suggested an effect of cetuximab monotherapy in patients with RAS/BRAF wild-type tumours in the NORDIC-VII cohort. The data were compatible with a negative interaction between cetuximab and the Nordic FLOX chemotherapy backbone.
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  • Hamfjord, Julian, et al. (författare)
  • Clinicopathological factors associated with tumour-specific mutation detection in plasma of patients with RAS-mutated or BRAF-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - : WILEY. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 149:6, s. 1385-1397
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Detection of tumour-specific circulating cell-free DNA in plasma (ctDNA) fails in a significant number of cases depending on the clinical context. The primary aim was to investigate clinicopathological factors associated with detection of ctDNA in patients with RAS-/BRAF-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) prior to first-line therapy. A secondary aim was to evaluate the prognostic impact of ctDNA compared to other biomarkers. Patients were included from the NORDIC-VII study (N = 253). ctDNA was sampled prior to treatment and analysed for hotspot tissue mutations (KRAS, NRAS, and BRAF) using droplet digital PCR. Multivariable regression models were constructed to predict the probability of mutation detection and survival. Increasing radiological size of target lesions by increments of 1 cm (odds ratio [OR] = 1.18; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-1.27; P < .001), intact primary tumour (OR = 3.17; 95% CI 1.22-8.22; P = .018) and more than one metastatic site (OR = 3.08; 95% CI 1.32-7.19; P = .009) were associated with mutation detection in plasma. Metastatic involvement of the lung was associated with non-detection (OR = 0.26; 95% CI 0.12-0.58; P = .001). Preanalytical and analytical factors modulated detection. High allele frequencies of ctDNA indicated poor prognosis independently of CEA and CA19-9 (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.38; 95% CI 1.74-3.26; P < .001; N = 206). Clinicopathological characteristics should be carefully considered when evaluating ctDNA results from mCRC patients, especially when confronted with a plasma negative result. ctDNA may prove to be a clinically useful marker in the evaluation of mCRC treatment.
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  • Kjersem, Janne B, et al. (författare)
  • Let-7 miRNA-binding site polymorphism in the KRAS 3`UTR; colorectal cancer screening population prevalence and influence on clinical outcome in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin +/- cetuximab.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - 1471-2407 .- 1471-2407. ; 12:1, s. 534-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported associations between a variant allele in a let-7 microRNA complementary site (LCS6) within the 3 untranslated region (3 UTR) of KRAS (rs61764370) and clinical outcome in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients receiving cetuximab. The variant allele has also been associated with increased cancer risk. We aimed to reveal the incidence of the variant allele in a colorectal cancer screening population and to investigate the clinical relevance of the variant allele in mCRC patients treated with 1st line 5-fluorouracil-oxaliplatin (Nordic FLOX) +/- cetuximab.METHODS: The feasibility of the variant allele as a risk factor for CRC was investigated by comparing the LCS6 gene frequencies in 197 CRC patients, 1060 individuals with colorectal polyps, and 358 healthy controls. The relationship between clinical outcome and LCS6 genotype was analyzed in 180 mCRC patients receiving Nordic FLOX and 355 patients receiving Nordic FLOX + cetuximab in the NORDIC-VII trial (NCT00145314). RESULTS: LCS6 frequencies did not vary between CRC patients (23%), individuals with polyps (20%), and healthy controls (20%) (P=0.50). No statistically significant differences were demonstrated in the NORDIC-VII cohort even if numerically increased progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were found in patients with the LCS6 variant allele (8.5 (95% CI: 7.3-9.7 months) versus 7.8 months (95% CI: 7.4-8.3 months), P=0.16 and 23.5 (95% CI: 21.6-25.4 months) versus 19.5 months (95% CI: 17.8-21.2 months), P=0.31, respectively). Addition of cetuximab seemed to improve response rate more in variant carriers than in wild-type carriers (from 35% to 57% versus 44% to 47%), however the difference was not statistically significant (interaction P = 0.16).CONCLUSIONS: The LCS6 variant allele does not seem to be a risk factor for development of colorectal polyps or CRC. No statistically significant effect of the LCS6 variant allele on response rate, PFS or OS was found in mCRC patients treated with 1st line 5-fluorouracil-oxaliplatin +/- cetuximab.
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  • Resultat 21-30 av 49
  • Föregående 12[3]45Nästa

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