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Sökning: WFRF:(Wszolek Z K)

  • Resultat 11-18 av 18
  • Föregående 1[2]
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  • Dulski, J., et al. (författare)
  • Neuroacanthocytosis - Clinical variability (a report on six cases)
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Movement Disorders. - : John Wiley & Sons Inc.. - 0885-3185. ; 29:Suppl 1, s. 194-194
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To provide clinical clues to differential diagnosis in patients with chorea and other movement disorders with blood acanthocytes. Background: Neuroacanthocytosis (NA) is an umbrella term for neurological conditions associated with acanthocytosis. Core NA syndromes, with basal ganglia involvement and in which acanthocytosis is a frequent finding, include autosomal recessive choreaacanthocytosis (Ch-Ac) and X-linked McLeod syndrome (MLS). Due to the very low prevalence, scarcity of data and high clinical variability they may be underdiagnosed. Methods: Six male patients (pts), three diagnosed with Ch-Ac: 33-y.o.(no.1), 35-y.o.(no.2), 42-y.o.(no.3), two diagnosed with MLS: 52-y.o.(no.4), 60-y.o.(no.5) and one 62-y.o.(no.6), a brother of no.5, with clinical suspicion of MLS. The patients had an unremarkable family history and were asymptomatic until adulthood. Pts no.1,2,4,5,6 developed generalized chorea and patient no.3 had predominant bradykinesia. Pts no.1,2,3 had phonic and motor tics, additionally pts no.1 and 2 exhibited peculiar oromandibular dystonia with tongue thrusting. In pts no.2 and 3 dystonic supination of feet was observed, patient no.3 subsequently developed bilateral foot drop. Pts no. 2 and 4 had signs of muscle atrophy. Tendon reflexes were decreased or absent and electroneurography demonstrated sensorimotor neuropathy in patients no. 1,2,3,4,5, except no. 6. Generalized seizures were seen in patients no.2,3,5,6 and myoclonic jerks in patient no 1. Cognitive deterioration was reported in patients no.1,2,3,5,6. Serum creatine kinase levels were elevated in all six patients. Results: Peripheral blood smears revealed acanthocytosis in patients no.1,2,3,5,6, except no. 4. In patients no. 1 and 3 reduced expression of chorein was detected on Western blot. In patient no. 2 genetic testing showed mutations in VPS13A gene and in no.4 and 5 genetic analysis confirmed mutations in XK gene (MLS). The time from the onset of symptoms till establishing the diagnosis in patients no. 1,2,3,4,5 was 11,5,7,6,32 years respectively. Patient no.4 suddenly developed multiple organ failure and died of cardiac arrhythmia at the age of 52. Conclusions: We highlight the variability of clinical presentation of NA syndromes and the long time from the onset to diagnosis with the need to screen the blood smears in uncertain cases, however, as in one of our cases acanthocytes may even be not found.
  • Mickeviciute, G. -C, et al. (författare)
  • Neuroimaging phenotypes of CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy : Systematic review, meta-analysis, and imaging recommendations
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Journal of Internal Medicine. - : Wiley. - 0954-6820 .- 1365-2796. ; 291:3, s. 269-282
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R)-related leukoencephalopathy is a rare but fatal microgliopathy. The diagnosis is often delayed due to multifaceted symptoms that can mimic several other neurological disorders. Imaging provides diagnostic clues that help identify cases. The objective of this study was to integrate the literature on neuroimaging phenotypes of CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed for neuroimaging findings of CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy via PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase on 25 August 2021. The search included cases with confirmed CSF1R mutations reported under the previous terms hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids, pigmentary orthochromatic leukodystrophy, and adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia. In 78 studies providing neuroimaging data, 195 cases were identified carrying CSF1R mutations in 14 exons and five introns. Women had a statistically significant earlier age of onset (p = 0.041, 40 vs 43 years). Mean delay between symptom onset and neuroimaging was 2.3 years. Main magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were frontoparietal white matter lesions, callosal thinning, and foci of restricted diffusion. The hallmark computed tomography (CT) finding was white matter calcifications. Widespread cerebral hypometabolism and hypoperfusion were reported using positron emission tomography and single-photon emission computed tomography. In conclusion, CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy is associated with progressive white matter lesions and brain atrophy that can resemble other neurodegenerative/-inflammatory disorders. However, long-lasting diffusion restriction and parenchymal calcifications are more specific findings that can aid the differential diagnosis. Native brain CT and brain MRI (with and without a contrast agent) are recommended with proposed protocols and pictorial examples are provided. 
  • Perez-Soriano, Alexandra, et al. (författare)
  • PBB3 Imaging in Parkinsonian disorders: Evidence for binding to abnormally aggregated proteins in addition to tau proteins
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Movement Disorders. - : John Wiley & Sons Inc.. - 1531-8257. ; 32:Suppl 2, s. 585-587
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To study selective regional binding for tau pathology in vivo, using PET with [11C]PBB3 ([11C]methylamino pyridin-3-yl buta-1,3-dienyl benzo[d]thiazol-6-ol) in tauopathies, and in conditions not typically associated with tauopathy. Background: Tau imaging is a promising tool to study the link between tau and neurodegeneration. The specificity of tracers in vivo however remains uncertain, and off target binding is frequently present, limiting its use in parkinsonian disorders. Methods: Dynamic PET scans were obtained for 70 min after the bolus injection of [11C]PBB3 (mean dose 518.97MBq) in five PSP subjects, 1 subject with DCTN1 mutation and PSP phenotype,3 asymptomatic SNCA duplication carriers, 1 MSA subject, and 7 healthy controls of similar age. The occipital cortex was used as reference region for the PSP , the DCTN1 mutation and the MSA subjects. The cerebellar white matter was used as a reference region for the SNCA duplication carriers. Tissue reference Logan analysis was applied to each region of interest (ROI) using the appropriate reference region. Results: In PSP subjects, the highest retention of [11C]PBB3 was observed in putamen, midbrain, globus pallidus and substantia nigra. Longer disease duration and more advanced clinical severity were generally associated with higher tracer retention. The DCTN1/PSP phenotype case showed increased binding in putamen, parietal lobe, and globus pallidus. In SNCA duplication carriers there was a significant increase of [11C] PBB3 binding compared to controls in globus pallidus, putamen, thalamus, ventral striatum, substantia nigra, and pedunculopontine nucleus. The MSA case showed increased binding in comparison to the control group in frontal lobe, globus pallidus, midbrain, parietal lobe, putamen, temporal lobe, substantia nigra, thalamus and ventral striatum. Conclusions: All PSP patients showed increased retention of the tracer in the basal ganglia, as clinically expected. However, binding was also present in asymptomatic SNCA duplication carriers as well as the subject with MSA, which are not typically associated with pathological tau deposition. This suggests the possibility that [11C]PBB3 binds to alpha-synuclein or other proteins involved in neurodegeneration.
  • Puschmann, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • A family with parkinsonism, essential tremor, restless legs syndrome, and depression
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1526-632X. ; 76:19, s. 1623-1630
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Previous epidemiologic and genetic studies have suggested a link between Parkinson disease (PD), essential tremor (ET), and restless legs syndrome (RLS). Methods: We describe the clinical, PET, and pathologic characteristics of an extensive kindred from Arkansas with hereditary PD, ET, and RLS. The pedigree contains 138 individuals. Sixty-five family members were examined neurologically up to 3 times from 2004 to 2010. Clinical data were collected from medical records and questionnaires. Genetic studies were performed. Five family members underwent multitracer PET. Two individuals with PD were examined postmortem. Results: Eleven family members had PD with generally mild and slowly progressive symptoms. Age at onset was between 39 and 74 years (mean 59.1, SD 13.4). All individuals treated with L-dopa responded positively. Postural or action tremor was present in 6 individuals with PD, and in 19 additional family members. Fifteen persons reported symptoms of RLS. PET showed reduced presynaptic dopamine function typical of sporadic PD in a patient with PD and ET, but not in persons with ET or RLS. The inheritance pattern was autosomal dominant for PD and RLS. No known pathogenic mutation in PD-related genes was found. Fourteen of the family members with PD, ET, or RLS had depression. Neuropathologic examination revealed pallidonigral pigment spheroid degeneration with ubiquitin-positive axonal spheroids, TDP43-positive pathology in the basal ganglia, hippocampus, and brainstem, and only sparse Lewy bodies. Conclusion: Familial forms of PD, ET, RLS, and depression occur in this family. The genetic cause remains to be elucidated. Neurology (R) 2011; 76: 1623-1630
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  • Resultat 11-18 av 18
  • Föregående 1[2]

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