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  • Aad, G, et al. (författare)
  • Search for Higgs Boson Pair Production in the γγbb[over ¯] Final State Using pp Collision Data at sqrt[s]=8 TeV from the ATLAS Detector.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - : American Physical Society. - 1079-7114. ; 114:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Searches are performed for resonant and nonresonant Higgs boson pair production in the γγbb[over ¯] final state using 20 fb^{-1} of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV recorded with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. A 95% confidence level upper limit on the cross section times branching ratio of nonresonant production is set at 2.2 pb, while the expected limit is 1.0 pb. The difference derives from a modest excess of events, corresponding to 2.4 standard deviations from the background-only hypothesis. The limit observed in the search for a narrow X→hh resonance ranges between 0.7 and 3.5 pb as a function of the resonance mass.
  • Batool, Tahira, et al. (författare)
  • Upregulated BMP-Smad signaling activity in the glucuronyl C5-epimerase knock out MEF cells
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Cellular Signalling. - : Elsevier. - 0898-6568 .- 1873-3913. ; 54, s. 122-129
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Glucuronyl C5-epimerase (Hsepi) catalyzes the conversion of glucuronic acid to iduronic acid in the process of heparan sulfate biosynthesis. Targeted interruption of the gene, Glce,in mice resulted in neonatal lethality with varied defects in organ development. To understand the molecular mechanisms of the phenotypes, we used mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) as a model to examine selected signaling pathways. Our earlier studies found reduced activities of FGF-2, GDNF, but increased activity of sonic hedgehog in the mutant cells. In this study, we focused on the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway. Western blotting detected substantially elevated endogenous Smad1/5/8 phosphorylation in the Hsepi mutant (KO) MEF cells, which is reverted by re-expression of the enzyme in the KO cells. The mutant cells displayed an enhanced proliferation and elevated alkaline phosphatase activity, marking higher differentiation, when cultured in osteogenic medium. The high level of Smad1/5/8 phosphorylation was also found in primary calvarial cells isolated from the KO mice. Analysis of the genes involved in the BMP signaling pathway revealed upregulation of a number of BMP ligands, but reduced expression of several Smads and BMP antagonist (Grem1) in the KO MEF cells. The results suggest that Hsepi expression modulates BMP signaling activity, which, at least partially, is associated with defected molecular structure of heparan sulfate expressed in the cells.   
  • Chen, Fei'er, et al. (författare)
  • The effects of PM2.5 on asthmatic and allergic diseases or symptoms in preschool children of six Chinese cities, based on China, Children, Homes and Health (CCHH) project
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Environmental Pollution. - : Elsevier BV. - 0269-7491 .- 1873-6424. ; 232, s. 329-337
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The urbanization and industrialization in China is accompanied by bad air quality, and the prevalence of asthma in Chinese children has been increasing in recent years. To investigate the associations between ambient PM2.5 levels and asthmatic and allergic diseases or symptoms in preschool children in China, we assigned PM2.5 exposure data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project to 205 kindergartens at a spatial resolution of 0.1° × 0.1° in six cities in China (Shanghai, Nanjing, Chongqing, Changsha, Urumqi, and Taiyuan). A hierarchical multiple logistical regression model was applied to analyze the associations between kindergarten-level PM2.5 exposure and individual-level outcomes of asthmatic and allergic symptoms. The individual-level variables, including gender, age, family history of asthma and allergic diseases, breastfeeding, parental smoking, indoor dampness, interior decoration pollution, household annual income, and city-level variable-annual temperature were adjusted. A total of 30,759 children (average age 4.6 years, 51.7% boys) were enrolled in this study. Apart from family history, indoor dampness, and decoration as predominant risk factors, we found that an increase of 10 μg/m3 of the annual PM2.5 was positively associated with the prevalence of allergic rhinitis by an odds ratio (OR) of 1.20 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11, 1.29) and diagnosed asthma by OR of 1.10 (95% CI 1.03, 1.18). Those who lived in non-urban (vs. urban) areas were exposed to more severe indoor air pollution arising from biomass combustion and had significantly higher ORs between PM2.5 and allergic rhinitis and current rhinitis. Our study suggested that long-term exposure to PM2.5 might increase the risks of asthmatic and allergic diseases or symptoms in preschool children in China. Compared to those living in urban areas, children living in suburban or rural areas had a higher risk of PM2.5 exposure.
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