Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Gastroenterologi) srt2:(1990-1999)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Gastroenterologi) > (1990-1999)

  • Resultat 41-50 av 88
  • Föregående 1...234[5]678...9Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Andersson, K, et al. (författare)
  • Hyperplasia of histaime-depleted enterochromaffin-like cells in rat stomach using omeprazole and a-fluoromethylhistidine
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: Gastroenterology. - 1528-0012. ; 103:3, s. 897-904
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the rat, gastric histamine is stored mainly in the enterochromaffinlike cells. Gastrin releases histamine from these cells, and long-term hypergastrinemia results in hyperplasia. The effect of sustained hypergastrinemia on histamine-depleted enterochromaffinlike cells was studied by measuring histidine decarboxylase activity and histamine concentrations and by using quantitative histology. Hypergastrinemia maintained for 6 weeks was induced by inhibition of gastric acid secretion with omeprazole (400 mumol.kg-1.day-1) given orally, and histamine synthesis was inhibited for the same length of time with alpha-fluoromethylhistidine (3 mg.kg-1.h-1) given via osmotic minipumps. In rats given omeprazole alone, the effects of the resulting hypergastrinemia on the enterochromaffinlike cells was reflected in increased histidine decarboxylase activity, increased histamine concentration, and increased number of enterochromaffinlike cells. The general trophic effects on the stomach were seen as increased stomach and oxyntic mucosal weight and increased mucosal thickness. Treatment with alpha-fluoromethylhistidine plus omeprazole markedly reduced the histidine decarboxylase activity and histamine concentration, but the weight of the stomach and oxyntic mucosa, the enterochromaffinlike cell density, and intensity of histidine decarboxylase immunostaining were increased to at least the same extent as after omeprazole alone. These observations indicate that enterochromaffinlike cell histamine is not important for a full expression of gastrin-evoked trophic effects in the stomach.
  • Andersson, Lena, et al. (författare)
  • Pancreatic lipase related protein 2, but not classical lipase hydrolyzes galactolipids
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. - : Elsevier BV. - 0006-3002. ; 1302:3, s. 236-240
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The pancreatic lipase family contains three subfamilies, the 'classical' lipases and the pancreatic lipase-related proteins 1 (PLRP1) and 2 (PLRP2). Galactolipids are present in membranes of leaves and vegetables and consist of digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGalDG) monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGalDG) and sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG). These lipids were incubated with PLRP2 from guinea-pig (GPLRP2) and rat (RPLRP2). In the presence of bile salts DGalDG was efficiently hydrolyzed by GPLRP2 and, although less efficiently, by RPLRP2 to digalactosylmonoacylglycerol (DGalMG), free fatty acids and water-soluble galactose-containing compounds. Also, MGalDG and SQDG were hydrolyzed by GPLRP2 and RPLRP2. These data suggest a possible role of PLRP2 in the digestion of dietary galactolipids
  • Appelros, Stefan, et al. (författare)
  • Activation peptide of carboxypeptidase B in serum and urine in acute pancreatitis
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Gut. - : BMJ. - 1468-3288 .- 0017-5749. ; 42:1, s. 97-102
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis involves activation of the pancreatic proenzymes. Levels of the trypsinogen activation peptide in urine in acute pancreatitis has been shown to correlate with the severity of disease. However, this peptide is unstable in urine and, because of its low molecular mass, difficult to measure. Procarboxypeptidase B has a larger activation peptide which could be more suitable for analysis in serum and urine.
  • Barros, H., et al. (författare)
  • Hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol by human panreatic phospholipase A2
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - : Informa UK Limited. - 1502-7708 .- 0036-5521. ; 25:2, s. 134-140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pure human pancreatic phospholipase A2 efficiently hydrolyzed the 2-ester bond of 14C-2-linoleoyl and 14C-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylinositol (PI). The rate of hydrolysis varied markedly with the bile salt (sodium taurocholate to sodium taurodeoxycholate, 3:4 mol/mol) concentration, the hydrolysis being decreased with increasing bile salt to PI ratio. The influence of bile salts was thus similar to that which has earlier been described for the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine (PC) with pig pancreatic phospholipase A2. When 2-3H-arachidonyl PC and 2-14C-arachidonyl PI were incorporated into a mixed substrate, PI was hydrolyzed even faster than PC, the hydrolysis of both phospholipids varying in the same manner with bile salt concentration. 2-14C-arachidonyl PI was also efficiently hydrolyzed by human duodenal content, although at a somewhat slower rate than 2-3H-arachidonyl PC. It is concluded that PI is a good substrate for human phospholipase A2. This minor but arachidonate-rich dietary phospholipid may thus be digested and absorbed by pathways similar to those of the major dietary and bile phospholipid, phosphatidylcholine.
  • Bergenfelz, A, et al. (författare)
  • Parathyroid hormone secretion after operation for primary hyperparathyroidism
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Surgery. - 0039-6060. ; 113:6, s. 54-649
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is associated with a defective regulation of the secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Thus in pHPT, higher than normal calcium concentrations are required to inhibit PTH release. However, it is not known if this defective regulation is normalized by removal of the parathyroid adenoma (i.e., whether the regulation of PTH secretion is normal in the remaining glands). In this study we therefore investigated the PTH secretion in patients operated on for parathyroid adenoma 1 year after operation.METHODS: Na2 ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid and CaCI2 were infused at constant rates in six patients operated on for parathyroid adenoma and six healthy individuals. Serum levels of intact PTH and ionized calcium were determined during the infusions.RESULTS: No significant differences between the two groups were found in baseline levels of serum ionized calcium and PTH. Furthermore, no significant differences between patients and control subjects were found in the maximum serum PTH levels during the hypocalcemic infusion of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid or in the minimum serum PTH levels during the calcium infusion. In contrast, the set point (the calcium concentration required for half-maximal inhibition of PTH secretion) was significantly lower in the patients (1.20 +/- 0.01 mmol/L) compared with control subjects (1.22 +/- 0.01 mmol/L; p < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the elevation of set point in patients with parathyroid adenoma is corrected by successful operation. This suggests a monoclonal origin of parathyroid adenomas.
  • Bergenfelz, A, et al. (författare)
  • Postoperative studies on parathyroid hormone secretion in patients operated on for primary hyperparathyroidism
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Clinica Chimica Acta. - 0009-8981. ; 219:1-2, s. 67-77
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The secretion of intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) was investigated in 11 patients operated on for parathyroid adenoma at 1 year after surgery and compared with that of seven healthy individuals and five patients operated on because of clinical and biochemical signs of primary hyperparathyroidism with equivocal diagnosis after surgery. The investigation was performed by infusing Na2EDTA and CaCl2 at constant rates. No significant difference was found in the suppressibility of PTH secretion by calcium. The set point (the calcium concentration required for half-maximal inhibition of PTH secretion) was slightly lower in patients (1.20 +/- 0.02 mmol/l) compared with healthy subjects (1.23 +/- 0.03 mmol/l; P < 0.05). During the hypocalcemic EDTA infusion, the secretion of PTH was higher in controls compared with patients (P < 0.01). By comparing the data from the infusion tests in patients operated on for parathyroid adenomas with the data obtained from the patients with equivocal diagnosis after parathyroid surgery, a good probability for the diagnosis could be obtained.
  • Chen, Qi, et al. (författare)
  • Digestion of triacylgycerols containing longchain polyenoic fatty acids in vitro by colipase dependent lipase and human milk bile salt stimulated lipase
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. - : Elsevier BV. - 0006-3002. ; 121:2, s. 239-243
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To assess the role of human milk bile salt-stimulated lipase (BSSL) in the digestion of polyunsaturated ester bonds of triacylglycerols, hydrolysis of docosahexaenoic acid (22:6(n − 3)) ester bonds was compared to that of oleic acid (18:1(n − 9)) or arachidonic acid (20:4(n − 6)) esters. As model substrates, we used rat chylomicrons obtained after feeding human milk fat globules and radiolabeled fatty acids. Radiolabeled chylomicrons were incubated with colipase-dependent pancreatic lipase, with BSSL, or with both enzymes in combination. Both enzymes hydrolyzed 18:1 more efficiently than 22:6 esters. With colipase-dependent lipase there was a large accumulation of 22:6 in diacylglycerol whereas with BSSL it accumulated mainly in monoacylglycerol. Esters containing 20:4 were hydrolyzed by BSSL as efficiently as 18:1 but this fatty acid also accumulated as diacylglycerol with colipase-dependent lipase. At low bile salt concentrations, as found in duodenal contents of newborns, colipase-dependent lipase was virtually unable to hydrolyze esters of 20:4 and 22:6 whereas BSSL hydrolyzed these esters at appreciable rates. Combining the two enzymes gave the most efficient hydrolysis of all fatty acids tested regardless of bile salt concentrations. BSSL may thus have a physiological role in completing duodenal hydrolysis of milk triacylglycerols containing 22:6- or 20:4-esters to free fatty acids and monoacylglycerol.
  • Duan, R D, et al. (författare)
  • Distribution of alkaline sphingomyelinase activity in human beings and animals. Tissue and species differences
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Digestive Diseases and Sciences. - 1573-2568. ; 41:9, s. 1801-1806
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The alkaline sphingomyelinase (SMase) was first found in rat intestinal brush border. The important roles of this enzyme in digestion of sphingomyelin and in mucosal cell proliferation have been suggested. In the present work, the distribution of the alkaline SMase in the tissues of human beings and animals have been studied. By assaying the enzyme activity in human biopsy samples, we found that the alkaline SMase activity was absent in the stomach, increased in the duodenum, present at high levels in the small intestine, and slightly declined in the colon and rectum. High activities were found similarly in the intestinal contents of the healthy adults and infants. The activities were also found in the intestinal mucosa of rats, normal and germ-free mice, and hamsters with the same distribution pattern as in humans, but not in the intestinal mucosa of guinea pigs. Apart from the intestinal tract, a SMase activity preferring alkaline pH was identified in human and guinea pig bile, but not in the bile of rat, pig, sheep, and cow. No activity was found in either pancreatic tissue or pancreatic juice in all species tested, and none was detected in human urine and milk. In conclusion, alkaline SMase exists predominantly in the digestive system with considerable tissue and species differences.
  • Duan, Rui-Dong, et al. (författare)
  • Gastric inhibitory polypeptide stimulates synthesis of pancreatic lipase and colipase in rat.
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology. - 1522-1547. ; 262:5 Pt 1, s. 779-784
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Effects of short-term infusion and long-term injection of gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) on changes in pancreatic lipase and colipase contents in rats were studied, and mRNAs encoding for lipase and colipase were determined by Northern blot hybridization with specific cDNA probes. GIP infused at a dose of 3 micrograms/h for 24 h significantly increased the pancreatic lipase content by 34% (P less than 0.05) but had no significant effect on colipase and amylase contents. No change in mRNAs encoding for these proteins was found after infusion of GIP for 24 h. Injection of GIP (5-60 micrograms/kg) three times a day for 5 days dose dependently increased the contents of lipase and colipase, with the increase in colipase being more prominent. Injection of GIP for 5 days at a dose of 30 micrograms.kg-1.day-1 increased colipase and lipase contents by 52 and 25%, and their corresponding mRNAs by 60 and 160%, respectively. The amylase mRNA was not changed by injection of GIP. It is concluded that GIP has a specific stimulatory effect on the synthesis of pancreatic lipase and colipase at both pretranslational and translational levels.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 41-50 av 88
  • Föregående 1...234[5]678...9Nästa
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (87)
doktorsavhandling (1)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (81)
övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt (7)
Ahlman, Håkan, 1947 (20)
Wängberg, Bo, 1953 (20)
Nilsson, Ola, 1957 (17)
Widell, Anders (10)
Wold, Agnes E, 1955 (9)
Hanson, Lars Åke, 19 ... (7)
visa fler...
Modlin, I M (6)
Forssell-Aronsson, E ... (6)
Svanberg, Katarina (5)
Tisell, Lars-Eric, 1 ... (5)
Kölby, Lars, 1963 (5)
Raab, Y (5)
Hällgren, R (5)
Gerdin, Bengt, 1947- (5)
Nilsson, Åke (5)
Andersson, K (4)
Andersson-Engels, St ... (4)
Suhr, Ole B. (4)
Adlerberth, Ingegerd ... (4)
Svanborg, Catharina (4)
Fjälling, M (4)
Tylén, Ulf, 1938 (4)
Theodorsson, E (4)
Ando, Y (4)
Anan, Intissar (4)
Nilsson, O (3)
Jansson, Svante, 194 ... (3)
Svanberg, Sune (3)
Verbaan, Hans (3)
Sundler, Frank (3)
Eriksson, Sten (3)
Hertervig, Erik (3)
El-Salhy, M (3)
Nyhlin, N (3)
Franzen, L (2)
Johansson, L (2)
Ahren, B (2)
Chen, D (2)
Saalman, Robert, 195 ... (2)
de Man, Peter (2)
Wang, I (2)
Scherstén, Tore, 193 ... (2)
Granérus, G (2)
Bergenfelz, A (2)
Jeppsson, B (2)
Lindgren, Stefan (2)
Dahlgren, Ulf, 1953 (2)
Duan, Rui Dong (2)
Terazaki, H (2)
Sakashita, N (2)
visa färre...
Lunds universitet (46)
Göteborgs universitet (29)
Umeå universitet (8)
Uppsala universitet (8)
Karolinska Institutet (6)
Örebro universitet (1)
visa fler...
Linköpings universitet (1)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (1)
visa färre...
Engelska (88)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (88)
Naturvetenskap (3)
Teknik (1)


Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy