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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Gastroenterologi) srt2:(1990-1999)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Gastroenterologi) > (1990-1999)

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81.
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82.
  • Shev, S, et al. (författare)
  • The importance of cofactors in the histologic progression of minimal and mild chronic hepatitis C
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Liver. - 0106-9543. ; 17:5, s. 215-223
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A follow-up liver biopsy was done 9-16 years (mean 12 years) after initial biopsy in 20 untreated Swedish patients infected with hepatitis C (8 men, 12 women; mean age 30 years at initial biopsy) in whom first biopsy had been classified as chronic persistent hepatitis. A significant progression of liver damage was found when using Histology Activity Index (HAI) scoring according to Knodell (p=0.006 for total HAI score; p=0.03 for grading, i.e., sum of HAI components 1, 2, and 3; p=0.01 for staging, i.e., HAI component 4, fibrosis). Fourteen of 20 (70%) patients had increased while 6 had decreased or unchanged HAI scores on follow-up biopsy. Occasional heavy alcohol drinkers (n=6) had an increased follow-up HAI score as compared with nondrinkers (p<0.05). Eight of 14 who deteriorated on follow-up versus 0 of 6 with improved or unchanged liver histology were anti-HBc positive (p=0.04). There was no significant correlation between HCV genotype and prognosis; however, the only two patients with liver cirrhosis on follow-up had genotype 1b. In conclusion, most patients with minimal or mild chronic hepatitis C in the present study had histologic progression on the latest biopsy. Cofactors such as alcohol abuse and exposure to hepatitis B may have a greater influence than HCV alone in determining the rate of deterioration of liver disease.
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83.
  • Simán, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Association between Helicobacter pylori and gastric carcinoma in the city of Malmo, Sweden. A prospective study
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - : Informa UK Limited. - 1502-7708 .- 0036-5521. ; 32:12, s. 1215-1221
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: We have investigated the association between Helicobacter pylori and gastric carcinoma through a nested case-control study in a single city. METHODS: From a cohort of 32,906 residents recruited from 1974 through 1992, 56 cases of gastric adenocarcinoma and 224 matched controls were selected. The mean interval between serum collection and diagnosis was 5.7 years. Frozen serum or plasma samples were analysed for IgG antibodies against H. pylori with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The overall seropositivity prevalence in gastric cancer cases was 82%, compared with 49% in controls, giving an odds ratio (OR) of 5.0 (95% confidence interval (CI), 2.2-11.5). Partial gastrectomy because of peptic ulcer 5 to 36 year before diagnosis of gastric cancer could be a confounding factor. With exclusion of 10 such cases, H. pylori seropositivity among cases was 78%, as compared with 50% in matched controls (OR, 3.9; 95% CI, 1.7-9.2). Tumours of the cardia were not associated with H. pylori (OR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.23-3.7), which is in contrast to tumours of the fundus, corpus, and antrum, which were significantly associated (OR, 11.1; 95% CI, 2.4-71.8). This difference in location was significant (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: There is a significant association between prior infection with H. pylori and later development of gastric carcinoma, and the association is related to noncardia gastric cancer.
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84.
  • Verbaan, Hans, et al. (författare)
  • Factors associated with cirrhosis development in chronic hepatitis C patients from an area of low prevalence
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Journal of Viral Hepatitis. - : Wiley. - 1365-2893 .- 1352-0504. ; 5:1, s. 43-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of different endogenous and exogenous factors associated with cirrhosis development among hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive individuals from an area of low prevalence. We studied 106 consecutive HCV RNA positive patients who had undergone liver biopsy. Each patient was assessed with special attention to risk factors for hepatitis C infection, average daily alcohol consumption and analysis of plasma levels of alpha1-antitrypsin (alpha1AT) and alpha1-antichymotrypsin (alpha1ACT). Viral RNA, amplified from serum with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique, was used for genotyping. Liver biopsies were assessed according to conventional histopathological criteria, and for necroinflammatory activity (grade) and fibrosis (stage) according to a numerical scoring system. The presence of cirrhosis (stage 4) was used as the dependent variable in multivariate logistic regression analysis. Alcohol abuse (P = 0.007), age at entry (P < 0.001), immigrant status (P = 0.017) and a low alpha1ACT level (P = 0.008) were all independent determinants of progression to cirrhosis whereas HCV genotype 1, estimated duration of HCV infection and positivity for antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAb) were not. Cirrhosis occurred at a significantly younger age (P = 0.00(5) among alcohol abusers. Hence, both endogenous and exogenous factors such as subnormal alpha1ACT levels and alcohol appear to contribute to the rate of progression to cirrhosis among HCV-positive patients.
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85.
  • Verbaan, Hans, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term outcome of chronic hepatitis C infection in a low-prevalence area
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - : Informa UK Limited. - 1502-7708 .- 0036-5521. ; 33:6, s. 650-655
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Although hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is recognized as an important causative factor in the development of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular cancer (HCC), the strength of this correlation has been difficult to confirm in low-prevalence areas. METHODS: Stored serum samples from 987 consecutive (1978-88) patients with chronic liver disease were tested with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for anti-HCV and further confirmed by immunoblot. To evaluate the long-term outcome, the cohort was followed up until 1995, for a median observation time of 10 years. RESULTS: Anti-HCV, confirmed by immunoblot, was found in 9.5% (94 of 987) of the patients, and at inclusion most patients were asymptomatic irrespective of anti-HCV status. Of the 445 patients who died during the study period, 44 were HCV-positive. A liver-related cause of death was far commoner and the age-adjusted survival shorter among HCV-positive patients than among HCV-negative ones. At death 68% (30 of 44) of the HCV-positive subgroup had developed cirrhosis, and 30% (13 of 44) had concurrent HCC, as compared with 36% (142 of 393) (P = 0.001) and 8% (31 of 393) (P = 0.001), respectively, of the HCV-negative subgroup. HCV infection (P < 0.001), alcohol abuse (P < 0.001), and immigrant status (P = 0.045) were independent factors with regard to the development of cirrhosis, whereas HCV infection (P = 0.040) and immigrant status (P = 0.012) were independent factors with regard to HCC. CONCLUSIONS: HCV infection is common among patients with chronic liver disease, even when clinical evidence of viral infection is sparse, and constitutes a significant cause of death even in a low-prevalence area.
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86.
  • Wassmuth, R., et al. (författare)
  • HLA DR AND DQ RFLP ANALYSIS IN CROHN'S DISEASE
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Immunogenetics. - 1744-3121. ; 20:5, s. 429-433
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A study of 109 Swedish patients and 85 healthy Swedish controls with Crohn's disease (CD) by HLA class II RFLP genotyping was carried out. There was no significant association for any single DR or DQ specificity or phenotypic combination of DR and/or DO specificities among our study group of Caucasian extraction.
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87.
  • Wejstal, R, et al. (författare)
  • Chronic non-A, non-B, non-C hepatitis: is hepatitis G/GBV-C involved?
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - : Informa UK Limited. - 1502-7708 .- 0036-5521. ; 32:10, s. 1046-1051
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Hepatitis G virus/GBV-C is a recently discovered virus, and its relevance in chronic hepatitis is still debated. METHODS: We have previously described 127 long-term-studied and well-characterized patients with chronic non-A, non-B hepatitis (NANBH). Ninety-one (71.7%) were positive for hepatitis C virus antibodies (anti-HCV) in a first-generation anti-HCV enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We now reanalyzed the same group of patients and added a third-generation anti-HCV ELISA and recombinant immunoblot assay and, in negative patients, also polymerase chain reactions for hepatitis C virus RNA, hepatitis GBV-C RNA, and hepatitis B virus DNA. Additional tests for autoimmune hepatitis types 2 and 3 were also included. RESULTS: Anti-HCV were detected in 114 of the 123 evaluable patients (92.7%). Of the remaining nine anti-HCV-negative patients one had misdiagnosed primary biliary cirrhosis, and two had autoimmune hepatitis type 3. None of the anti-HCV-negative patients were hepatitis GBV-C RNA-, HCV RNA-, or HBV DNA-positive. Thus, 114 of 120 NANBH patients (95.0%) had chronic hepatitis C. None of the remaining six patients had received blood transfusions or was a drug addict, and two of them were successfully treated with steroids. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatitis G/GBV-C as a single cause of chronic non-A, non-B hepatitis is uncommon, and in all patients with parenteral risk factors hepatitis C was detected.
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88.
  • Zhang, Yong-Yuan, et al. (författare)
  • Hepatitis B virus DNA in serum and liver is commonly found in Chinese patients with chronic liver disease despite the presence of antibodies to HBsAg
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Hepatology. - : Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). - 1527-3350 .- 0270-9139. ; 17:4, s. 538-544
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sera from 410 patients from the Wuhan area in the central part of China with the diagnosis of chronic liver disease were analyzed for markers of hepatitis B, C and D virus infections. All sera, plus liver biopsy specimens from 188 of the patients, were also tested for hepatitis B virus DNA by polymerase chain reaction. Sixty-eight percent were HBsAg positive in serum, whereas 29% showed markers of past hepatitis B virus infection. Hepatitis B virus DNA was detected in all HBeAg-positive sera but also in 58% of patients with HBe antibody. In the liver specimens of the corresponding patient groups, 97% and 78%, respectively, were hepatitis B virus DNA positive. However, more noteworthy was that of the HBsAg-negative/HBs-antibody positive patients 30% had detectable hepatitis B virus DNA in serum and 32% had hepatitis B virus DNA in liver tissue, whereas in a control group of healthy blood donors, of which 90% had HBs antibody, none was hepatitis B virus DNA positive. Our results demonstrate that among patients with chronic liver disease, infections with hepatitis B virus or hepatitis B virus-related virus(es) may frequently occur without being revealed by conventional serological methods. Hepatitis C and D viruses seem to be of only minor importance in the pathogenesis of chronic liver disease in this part of China.
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Ahlman, Håkan, 1947 (20)
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