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Sökning: tom karlsson

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21.
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22.
  • Karlsson, Tom S. (författare)
  • Shaping NPM : Social democratic values at work
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Modernizing the Public Sector: Scandinavian Perspectives. - : Routledge. - 9781317197928 - 9781138675940 ; , s. 37-52
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this chapter, New Public Management (NPM) reforms are discussed, with focus on the Swedish public sector. The purpose is to question assumptions concerning the emergence of NPM within a Swedish context. A historical review reveals that reforms within the Swedish public sector express a heavy influence from the private sector; the idea of letting business and commercial logics guide the rationales of public-sector reforms can be traced back to the early twentieth century. The findings presented in this chapter are of particular interest for policymakers and public managers within public organizations. One conclusion is that the pragmatism and reformism characterizing Swedish social democracy during the post-World War II era has enabled an adaption and adoption for emerging NPM policies; Scandinavian thinking has not focused on bad practices but rather on evolving reforms. This has resulted in responsiveness for reforms, ultimately leading to a distinctly Swedish form of NPM emerging from the need to satisfy both socialism and capitalism.
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23.
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24.
  • Karlsson, Tom S. (författare)
  • The (re)production of accountability in the Swedish public sector
  • 2010
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Accountability and responsibility are two notions that are deeply connected and intertwined.The prevailing notion is that personnel should be held accountable foractions made that are connected to the area which they are responsible for. However,contemporary research has tried to understand the underlying assumptions ofwhat accountability is. In this sense accountability becomes the alignment betweenoverall societal norms and individual actions. But whereas previous research hasbeen content with either an actor- or structure approach this paper tries to bridgethese standpoints by engaging Giddens (1984) Structuration theory. Viewing accountabilityas a social system, this paper focuses on extending our knowledge ofhow this is produced and reproduced during organisational change within theSwedish public sector. The case used in this paper derives from in-depth interviews,participatory observations and documental studies of the Swedish social insuranceagency. The analysis is conducted though a separation and identification ofstructures of signification, domination and legitimation. This paper concludes thatthe diverging modes of managerial- and bureaucratic discourses, derived fromchanges in surrounding societal norms and organisational control systems, supportsand reinforces the reproduction of accountability as a social system.
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25.
  • Karlsson, Tom, 1979 (författare)
  • Searching for managerial discretion: How public managers engage managerialism as a rationalization for increased latitude of action
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Public Management Review. - 1471-9037 .- 1471-9045. ; 21:3, s. 315-333
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article focuses on the managerial discretion that public managers experience. More specifically, it discusses how managerialism is an embedded ideological stance that influences understandings of public sector governance. I argue that managers’ perceptions of discretion are affected by these understandings. The analysis draws on empirical data from a longitudinal study, demonstrating how public managers engage discourses emanating from managerialism in order to rationalize increased discretion. The findings suggest that customer perspectives functions as a rationalizing factor for engaging public managers’ transition towards increased discretion. As such, this article contributes to knowledge about managerial discretion as well as managerialism.
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26.
  • Karlsson, Tom, 1979 (författare)
  • Shaping NPM: Social Democratic Values at Work
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Lapsley, I. & Knutsson, H. (Eds.) Modernizing the Public Sector: Scandinavian Perspectives. - London : Routledge. - 9781138675940
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this chapter, New Public Management (NPM) reforms are discussed, with focus on the Swedish public sector. The purpose is to question assumptions concerning the emergence of NPM within a Swedish context. A historical review reveals that reforms within the Swedish public sector express a heavy influence from the private sector; the idea of letting business and commercial logics guide the rationales of public sector reforms can be traced back to the early 20th century. The findings presented in this chapter are of particular interest for policy makers and public managers within public organisations. One conclusion is that the pragmatism and reformism characterising Swedish social democracy during the post-World War II era has enabled an adaption and adoption for emerging NPM policies; Scandinavian thinking has not focused on bad practices but rather on evolving reforms. This has resulted in responsiveness for reforms, ultimately leading to a distinctly Swedish form of NPM emerging from the need to satisfy both socialism and capitalism.
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27.
  • Karlsson, Tom, 1979 (författare)
  • Styrparadoxens förvaltare - om styrning och komplexitet i offentlig förvaltning
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nordisk Workshop i Ekonomi- och Verksamhetsstyrning.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Ekonomi- och verksamhetsstyrning syftar i grund och botten till att driva en orga- nisation (Bergstrand, 2003) och dess medlemmar (Lindvall, 2001) i en viss rikt- ning. Komplexa organisationsstrukturer medför ofta att förutsättningarna för att styrningen ska vara lyckad kompliceras. I samtida organisationer av betydande storlek, såväl inom den privata som den offentliga sektorn, förekommer det mer ofta än sällan att stödjande funktioner inskränker på den operationella chefsauktoriteten (Mintzberg, 1983) vilket kan medföra att flera styrsignaler kan förekomma samtidigt (Galbraith, 1973; 1977). Inom offentlig förvaltning har styrning traditionellt sett fokuserat på regelbaserad styrning (Ouchi & Maguire, 1975) där fokus legat på att styra hur arbetet ska genomföras. Med influenser av New Public Management (Hood, 1991; 1995) har ett skifte kommit till stånd vilket fått konsekvenser för hur styrningen uppfattas inom offentlig förvaltning. En ökad ekonomisering har medfört att förvaltare inom den offentliga förvaltningen tvingas välja mellan demokratiska och ekonomiska värden i sitt dagliga arbete (Lundquist, 1992; 1997; 1998; 1999). Efter en pilotstudie av Försäkringskassan massiva omstruktureringen indikeras att dubbla och paradoxala styrlogiker byggts in i organisationen som resultat av ett ökat processfokus och konkurrerande målbilder. För att bygga vidare på denna pilotstudie bör studien fortsatt bevara frågan om hur första och andra linjens chefer inom offentlig förvaltning förhåller sig till (och löser) paradoxala styrlogiker och konkurrerande målsättningar i den vardagliga verksamheten? Syftet med studien är att bidra till en utvidgning av språket kring styrning av of- fentlig förvaltningar genom att frilägga och synliggöra underliggande paradoxer mellan demokrati och ekonomiska verktyg. Utöver detta menar jag att studien i högsta grad kan bidra till en ökad förståelse hos beslutsfattare inom svensk offentlig förvaltning kring den komplexitet som råder vid styrning av offentligt organiserade förvaltningar genom en rik återgivning av det förändringsarbete som stude- rats.
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28.
  • Karlsson, Tom, 1979 (författare)
  • The (re)production of accountability within the Swedish public sector
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: The Gothenburg Public Management seminar 2009.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Accountability and responsibility are two notions that are deeply connected and intertwined. The prevailing notion is that personnel should be held accountable for actions made that are connected to the area which they are responsible for. However, contemporary research has tried to understand the underlying assumptions of what accountability is. In this sense accountability becomes the alignment between overall societal norms and individual actions. But whereas previous research has been content with either an actor- or structure approach this paper tries to bridge these standpoints by engaging Giddens (1984) Structuration theory. Viewing accountability as a social system, this paper focuses on extending our knowledge of how this is produced and reproduced during organisational change within the Swedish public sector. The case used in this paper derives from in-depth inter- views, participatory observations and documental studies of the Swedish social in- surance agency. The analysis is conducted though a separation and identification of structures of signification, domination and legitimation. This paper concludes that the diverging modes of managerial- and bureaucratic discourses, derived from changes in surrounding societal norms and organisational control systems, sup- ports and reinforces the reproduction of accountability as a social system.
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29.
  • Karlsson, Tom, 1979 (författare)
  • The search for managerial discretion: How responsiveness is competing with neutrality in public management
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Lund Public Management Seminar.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper concerns how managerial discretion is rationalised on an actor level within organisations that are characterised by reforms commonly discussed as New Public Management (NPM). The paper argues that positions of public management in the 21st century places civil servants in a position of increasing levels of demands and expectations from politicians as well as citizens. It is argued that within these contexts, public management needs to find ways of increasing authority in order to cope with such demands. The empirical data presented in this paper consist of a longitudinal study, wherein focus is kept on reforms towards increasing managerial activities within the organisation. The major contributions presented in the paper concerns how an emerging change of (managerial) logics has come to progress ideas of responsive administration in favour over neutrality in the form of (public) administration.
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30.
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