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  • Schyman, Patric, et al. (författare)
  • Hydrogen Abstraction from Deoxyribose by a Neighbouring Uracil-5-yl Radical
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP. - : Royal Society of Chemistry. - 1463-9076 .- 1463-9084. ; 9, s. 5975-5979
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hydrogen abstraction from the C1 and C2 positions of deoxyadenosine by a neighbouring uracil-5-yl radical in the 5-AU-3 DNA sequence is explored using DFT. This hydrogen abstraction is the first step in a sequence leading to single or double strand break in DNA. The uracil-5-yl radical can be the result of photolysis or low-energy electron (LEE) attachment. If the radical is produced by photolysis the neighbouring adenine will become a cation radical and if it is produced by LEE the adenine will remain neutral. The hydrogen abstraction reactions for both cases were investigated. It is concluded that it is possible for the uracil-5-yl to abstract hydrogen from C1 and C2. When adenine is neutral there is a preference for the C1 site and when the adenine is a radical cation the C2 site is the preferred. If adenine is positively charged, the rate-limiting step when abstracting hydrogen from C1 is the formation of an intermediate crosslink between uracil and adenine. This crosslink might be avoided in dsDNA, making C1 the preferred site for abstraction.
  • Bunta, Juraj, et al. (författare)
  • Solvating, manipulating, damaging, and repairing DNA in a computer
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Quantum Chemistry. - New York : Wiley. - 0020-7608 .- 1097-461X. ; 107:2, s. 279-291
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This work highlights four different topics in modeling of DNA: (i) the importance of water and ions together with the structure and function of DNA; the hydration structure around the ions appears to be the determining factor in the ion coordination to DNA, as demonstrated in the results of our MD simulations; (ii) how MD simulations can be used to simulate single molecule manipulation experiments as a complement to reveal the structural dynamics of the studied biomolecules; (iii) how damaged DNA can be studied in computer simulations; and (iv) how repair of damaged DNA can be studied theoretically.
  • Grand, André, et al. (författare)
  • *H and *OH radical reactions with 5-methylcytosine
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry A. - Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society. - 1089-5639 .- 1520-5215. ; 111:37, s. 8968-8972
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Labet, Vanessa, et al. (författare)
  • Proton catalyzed hydrolytic deamination of cytosine : a computational study
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Theoretical Chemistry accounts. - Berlin Heidelberg : Springer. - 1432-881X .- 1432-2234. ; 120:4-6, s. 429-435
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two pathways involving proton catalyzed hydrolytic deamination of cytosine (to uracil) are investigated at the PCM-corrected B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level of theory, in the presence of an additional catalyzing water molecule. It is concluded that the pathway involving initial protonation at nitrogen in position 3 of the ring, followed by water addition at C4 and proton transfer to the amino group, is a likely route to hydrolytic deamination. The rate determining step is the addition of water to the cytosine, with a calculated free energy barrier in aqueous solution of G==140 kJ/mol. The current mechanism provides a lower barrier to deamination than previous work based on OH− catalyzed reactions, and lies closer to the experimental barrier derived from rate constants (Ea = 117 ± 4kJ/mol).
  • Matxain, Jon M, et al. (författare)
  • New solids based on B12N12 fullerenes
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. - Washington, DC : American Chemical Society. - 1932-7447 .- 1932-7455. ; 111:36, s. 13354-60
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In recent years, BN fullerenes have been synthesized experimentally. As their carbon counterparts, these BN fullerenes could be assembled in molecular solids, but this possibility has been studied little in the literature. In this work, we focus on the smallest synthesized BN fullerene, B12N12, which is built by squares and hexagons. First, the interaction between two of these fullerenes has been analyzed, using the hybrid B3LYP and MPW1PW91 density functional methods. Two different interactions have been studied in the dimer, a square facing a square (S−S) and a hexagon facing a hexagon (H−H). In both cases, a B is facing a N. The most stable dimer was found to be S−S facing, with covalent interactions between the monomers, but other dimers with weak interactions have been found as well, which opens possibilities of new systems, as in the case of fullerene dimers and solids. The solids resulting from the infinite repetition of the characterized dimers were optimized, finding two different solids, with covalent and weak interactions between monomers, respectively. The solid with covalent interactions is a nanoporous material that is more stable by around 12 eV. Because of the nanoporous character of this solid, it could be used for heterogeneous catalysis, molecular transport, and so forth. The SIESTA code with the GGA-PBE density functional method has been used for the solid-state calculations.
  • Musa, Klefah A K, et al. (författare)
  • Mechanism of Photoinduced Decomposition of Ketoprofen
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. - Washington, DC : American Chemical Society. - 0022-2623 .- 1520-4804. ; 50:8, s. 1735-1743
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • UV-induced decarboxylation of the NSAID ketoprofen, followed by activation of molecular oxygen or formation of a decarboxylated peroxide adduct, is explored using computational quantum chemistry. The excited energy surfaces reveal that the neutral species will not decarboxylate, whereas the deprotonated acid decarboxylates spontaneously in the triplet state, and with an associated 3-5 kcal/mol barrier from several low-lying excited singlet states. The observed long lifetimes of the decarboxylated anion is explained in terms of the high stability of the triplet benzoyl ethyl species with protonated carbonylic oxygen, from which there is no obvious decay channel. Mechanisms for the generation of singlet oxygen and superoxide are discussed in detail. Addition of molecular oxygen to give the corresponding peroxyl radical capable of initiating propagating lipid peroxidation reactions is also explored. The computed data explains all features of the observed experimental observations made to date on the photodegradation of ketoprofen.
  • Schyman, Patric, et al. (författare)
  • Hydroxyl radical - thymine adduct induced DNA damages
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Chemical Physics Letters. - Amsterdam : Elsevier. - 0009-2614 .- 1873-4448. ; 458:1-3, s. 186-189
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • DNA damages caused by a 5-hydroxy-5,6-dihydrothymine-6-yl radical (5-OHT-6yl) abstracting a C20 hydrogen from a neighboring sugar (inter-H abstraction) have been theoretically investigated using hybrid DFT in gas phase and in water solution. The inter-H abstraction was here shown to be comparable in energy (24 kcal mol 1) with the intra-H abstraction in which the 5-OHT-6yl abstracts a C20 hydrogen from its own sugar. The effect of a neutrally or a negatively charged phosphate group was also studied and the results show no significant impact on the activation energy of the hydrogen abstraction whereas base release and strand break reactions are affected.
  • Bushnell, Eric A. C., et al. (författare)
  • The first branching point in porphyrin biosynthesis : a systematic docking, molecular dynamics and quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical study of substrate binding and mechanism of uroporphyrinogen-III decarboxylase
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Computational Chemistry. - New York : John Wiley & Sons. - 0192-8651 .- 1096-987X. ; 32:5, s. 822-834
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In humans, uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase is intimately involved in the synthesis of heme, where the decarboxylation of the uroporphyrinogen-III occurs in a single catalytic site. Several variants of the mechanistic proposal exist; however, the exact mechanism is still debated. Thus, using an ONIOM quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical approach, the mechanism by which uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase decarboxylates ring D of uroporphyrinogen-III has been investigated. From the study performed, it was found that both Arg37 and Arg50 are essential in the decarboxylation of ring D, where experimentally both have been shown to be critical to the catalytic behavior of the enzyme. Overall, the reaction was found to have a barrier of 10.3 kcal mol−1 at 298.15 K. The rate-limiting step was found to be the initial protontransfer from Arg37 to the substrate before the decarboxylation. In addition, it has been found that several key interactions exist between the substrate carboxylate groups and backbone amides of various activesite residues as well as several other functional groups.
  • Erdtman, Edvin, et al. (författare)
  • Computational studies on Schiff-base formation : Implications for the catalytic mechanism of porphobilinogen synthase
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Computational and Theoretical Chemistry. - Amsterdam : Elsevier. - 2210-271X .- 2210-2728. ; 963:2-3, s. 479-489
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Schiff bases are common and important intermediates in many bioenzymatic systems. The mechanism by which they are formed, however,is dependent on the solvent, pH and other factors. In the present study we have used density functional theory methods in combination with appropriate chemical models to get a better understanding of the inherent chemistry of the formation of two Schiff bases that have been proposed to be involved in the catalytic mechanism of porphobilinogensynthase (PBGS), a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of porphyrins. More specifically, we have investigated the uncatalysed reaction of its substrate 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) with a lysine residue for theformation of the P-site Schiff base, and as possibly catalysed by the second active site lysine, water or the 5-ALA itself. It is found that cooperatively both the second lysine and the amino group of the initial 5-ALA itself are capable of reducing the rate-limiting energy barrier to14.0 kcal mol-1. We therefore propose these to be likely routes involved in the P-site Schiff-base formation in PBGS.
  • Lindström, Anton, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Postprocessing of docked protein-ligand complexes using implicit solvation models
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of chemical information and modeling. - : American Chemical Society (ACS). - 1549-960X .- 1549-9596. ; 51:2, s. 267-282
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Molecular docking plays an important role in drug discovery as a tool for the structure-based design of small organic ligands for macromolecules. Possible applications of docking are identification of the bioactive conformation of a protein−ligand complex and the ranking of different ligands with respect to their strength of binding to a particular target. We have investigated the effect of implicit water on the postprocessing of binding poses generated by molecular docking using MM-PB/GB-SA (molecular mechanics Poisson−Boltzmann and generalized Born surface area) methodology. The investigation was divided into three parts: geometry optimization, pose selection, and estimation of the relative binding energies of docked protein−ligand complexes. Appropriate geometry optimization afforded more accurate binding poses for 20% of the complexes investigated. The time required for this step was greatly reduced by minimizing the energy of the binding site using GB solvation models rather than minimizing the entire complex using the PB model. By optimizing the geometries of docking poses using the GBHCT+SA model then calculating their free energies of binding using the PB implicit solvent model, binding poses similar to those observed in crystal structures were obtained. Rescoring of these poses according to their calculated binding energies resulted in improved correlations with experimental binding data. These correlations could be further improved by applying the postprocessing to several of the most highly ranked poses rather than focusing exclusively on the top-scored pose. The postprocessing protocol was successfully applied to the analysis of a set of Factor Xa inhibitors and a set of glycopeptide ligands for the class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Aq protein. These results indicate that the protocol for the postprocessing of docked protein−ligand complexes developed in this paper may be generally useful for structure-based design in drug discovery.
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