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  • Berlin, Johan, 1975- (författare)
  • Synchronous work - myth or reality? : a critical study of teams in health and medical care
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice. - London : Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 1356-1294 .- 1365-2753. ; 16:6, s. 1314-1321
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract Rationale, aims and objectives  In this article, ideal conceptions about teamwork are tested. The research question posed is: How are teams in psychiatry formed? Three theoretical concepts that distinguish groups from teams are presented: sequentiality, parallelism and synchronicity. The presumption is that groups cooperate sequentially and teams synchronously, while the parallel work mode is a transitional form between group and team. Methods  Three psychiatric outpatient teams at a university hospital specialist clinic were studied. Data were collected through 25 personal interviews and 82 hours of observations. The data collection was carried out over 18 months (2008–2009). Results  Results show: (1) that the three theoretical distinctions between group and team need to be supplemented with two intermediate forms, semiparallel and semisynchronous teamwork; and (2) that teamwork is not characterized by striving towards a synchronous ideal but instead is marked by an adaptive interaction between sequential, parallel and synchronous working modes. Conclusions  The article points to a new intermediate stage between group and team. This intermediate stage is called semiparallel teamwork. The study shows that practical teamwork is not characterized by a synchronous ideal, but rather is about how to adaptively find acceptable solutions to a series of practical problems. The study emphasizes the importance of the team varying between different working modes, so-called semisystematics.
  • Runcis, Maija, et al. (författare)
  • Neither Fish nor Fowl : Educational Broadcasting in Sweden 1930-2000
  • 2011
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • 'The history of Swedish broadcast media' is a mulddisciplinary researchproject that began as a joint effort by the public broadcasting enterprises in Sweden and is still active under the administration of Stiftdsen Etermediernas Hisloria. It was initially divided into Threeprojects: 'Radio, TV, and authority'; 'Society, news, and audience'; and'Best room, playroom'. A separate research programme on educationalbroadcast media, financed by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, UlbildningsRadion (UR), Stiftdsen Etermediernas Historia, and University of Linköping, ran between 1997 and 2006 and involved some twenty scholars. Professor Bengt Sandin at the University ofUnkiiping led the research programme and was responsible for its overall planning and design. The project resulted in seventeen anthologies and monographs, and a large number of articles. Sten-Åke Pettersson from UR served as the administrative head of the project, and brought valuable insight into the intricacies of media potitio; and its complicated history. The project also benefited immensely from an advisory committee with representatives from both academe and the educational media. The authors owe a debt of thanks to Lars Ag, Börje Dahlqvist, Sten-åke Pettersson, Gunilla Sterner-Kumm, and Jarl Torbacke for sharing their experiences and understanding of the processes studied. Together with the scholars who participated and wrote separate studies, we all formcd a vibrant and challenging multidisciplinary community, and the seminars and workshops were intellectually demanding and fun in equal measure. Thanks also to Charlotte Merton, who tnmslated the Swedish edition into elegant English, and Mark Davies, for the proofreading. We hope that this last book will convey some of the challenges. complications, and joys of coming to grips with the history and politics of educational media.
  • Levin, Paul T., 1972- (författare)
  • The Swedish Model of Public Administration : Separation of Powers, Swedish Style
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Administration and Governance. - Melbourne, Australia : Network of Asia Pacific Schools and Institutes of Public Administration and Governance (NAPSIPAG). - 1834-352X. ; 4:1, s. 38-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In recent years, the so-called “Swedish Model” has received a great deal of attention in Asia. In this context, it is interesting to consider whether there is such a thing as a recognizable Swedish model, not the least when it comes to public administration. This article investigates Swedish structures of public administration with this aim, finding three characteristics that, in combination, distinguish it from most other systems. It argues that Swedish public administration is characterized by a high degree of openness and accountability, a higher degree of autonomy for civil servants than can be found almost anywhere else, and a far-reaching decentralization of political authority to regions and municipalities, the scope of which is unusual in unitary states. While not constituting an exhaustive depiction of Swedish public administration, these three features together arguably define a distinctive Swedish model of public administration.
  • Waltman, Max (författare)
  • Prohibiting Purchase of Sex in Sweden : Impact, Obstacles, Potential, and Supporting Escape
  • 2010
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper analyzes the core reasons for the Swedish law from 1999 which criminalizes purchase of sex and decriminalizes the prostituted person, passed as part of an omnibus bill against violence against women and recognizing prostitution as a form of it. Further, it documents the law’s impact by comparing data from several recent Swedish studies with the situation in other relevant countries, concluding the law has significantly reduced the occurrence of prostitution manifolds compared to its neighboring countries. Crucial obstacles to effective implementation are also addressed, particularly in current case law. Some of the critique against the law and disinformation about the law’s effects are also commented. Finally, to realize its full potential to support escape from prostitution more efficiently, it is argued that the civil rights of prostituted persons under current law should be strengthened to get damages paid for directly by the tricks/johns for the harm they have contributed to. An additional consideration is for individual states to extend the use of the Palermo Protocol (international law acknowledging connections between prostitution and sex trafficking) to charge tricks for trafficking when they “receive” persons who are effectively pimped.
  • Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling : tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet
  • 2011. - 1
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling - Tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet samlar texter från doktorander och forskare knutna till Forskarskolan Offentlig verksamhet i utveckling (FOVU) vid Örebro Universitet. Antologin erbjuder en mångdisciplinär och omfångsrik behandling av en rad viktiga utmaningar för dagens offentlig verksamhet. I boken behandlas ämnen som korruption, jämställdhet, trygghet, medborgardialog, sjukskrivning och högerextremism. Målsättningen med boken är att skapa en bro mellan inomvetenskapliga debatter, offentlig praktik och politik. Här erbjuds kortare texter som på ett överskådligt sätt angriper praktikrelevanta ämnen utan att göra avkall på den vetenskapliga kvaliteten. Vissa texter erbjuder forskningsöversikter och reder ut oklarheter i teoretiska debatter, medan andra presenterar resultat av empirisk forskning.
  • Gustafsson, Mariana S., 1978- (författare)
  • Reassembling Local E-Government : A study of actors’ translations of digitalisation in public administration
  • 2017
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The digitalisation of society decidedly affects public administration. Swedish public administration has long worked with information technologies for an effective and improved management of public services. But new and increased use of information technologies in society poses new challenges. New demands on information security are increasing, while accessibility and transparency are important priorities in policies on digitalisation in public services. However, the central government’s ambitions and expectations with regard to digitalisation face a slow and hesitant implementation in local governments. There are important differences between municipalities in priorities, local needs, and implementation mechanisms in connection with e-government. In this thesis, I argue there is a need to reconsider the role of governance mechanisms in e-government. There is a need to understand local translations of national policies and technological developments in relation to the goals of more effective and legitimate public administration. The main purpose of this thesis is to analyse tensions that emerge in the implementation of egovernment in local public administration. On the basis of a constructivist and interpretivist approach, I have undertaken two empirical studies. One focuses on municipal administration of education in Linköping. The other focuses on a governance network on digitalisation policy in Östergötland. The studies are presented in four papers. The issues addressed in the papers are further analysed with a focus on four fields of tension, using network governance theory and translation theory. This shows that the implementation of e-government in local public administration is a tension-laden process. The four fields of tension relate to: different logics and dilemmas for adoption and implementation; concerns and ambiguities in a context of unclear organisational and institutional arrangements; concerns and resistance from professional users; and a reassessment of the meaning of security as a reference for the interpretation of information security. I contend that established managerial and evolutionary models of e-government leave important process-related aspects out of the analysis of change in public administration. The contribution of this thesis lies in its description and analysis of the four identified fields of tension. One significant implication of my analysis is that reassembling current  governance mechanisms in local public administration is crucial.
  • Rundqvist, Mikael, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Integration och mångfald i regionala projekt
  • 2009. - 1
  • Ingår i: Lärande utvärdering genom följeforskning. - Lund : Studentlitteratur. - 9789144056173 - 9144056176 ; , s. 245-257
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Den här boken presenterar ett delvis nytt perspektiv på lärande utvärdering i interaktiva former. Frågan är hur man ska uppnå långsiktiga effekter, det vill säga en hållbar utveckling med hjälp av projekt. Detta är en viktig fråga inte minst i genomförandet av EU:s strukturfonder. I boken förankras begreppen kring lärande utvärdering i teori men huvuddelen av kapitlen utgår från exempel på lärande utvärdering och resonerar kring dessa. Viktiga delar i utvärderingsprocessen är exempelvis forskarens eller utvärderarens konstruktiva dialog med deltagarna, att granskningen är kritisk och att förhållningssättet växlar mellan närhet och distans. Gemensam kunskapsbildning är viktig i en lärande utvärdering och analysseminarier presenteras som ett sätt att nå dit. Målgrupp för boken är högskolestuderande bland annat inom sociologi, pedagogik, företagsekonomi och personalvetarprogram. Boken bör även kunna användas i högskolekurser och uppdragsutbildning för chefer, utvecklare, konsulter, projektledare och utvärderare.
  • Ikegami, Masako, 1961- (författare)
  • Kita-Chosen, Mongol nimiru Chugoku no Giji-Manshukoku seisaku [China’s North Korean and Mongolian Strategy: A Contemporary Version of ‘Manchukuo’ Model]
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: GPI Brief – for Guiding Policy Innovation. - Tokyo/Washington, D.C. : Global Policy Initiatives. ; June:10, s. 8-10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • 'China’s North Korean and Mongolian Strategy: A Contemporary Version of‘Manchukuo’ Model', Masako Ikegami (GPI Policy Expert Member and Professor and Director, Center for Pacific AsiaStudies (CPAS), Stockholm University)By abusing its rapidly growing economic and military power, Hu Jintao’s China is assuming a highlyaggressive stance to its neighboring countries geopolitically important to China, who are rich innatural resources yet politically vulnerable. North Korea is a prominent case, and the case hasimplications also for Myanmar and Mongolia. If Japan’s Manchukuo policy in the 1930s is interpretedas (1) a large investment in economic infrastructure for extracting natural resources, (2) militaryinterventions for protecting economic interests, and (3) social-political absorption by means of apuppet government, among others, China’s current strategy toward its neighboring countries can wellbe explained with such a historical model.
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