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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Political Science Political Science excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) "

Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Political Science Political Science excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)

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  • Berlin, Johan, 1975- (författare)
  • Synchronous work - myth or reality? : a critical study of teams in health and medical care
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice. - London : Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 1356-1294 .- 1365-2753. ; 16:6, s. 1314-1321
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract Rationale, aims and objectives  In this article, ideal conceptions about teamwork are tested. The research question posed is: How are teams in psychiatry formed? Three theoretical concepts that distinguish groups from teams are presented: sequentiality, parallelism and synchronicity. The presumption is that groups cooperate sequentially and teams synchronously, while the parallel work mode is a transitional form between group and team. Methods  Three psychiatric outpatient teams at a university hospital specialist clinic were studied. Data were collected through 25 personal interviews and 82 hours of observations. The data collection was carried out over 18 months (2008–2009). Results  Results show: (1) that the three theoretical distinctions between group and team need to be supplemented with two intermediate forms, semiparallel and semisynchronous teamwork; and (2) that teamwork is not characterized by striving towards a synchronous ideal but instead is marked by an adaptive interaction between sequential, parallel and synchronous working modes. Conclusions  The article points to a new intermediate stage between group and team. This intermediate stage is called semiparallel teamwork. The study shows that practical teamwork is not characterized by a synchronous ideal, but rather is about how to adaptively find acceptable solutions to a series of practical problems. The study emphasizes the importance of the team varying between different working modes, so-called semisystematics.
  • Klapwijk, M. J., et al. (författare)
  • Capturing complexity : Forests, decision-making and climate change mitigation action
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Global Environmental Change. - : Elsevier. - 0959-3780 .- 1872-9495. ; 52, s. 238-247
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Managed forests can play an important role in climate change mitigation due to their capacity to sequester carbon. However, it has proven difficult to harness their full potential for climate change mitigation. Managed forests are often referred to as socio-ecological systems as the human dimension is an integral part of the system. When attempting to change systems that are influenced by factors such as collective knowledge, social organization, understanding of the situation and values represented in society, initial intentions often shift due to the complexity of political, social and scientific interactions. Currently, the scientific literature is dispersed over the different factors related to the socio-ecological system. To examine the level of dispersion and to obtain a holistic view, we review climate change mitigation in the context of Swedish forest research. We introduce a heuristic framework to understand decision-making connected to climate change mitigation. We apply our framework to two themes which span different dimensions in the socio-ecological system: carbon accounting and bioenergy. A key finding in the literature was the perception that current uncertainties regarding the reliability of different methods of carbon accounting inhibits international agreement on the use of forests for climate change mitigation. This feeds into a strategic obstacle affecting the willingness of individual countries to implement forest-related carbon emission reduction policies. Decisions on the utilization of forests for bioenergy are impeded by a lack of knowledge regarding the resultant biophysical and social consequences. This interacts negatively with the development of institutional incentives regarding the production of bioenergy using forest products. Normative disagreement about acceptable forest use further affects these scientific discussions and therefore is an over-arching influence on decision-making. With our framework, we capture this complexity and make obstacles to decision-making more transparent to enable their more effective resolution. We have identified the main research areas concerned with the use of managed forest in climate change mitigation and the obstacles that are connected to decision making.
  • Runcis, Maija, et al. (författare)
  • Neither Fish nor Fowl : Educational Broadcasting in Sweden 1930-2000
  • 2011
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • 'The history of Swedish broadcast media' is a mulddisciplinary researchproject that began as a joint effort by the public broadcasting enterprises in Sweden and is still active under the administration of Stiftdsen Etermediernas Hisloria. It was initially divided into Threeprojects: 'Radio, TV, and authority'; 'Society, news, and audience'; and'Best room, playroom'. A separate research programme on educationalbroadcast media, financed by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, UlbildningsRadion (UR), Stiftdsen Etermediernas Historia, and University of Linköping, ran between 1997 and 2006 and involved some twenty scholars. Professor Bengt Sandin at the University ofUnkiiping led the research programme and was responsible for its overall planning and design. The project resulted in seventeen anthologies and monographs, and a large number of articles. Sten-Åke Pettersson from UR served as the administrative head of the project, and brought valuable insight into the intricacies of media potitio; and its complicated history. The project also benefited immensely from an advisory committee with representatives from both academe and the educational media. The authors owe a debt of thanks to Lars Ag, Börje Dahlqvist, Sten-åke Pettersson, Gunilla Sterner-Kumm, and Jarl Torbacke for sharing their experiences and understanding of the processes studied. Together with the scholars who participated and wrote separate studies, we all formcd a vibrant and challenging multidisciplinary community, and the seminars and workshops were intellectually demanding and fun in equal measure. Thanks also to Charlotte Merton, who tnmslated the Swedish edition into elegant English, and Mark Davies, for the proofreading. We hope that this last book will convey some of the challenges. complications, and joys of coming to grips with the history and politics of educational media.
  • Rundqvist, Mikael, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Integration och mångfald i regionala projekt
  • 2009. - 1
  • Ingår i: Lärande utvärdering genom följeforskning. - Lund : Studentlitteratur. - 9789144056173 - 9144056176 ; , s. 245-257
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Den här boken presenterar ett delvis nytt perspektiv på lärande utvärdering i interaktiva former. Frågan är hur man ska uppnå långsiktiga effekter, det vill säga en hållbar utveckling med hjälp av projekt. Detta är en viktig fråga inte minst i genomförandet av EU:s strukturfonder. I boken förankras begreppen kring lärande utvärdering i teori men huvuddelen av kapitlen utgår från exempel på lärande utvärdering och resonerar kring dessa. Viktiga delar i utvärderingsprocessen är exempelvis forskarens eller utvärderarens konstruktiva dialog med deltagarna, att granskningen är kritisk och att förhållningssättet växlar mellan närhet och distans. Gemensam kunskapsbildning är viktig i en lärande utvärdering och analysseminarier presenteras som ett sätt att nå dit. Målgrupp för boken är högskolestuderande bland annat inom sociologi, pedagogik, företagsekonomi och personalvetarprogram. Boken bör även kunna användas i högskolekurser och uppdragsutbildning för chefer, utvecklare, konsulter, projektledare och utvärderare.
  • Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis, 1956- (författare)
  • Information Technology, democratic societies and competitive markets
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: An information law for the 21st Century. - Athens : Nomiki Vivliothiki.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Access of relevant information, or knowledge, is a necessary condition for finding the right solution to a problem or making the right decision. Such information triggers and maintains the psychological and societal processes lying behind the achievement of important aims for individuals and groups. Democracy demands dialog, but dialog is not possible among citizens who are totally convinced about the truth of their ideas. A participant in a dialog must have a critical attitude toward own beliefs, otherwise a common search for a better decision is not possible. IT tools can train and support unconstrained, self-critical, systematic and holistic problem solving, decision and law making. Competitive markets, like democratic societies, need access to information. Whereas well organized and strong players can guarantee it more or less for themselves the same is very difficult for consumers to achieve, like it is for citizens regarding political information. IT can easily provide information about prices, quality and other relevant aspects of products and services in the market. However, the available form, content and amount of information in the market or in politics, which are controlled by the strongest stakeholders, have as their main goal to constrain systematic and critical thinking. Therefore to take advantage of IT’s features in developing better markets and political procedures it is necessary to create rules that can guarantee it.
  • Ullström, Anna, 1978- (författare)
  • Styrning bakom kulisserna : Regeringskansliets politiska staber och regeringens styrningskapacitet
  • 2011
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis analyses one of the less explored areas of Swedish politics: the political appointees in the ministerial staffs of the Swedish core executive. The study draws attention to the everyday life of the ministerial staff in order to give an idea of their function: What do the political appointees do? How is the work of the ministerial staffs organized? How is policy coordinated at the political level? The main empirical focus of this thesis is the 2002-2006 term of office. The study contributes to an understanding of the role of political advisers in steering and policy making, and, in the light of this, their potential influence on the policy capacity of the government is considered. Political advisers occupy an ambiguous place within the political system. They play a vital political role, but their presence also challenges the traditional relationship between ministers and public servants. The study shows that political advisers certainly have a leeway to participate in the steering of the ministry's civil servants: they can be said to have a number of steering functions. At the same time, it is made clear that this does not mean that the political advisers are in the position to influence government policy to any great extent. In conclusion, it is suggested that the ministerial staffs do have importance for the government's policy capacity in the sense that they reduce the work load of both the minister and the state secretary and thereby make space for them to govern. The research questions are answered by means of empirical material gathered through a combination of methods, providing data with a range as well as depth and context rarely found in studies of core executives: a survey, participatory observations, focus groups and a series of interviews. The dissertation demonstrates that the ethnographic method is a useful tool for anyone who seeks to highlight and explain the relationships within political organizations.
  • Eriksson, Louise, et al. (författare)
  • The public and geese : a conflict on the rise?
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Human Dimensions of Wildlife. - : Routledge. - 1087-1209 .- 1533-158X. ; 25:5, s. 421-437
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Wild geese are increasing in agricultural and urban settings across Europe, leading to widespread human–geese interactions. This study examined how the public’s acceptance of geese (attitude and acceptance capacity) varied depending on place dimensions, interactions with geese in different settings (place-based experience), and psychological factors, including wildlife value orientations, beliefs about the ecosystem services and disservices geese provide, and emotions. A survey was conducted in two municipalities with large goose populations in Sweden; Kristianstad and Örebro (n = 898). Results revealed a favorable view of the occurrence of geese, although a substantial share believed the number of geese was too high. Place-based experiences of geese were correlated with acceptance (e.g., more experience on beaches was associated with a negative attitude) and the importance of psychological factors for acceptance was confirmed. The study highlights the need to consider the public’s experiences of geese for sustainable goose management.
  • Levin, Paul T., 1972- (författare)
  • The Swedish Model of Public Administration : Separation of Powers, Swedish Style
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Administration and Governance. - Melbourne, Australia : Network of Asia Pacific Schools and Institutes of Public Administration and Governance (NAPSIPAG). - 1834-352X. ; 4:1, s. 38-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In recent years, the so-called “Swedish Model” has received a great deal of attention in Asia. In this context, it is interesting to consider whether there is such a thing as a recognizable Swedish model, not the least when it comes to public administration. This article investigates Swedish structures of public administration with this aim, finding three characteristics that, in combination, distinguish it from most other systems. It argues that Swedish public administration is characterized by a high degree of openness and accountability, a higher degree of autonomy for civil servants than can be found almost anywhere else, and a far-reaching decentralization of political authority to regions and municipalities, the scope of which is unusual in unitary states. While not constituting an exhaustive depiction of Swedish public administration, these three features together arguably define a distinctive Swedish model of public administration.
  • Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling : tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet
  • 2011. - 1
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling - Tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet samlar texter från doktorander och forskare knutna till Forskarskolan Offentlig verksamhet i utveckling (FOVU) vid Örebro Universitet. Antologin erbjuder en mångdisciplinär och omfångsrik behandling av en rad viktiga utmaningar för dagens offentlig verksamhet. I boken behandlas ämnen som korruption, jämställdhet, trygghet, medborgardialog, sjukskrivning och högerextremism. Målsättningen med boken är att skapa en bro mellan inomvetenskapliga debatter, offentlig praktik och politik. Här erbjuds kortare texter som på ett överskådligt sätt angriper praktikrelevanta ämnen utan att göra avkall på den vetenskapliga kvaliteten. Vissa texter erbjuder forskningsöversikter och reder ut oklarheter i teoretiska debatter, medan andra presenterar resultat av empirisk forskning.
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