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  • Hallengren, Anders, 1950- (författare)
  • The code of Concord : Emerson's search for universal laws
  • 1994. - 1
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The purpose of this work is to detect a pattern: the concordance of Ethics and Aesthetics, Poetics and Politics in the most influential American thinker of the nineteenth century. It is an attempt to trace a basic concept of the Emersonian transcendentalist doctrine, its development, its philosophical meaning and practical implications. Emerson’s thought is analyzed genetically in search of the generating paradigm, or the set of axioms from which his aesthetic ideas as well as his political reasoning are derived. Such a basic structure, or point of convergence, is sought in the emergence of Emerson’s idea of universal laws that repeat themselves on all levels of reality.A general introduction is given in Part One, where the crisis in Emerson’s life is seen as representing and foreshadowing the deeper existential crisis of modern man.In Part 2 we follow the increasingly skeptical theologian’s turn to science, where he tries to secure a safe secular foundation for ethical good and right and to solve the problem of evil.Part 3 shows how Emerson’s conception of the laws of nature and ethics is applied in his political philosophy.In Part 4, Emerson’s ideas of the arts are seen as corresponding to his views of nature, morality, and individuality.Finally, in Part 5, the ancient and classical nature of Concord philosophy is brought into focus.The book concludes with a short summary.
  • Widmalm, Sten, 1964- (författare)
  • Demokrati och etnicitet
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Internationella Studier. - Stockholm : Utrikespolitiska institutet. - 0020-952X. ; :1, s. 63-76
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Holmberg, Susan, 1957- (författare)
  • Confronting Value Strain : Press Coverage of Health Care Reform in Sweden and the United States
  • 1999
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This dissertation examines the journalistic discourse surrounding health care reform debates in Sweden and the US in the early 1990's. It found that in both countries, the challenging value (i.e. collectivism in US, individualism in Sweden) was treated less favorably than the dominant value both in the journalistic text and in the choice of actors allowed to speak through the media. Journalists in both countries protected their own dominant value and helped to resist core value change, although they tended to allow actors to express challenging values more loudly than they themselves would do. Study based on qualitative and quantitative content analysis of New York Times, USA Today, Dagens Nyheter and Expressen 1992-1995.
  • Ehn, Peter, 1954- (författare)
  • Maktens administratörer : ledande svenska statstjänstemäns och politikers syn på tjänstemannarollen i ett förändringsperspektiv
  • 1998
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The overall theme for this dissertation is the position of higher Swedish civil servants in the borderland between politics and administration and between flexibility, loyalty, impartiality, and autonomy. An important assumption is that the attitudes and beliefs are especially significant in a system such as the Swedish, where civil servants may act under conditions of substantial autonomy. The dissertation is based on interviews with higher civil servants and a sample of members of the Swedish parliament. Among the civil servants the study is limited to the higher echelons in the national public administration - undersecretaries of state, assistant undersecretaries of state, and director-generals of administrative agencies. The study is comparative - comparisons are made between 1971/73 and 1990. The central instruments of analysis consist of three role conceptions of civil servants. They are constructed from three fundamental coordinating principles and are designated the judicial, the political and the market-oriented civil servant roles. In a second step, the theoretical role typology is adapted to "the practice" which is manifested in the Swedish public administration's development in a longer perspective.How the role of the civil servants in the political system was perceived, as well as the political positions, was found to be dependent on the positions of the interviewees in the politico-administrative system. This meant that the undersecretaries, irrespective of role perception, found themselves farthest to the left among the studied groups, then followed by the assistant undersecretaries and farthest right the director-generals. An exception to this rule was the politically-oriented director-generals, who were left of all the assistant undersecretaries irrespective of role perception and even to the left of the judicially-oriented undersecretaries. An important observation was that the market-oriented role of civil servants had strengthened its position over time. It could also be observed in 1990 that the undersecretaries were clearly different from their colleagues in 1971 through applying more of a political perspective of the civil servant role. The analyses showed that among the non-political civil servants - the assistant undersecretaries - the political role model had a strong position at both interview occasions. Furthermore, both politicians and civil servants showed a more negative attitude to politics and the administration. The higher civil servants had begun to waiver somewhat in their belief in themselves and the capacity of the state. The analyses of the role perception of the MPs showed that their opinions were closely connected with their political affiliation. Among social democrats and members from the Left Party (the former Communist party), the political role conception was dominating at both times and among non-socialists the judicial. An important observation when dealing with the views of the members of parliament was how surprisingly unfamiliar politicians were with the work of the public administation.
  • Elander, Ingemar (författare)
  • Policy networks and housing regeneration in England and Sweden
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Urban Studies. - 0042-0980 .- 1360-063X. ; 32:6, s. 913-934
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • During recent decades, rented housing estates all over Europe have become the object of a flood of programmes aimed at physical and social renewal and regeneration. Drawing upon network theory, in this paper a conceptual framework is presented and tentatively applied in a comparative study of rented housing regeneration and area improvement in England and Sweden. Although the contours of broadly similar policy communities in the two countries could be found, there were also striking differences in network formation. Thus, in England the Department of the Environment seems to play a more prominent role in policy-making and implementation than its Swedish counterpart, while in Sweden the municipal housing companies, the local authorities and the tenants' organisations take part more actively in the policy process than is the case in England. Closely related to these findings it is argued that there are also some lessons for practical use that could be learnt from the analysis, although one then has to be careful not to overlook the context-bound specificities, at the national as well as the local level.
  • Haldén, Eva (författare)
  • Den Föreställda Förvaltningen : En institutionell historia om central skolförvaltning
  • 1997
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The overall issue addressed in this thesis is that of the problematic relation between politics and administration, and more precisely the misconstrued image of a neutral and solely instrumental administration cleanly seperated from politics, rather than an administration permeated by the political. The purpose of the study is to show how the intricate interplay between the politics of education and the politics of administrative reform in combination with the particular handling of the major political conflicts over national education, in the Swedish context, over time has created a continuous identity dilemma for the National Agency for Education. Politics is here viewed primarily as the construction of meaning, and as such creating the preconditions for political action. The creation of meaning, on the other hand, is viewed as a struggle for order against ambivalence. The study takes as its point of departure the radical reform undertaken in the field of education in the early 1990's, a reform that encompassed a major transferral of responsibility for schools from the central administrative level to the local political level, the introduction of a new system of governance (MBO), replacing the one based on national control of detailed rules, as well as the dramatic dismantling of the National Agency for Education with the subsequent dismissal of all personnel, and the founding of a new Agency to replace the old one. In the process the blame for massive failures on part of the compulsory school system was put on The National Agency for Education, thus turning it into a scapegoat.The thesis is divided into two parts of which the first traces the genealogy of the scapegoat, and the second the new Agency in its struggle to create an appropriate identity, thus avoiding the fate of its predecessor. The first part of this institutional history is conducted as a discourse analysis, comprising the discursive as well as the institutional level, and the second part as an analysis of identity construction. The application of discourse analysis makes it possible to discern the discursively created preconditions of identity construction, as vital elements in both parts of the institutional history. Two subsidiary analyses are performed in the concluding chapter in order to situate the problematics of the educational sector in the wider context of the public sector as a whole, and to discuss their wider implications for policy making.
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