SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "L773:0002 8703 OR L773:1097 6744 srt2:(2020-2024)"

Sökning: L773:0002 8703 OR L773:1097 6744 > (2020-2024)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 69
  • [1]234567Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Alfredsson, Joakim, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Randomized comparison of early supplemental oxygen versus ambient air in patients with confirmed myocardial infarction : Sex-related outcomes from DETO2X-AMI
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : Mosby Inc.. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 237, s. 13-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of oxygen therapy on cardiovascular outcomes in relation to sex in patients with confirmed myocardial infarction (MI).Methods: The DETermination of the role of Oxygen in suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction trial randomized 6,629 patients to oxygen at 6 L/min for 6-12 hours or ambient air. In the present subgroup analysis including 5,010 patients (1,388 women and 3,622 men) with confirmed MI, we report the effect of supplemental oxygen on the composite of all-cause death, rehospitalization with MI, or heart failure at long-term follow-up, stratified according to sex.Results: Event rate for the composite endpoint was 18.1% in women allocated to oxygen, compared to 21.4% in women allocated to ambient air (hazard ratio [HR] 0.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.65-1.05). In men, the incidence was 13.6% in patients allocated to oxygen compared to 13.3% in patients allocated to ambient air (HR 1.03, 95% CI 0.86-1.23). No significant interaction in relation to sex was found (P=.16). Irrespective of allocated treatment, the composite endpoint occurred more often in women compared to men (19.7 vs 13.4%, HR 1.51; 95% CI, 1.30-1.75). After adjustment for age alone, there was no difference between the sexes (HR 1.06, 95% CI 0.91-1.24), which remained consistent after multivariate adjustment.Conclusion: Oxygen therapy in normoxemic MI patients did not significantly affect all-cause mortality or rehospitalization for MI or heart failure in women or men. The observed worse outcome in women was explained by differences in baseline characteristics, especially age
  •  
2.
  •  
3.
  • Aulin, Julia, et al. (författare)
  • Biomarkers and heart failure events in patients with atrial fibrillation in the ARISTOTLE trial evaluated by a multi-state model
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : Elsevier. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 251, s. 13-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundAtrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) often coexist. We investigated the prognostic impact of biomarkers on the development of HF and death in patients with AF and different left ventricular systolic function considering the influence of competing events.MethodsThe study included 11,818 patients with AF from the ARISTOTLE trial who at entry had information on history of HF, an estimate of left ventricular function and plasma samples for determination of biomarkers representing cardiorenal dysfunction (NT-proBNP, troponin T, cystatin C) and inflammation (GDF-15, IL-6, CRP). Patients were categorized into: (I) HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF, n = 2,048), (II) HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF, n = 2,520), and (III) No HF (n = 7,250). Biomarker associations with HF hospitalization and death were analyzed using a multi-state model accounting also for repeated events.ResultsBaseline levels of NT-proBNP, troponin T, cystatin C, GDF-15, IL-6, and CRP were highest in HFrEF and lowest in No HF. During median 1.9 years follow-up, 546 patients were hospitalized at least once for HF and 819 died. Higher levels of all investigated biomarkers were associated with both outcomes (all P < .0001), with highest event rates in HFrEF and lowest in No HF. The associations remained after adjustments and were more pronounced for first than for recurrent events.ConclusionsIn anticoagulated patients with AF, biomarkers indicating cardiorenal dysfunction and inflammation improve the identification of patients at risk of developing HF or worsening of already existing HF. These biomarkers might be useful for targeting novel HF therapies in patients with AF.
  •  
4.
  •  
5.
  • Bäck, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • The remote exercise SWEDEHEART study-Rationale and design of a multicenter registry-based cluster randomized crossover clinical trial (RRCT)
  • 2023
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : Elsevier BV. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 262, s. 110-118
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Despite proven benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (EBCR), few patients with myocardial infarction (MI) participate in and complete these programs.Study design and objectives: The Remote Exercise SWEDEHEART study is a large multicenter registry-based cluster randomized crossover clinical trial with a planned enrollment of 1500 patients with a recent MI. Patients at intervention centers will be offered supervised EBCR, either delivered remotely, center-based or as a combination of both modes, as self -preferred choice. At control centers, patients will be offered supervised center-based EBCR, only. The duration of each time period (intervention/control) for each center will be 15 months and then cross-over occurs. The primary aim is to evaluate if remotely delivered EBCR, offered as an alternative to center-based EBCR, can increase participation in EBCR sessions. The proportion completers in each group will be presented in a supportive responder analysis. The key secondary aim is to investigate if remote EBCR is as least as effective as center-based EBCR, in terms of physical fitness and patient-reported outcome measures. Follow-up of major adverse cardiovascular events (cardiovascular-and all-cause mortality, recurrent hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome, heart failure hospitalization, stroke, and coronary revascularization) will be performed at 1 and 3 years. Safety monitoring of serious adverse events will be registered, and a cost-effectiveness analysis will be conducted to estimate the cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) associated with the intervention compared with control.Conclusions: The cluster randomized crossover clinical trial Remote Exercise SWEDEHEART study is evaluating if par-ticipation in EBCR sessions can be increased, which may contribute to health benefits both on a group level and for individual patients including a more equal access to health care.Trial registration The study is registered atClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT04260958) (Am Heart J 2023;262:110-118.)
  •  
6.
  • Böhm, Felix, et al. (författare)
  • The Full Revasc (Ffr-gUidance for compLete non-cuLprit REVASCularization) Registry-based randomized clinical trial
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : Elsevier. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 241, s. 92-100
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Complete revascularization in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multivessel disease has resulted in reduction in composite clinical endpoints in medium sized trials. Only one trial showed an effect on hard clinical endpoints, but the revascularization procedure was guided by angiographic evaluation of stenosis severity. Consequently, it is not clear how Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) affects hard clinical endpoints in STEMI. Methods and Results The Ffr-gUidance for compLete non-cuLprit REVASCularization (FULL REVASC) - is a pragmatic, multicenter, international, registry-based randomized clinical trial designed to evaluate whether a strategy of FFR-guided complete revascularization of non-culprit lesions, reduces the combined primary endpoint of total mortality, non-fatal MI and unplanned revascularization. 1,545 patients were randomized to receive FFR-guided PCI during the index hospitalization or initial conservative management of non-culprit lesions. We found that in angiographically severe non-culprit lesions of 90-99% severity, 1 in 5 of these lesions were re-classified as non-flow limiting by FFR. Considering lesions of intermediate severity (70%-89%), half were re-classified as non-flow limiting by FFR. The study is event driven for an estimated follow-up of at least 2.75 years to detect a 9.9%/year >7.425%/year difference (HR = 0.74 at 80% power (alpha = .05)) for the combined primary endpoint. Conclusion This large randomized clinical trial is designed and powered to evaluate the effect of complete revascularization with FFR-guided PCI during index hospitalization on total mortality, non-fatal MI and unplanned revascularization following primary PCI in STEMI patients with multivessel disease. Enrollment completed in September 2019 and follow-up is ongoing.
  •  
7.
  • Carnicelli, Anthony P, et al. (författare)
  • Individual Patient Data from the Pivotal Randomized Controlled Trials of Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (COMBINE AF) : Design and Rationale
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : Elsevier. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; Mar:233, s. 48-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are the preferred class of medications for prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation unless contraindications exist. Five large, international, randomized, controlled trials of NOACs versus either warfarin or aspirin have been completed to date.DESIGN: COMBINE AF incorporates de-identified individual patient data from 77,282 patients with atrial fibrillation at risk for stroke randomized to NOAC, warfarin, or aspirin from 5 pivotal randomized controlled trials. All patients randomized in the constituent trials are included. Variables common to ≥3 of the constituent trials are included in the master database. Individual trial data sets from the 4 coordinating centers were combined at the Duke Clinical Research Institute. The final database will be securely shared with the 4 academic coordinating centers. The combined master database will be used to perform statistical analyses aimed at better understanding underlying risk factors and outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with oral anticoagulants, with a special focus on patient subgroups and uncommon outcomes. The initial analysis from COMBINE AF will be a network meta-analysis investigating the relative efficacy and safety of pooled higher-dose NOACs versus pooled lower-dose NOACs versus warfarin with respect to multiple time-to-event efficacy and safety outcomes. COMBINE AF is registered with PROSPERO (CRD42020178771).CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, COMBINE AF provides a rich and robust database consisting of individual patient data and will offer opportunities to investigate oral anticoagulants across many patient subgroups. Data sharing and collaboration across academic institutions and investigators will serve as overarching themes.
  •  
8.
  • Dillenbeck, Emelie, et al. (författare)
  • The design of the PRINCESS 2 trial: A randomized trial to study the impact of ultrafast hypothermia on complete neurologic recovery after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with initial shockable
  • 2024
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : MOSBY-ELSEVIER. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 271, s. 97-108
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Delayed hypothermia, initiated after hospital arrival, several hours after cardiac arrest with 8-10 hours to reach the target temperature, is likely to have limited impact on overall survival. However, the effect of ultrafast hypothermia, i.e., delivered intra-arrest or immediately after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), on functional neurologic outcome after out -of -hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is unclear. In two prior trials, prehospital trans -nasal evaporative intra-arrest cooling was safe, feasible and reduced time to target temperature compared to delayed cooling. Both studies showed trends towards improved neurologic recovery in patients with shockable rhythms. The aim of the PRINCESS2-study is to assess whether cooling, initiated either intra-arrest or immediately after ROSC, followed by in -hospital hypothermia, significantly increases survival with complete neurologic recovery as compared to standard normothermia care, in OHCA patients with shockable rhythms. Methods/design In this investigator -initiated, randomized, controlled trial, the emergency medical services (EMS) will randomize patients at the scene of cardiac arrest to either trans -nasal cooling within 20 minutes from EMS arrival with subsequent hypothermia at 33 degrees C for 24 hours after hospital admission (intervention), or to standard of care with no prehospital or in -hospital cooling (control). Fever ( > 37,7 degrees C) will be avoided for the first 72 hours in both groups. All patients will receive post resuscitation care and withdrawal of life support procedures according to current guidelines. Primary outcome is survival with complete neurologic recovery at 90 days, defined as modified Rankin scale (mRS) 0-1. Key secondary outcomes include survival to hospital discharge, survival at 90 days and mRS 0-3 at 90 days. In total, 1022 patients are required to detect an absolute difference of 9% (from 45 to 54%) in survival with neurologic recovery (80% power and one-sided alpha= 0,025, beta = 0,2) and assuming 2,5% lost to follow-up. Recruitment starts in Q1 2024 and we expect maximum enrolment to be achieved during Q4 2024 at 20-25 European and US sites. Discussion This trial will assess the impact of ultrafast hypothermia applied on the scene of cardiac arrest, as compared to normothermia, on 90 -day survival with complete neurologic recover y in OHCA patients with initial shockable rhythm. Trial registration NCT06025123. (Am Heart J 2024;271:97-108.)
  •  
9.
  • Ducrocq, Gregory, et al. (författare)
  • Balance of benefit and risk of ticagrelor in patients with diabetes and stable coronary artery disease according to bleeding risk assessment with the CRUSADE score : Data from THEMIS and THEMIS PCI
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : Elsevier. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 249, s. 23-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background The THEMIS trial demonstrated that in high-risk patients with stable coronary artery disease and diabetes without previous myocardial infarction or stroke, ticagrelor, in addition to aspirin, reduced the incidence of ischemic events but increased major bleeding. Identification of patients who could derive the greatest net benefit from the addition of ticagrelor appears important. We used the CRUSADE bleeding risk score to risk stratify the THEMIS population. Methods The population was divided into tertiles: score <= 22, 23 to 33, and >= 34. In each tertile, primary efficacy (composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) and safety (TIMI major bleeding) outcomes were analyzed. NACE (net adverse clinical events) was defined as the irreversible harm composite, in which all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, amputations, fatal bleeds, and intracranial hemorrhage were counted. Results Patients in the lower risk tertile experienced fewer ischemic events with ticagrelor than placebo, whereas there was no significant benefit from ticagrelor in the other tertiles (P-interaction = .008). Bleeding rates were consistently increased with ticagrelor across all tertiles (P-interaction = .79). Ticagrelor reduced NACE in the first tertile (HR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.61-0.90) but not in the others (HR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.86-1.23 and HR = 1.05, 95% CI = 0.91-1.22, respectively; P-interaction = .012). Conclusions In patients with stable coronary artery disease and diabetes without a history of myocardial infarction or stroke, only those at the lower end of the bleeding risk spectrum according to the CRUSADE score derived net benefit from ticagrelor.
  •  
10.
  • Faxen, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • Associations between rheumatoid arthritis, incident heart failure, and left ventricular ejection fraction
  • 2023
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : MOSBY-ELSEVIER. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 259, s. 42-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an independent risk factor for heart failure (HF). Yet, the association between RA and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in incident HF is not well studied, nor are outcomes of HF in RA by LVEF.Methods We identified incident HF patients between 2003 and 2018 through the Swedish Heart Failure Registry, enriched with data from national health registers. Using logistic regression, associations between a prior diagnosis of RA and LVEF among HF patients and vs age, sex, and geographical area matched general population controls without HF were assessed. Additionally, associations between HF with vs without a prior diagnosis of RA, by LVEF, and outcomes up to 5 years after HF diagnosis were investigated using Cox regression. LVEF was primarily dichotomized at 40% and secondarily categorized as <40%, 40% to 49%, and >50%. Covariates included demographics and cardiovascular comorbidities. Results Among 20,916 incident HF patients, 331 (1.6%) had RA vs 1,047/103,501 (1.0%) of HF-free controls. The odds ratio (OR) for RA was 1.4 (95% CI: 1.1-1.8) in LVEF<40% vs HF-free controls and 1.6 (95% CI: 1.3-2.0) in LVEF>40% vs HF-free controls. Among HF patients, RA was more common in HF with LVEF >40% (1.9%) vs LVEF<40% (1.3%), corresponding to OR 1.4 (95% CI: 1.1-1.7). No associations between RA and cardiovascular outcomes were observed across LVEF. An association between RA and all-cause mortality was observed only for patients with LVEF<40% (hazard ratio: 1.4; 95% CI: 1.1-1.8).Conclusions RA was independently associated with incident HF, particularly HF with LVEF>40%. RA did not associate with cardiovascular outcomes following HF diagnosis but was associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality in HF with LVEF<40%. (Am Heart J 2023;259:42-51.)
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 69
  • [1]234567Nästa

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy