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Träfflista för sökning "L773:0009 9147 OR L773:1530 8561 srt2:(2005-2009);srt2:(2006)"

Sökning: L773:0009 9147 OR L773:1530 8561 > (2005-2009) > (2006)

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1.
  • Berois, Nora, et al. (författare)
  • ppGalNAc-TI3 : A new molecular marker of bone marrow involvement in neuroblastoma
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 52:9, s. 1701-1712
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: To identify new molecular markers of bone marrow dissemination in human neuroblastoma (NB), we studied the transcriptome profiles of malignant neuroblasts established from the human MYCN-amplified IGR-N-91 model. Methods: This experimental model includes human neuroblastoma cells derived from & subcutaneous stage 4 disease, myocardium (Myoc) and bone marrow (BM) metastatic cells. Results: Gene expression profiles obtained with Agilent oligo microarrays revealed a set of 107 differentially expressed genes in the metastatic neuroblasts. This set included up-regulated genes involved in chemoresistance, cell motility, neuronal structure/signaling, and the recently characterized GALNT13 gene encoding a glycosyltransferase that initiates mucin-type O-glycosylation. Because the glycosylation process is involved in the progression of primary tumor to metastatic disease, we investigated whether the most strongly upregulated gene, GALNT13, might be a marker of bone marrow involvement in stage 4 NB patients. Importantly, in the BM of healthy adults no GALNT13 transcript was detected with analysis by quantitative (n = 3) and nested reverse transcription-PCR (n = 4) assays. In contrast, GALNT13 transcripts were detected in 23/23 cytologically involved BM samples obtained at diagnosis of stage 4 NB patients and in 5/27 cytologically noninvolved BM samples obtained from patients with stage 1-4 and 4S and treated stage 4 NB. The quantitative measurements of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), ganglioside D2 synthase, dopa decarboxylase, and GALNT13 transcript values were compared in the same NB patients, and the results showed that GALNT13 expression was most highly correlated to poor clinical outcome at diagnosis. Conclusion: We propose ppGalNAc-T13 as a new informative marker for the molecular diagnosis of BM involvement and the follow-up of minimal residual disease in NB patients. © 2006 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.
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2.
  • Floderus, Y, et al. (författare)
  • Variations in porphobilinogen and 5-aminolevulinic acid concentrations in plasma and urine from asymptomatic carriers of the acute intermittent porphyria gene with increased porphyrin precursor excretion
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 52:4, s. 701-707
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The heme precursors porphobilinogen (PBG) and 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) accumulate during overt crises of acute intermittent porphyria (AIP), and high excretion of these metabolites often continues in the asymptomatic phase.Methods: We measured concentrations of PBG and ALA and investigated the correlation between these metabolites in plasma and urine in 10 asymptomatic AIP carriers with high excretion and in 5 healthy individuals. We quantified plasma concentrations with an HPLC–mass spectrometric method and urine concentrations with ion-exchange chromatography.Results: The mean (SD) plasma concentrations of PBG and ALA in the AIP carriers were 3.1 (1.0) and 1.7 (0.7) μmol/L, respectively. The mean 8-h urinary excretion amounts of PBG and ALA in the AIP carriers were 102 (25) and 56 (18) μmol, respectively, whereas the corresponding values for healthy individuals were 2.9 (0.7) and 9.3 (1.2) μmol. The correlations between PBG and ALA values in plasma and urine of the AIP carriers were 0.678 and 0.856, respectively. The mean PBG/ALA ratio was ∼2.0 in both plasma and urine for the AIP carriers and 0.3 in urine for the healthy individuals. The renal clearance rates for PBG and ALA were 71 (15) and 70 (13) mL/min, respectively.Conclusions: The described HPLC-mass spectrometric method enabled characterization of variations in plasma PBG and ALA in AIP carriers during an 8-h period. The renal clearances were similar for both metabolites. This method could be used to monitor AIP patients during treatment.
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  • Gustafsdottir, Sigrun M., et al. (författare)
  • Detection of individual microbial pathogens by proximity ligation
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 52:6, s. 1152-1160
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Nucleic acid amplification allows the detection of single infectious agents. Protein-based assays, although they provide information on ongoing infections, have substantially less detection sensitivity.METHODS: We used proximity ligation reactions to detect proteins on bacteria and virus particles via nucleic acid amplification. Antibodies recognizing viral or bacterial surface proteins were equipped with DNA strands that could be joined by ligation when several antibodies were bound in proximity to surface proteins of individual infectious agents.RESULTS: Detection sensitivities similar to those of nucleic acid-based detection reactions were achieved directly in infected samples for a parvovirus and an intracellular bacterium.CONCLUSIONS: This method enables detection of ligated DNA strands with good sensitivity by real-time PCR and could be of value for early diagnosis of infectious disease and in biodefense.
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6.
  • James, Stefan, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • The antibody configurations of cardiac troponin I assays may determine their clinical performance
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 52:5, s. 832-837
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown superior clinical performance of the cardiac troponin I (cTnI) assay from Beckman-Coulter Diagnostics. This assay had a unique combination of monoclonal antibodies with 2 monoclonal antibodies directed against epitopes near the NH(2) terminus of the heart-specific region of troponin I. The approach has been adopted by the new cTnI assay from Abbott Diagnostics. The aim of our study was to investigate whether this approach affects the clinical performance of cTnI assays. METHODS: Cardiac troponin concentrations were measured in a random sample of patients with unstable coronary artery disease included in the GUSTO IV trial (n = 696) by the AccuTnI (Beckman-Coulter Diagnostics), Architect cTnI (Abbott Diagnostics), Immulite 2500 cTnI (Diagnostics Products Corporation), and Elecsys 2010 cTnT (Roche Diagnostics) assays and related to the 1-year mortality. The primary cutoff concentrations were based on the 99th percentile upper reference limits and an imprecision (CV) < or =10%. RESULTS: The sensitivities of the AccuTnI and Architect cTnI assays in identifying patients who died within 1 year were equal and were significantly higher (P <0.05) than those of the Immulite 2500 cTnI and the Elecsys cTnT assays. The concordance between the AccuTnI and Architect cTnI assays was 97%, but concordances between the Architect cTnI and the Elecsys cTnT assays were 89%-92% with more at-risk patients (P <0.01 to P <0.001) identified by the Architect cTnI assay. CONCLUSIONS: The Architect cTnI assay has clinical performance similar to that of the AccuTnI, probably as a result of the inclusion of a monoclonal antibody against troponin I epitope 41-49 in the assay
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8.
  • Nilsson, L, et al. (författare)
  • Increased plasma concentration of matrix metalloproteinase-7 in patients with coronary artery disease
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 52:8, s. 1522-1527
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Plaque rupture is often associated with breakdown of the extracellular matrix in the shoulder region of a plaque. We tested whether plasma concentrations of various matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) could serve as markers for plaque instability as well as relationships between plasma MMPs and inflammatory markers. Methods: The study group included 65 men with angiographically verified CAD (45 with stable and 20 with unstable CAD) and 28 healthy controls. Circulating MMP, TIMP-1, C-reactive protein, and cytokine concentrations were measured by ELISA. Leukocyte subtype counts in whole blood were determined, and T-cell subsets and natural killer cells were measured by flow cytometry. Differences in continuous variables between groups were tested by ANOVA with the Scheffé F-test used as a post hoc test, and correlations were analyzed by a linear regression method. Results: The plasma concentration of MMP-7 was increased in patients with stable and unstable CAD, whereas MMP-2 and -3 concentrations were decreased. The plasma concentration of TIMP-1 was significantly increased in patients with unstable CAD. MMP-2, -3, and -7 showed no correlations with established markers of inflammation. However, MMP-2 correlated positively with the number of natural killer cells in patients with stable and unstable CAD. Conclusion: Plasma concentrations of MMPs and TIMPs may be markers of CAD but appear to be differentially regulated. © 2006 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.
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9.
  • Phronen, T, et al. (författare)
  • Enhanced discrimination of benign from malignant prostatic disease by selective measurements of cleaved forms of urokinase receptor in serum
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 52:5, s. 838-844
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Early detection of prostate cancer (PCa) centers on measurements of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), but current testing practices suffer from lack of specificity and generate many unnecessary prostate biopsies. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is present in blood in both intact and cleaved forms. Increased uPAR in blood is correlated with poor prognosis in various cancers, but uPAR has not been shown to be useful in PCa diagnostics. We assessed the ability of immunoassays for specific uPAR forms to discriminate PCa from benign conditions. Methods: We measured total PSA (tPSA), free PSA (fPSA), intact uPAR [uPAR(I-III)], intact uPAR + cleaved uPAR domains II+III [uPAR(I-III) + uPAR(II-III)], and cleaved uPAR domain I [uPAR(I)] in sera from 224 men with and 166 men without PCa. We assessed differences in serum concentrations between the PCa and noncancer groups within the entire cohort and in men with tPSA concentrations of 2-10 mu g/L. The diagnostic accuracy of individual analytes and analyte combinations was explored by logistic regression and ROC analyses and evaluations of sensitivity and specificity pairs. Results: Serum uPAR(I) and uPAR(II-III) were higher in PCa than in benign disease. In men with tPSA between 2 and 10 mu g/L, the combination of %fPSA with the ratio uPAR(I)/uPAR(I-III) had a greater area under the ROC curve (0.73) than did %fPSA (0.68). Conclusions: Specific measurements of different uPAR forms in serum improve the specificity of PCa detection. The uPAR forms may therefore be complementary to PSA for PCa detection, most importantly in men with moderately increased PSA. (c) 2006 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.
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10.
  • Plymoth, Amelie, et al. (författare)
  • Rapid proteome analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage samples of lifelong smokers and never-smokers by micro-scale liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clin Chem.. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). ; 52:4, s. 671-679
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether relative qualitative and quantitative differences in protein expression could be related to smoke exposure or smoke-induced airway inflammation. We therefore explored and characterized the protein components found in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid sampled from either lifelong smokers or never-smokers. METHODS: BAL fluid samples obtained by bronchoscopy from 60-year-old healthy never-smokers (n = 18) and asymptomatic smokers (n = 30) were analyzed in either pooled or individual form. Initial global proteomic analysis used shotgun digestion approaches on unfractionated BAL fluid samples (after minimal sample preparation) and separation of peptides by gradient (90-min) liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with on-line linear ion trap quadropole mass spectrometry (LTQ MS) for identification and analysis. RESULTS: LTQ MS identified 481 high- to low-abundance proteins. Relative differences in patterns of BAL fluid proteins in smokers compared with never-smokers were observed in pooled and individual samples as well as by 2-dimensional gel analysis. Gene ontology categorization of all annotated proteins showed a wide spectrum of molecular functions and biological processes. CONCLUSIONS: The described method provides comprehensive qualitative proteomic analysis of BAL fluid protein expression from never-smokers and from smokers at risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Many of the proteins identified had not been detected in previous studies of BAL fluid; thus, the use of LC-tandem MS with LTQ may provide new information regarding potentially important patterns of protein expression associated with lifelong smoking.
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